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Part IV. and last. Folio. 21. 125. 6d. coloured *, Imperial Paper. Printed for J. and J. March on Tower-hill, for the Society: and sold for the Benefit of the British Charityschool'on Clerkenwell-green, 1766. Sold also by Mr. Walter, Bookfeller at Charing.cross, and Mr. White, Bookseller in Fleetstreet.
This accurate and entertaining work is now compleated, and is finished in such a manner as will do honour to our country in general, and to the Cymmrodorion Society in particular. We do not recollect a single initance in which science, elegance, and benevolence have been so happily united in one noble design.-But it is unnecessary for us to enlarge on the merit of this undertaking, as we have fo frequently spoken of it already ; fee Review, Vol. XXIX. p. 334 ; Vol. XXX. p. 34!; and Vol. XXXII. p. 481. We shall therefore only add, that the British Zoology being now brought to a conclusion, the seeming irregularity of which we tormerly took notice) in the method of publication, may be rectified by the care of the bookbinder t. The work is inscribed to the King; and there is such a manly decency in the decin cation, that we cannot forbear transcribing it, for the satisfaction of our Readers :
• Permit us, your very loyal and dutiful subjects, the President and Council of the Society of CYMMRODORION, to lay before your Majelty, this our firft effor: towards fulfilling the end of our institution; that of promoting natural knowlege and useful charities, among this part of your Majesty's subjects, the Ancient i'ritons.
* As you are graciously pleased, to mingle with the heavier cares of government, an attention to the polite arts; we humbly presume to offer to your royal protection, this yet unattempied labour, this national work; a Natural History of the QUADRU PEDs and Birds of Great Britain and Ireland.
• The one great object of this history, is to promote the glory of the Almighty, by demonitrating his wisdom in the works of the creation ; the other, to relieve the indigent, the orphan, the deserted of our own Country: to whom then can we, with equal propriery, address ourselves for protection, than to a Prince whose life is not less distinguished by his piety towards his CREATOR, than by his tenderness towards thole whom the Almighty hath given him in charge ?'
We are sorry it is not in our power to give an adequate idea of this performance, by any specimens of the accuracy of the engravings, or beauty of the colouring. We can only fay, that, in general, we think
• Compleat fets may be had, pr. 9 guineas coloured, or 5 guineas uncoloured; but, according to the notice given by the trustees of the Welsh charity school, the price will be railed 10 10 guineas and a gui. neas after midsummer next; there is, however, no dare to their adver. tilement.
+ The more effectually, however, to prevent mistakes, methodised copies are left with the above-named booksellers, by which other books may be regulated.
I. The concluding paragraph, as well as the form of audress at the beginning, are omitted, as merely ceremonial,
the plates are not inferior to those of the very ingenious Mr. George Edwards, Art. 14. The History of the Popes, from the Foundation of the See
of Rome, to the present Time. Vol. 6th and 7th. By Archibald Bower, Esq; * 2 Vols. 4to. Il. is. in Sheets. Sandby, &.
The character of this history is so well known, that it is only necesary to acquaint cur Readers that the work is now finished. These two volumes contain the history of the popes from the year 1918 to the prefent time; with what fidelity and accuracy it is written, may be judged, in some measure, from this circumfiance, that the period from itco to 1758 is comp.ehended in twenty-fix pages.
Since deceased. Art. 15. The English Connoiffeur : containing ar Account of whate
ever is curious in Painting, Sculpture, &c. in the Palaces and Seats of the Nobility and principal Gentry of England, both in Town and Country. 12mo.
6s. Davis and Co. The Compiler, in his preiace, gives the following account of his defign: "The only way, by which we can ever hope to arrive at any skill in diftinguishing the fties of the different masters in painiing, is the itudy of their works: any afhance therefore in this point cannot but be grateful to the riling connoilleur. It is well known at how few of those boules into which, by the indulgence of their illustrious owners, the curious are admitted, any catalogues of the paintings and o: her curiosities which adorn them can be obtained; and without such catalogues it must be confifted little use can be made, by the yet uninformed observer of these valuable clle&ions, besides that general ore of pleasing the eye and the imagination, by viewing a variety of delightful objects. The editor of the following trife, aware of the necessity of such asistance, when he first defigned to travel about his native country, in order among cther views to become acquainted with the manner of the principal inalers in painting looked out for books giving an account of the cosionties which the seats of the nobility and gentry, in various parts of the kingdom, contain. From the few that fell into his hands, he abftracted what he thought was to his purpose ; and in his progresses, corrected in them whatever he thought amiss, and made additions when he found them deficient. Where no catalogue had been before printed he endeavoured to obia'n one, or to make out fuch an one as he was able to do, from a survey of the house, and information. If this work, which the editor tere offers the young student in the polite arts, should at ail cor tribute to promote or facilitate the study of them among his coun. trymen, he will have gained all the end which he aims at.!
