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ourselves a 'religion with which we will require our Maker to be content, but acquiescing with that which he is pleased to give us, though it be, not indeed contrary to our reason, God forbid, yet in some particulars wonderful even to astonishment; let us see what light may be reflected upon the Chriftian Faith from this part of the religion of the Jews.
The offerings which they made of Animals to be Nain, may be compree. hended most commodiously, I think, under * three general classes, to which mofl of the particulars will be, in some fort, reducible. At least, there are three fpecies of them very conspicuous, in many places of Scripture mentioned together,
fo • When Josephus divides the Jewish facrifices into two forts only, he considers not the occasion, the intention, the order, or a multitude of other differences; but merely this circumstance, whether the whole Sacrifice were, or were not, con. sumed on the altar. Antiq. Jud. Lib. 3. c. 9.
so as to be distinguished from each other, and in fome, so as to be put for the whole number.
In the 40th Pfalm, according to the translation in our bible, we read, Sacrifice and offering thou didft not desire; burnt offering and fin offering haft thou not required. Sacrifice and offering : — That which is here ftyled offering, is to be taken out of the number, being, as appears plainly in the original, not a sacri. fice of any animal, but an oblation, confisting of four, oil, frankincense, and salt, and commonly called a meat offering. It should have been so rendered here, and indeed is so in the older translation of the Psalms, generally used in the divine fervice, where it stands thus; Sacrifice and meat offering thou wouldest not: burnt offer. ings, and sacrifice for fins, haft thou not required.
which was of flour; of animal offerings, you fee, here are three sorts enumerated, Sacrifice, burnt offering, and sin offering. They are not thus put down casually, but with care, and quoted accordingly with the same exactness by the Apostle to the Hebrews; Sacrifice and offering Hebr. 1.5, thou wouldest not; in burnt offerings and facrifices for sin thou haft had no pleasure. And again, no more than two verses afterwards, arguing from this passage in the Psalms, he repeats every one of the same words: Sacrifice and offering, and v. 8. burnt offerings, and offerings for sin thou wouldest not.
Now the design of the Apostle is to teach us, that the whole collection of the Jewish sacrifices, consisting principally of three distinguished kinds, with the oblations that accompanied some of them, were superseded and abolished; having answered the end for which they were originally intended; having pre
figured, in such measure as it pleased God, the great sacrifice of the Redeemer of mankind, and being fully and finally accomplished in his death upon the Crofs.
8, 9, 10.
Above when he said, Sacrifice and offer. ing, and burnt offerings, and offering for fin thóu wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein, which are offered by the Law : then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first that he may establish the second. By the which will we are fanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ, once for all.
Exod. Upon some folemn occasions the Jewc. xxix. ish Law directed these three sorts of faLevit. c. viii: crifice to be all offered in the following c. ix.
* There are indeed many passages in the Leviti. cal Law where the sacrifices, which a worshipper brings to be offered, are set down in a different order: but it does not certainly follow that even in those instances they were offered in a different
order order by the priest. It is written Numb. vi. 14. He shall offer his offering to the Lord, one He Lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt offering, and one Ewe Lamb of the first year without blemish for a fin offering, and one Ram without blemish for peace offerings; but you will find y. 16, 17. the Prieft is directed to arrange these very offerings in the order I have mentioned. And the Priet fall bring them before the Lord, and mall offer his sin of fering, and his burnt offering, and he shall offer the. Ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the Lord.
In the first place was presented the offering for fin, by him regularly that of. fered it. He laid his hand upon the Levit. iv. head of the sin offering; which was then sain beside the altar, and the fat indeed burnt upon it, but the body was burnt without the camp: the person employed in the removal of it, being sometimes spoken of as defiled at second hand by it's imputed uncleanness. He Mall wash his Le clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterwards he shall come into the camp *.
* When another beast upon the same occasion is represented as bearing away the iniquities of the nation into a land not inhabited, the meaning seems to be, that the fins expiated by the folemnities of that day, hall no more be remembered