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puters of this world, it is time to throw aside these old Instruments of vanity and mischief.

In section 5th, book 3d. we have the following note. As what is here faid relates entirely to the revolutions in the state of religion here at home, ftrangers will not be able to see the force of it, without some further account of this matter.Justification by faith alone, built upon the doctrine of the redemption of mankind by the death and sacrifice of Christ, was the great gospel-principle on which protestantism was founded, when the churches of the north-west of Europe first shook off the yoke of Rome : by some perhaps pushed too far, in their abhorrence of the Popith doctrine of merit ; the Puritan fchism amongst us being made on the panic fancy that the church of England had not receded far enough from Rome. However, juftification by faith a one being a golpel-doctrine, it was received as the badge of true protestantism by all; when the Puritans (first driven by persecution from religious into civil faction, and thoroughly heated into enthusiasm by each faction, in its turn) carried the doctrine to a dangerous and impure antinomianism.' This fanatic notion soon after produced the practical virtues of these modern faints. The mischiefs which ensued are well known. And no {mall share of them has been ascribed, to this impious abuse of the doctrine of justification by faith alone; first by depreciating morality, and then by dispensing with it.

• When the constitution was restored, and had brought into credit those few learned divines whom the madness of the preceding times had driven into obscurity, the church of England, still smarting with the wounds it had received from the abuse of the great golpel-principle of faith very wisely laboured to restore morality, the other effential part of the Chriftian system, to its rights, in the joint direction of the faithful. Hence, the encouragement, the church gave to those noble discourses which did such credit to religion, in the licentious times of Charles II. composed by these learned and pious men, abused by the zeaJots with the nick-name latitudinarian divines. The reputation they acquired by so thoroughly weeding out these rank remains of fanaticism, made their succeffors fond of sharing with them in the same labours. A laudable ambition! but, too often mixed with a vain passion for improving upon those who have gone, successfully, before. The church was now triumphant, The sectaries were humbled ; sometimes oppressed; always regarded with an eye of jealousy and averfion ; till at length this gospel-principle of faith came to be esteemed by those who should have known better, as wild and fanatical. While they who owned its divine original found so much difficulty in adjufting the distinct rights and prerogatives of faith and morality, that by the time this century was ready to commence, things were


come to such a pass (morality was advanced so high and faith so depressed and incumbered with trifling or unintelligible explanations) that a new definition of our holy religion, in opposition to what its founder taught, and unknown to its early Followers, was all in fashion ; under the title of a Republication of the Religion of Nature ; natural religion, it seems, (as well as Chriftianity) teaching the doctrine of life and immortality. So says a very eminent prelate. And the Gospel, which till now had been understood as but coeval with redemption, was henceforth to be acknowledged, as old as the creation.

The second volume concludes with an appendix of about thirty pages, wherein his Lordship endeavours to shew, that the omission of a future state in the Mofaic dispensation doth not make it unworthy of the original to which believers ascribe it. -This appendix contains some smart and pertinent reflections upon what Voltaire has advanced in his Dictionnaire Philofophique, Art. Religion.


POETICAL. Art. 10. The New Bath Guide : or, Memoirs of the B—-Fa

mily. In a Series of poetical Epistles. The third Edit. 8vo.

35. 6d. Dodsley. IN N our Review for June, we endeavoured to entertain our Readers

with an account of the first edition of this humorous and sprightly performance ;-10 which the very ingenious Writer has added two or three pieces, under the title of Epilogue to the Second Edition. In the firit of these additional papers, he pleasantly rallies the criticisms which, we are to understand, have been patred on this work:

There are who complain that my verse is severe,
And what is much worle-ihat my book is too dear :
The ladies protest that I keep no decorum,
In setting fuch patterns of folly before 'em :
Some cannot conceive what the Guide is about,
With names so unmeaning to make such a rout:
Lady Dorothy Scrawl would engage to bespeak
A hundred such things to be made in a week :
Madam Shuffledumdoo, more provoking than that,
Has sold your poor Guide for two filh and a mai;
A sweet medium paper, a book of fine size,
And a print that I hop'd would have suited her eyes.
Another good lady of delicate taste,
Cries, “ Fie! Mr. Bookseller, bring me some paste ;
I'll close up this leaf, or my daughter will kim
The cream of that vile methodistical hymn"-
'Then stuck me down fatt--so unfit was my page
To meet the chalte eyes of this virtuous age!


