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tue, with intellectual accomplishments, of female piety, devotion, and meekness; but what we have already inferied will, we hope, excite an earnest desire, in many, to read the work itself, and, we believe, will fully justify the character we have
An Esay on the Management of Bees. Wherein is mewn the Method
of rearing those useful Infezis ; and that the Practice of saving their Lives when their Honey and Wax are taken from them was known to the Antients, and is, in itself, fimple and easily executed. By John Mills, F.R. S. 8vo. 35. fewed. Johnson.
HESE sheets, originally intended to make part of the con
tinuation of Mr. Mills's System of Husbandry, would not appeared (he says) at this time, if the notice which the society for the encouragement of arts, &c. has thought proper to take of the importance of saving the lives of bees, when their honey and wax are taken, had not called on him to offer every asliftance in his power to those who may become candidates for the premium offered by that respectable body
In this view, to a concise account of the generation, governm ment, and oeconomy of bees, he has added, from the most approved writers, both ancient and modern, such directions for managing them, as will, he hopes, instruct the husbandman in every thing necessary for the due care of these useful infects; and has also described the methods used by different nations, to reap the sweets of their labour without destroying the labourers themfelves.
Mr. Mills considers a hive of bees as a well-peopled city, in which we commonly find (he says) from fifteen to eighteen thoufand inhabitants. i This city is in itself a monarchy, composed of a queen ; of males, which are drones; and of working bees, which are not of either sex.'- A hive of bees cannot fubfift without a queen, as she alone produces their numerous posterity; and on this account their fidelity and attachment to their sovereign is admirable.'
• The society will give a fum not exceeding 2001. for collecting wax and preserving the lives of the bees; in the following proportion : to every person who shall collect from stocks of bees, his own property, within the year 1767, ten pounds of clear merchantable wax, without destroying the bees, leaving a sufficient quantity of honey for their win. ter sustenance; five pounds. But in case there be above forty claimants, then the sum of 2001. to be distributed among the candidates in pro. portion to the number of claimants.-Certificates of the quantity of wax and of the bees being alive on i Feb 1768, to be delivered. C3
After describing the different species of bees, their wax, combs, and honey; our Author proceeds to inform us of the manner in which they breed, of their swarming, &c. Amongst other curious particulars relating to these wonderful inte&ts, the exact mathem. tical construction of the cells in their combs must strike every considerate beholder with amazement; so that we could with pleasure inse:t the judicious explanation of that most delica'e confructure, to be found at p. 13, if not too long for our narrow limits
The fame rea'on prevents our enlarging upon the various methods chat may be mad. use of for taking the honey and wax without deftioying the bees:--for which, and many other neceflary disedijors, relating to the subject, we must refer to the work itlelf, where a variety of hives and bee-boxes are exhibited upon iwo crpper plates, for the greater illustration of the didctic precepts, offered to the confideration of every keeper of bees, who has humanity enough to think the lives of those most induftrious creatures not wholly beneath his notice.
Observations on some Papers in that very ueful Co:leftion, entitled, Museum Rufticum. By a Gentleman. To be conunued occasionally. With new theoretical and practical Pieces on Husbandry. 8vo. Is. Sandby. *HE Author of these observations says, his d sign is not to
, , 5 He intends not only to make some few remarks on several papers there, occasionally ; but also to add, as he hopes, many useful discoveries of his own--the result of several years practice and experience in agriculture.'
There are, he thinks, fome papers in the Museum Rusticum capableofimprovement, and some which may lead the young farmer into inconveniences. He therefore hopes the authors will pardon him, if he points out what seems to him exceptionable thercin: as no human composition can be presumed free from error.
Husbandry, he juftly observes, is one of the moit rational, desireable and useful pro efiions, that (in this world) can employ the faculties of man.-In trying experiments, he cautions gentlemen not to impose upon themselves or others, by enhancing the profits, and concealing the expence; which has, certainly, 100 often been the case wiih moft writers on agriculture. • Remember (says he) there is no farming wiihout manure, whatever may be said to the contrary: nor to any purpose without frequent plowing A rich clod unbroken, can produce 119 rop; a steril, pulverised earth, must produce a poor one.'
He appears not to be over-fond of burnet, timothy, and other grafies lately so much recommended : and seems to think no artificial pastures, yet found out, equal to clover, trefoil, and reygrass, mixed;-as they afford (he says) a great and good crop, either for hay or pasture, with the least expence. The small white clover, with the trefoil, grows thick at bottom; and the broad clover and reygrass form a higher growth above.-Several very judicious oeconomical hints are thrown out, for the young gentleman-farmer's notice, before he begins his Observations on the Museum Rufticum ; under the first of which, he treats of the culture and management of Hops.-His ad observation relates to plants and trees that will thrive near the sea :-3dly, he treats of draining land effectually, than which, few improvements in husbandry require more skill and experience. Upon this fubject the sketch of a proper plan is given. – The culture of winter cabbages, for cattle, is his next article ; and in the last place, we meet with some just remarks upon the improvement of waste and uncultivated lands;--for the division of which he strongly recommends quick-set fences, in preference to stone-walls ; as the former appear more beautiful, and at the same time produce a considerable profit.--Under each of the above oblervations, we are referred to certain papers in the two first volumes of the Museum, where the same subjects are treated of, - though not altogether to the good liking of our present Author :- who appears to be well versed in the most necessary principles of agriculture,
-If the following simple remedy will cure (as he afferts) the Jialing of blood in cattle, no farmer ought to be ignorant of it; viz. - a little fresh hog's dung, disolved in warm milk, given with a hora.'
