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a code, that laid heavy burthens on God's former people, is one of the great privileges of the Christian dispensation, it is highly necessary to distinguish those precepts which are peculiarly Mosaic, and are consequently abrogated, from those which belong to the Law of Nature, or the Moral Law, and are still of universal obligation.

$ 3. The Mosaic Laws may be considered as of three kinds ; namely, those which were given to the Jews, not as Jews, but as men,-which constitute the Moral Law, and are binding upon every human being ;-those which were given to them as Jews,--the ceremonial and Levitical statutes, which were not to extend beyond the limits of the Israelitish nation; and those which were given to them as inhabitants of Palestine, and members of a separate community,the civil and forensic, which have no authority and force at present, further than as they declare the general and immutable principles of social right.

The Moral Law appertains to all people, as that essential branch of the Mosaic code, which is generally founded in the Law of Nature—is universally binding--and is written by God himself in the human heart. It contains the rule of virtuous living ; and as the Decalogue, or Ten Commandments, given on Mount Sinai, is a summary of moral precepts drawn up by God himself, all such precepts wherever found, dispersed as they are throughout the sacred volume, are properly referred to the Decalogue itself. All the aphorisms and injunctions of the Gospel, are but explications of the great Moral Law of Nature; or an adaptation of the first principles of religious and social duty-namely, to love God above all things, and our neighbour as ourself,— to the spiritual and com

code, that laid heavy burthens on God's former Jeople, is one of the great privileges of the Christian dispensation, it is highly necessary to distinguish hose precepts which are peculiarly Mosaic, and are consequently abrogated, from those which belong to he Law of Nature, or the Moral Law, and are still of universal obligation.

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prehensive charaéter of the religion of Jesus and, for order's sake they may all be reduced und several heads of duty prescribed in the Decalog

The Ceremonial Law, relating to sacred pe places, and rités, was calculated to surrou Jewish nation with an impenetrable barrier a the idolatry and polytheism of the people with they would be most liable to have interco being the ritual of an outward profession of f the one true God,--the God of Abraham, of and of Jacob; it was also an economy of typ shadows, designed to point out and represe long-promised Messias. In both these po view the Ceremonial Law has ceased to hav force : for the Mosaic covenant ended with t riod for which it had been made,-the Old Tes gave place to the New, to the full establishm which it was preparatory,--and the figurative sentations were all merged in the reality, wh Son of God assumed our nature, and suffered: whole world, in the person of Jesus of Nazaret!

The Judicial Law, relating to matters of polity, had reference, in many respects, to the liar character and situation of the people for regulation it was enacted, under the imp government of God bimself for a certain perior after the termination of this theocracy, still un especial superintendance of the Almighty. M these Laws were of an arbitrary and local natur are not applicable to other people under di circumstances. In short, the whole of the I economy was constituted principally that it provide an asylum for the Church of God,

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$ 3. The Mosaic Laws may be considered as of hree kinds ; namely, those which were given to the lews, not as Jews, but as men, which constitute the Moral Law, and are binding upon every human beng; those which were given to them as Jews,-the ceremonial and Levitical statutes, which were not to extend beyond the limits of the Israelitish nation;-and those which were given to them as inhabitants of Palestine, and members of a separate community,—the viril and forensic, which have no authority and force at present, further than as they declare the general ind immutable principles of social right. .

The Moral Law appertains to all people, as that, ssential branch of the Mosaic code, which is geneally founded in the Law of Nature-is universally binding--and is written by God himself in the human heart. It contains the rule of virtuous living; and as the Decalogue, or Ten Commandments, given on Mount Sinai, is a summary of moral precepts drawn ip by God himself, all such precepts wherever found, lispersed as they are throughout the sacred volume, tre properly referred to the Decalogue itself. All he aphorisms and injunctions of the Gospel, are but explications of the great Moral Lawof Nature; or an adaptation of the first principles of religious and social duty-namely, to love God above all things, and our neighbour as ourself, to the spiritual and com

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Laws were accommodated to this design. After the advent of Christ, however, the Mosaic polity was destroyed, and with it also these laws, which were peculiarly instituted for its support. But the Moral Law, or Decalogue, except in those parts of it which have a ceremonial character, is the eternal and immutable rule of wisdom and justice, even in God himself, obliging all rational creatures either to obey it, or to submit to the penalties of disobedience.

§ 4. The term Decalogue, of Greek derivation, signifies Ten Words, or sentences, and is particularly assigned to the Ten Commandments given by divine authority, as the standard and rule of our duty towards God, and towards our neighbour—that is, all mankind. The Decalogue comprizes the fundamental articles of religious faith, as well as the principles of virtuous conduct; it is the compendium and epitome of the Moral Law, founded upon the belief and worship of the one true God,—the author of its terms, and the enforcer of its sanctions. It may, however, also be considered as partly of a mixt nature, not being entirely moral, but containing some matters ceremonial, and relating solely or chiefly to the Jews. Of this description are portions of the Second and Fifth Commanda.ents. It is consequently the pure part alone, which has no especial relation to the circumstances of the Jews, that is equally applicable to Jews and Christians.

$ 5. With regard to Christians, the Decalogue not only possesses its full force, but it has acquired additional authority from its having been constantly declared by our blessed Lord the rule of those good works which are necessary to the attainment of salvation, from

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widest sense :--- Precepts and prohibitions are to be understood not only as the regulators of outward actions, or external compliance, but equally of inward motives, of the mind, of the affections and aversions of the heart :Where any particular virtue is enjoined, there the vice immediately opposed to it is prohibited ; and where a vice is prohibited, the opposite virtue is enjoined :-Precepts which verbally enforce a certain defined virtuę, comprehend also, in spirit, all similar virtues, and all means of premoting them; and prohibitions which require a certaip vice to be avoided, include all similar vices, and all occasions of them :-Although the masculine gender is alone adopted in the phraseology of the Decalogue, females as well as males, being equally of the human race, which is, without exception, the subject of the divine laws, are equally amenable to the precepts and prohibitions of the Decalogue; its terms. only being altered to suit their several obligations :-The Commandments being of two kinds, positive and negative, there is some difference between them in the extent of their application, though there be none in their authority and force ; for the negative pre. depts, those which forbid, are obligatory at all times and in all cases; whereas the positive precepts, those which enjoin certain duties, do not require that these duties shall be constantly fulfilled, or actually performed at any but the proper seasons—they are not applicable to all persons, at all times :- Those things which are commanded or prohibited to each individual in the singular number, in which all the Commandments are addressed, each one is bound to promote or to discountenance to the utmost of his power in others :-As the Law is perfect in itself, so it cannot be performed by partial obedience, the breach

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