Rav. Sept. 1766.


Guide.] O spare me, good Madam! it goes to my heart,
With my fweet methodistical letter to part.
Away with your pasie! 'tis exceedingly hard,
Thus to torture and cramp an unfortunate bard :
How my mure will be thuck'd, when she's just taking flight,
To find that her pinions are fallen'd so tight!

Firil Lavy.] Why you know, beyond reason and decency too,
Beyond all respect to religion that's due,
Your dirty fatirical Work you pursue.
I very well krow whom you meant to affront
In the pictures of Prudence, and Tabitha Runt.t

Gitte. ] Indeed, my good ladies, religion and virtue
Are things that I never design’d any hurt to.
All pets and painters, as Horace agrees,
May copy from nature what figures they please;
Nor blane the poor poct, or painter, if you
In verse or on canvass your likeness should view:
I hope you don't think I would write a lampoon?
I'd be hang'it at the foot of Parnaílus as soon
Second Lad;.] Prithee don't talk to me of your Horace and

When you come like an impudent wretch to attack us.
What’s Pamiailus tv you ? Take away but your shime,
And the strains of the bellman are full as sublime.-
I hird Lary.] Dolt think that such stuff as thou writ'st upon

Will procure thee a bufio in Westminster-abbey?

Guile.] ”Tis trne, on Parnailus I never did dream,
Nor e'er did I iafte of sweet Helicon's stream:
My Mare of the fountain 1]] freely refign
To those who are better belov’d by the Nine:
Give busto’s to poets of higher renowni,
I ne'er was ambitious in marble to frown:
Give laurels to those, from the god of the lyre
Who catch the bright spark from ethereal fire ;
Who, kill'd ev'ry passion at will to impart,
Can play round the head while they steal to the heart ;
Who, taught by Apollo to guide the bold steed,
Know when to give force, when to temper his speed:
My nerves all forsake me, my voice he disdains,
When he raitles his pinions, no more hears the reins,
But thro' the bright ether sublimely he goes,
Nor earth, air, or ocean, or mountains oppose.
For me, 'tis enough that my toil I pursue,
Like the hee drinking sweets chat exhale from the dew;
Content it Melpomore joins to my lay
One tender soft train of melodious Gray;
Thrice happy in your approbation alone,

If the following ode for my hymn can atone.
The ode referred to, in the latt line, is entitled, A Letler 10 Mi's
Tenny W--, at Dat); from Lady Eliz. M-d-/s, ber Friend in the
Country.' It is a becoming tribute, jully paid to rational religion ;




and is followed by a conversation-piece, wherein the Mad of the late Mr. Quin is introduced, commending the ftrains of our facecious moralist: in return for which civility, the congenial Guide thus addresses the friendly ghofte---and concludes the volume :

For thee, who, to visit these regions of spleen,
Deign'st to quit the sweet vales of perpetual green,
Forsake, happy shade, this Pæorian air,
Fly hence, to Elysium's pure ether repair,
Row, Dryden and Otway-thy Shakespeare is there;
There Thomson, poor Thomson, ingenuous bard,
Shall equal thy friendship, thy kindness reward,
Thy praise in mellifluous numbers prolong,
Who cherish'd his muse and gave life to his song.
And O may thy genius, blelt spirit, in part
To me the same virtues that glow'd in thy heart,
To me, with thy talents convivial, give
The art to enjoy the short time I fall live ;
Give manly, give rational mirth to my soul,
O'er the focial sweet joys of the full-flowing bowl ;
So ne'er may vile feriblers thy memory fiain,
Thy forcible wit may no blockheads profane,
Thy faults be forgotten, thy virtues remain.
Farewell! may the turf where thy cold reliques rest,
Bear herbs, odoriferous herbs o'er thy breast,
Their heads Thyme, Sage, and Pot-marjoram wave,

And fat be the gander that feeds on thv grave.
Art. 11. An Ode in Honour of his Royal Hig'iness the Prince of

Wales's Birth-day, Aug. 12, 1766; as intended to have been performed before their Majesties at Kew. By the Rev. William Scott, M. A. (formerly of Trinity-Coll. Camb. and AMAtant Morning preacher at St. Sepulchre's, Snow-hill. Wilkie.