It is certain there are several very considerable omissions in this work ; of which the Author appears to have been conscious; and for which he endeavours to apologize; inviting the curious to contribute towards rendering the future editions more complete, by their friendly communications. We were somewhat surprized, however, at not being able to find the British Museum in this collection. Could the Author deem that most nob!c repository unworthy of a place with Okeover* : to which obscure villa he has conducted his readers, merely for the sake of Viewing a single pi&ture of Raphael's. * A gentleman's seat in Derbyshire.
Art. 16. Frugality and Diligence recommended and enforced from
Scripture. By Edward Watkinson, M. D. Rector of Chart in Kent. York: printed for the Author.
The good Dr. Watkinson, whose benevolence and philanthropy seem to be inexhaustible, has here improved his Fljay on Oeconomy, (if we mistake not-for we have not the effiny at hand, to refer to) by the addition of another general head, viz. ASSIDUITY, This little, seafonable, tract is not jolt, but d Iperfed, gratis; for the Sake of those who may be either unwilling or unable to purchase instruction. Art. 17. Memoirs of a foreign Minister at the Court of London,
containing different Accusations, wherein tlie Conduct of this Minister at London and other Cities of Europe, is dimorjirated. 4to. 25. Dixwell.
Relates to the conduct of the Chevalier Stapleton, minister from the Duke of Wirtemberg at the court of Great Britain, in regard to a debt which Mr. S. contracted in Bruslels, for cloaths purchased of Mademoifelle Vandenhecke ; which debt he has, on certain pretences, refuted to discharge. The story is rendered somewhat intereiting, by the peculiarity of the circumstances, and the copies of letters, &c. which pased between the parties, and others ; but on what pretence the public is made to pay 2 s. for 12 pages of broken English, we cannot discover, unless Miss V. imagines that the generosity of this nation will indemnify her for the lolles the may have luitained through her acquaintance with the Chevalier S. Art. 18. Hagarth Moralized. No. I. 4to. 2s. Hingeiton, &c.
The prints of the celebrated and excellent Hogarth are here copied and reduced to a small size, in order to form a little quarto volume, for the amusement and instruction of young readers ; for whose more particular information, an explanatory account is added, by a reverend gentleman, who, as far as we can judge from the specimen before us, disco. vers more piety than taste, in his commentary. He will, probably, however, not be liable to fall into any considerable mistakes, in regard to his author's designs, as he writes under the infpection of the Widow Hogarth ; a very sensible woman, —who may be supposed to be well acquainted with the true meaning and drift of her late husband's performances. The Plates in this No. are pretty well copied; the fubject i's The Harloi's Progress. Art. 19. The Art of shooting flying : familiarly explained by IV ay of
Dialogue. Containing Directions for the Choice of Guns, for various Occasions. An Aicount of divers Experiments, discovering the Execution of Barrels of different Lengths and Bores. With many useful Hints for the Improvement of young Practitioners, entirely new, 8vo. 6d. Norwich, printed by Crouse; and Sold by Johnson and Co. in London.
Although we are not violent advocates for any amusement that is to be purchased at the expence of an harmless hare or an innocent bird, yet impartiality demands our honest acknowlegement of the merit of every work that shews the author to be well-fkilled in the subject of which he treats, whether that subject be agreeable to the taite or principles of bis
reviervers, or otherwise – In every work, regard the writer's end' is a just maxim. This Writer does not set up for a teacher of humanity, but of an art which he, no doub., thinks both innocent and useful; though to us it appears rather unphilosophical and unbenevolent.
It must, nevertheless, be acknowledged, that rural sports and exercises are to be regarded with a favourable eye, for far as they are conducive to the sportsman's health ; and in that view, indeed, the love of our fellow-mortals would almost reconcile us to the wanton slaughter of the poor animal creation.
With respect to the little theory of bird-shooting now before us, we have only to observe, that (so far as we are able to judge) we believe the Author is well qualified for the talk he has undertaken; and that his book will probably be found very useful to young fowlers who ítand in need of initruction, in those fundamental particulars mentioned in the title-page. Art. 20. An Account of the Giants lately discovered; in a Letter to a
Friend in the Country. 8vo. IS. Noble. A piece of pleasantry, not altogether unworthy ihe pen of a Voltaire or a Fielding, supposing either of them in a carelet, bagatelle sort of humour, --inclined to throw out a diverting trifle, without taking any pains about it.
