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thing in them florid or rhetorical. The matter is often incoherent, owing perhaps to the unavoidable accidents which might interrupt the attention of the person who collected them : the itile likewise is in general inelegant and incorrect: and these circumstances may lead us to conclude in favour of their authenticity, though, had the editor taken greater liberties with the original, he might, without prejudice to the subject, have added to our entertainment.
The period which these debates com prize, is not perhaps the most interesting of any in the English history; but we nevertheless meet with some curious particulars, which are distinguishable amidst a heap of infignificant frivolous debates, which only serve to swell the bulk of the volumes.
The first paffage observable in them, is the king's speech on the meeting of the parliament in the year 1620, which will be the more accep able to our Readers, as it is not, we are told, elsewhere in print.
“ In multiloquio non deer peccatum, faith the wifeft man that ever was, and the experience thereof I have found in mine own perfon : for it is true, there have been many feffions of parliament before this, wherein I have made many discourfes to the gentlemen of the lower house, and in them delivered a true mirror of
my heart : but, as no man's actions, be they never fo good, can be free from cenfure in regard of perfection; so it may be, it pleased God, feeing soine vanity in me, to fend my words as spittle in my own face; so that I may truly fay, I have often piped unto you, but you would not dance, I have often mourned, but you have not lamented. But now I put on this resolution for the few days that are left unto me in this world; wherein I have I know not how far offended God: and, if it please you, especially of the lower house, to apply this rule unto yourselves, you may find the more fruit.
“ Now to the errand whereunto you are called hither. For the entrance thereunto the more easily, I will begin with the general condition of a parliament, and not to instruct you (when I suppose I speak not to ignorants) but to refresh your memories. And firit, what a parliament is. It is an assembly composed of a head and body, which are called in all monarchies a parliament; which was used and created first by monarchs, for kings were before parliaments; who, fo foon as they had settled a form of government, and were willing that they should be governed by laws, called to their parliaments some more, some lefs in number. But I leave them : this I only would have you observe, that it is a vain thing for a parliament man to press to be popular. There is in no citate a parliament without a monarchy: the Grizons, Switzers, and Low Countries, who are governed without a king, have no parliaments, but councils.
This I put you in mind of, that you serve under a monarch; and that we must stand or fall with it.
“ Now consider first, who calls you ? your king. Secondly, whom he calls ? the peers; who, in respect of the eminency of their places and highness, have an interest therein by birth and inheritance, because they are to affist the king in greatest affairs : next the church; the clergy, not all, but the principal heads thereof, the bishops; whole holiness of life doth claim a privilege of advice, and some of them in respect of their baronies : also the knights ftand for their fhires, and the other gentlemen of the boroughs. Of these is the whole body complete. Thirdly, why you are called ? To the end to advise in errands as he shall ask of you, or you shall think fit to ask his advice in. The king makes laws; and ye are to advise him to make such as may be best for the good of the commonwealth. There is another cause, why the house of commons is called : for that they best know the particular estate of their country; and, if the king should ask their advice, they best can tell what is most amiss, as being sensible thereof, and know best how to petition him to redress and amend the same. They are the authors of sustenance also to him to supply his necessities, and that is the proper use of a parliament: here they are to offer what they think fit to supply his wants; and he, in lieu thereof, tą afford them mercy and justice. And this I am bold to say, and am not alhamed to speak it, that all people owe a kind of tribute to their kings, by way of thankfulness to him for his love to them: and, where this fympathy is between the king and the people, it breeds a happy parliament. And thus much for the general condition and special use of parliaments in this kingdom.
“ Now I come to the particular causes, which moved me to call this parliament. “ Now the main errand (to speak truly) why I call you,
is for a fupply of my urgent necessities in urgent causes. You can all bear me witness, that I have reigned eighteen years amongst you. If it be a fault in me, that
have been at peace all this while, I pray you pardon it; for I took it for an honour unto me, that you should live quietly under your vines and fig-trees, reaping the fruits of your own labours, and myself to be a juft and merciful king amongst you : you have not been troubled with the presing of men, nor with a thousand inconveniences which the disasters of wars produce; yet in these eighteen years have I had less fupplies than any king before me.
" The late queen of famous memory was so far supplied in her time, as it grew to an annual contribution, which by computation came to 135,000 pounds 2-year at leaft: I never had above four subsidies and fix fifteenths. I challenge no more of
defert than the ; but sure I ain, I bave governed you as peace. ably the time lince any lupply hath been, as women with child, que dicem tuerint fifiidis menfes, who afier ten months longing are delivered of their burden : but I have travailed ten years, and therefcre now full time to come to be delivered of my wants. I have been ever willing to spare till now.
" The next cause of your calling bither, is for an urgent neceffity, the miserable and torn state of Chritiendom · which none, that hath an hi neit beart, can look upon without a weeping eye:
I was not the cause of the beginning thereof, God he krowcth ; but I przy God, I may be the inftrument of a happy ending. I mean the wars in Bohemia, wherein the states expelled their emperor, and chose my lon-in-law for their king. I was requested at the firii on bo:h lides to make an agreement berween ihem; which cost me thirty thousand pounds in lending Doncaster in ambaliage for that purpose. In the mean time they cast off all allegiance and chole my son ; who sent unto me to know, whicther he fhould take upon him the crown or not: and
yet within three days after, before I could return my anfwer, he took the crown upon his head : and then I was loth to meddle with it at all for three reasons. First, for that I would not take religion the caute of depoting kings: 1 leave that to the Jesuits, who maintain the fame. Next I was no fit judge between them; for they might afterwards fay to me, as the Jews faid to Mofes, who hath made thee a judge? And I myself would not be content they thould judge, whether I were a ķing or not. Lastly, because I had been a medler between them; and then to determine, myfon should take the crown on him, had been improper : and yet I left not off so; for nature compelled me to admit his good, and therefore I permitted a voluntary contribution to preserve the Palatinate, which came unto
a great sum.”
