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i The Ratification of the Book of Common Prayer. 2 The Preface. 3 The Order how the Psalter is appointed to be read. 4 The Order how the Rest of the Holy Scriptures is appointed to be read. 5 Tables of Lessons of Holy Scripture, to be read at Morning and Evening Prayer throughout the Year. 6 The Calendar. 7 Tables and Rules for the Moveable and Immoveable Feasts, together with and Abstinence throughout the Year. 8 Tables for finding the Holy Days. 9 The Order for Daily Morning Prayer. 10 The Order for Daily Evening Prayer. 11 Prayers and Thanksgivings upon several Occasions, to be used before the two final Prayers of Morning and Evening Service. 12 The Collects, Epistles, and Gospels, to be used throughout the Year. 13 The Order for the Administration of the Lord's Supper, or Holy Communion. 14 The Ministration of Public Baptism of Infants, to be used in the Church. . 15 The Ministration of Private Baptism of Children in Houses. 16 The Ministration of Baptism to such as are of Riper Years, and able to answer for themselves. 17 A Catechism; that is to say, an Instruction to be learned by every Person before he be brought to be confirmed by the Bishop. 18 The Order of Confirmation, or

Laying on of Hands upon those that are baptized, and come to Years of Discretion. 19 The Form of Solemnization of Matrimony. 20 The Order for the Visitation of the Sick. 21 The Communion of the Sick. 22 The Order for the Burial of the Dead. 23 The Thanksgiving of Women after Child-Birth, commonly called, The Churching of Women. 24 Forms of Prayer to be used at Sea. Form of Prayer for the Visitation of Prisoners. 26 A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the Fruits of the Earth, and all the . other Blessings of his merciful Providence. 27 Forms of Prayer to be used in Families. 28 Selections of Psalms to be used instead of the Psalms for the Day, at the Discretion of the Minister. 29 The Psalter, or Psalms of David. 30 Articles of Religion, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in Convention, on the 12th Day of September, in the Year of our Lord 1801. 31 The Form and Manner of Making, Ordaining, and Consecrating Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. 32 The Litany and Suffrages. 33 The Order for the Administration of the Lord's Supper, or Holy Communion. 34 The Form of Consecration of a Church or Chapel. 35 An Office of Institution of Ministers into Parishes or Churches.

RATIFICATION

OF THE

Book of coMMON PRAYER.

By the Bishops, the Clergy, and the Laity of the Protest- ant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in Convention, this 16th Day of October, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine.

This Convention, having in their present Session set forth A Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, do hereby establish the said Book: And they declare it to be the Liturgy of this Church; and require, that it be received as such by all the Members of the same: And this Book shall be in Use from and after the 1st Day of October, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety. -

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IT is a most invaluable part of that blessed liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, that in his worship, different torms and usages may without offence be allowed, provided the substance of the faith be kept entire; and that, in every Church, what cannot be clearly determined to belong to 1)octrine must be referred to Discipline; and therefore, by common consent and authority, may be altered, abridged, enlarged, amended, Qr otherwise disposed of, as may seem most convenient for the edification of the people, “according to the various exigencies of times and occasions.” The Church of England, to which the Protestant Episcopal Church in these States is indebted, under GOD, for her first foundation and a long-eontinuance of nursing care and protection, hath, in the Preface of her Book of Common Prayer, laid it down as a Rule, that “The Particular Forms of Divine Worship, and the Rites and Ceremonies appointed to be used therein, being things in their own nature indifferent and alterable, and so acknowledged, it is but reasonable that, upon weighty and important considerations, according to the various exigencies of times and occasions, such changes and alterations should be made therein, as to those who are in places of authority should, from time to time, seem either necessary or expedient.” The same Church hath not only in her Preface, but likewise in her Articles and Homilies, declared the necessity and expediency of occasional alterations and amendments in her Forms of Public Worship; and we find accordingly, that, seeking to “keep the happy mean between too much stiffness in refusing, and too much easiness in admitting variations in things once advisedly established, she hath, in the reign of several Princes, since the first compiling of her Liturgy in the time of Edward the Sixth, upon just and weighty considerations her thereunto moving, yielded to make such alterations in some particulars, as in their respective times were thought convenient; yet so as that the main body and essential parts of the same (as well in the chiefest materials, as in the frame and order thereof) have still been continued firm and unshaken.” Her general aim in these different l{eviews and Alterations hath been, as she further declares in her said Preface, “to do that which, according to her best understanding, might most tend to the preservation of peace and unity in the Church; the procuring of reverence, and the exciting of piety and devotion in the worship of God; and, finally, the cutting off occasion, from them that seek occasion, of cavil or ...; against her Liturgy.” And although, according to her judgment, there be not “any thing in it contrary to the Word of God, or to Sound doctrine, or which a godly man may not with a good conscience use and submit unto, or which is not fairly defensible, if allowed such just and favourable construction, as, in common equity, ought to be allowed to all human writings;” yet upon the prin. ciples already laid down, it cannot but be supposed, that further alteration would in time be found expedient. Accordingly, a commission for a review was issued in the year 1689: But this great and good work miscarried at that time; and the Civil Authority has not since thought proper to revive it by any new Commission. But when in the course of Divine Providence, these American States became independent with respect to Civil Government, their Ecclesiastical Independence was necessarily included; and the different religious denominations of Christians in these States were left at full and equal liberty to model and organize their respective Churches, and forms of worship, and Giscipline; in such manner as they might judge most convenient for their future prosperity; consistentiy with thc Constitution and Laws of their Country. The attention of this Church was, in the first place, drawn to those alterations in the Liturgy which became necessary in the Prayers for our Civil Rulers, in consequence of the Revolution. And the principal care herein was to make them conformable to what ought to be the proper end of all such prayers, namely, that “Rulers may have grace, wisdom, and understanding to execute justice, and to maintain truth;” and that the People “may lead quiet and peaceable lives, in all godliness and honesty.” But while these alterations were in review before the Convention, they could not but, with gratitude to God, embrace the happy occasion which was offered to them (uninfluenced and unrestrained by any worldly authority whatsoever) to take a further review of the Public Service, and to establish such other alterations and amendments therein as might be deemed expedient. It seems unnecessary to enumerate all the different alterations and amendments. They will appear, and it is to be hoped, the reasons of them also, upon a comparison of this with the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England. In which it will also appear, that this Church is far from intending to depart from the Č. of England in any essential point of doctrine, discipline, or worship; or further than local circumstances require. And now, this important work being brought to a conclusion, it is hoped the whole will be received and examined by eve true Member of our Church, and every sincere Christian, wit a meek, candid, and charitable frame of mind; without prejur dice or prepossessions; seriously considering what Christianity is, and what the truths of the Gospel are ; and earnestly beseeching Almighty God to accompany with his blessing every endeavour for promulgating them to mankind in the clearest, linest, most affecting ond majestic manner, for the sake of Y. Christ, our blessed Lord and Saviour.

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