A Disquisition concerning the Nature of the Sacrament of the Lord's
Supper, in order to ascertain the right Notion of it. 8vo.
FTER the many treatises which have been written con
cerning the Lord's Supper, it may be thought needless to trouble the world with any more; but the Author of this tract is of a different opinion : for though (as he observes) no words can be plainer than those of our Saviour, in the institution of his Jaft supper ; yet different men and churches have fallen into different ways of explaining it; fome having substituted one absurdity for another, -others having explained it quite away,- and few having kept clear of difficulties and objections, to which their explanations are severally liable.-The most unexceptionable (he thinks) is that of Dr. Cudworth, who revived the notion, for it had been advanced before, that as the ancient facri
fices of Jews and heathens were usually feasted upon, or at-
What appears to him faulty in this notion (he fays) is, i.
That there is an incongruity in it. And, 2. That it falls fort of the full intent and meaning of the inftitution.'—The alledged incongruity is, that it doth not bear a sufficient analogy to the feasts of the antient sacrifices; which were, for the most part, identically the same with the sacrifices themselves; the meats offered being presently after feafted upon : but the facrifice and feast here are two things very different in nature from each other, and greatly disjoined in point of time.'2. This notion is alledged to be defective, and to fall fort of the full intent and meaning of the institution; as it doth not admit of any sacrifice in the eucharift ;' which our Author apprehends to be the chief and most essential part of it.'--ACcordingly, this holy institution hath been understood (he says) to be a commemorative facrifice,' in which notion he sees no impropriety.--- For a commemorative sacrifice (he adds) carries no more absurdity in it than a fredillive facriñce, and may be as easily conceived : and as all the sacrifices of the law were predictive of the great sacrifice of Christ, why may not this of the gospel te commemorative of it?'
· The sacrifice of the paschal lamb, and the rest of the Jewish Sacrifices, w re all soadows of good things to come, Heb. x. 1. and are allowed to have been typical of the great and more perfect sacrifice of Christ on the crois.'-" The elements in the eucharist were expressly appointed by Christ himself, to represent his body and blood; and the use of them was by him declared to be, that they might shew forth his death.'-• Whatever, there, fore, is intended by the death of Christ, must be intended by these types of it likewise ; otherwise they are imperfect,- they are not truly types: consequently, if Christ's death was a facrifice, this must be a sacrifice too; the one real, the other typical. And this is what I apprehend to be the true notion and nature of the Lord's Supper, namely, that it is a typical facrifice,
typical of Christ's facrifice after the event, as the Jewish sicrifices were previously typical of it.'
The above is a short sketch of this Author's plan ;-in fup? port of which he offers a number of different confiderations, delivered in a sensible and candid manner, though rather too much in the controversial strain, to be of general use. As to Dr. Cudworth's notion of the sacrament, the Reader, we Aatter ourselves, will find it fully refuted by one of our learned associates, in the with volume of our Review, p. 441-seq.—This Dirquifitor concludes with a prayer to be used before partaking of the Lord's Supper, drawn up in one single sentence only,- though containing upwards of thirty lines.
St. Paul's Wish to be accursed from Chrift, for the Sake of his Bre
thren, illustrated and vindicated from Miscon/Iructions. — In Three Discourses. To which is added, an Appendix, containing a Collection of the most material Observations upon the Text, by antient and modern Writers; and of some other Passages applicable to the illustration of it. By Bartholomew Keeling, M. A. Rector of Tiffield and Bradden, in Northamptonshire, and Chaplain to Earl Temple. 8vo. Printed at Oxford, and sold in London by Dodsley.
HE Author of this essay tells us, that he had once been in
duced to think of delivering it in sermons, at St. Mary's in Oxford, though not composed with that design. For this purpose the contents were divided into distinot parts or dircourses.' But some difficulty of procuring the requisite turns, in an immediate succession, frustrated that intention. This occafioned the appearance of this performance, without any previous delivery of it, as usual, from the pulpit ; under the hope that it may elucidate the passage which is the subject of enquiry: and (he adds) it may possibly be followed by a separate explanation of Moses's petition in the 32d chapter of Exodus, ver. 32.
The text, now under consideration, (Rom. ix. 3.) is of the number of those passages in St. Paul's epistles which have been thought hard to be understood. In the first discourse, therefore, Mr. Keeling examines the explanations that have been given of it by others, and shews the objections to which he thinks them Jiable. In the second, he gives what he takes to be the true genuine meaning of the apostle, in this extraordinary declaration of his wish, to be himself accurfed, for the good of his brethren. And in the third discourse, he endeavours to maintain and confirm his own interpretation.
• The most common acceptation of the words (he says) supposes them expressive of St. Paul's desire, or at least resignation