If it is in the power of language to equal this absurd, bombast and pedantic speech, it must be the following one, which was delivered immediately after by the chancellor:
“. May it please your majetty, I am struck with admiration in respect of your profound discourses, with reverence to your royal precepts, and conteniment in a number of gracious palsages, which have fallen from your majefty, in your speech. It is a saying of Solomon somewhat dark, but apt, That the words of the wile are like noils and pins fafiened by the majter of the building in the wijt of olimbiies : fo, in regard of the reverence of your majesty's words, they are like nails that stroke through and through; firit into the memory, then into the hearts of the hearers, which is the best way to imprint them into their minds. For myself, I ho'd it as great commendations in a chancellor to be silent, when iuch a king is by, who can lo well deliver the
oracles of his mind, as for me to speak. Only, Sir, give me leave to give my advice to the upper and lower house briefly in two words-Nosce tuism. I would have the parliament know itseif; first, in a modest carriage to fo gracious a sovereign; secondiy, in valuing themselves thus far, as to know, now it is in them by their careful dealing to procure an infinite good to theirselves in fubstance and reputation, at home and abroad.”
What a delį icable idea of the great Bacon does this fulloine prostitute adulation present to us! But how much nieaner ftill does he appear, when we confider his bale corruption, of whii h the following particulars are recorded in these debate
Mr. Christopher Anrv prelenteth a petition unto the house, which is read openly, himself tanding by; whereby he express feth, that he was diiinilied one of the chinery in a crufe between himn and Sir William Bruncker ou bill and an wer: af.cr which the petitioner had a judgment in the excequer, the now lord chancellor, then attomer, being then of council with Sis William Bruncker :-that he hath been much oppretted by the delays of his adversary since that in the chancery, and after [....] orders, and I ] d.cecs, he was perfuaded by his council (whereof Sir Gorge Haitings and one Jenkins of Grays Inn ucre two) to give one hundred pounds to th: lord chancellor that now is, which he did, by the hands of Sir G. Hastings; and yet could get nojat proceedings, having pent in the iuit near iwo thorfand pounds.
• Sir George Hattinus denieth ab olutly, that he ever advised Mr. Abiy to give the lord chancellor one hundred pounds; but faith, it is true that he gave to the now lord chancellor a box, he knows not what was in it; and that, when he gave it to the lord chancellor, he told his lor:thin that Mr. Abry had been to him a bountiful client, and therefore he ibought it his duty to express his thinkfulness to his lordihip, beleeching his lordship to do the poor man juitice without delay; and that his lordship took it, saying, it was too much.
• Mr. Edward Earrion prefentcth likewise a petition unto the house, which is alto read openly, himiet landing bv. Sheweth, that he gave to the pow iord chancellor, then Jorü kceper, in plate, fifty-two pounds, ien Shillings; and that, by the hands of Sir Richard Young, Sir George Wastings being inen with Sir Richard, he presented also foui hundred prunds in a purse or bag: and that Sir Richard Yourg told hiin he had delivered it to the Lord chancellor, who returned thanks to this petitioner, and said, that he had not only enriched him, but laid a tie on him to him to do him justice in all his rightful causes.
· That one Sharpey (sometime feward to the Lord chancellor) told your petitioner, that if he would give one thousand pounds more to the now lord chancehor, and one hundred pounds tó
him, that then he should have a decree for all the lands in fuit between him and Sir Rowland Egerton.- He said further, that the four hundred pounds was given by Sir Richard Young and Sir George Hastings shortly after the lord chancellor was made lord keeper, but the plate he delivered a little before with his own hands.
• Sir Richard Young. That the lord chancellor was of this gentleman's council, when he was solicitor and attorney general: that himself and Sir George Hastings did, at Mr. Egerton's entreaty, deliver a purse of money to the now lord chancellor, he then being busy at his chamber at Whitehall, so that Mr. Egerton would not come to his lordship to deliver the money himself :that, when they first offered it to his lordship, he gave a step back, making some doubt whether he might take it or no, yet took it, saying it was true, he did Mr. Egerton the best service he could, when he was of his council, and therefore would take it. 1. Mr. Egerton being examined, faith, that when this money was given he had two or three suits depending in the star-chamber that this money was given to the lord chancellor, prefently upon the king's going into Scotland.-He said further, that he acknowledged a recognizance of ten thousand pounds to Doclor Field, now Bishop of Llandaff, and one Randal Damport, or Davingport, with a condition, that if this examinant, by the mediation of the said bishop, or Damport, or of any other by their means, should recover the lands in suit in the chancery between this examinant and Sir Rowland Egerton; then were the said Doctor Field, and the said Damport to have fix thousand pounds of this examinant, to be levied out of the lands which this examinant should so recover : if he did not recover, then the recognizances to be void. The condition, or defeazance, in nature of a condition, was read in the house, and it was to such effect. 716 This condition is confirmed by two letters (shewed in the house) written from the said bishop, in one of which he promised (in verbo facerdotis) that, if the said Mr. Egerton had not á good success in his fuit, that then he would redeliver him his recognizance again.
• Mr. Egerton, being examined, saith, that Mr. Johnson, the lord chancellor's gentleman usher, sent to him to come to him this morning; when he told this examinant, that, if he would withdraw his petition, he should in the afternoon go to the lord chancellor, and should have the money he had given restored to him (if he had delivered any) and good fatisfaction.
Mr. Johnson faith, that he sent not for Mr. Egerton, but he coming in the morning to speak with him, he wished him to be advised, for he understood he had exhibited to the parliament