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of scornful miftreffes shall be returned; the flighted naid shall grow into an imperious gallant, and reward her undoer with a big belly and a baftard.

It is hardly possible to imagine the revolutions that this wonderful phænomenon will occasion over the face of the earth. I long impatiently to see the proceedings of the parliament of Paris, as to the title of succession to the crown;

this being a case not provided for by the Saligue law. There will be no preventing disorders among friars and monks; for certainly vows of chastity do not bind, but under the sex in which they were made. The fame will hold good with marriages, though I think it will be a scandal amongst Protestants for husbands and wives to part, since there remains ftill a possibility to perform the debitum conjugale, by the husband being femme couverte. I submit it to the judgment of the gentlemen of the long robe, whether this transformation does not discharge all suits of rapes.

The Pope must undergo a new groping; but the false prophet Mahomet has contrived matters well for his succeffors; for as the Grand Signior has now a great many fine women, he will then have as many fine

young gentlemen, at his devotion.

These are surprising scenes; but I beg leave to affirm, that the folemn operations of nature are subjects of contemplation, not of ridicule. Therefore I make it my earneit request to the merry fellows, and giggling girls about to:vn, that they would not put themselves in: a. high twitter, when they go to visit a general lying in of his first child ; his officers serving as midwives, nurses, and rockers dispensing caudle; or if they behold the Reverend prelates dressing the heads and airing the lipen ať court; I beg they will remember that these offices must be filled with people of the greatest regularity, and best characters. For the same reason I am sorry, that a certain prelate, who, notwithstanding his confinement *, still preserves his healthy, chearful countenance, cannot come in time to be a nurse at court.

I likewise earnestly intreat the maids of honour, (then enligas and captains of the guards), that at their firft set

* In December 1723.

ting out they have some regard to their former station; and do not run wild through all the infamous houses about town : that the present grooms of the bedchamber (then maids of honour) would not eat chalk and lime in their green-sickness: and in general, that the men would remember they are become retromingent, and not by inadvertency lift up against walls and posts.

Petticoats will not be burdensome to the clergy; but balls and assemblies will be indecent for some time.

As for you, coquettes, bawds, and chamber-maids, (the future ministers, plenipotentiaries, and cabinet-counJellors to the princes of the earth), manage the great intrigues that will be committed to your charge, with your usual fecrecy and conduct; and the affairs of your masters will go better than ever.

O ye exchange-women! (our right worshipful reprefentati-ves that are to be), be not fo griping in the sale of your ware as your predecessors, but consider that the nation, like a {pendthrift heir, has run out : be likewise a little more continent in your tongues than you are at present, elfe the length of debates will spoil your dinners.

You housewifely good women, who now preside over the confectionary, (henceforth commiffioners of the treaJury), be so good as to dispense the sugar-pluins of the government with a more impartial and frugal hand.

Ye prudes and censorious old maids (the hopes of the bench), exert but your usual talent of finding faults, and the laws will be strictly executed; only I would not have you proceed upon such fiender evidences as you have done hitherto.

It is from you, eloquent oyster-merchants of Billingfgate, (just ready to be called to the bar, and quoifed like

your filter-serjeants), that we expect the shortening the time, and lessening the expenses of law-fuits : for I think you are observed to bring your debates to a fort ifjue ; and even custom will restrain you from taking the oyfier, and leaving only the fell to your client.

Oye physicians, who in the figure of old women are to clean the tripe in the markets, fcour it as effectually as you have done that of your patients, and the town will fare most deliciously on Saturdays. I cannot but congratulate human nature upon this


happy transformation; the only expedient left to restore the liberties and tranquillity of mankind. This is fo evident, that it is almost an affront to common sense to infift upon the proof: if there can be any such stupid creature as to doubt it, I defire he will make but the following obvious reflection. There are in Europe alone at present about a million of sturdy fellows, under the denomination of standing forces, with arms in their hands: that those are masters of the lives, liberties, and fortunes of all the rest, I believe nobody will deny. It is no less true in fact, that reams of paper, and above a square mile of skins of vellum have been employed to no purpose to settle peace among those fons of violence. Pray who is he that will say unto them, Go and disband yourselves ? but lo! by this transformation it is done at once, and the halcyon: days of public tranquillity return: for neither the military temper nor discipline can taint the soft fex for a whole age to come : bellaque matribus invisa, wars odious to mothers, will not grow immediately palatable in their paternal state.