The Author's main purport seems to be, to laugh at the credulity of the gaping public, ever ready to swallow any wonderful tale, or to credit the grofleft absurdities :: a bottle-conjuror, a Canning's miracle, a Cock.lane ghost, or a giant from the Streights of Magellan.
After humorously reciting the reported particulars of Capt. Byron's discovery of the Patagonians; he proceeds to consider what political advantages may accrue from it, to the British nation : You will be impatient, says he to his correspondent, to know if Cap;ain Byron took possession of the country for the crown of England, and to have his Majelty's ftile run, George the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, Ireland, and the Giants! You will ask why some of their women were noc brought away to mend our breed, which all good patriots affert has been dwindling for some hundreds of years ; and whether there is any gold or diamonds in the country ? Mr. Whitfield wants to know the same thing, and it is said intends a visit for the conversion of įhese poor blinded savages.
As soon as they are properly civilized, that is, enslaved, due care will undoubtedly be taken to specify in their charter that these giants shall be subject to the parliament of Great Britain, and shall not wear a Theep's skin that is not legally stamped. A riot of giants would be very unpleasant to an infant colony. But experience, I hope, will teach us, that the invaluable liberties of Englishmen are not to be wantonly scattered all over the globe. Let us enjoy them ourselves, but they are too sacred to be communicated. If giants once get an idea of freedom, they will soon be our masters instead of our flaves. But what pretensions can they have to freedom? They are as diftin&t from the common species as blacks, and by being larger, may be more useful. I would advise our prudent merchants to employ them in the fugar trade; they are capable of more labour ; but even then they must be worse treated, if possible, than our black flaves are; they must be lamed and maimed, and have ibeir spirits well broken, or they may become dangerous. This too will
give a little respite to Africa, where we have half exhausted the human, I mean, the black breed, by that wise maxim of our planters, that if a slave lives four years, he has earned his purchase-money, consequently you may afford to work him to death in that time.
• The mother country is not only the first, but ought to be the fole object of our political considerations. If we once begin to extend the idea of the love of our country, it will embrace the universe, and confequently annihilate all notion of our country. The Romans, so much the object of modern admiration, were with difficulty persuaded to admit even the rest of Italy to be their countrymen. The true patriots never regarded any thing without the walls of Rome, except their own villas, as their country. Every thing was done for immortal Rome, and it was immortal Rome that did every thing. Conquered nations, which to them answered to discovered nations with us, for they conquered as fast as they discovered, were always treated accordingly, and it is remarkable that two men equally famous for their eloquence have been the only two that ever had the weakness to think that conquered countries were entitled to all the blessings of the mother-country. Cicero treated Sicily and Cilicia as tenderly as the district of Arpinum, and I doubt it was the folly of that example that misled his too exat imitator on late occasion. However, the giants must be impresled with other ideas : bless us, if like that pigmy old Oliver, they should come to think the speaker's mace a bawble!!
• What have we to do with America, but to conquer, enslave, and make it tend to the advantage of our commerce ? fall the noblest rivers in the world roll for savages? snall mines teem with gold for the natives of the foil ? and shall the world produce any thing but for England, France, and Spain? It is enough that the overflowings of riches in those three countries are every ten years wasted in Germany.
• Still, my political friend, I am not for occupying Patagonia, as we did Virginia, Carolina, &c. Such might be the politics of Queen Elizabeth's days. But modern improvements are wiser. If the giants in question are masters of a rich and Aourishing empire, I think they ought to be put under their majesties, a West-Indian company; the directors of which may retail out a small portion of their imperial revenues to the proprietors, under the name of a dividend. This is an excellent scheme of government totally unknown to the ancients. I can but think how poor Livy or Tacitus would have been hampered in giving an account of such an imperium in imperio. Casimirus Alius Caunus, (for they latinized every proper name, instead of delivering it as uncourhly pronounced by their soldiers and sailors) would have founded well enough : but dividends, discounts, India bonds, &c. were 'not made for the majesty of history. But I am wandering from my subject; though, while I am talking of the stocks and funds. I could chalk out a very pretty new South-sea scheme, a propos to the Patagonians. It would not ruin above half the nation, and would make the fortunes of such industrious gentlemen, as during the want of a war in Germany cannot turn commiffaries.'
Though our sarcastical Author doubts not but the first thought that will occur to every good Christian, is, that this race of giants' (peaceable and harmless as they are said to be) ought to be exterminated, and their country colonized,'—yet he would rather advise us to let them live, because of the great use we may make of them, as flaves. He has