GRAND CHORUS] God save the King!

Long live the Queen!
And may their royal race rule o'er
Great Britain's realms from storms of flate ferene!

Till sun and moon shall be no more! if, as hath been observed, that nonsense fuits belt with music, witat pity the Author was disappointed by the gentlemen of the Qizen's dimas Concert! his piece must have succeeded amazingly! and he his fef might, in time, have gained a sprig of that lacrihich once fu bee comingly shaded the brows of Taic, Eukien, and Cibb.r.

M IS CE L L A NEO U 9. Art. 12. The Thcory and Praia Grant, treated in a new aid

only 1 Ianner ; with the Cofruesionalue of an Inik, vit for readily solving the several Casis: aifo Rics for curating the Charges of Mines, with Renurks on Mr. Eldr's le? Dethod, and various problems of Use in Practical Gurnery; ti ulich are


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prefixed the Elements of Vulgar and Decimal Arithmetic, &c. By Edward Williams, Lieutenant in the Royal Regiment of Artillery. 8vo. 6s.

6s. Vaillant. Our Author supposing his pupils entirely unacquainted with figures, begins his book with the first rudiments of arithmetic, in order to reader this work totally independent of any other. Its independence would have been yet more compleat if he had trept a little farther back, and begun with the alphabet. Advancing regularly through the different stages of numeration, addition, fubtraction, multiplication and division, he proceeds to fractions, vulgar and decimal; and thence to applicate numbers, exhibiting several useful tables, which inform the young gunner, among other things, that 4 farthings make a penny, 12 pence a shilling, and 20 shillings a pound ; that 2 piots of wine make one quart, 4 quarts one gallon ; that 60 seconds make one minute, 60 minutes one hour, 24 hours one day, &c. Having now taught the addition, subtraction, &c. of different denominations, he proceeds to the extraction of the square and cube root, logarithms, arithmetical contractions, and concludes this first book with proportion.

Book zd begins with the outlines of geometry, teaches the use of the feétor, the construction and ule of scales, plain trigonomerry, mensuration of distances and heights, and at last, in page 228, (the whole book containing no more than 302) touches the subject of gunnery. First, the Author describes the instrument contrived for solving the several cases, of which it is impoffible to give a proper idea without the plate to which he refers. Having finished his cases in gunnery in about 30 pages, he proceeds to the method of calculating the length of fuzes, the description and use of initruments, a few problems concerning mines, and some miscellaneous problems ; and concludes with an appendix containing the demonstrations of the principal parts of his work.

Having thus cursorily mentioned the contents of this volume, we must take the liberty to observe, that though it may teach the rudiments of arithmetic, and may be an useful asistant to a practical gunner, yet it is by no means sufficient, independent of other affiitance, to inftruet a beginner in the theory of gunvery upon which the practice ought to be founded. Before he had proceeded to the solution of the several cases which occur in practice, the author ought certainly, besides the general principles of trigonometry, to have given its peculiar application to gunnery, without which the practical gunrer muit remain ignorant of the principles upon which he acis, and mult consequently be at a loss whenever a new problem is proposed. His problems are neither fufficiently varied, nor the rules by which they are solved fufficiently clear, nor frequent. In ihurt, those who are instructed only by this bcok, will acquire litile niore i han a mechanical method of calculation which, though it may answer the purposes of common practice, will leave them ignorant of the mathemat cal principles of gunnery. Art. 13. The British Zoology. Class I. Quadrupeds. 11. Birds.

Published under the Inspection of the Cymmrodorion Society, instituted for the promoting useful Charities, and the Knowlege of Nature, among the Descendents of the Ancient BriHlustrated with one hundred and fercn Copper-plates.


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