Nor will the influence of this transformation be less in family tranquillity, than it is in national. Great faults will be amended, and frailties forgiven, on both sides. A wife, who has been disturbed with late hours, and choaked with the haugoût of a fot, will remember her sufferings, and avoid the temptations; and will for the fame reason indulge her mate in his female capacity in fome paffions, which she is fenfible from experience are natural to the sex, such as vanity, of fine cloaths, being admired, &c. And how tenderly must she use her mate under the breeding qualms and labour-pains which she hath felt herself? In short, all unreasonable demands upon husbands must cease, because they are already fatisfied from natural experience, that they are impoffible.

That the ladies may govern the affairs of the world, and the gentlemen those of their household, better than either of them have hitherto done, is the hearty desire of

Their most fincere well-wisher,

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Le report del cafe argue en le commen banke devant

touts les justices de le mesme banke, en le quart. An. du raygne de Roy Jacques, entre Mattheri Stradling, plant, & Peter Stiles, def. en un action propter certos equos coloratos, Anglice, pyed horses, poft. per le dit Matthew vers le dit Peter.

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Le recitel

IR John Swale, of Swale-hall, in Swaledel case.

dale, fast

by the river Swale, Kt, made bis last will and testament : in which, among other bequests,' was this, viz. Out of the kind love and respect that I bear 'unto my much honoured and good friend Mr Matthew Stradling, Gent. I do bequeath unto the said Matthew Stradling, Gent, al my black and white horses. The teftator bad fix black horses, fix white horses, and fix pred horses.

The debate therefore was, whether or no the Le point. said Matthew Stradling should have the said pred horses, by virtue of the said bequeft.

Atkens apprentice pour le pl. Moy femble Pour le pl.

que le plo recovera. · And first of all it seemeth expedient to consider what is the nature of horses, and also what is the nature of colours ; and to the argument will consequently divide itself in a twofold way, that is to say, the formal part, and substantial part. Horses are the substantial part, or thing. bequeathed: black and white, the formal or descriptive part.

Horse, in a physical sense, doth import a certain quadrupede or four-footed animal, which, by the apt and re


lenry VIII.

gular disposition of certain proper and convenient parts, is adapted, fitted, and constituted for the use and need of man. Yea, fo necessary and conducive was this animal conceived to be to the behoof of the commonweal, that Jundry and divers acts of parliament have from time to time been made in favour of horses.

ift Edward VI. makes the transporting of horses out of. the kingdom, no less a penalty than the forfeiture of 40 l.

2d and 3d Edward VI. takes from horse-stealers the 3 benefit of their clergy.

And the statutes of the 27th and 32d of condescend so far as to take care of their


breed : these our wise ancestors prudently foreseeing, that they could not better take care of their own pofterity, than by also taking care of that of their horses.

And of so great esteem are horses in the eye of the common law, that when a Knight of the Bath committeth amy great and enormous crime, his punishment is to have his spurs chopt off with a clever, being, as Master Brackton well obserrueth, unworthy to ride on a horse.

Littleton, fect. 315. faith, If tenants in common make a lease referving for rent a horie, they fall have but one afize, because, faith the book, the law will not fuper a horse to be severed. Another argument of what high es fimation the law maketh of an horse.

But as the great difference seemeth not to be so much touching the substantial part, horses, let us proceed to the formal or descriptive part, viz. what horses they are that come within this bequeft.

Colours are commonly of various kinds and different forts; of which white and black are the two extremes, and, consequently, comprehend within them all other colours whatsoever.

By a bequest therefore of black and white horses, gray or pyed hörses may well pass; for when two extremes, or remotest ends of any thing are devised, the law, by common intendment, will intend whatsoever is contained between them to be devised too.

But the present case is still fironger, coming not only within the intendment, but also the very letter of the



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