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leaving Mrs Bull no time to reply. No stone was left unturned to fright Jolin from his composition : fometimes they spread reports at coffee houses *, that John and wife were run mad; that they intended to give up house, and make over all their estate to Lewis Baboon; that John bad been often heard talking to himself, and feen in che streets without shoes or stockings ; that he did no. thing from morning till night but beat lois servants, after having been the best master alive: as for his wife, she was a mere natural. Sometimes John's house was beset with a whole regiment of attorney's clerks, bailiff's, and bailifl's followers, and other small retainers of the law, who threw stones at his windows, and dirt at himself, as he went along the street. When John complained of want of ready money to carry on his fuit, they advised him to pawn his plate and jewels, and that Mrs. Bull fhould tell her linen and wearing.cloaths.


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nirs. Bull's vindication of the indispevsible duty of cuc.

kolcom, incumbent upon wives, in case of the tyranny, infidelity and infefficiency of husbands being a full answer to the doctor's fermon againfi adultery t. OHN found daily fresh proofs of the infidelity and

bad dcfigns of his Jeceased wife; amongst other things, one day looking over his cabinet, he found the following paper. T is evident that matrimony is founded upon an origi

nal contract, whereby the wite makes over the right Te has by the law of nature to the concubitus vagus, in favour of the husband ; by wbich he acquires the property of all her posterity. But then the obligation is mu. tual: and where the contract is broken on one Gide, it

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* And it was fuiy, that the nation would at lait be facrificed to the ambition of France.

+ The tories representation of the speeches at Sacheverel's trial.


ceases to bind on the other. Where there is a right, there must be a power to maintain it, and to punith the offend. ing party. This power I affirm to be that original right, or rather that indispensable duty of cuckoldoin, loiled in all wives in the cases above inentioned. No wire is bound by any law, to which herlelt bas not condensed : all ceconomical government is lodged originally in the husband and wite, the executive part being in the hat. band; both have their privileges ficured to them by law and reafon : but will any man infer from the husb.ind's being invested with the executive power, that the wite is deprived of her share, and that which is the principal brauch of it, the original right of cuckoldom? And that She has no remedy left, but preces et lachryiné, or an apo peal to a fipreme court of judicature? No less trivolous are the arguments that are drawn from the ge. neral appellations and terms of a husband and wife. A hurbind denotts several different forts of magistracy, ac. cording to the usages and of different climates and countries. In some eastern nacions it fignifies a tyrant, with the absolute power of life and death : in Turkey it denotes an arbitrary governor, with power tual imprisonment: in Italy it gives the husband the power of poison and padlocks: in the countries of England, France, and Holland, it has a quite different meaning, implying a free and equal government, securing to the wite, in certain cases, the liberty of cuckoldom, and the property of pin-money, and separate maintenance. So that the arguments drawn from the terms of husband and wife are fallacious, and by no means fit to support a lyrannical doctrine, as that of absolute unlimited chastity, and conjugal fidelity.

The general exhortations to chastity in wives are meant only for rules in ordinary cases, but they naturally fuppole iliree conditions of ability, justice, and fidelity in the husband : such an unlimited, unconditioned fidelity in the wife could never be supposed by reasonable men ; it seems a refication upon the ch-ch, to charge her with doctrines that countenarice opprellioo.

This doctrine of the original right of cuckoldom is congruous to the law of nature, which is fuperior to all huinan laws; and for that I dare appeal to all wives : it

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is much to the honour of our English wives, that they bave never given up that fundamental point ; and that, though in former ages they were muffled up in darkness aud fuperstition, yet that notion seemed engraven om their minds, and the impression so strong, that nothing could impair it.

To aifert the illegality of cuckoldom upon any preterce whatsoever, were to cast odious colours upon the manied ftate, to blacken the necessary means of perpetu: ating remilies : such laws can never be supposed to have been designed to defeat the very end of matrimony, the: propagation of mankind. I call them necessary means ;. for in many cales what other means are left? Sunt a doc. trine wounds the honour of families; unlautés che titles to kingeoms, honours, and estafes ; for, if the actionsfrom which fuch settlements spring, were illegal, all that is built upon them must be fo too but the last is absurd, therefore the first mufbe To likewise, What is the cause. that Europe groans at prelent under the heavy. load of a cruel and expensive war, but the tyrannical custom of a certain nation, and the scrupulous nicety of a filly Queen*, is not exerciling this indispensable duty of cuckoldoin, whereby the kingdom might have had an heir, and a controverted succession might have been avoided? These are the effects of the narrow maxims of your clergy, That one must not do evil, that good may come of it.

The allertors of this indefealible right, and jus divio num of matrimony, do all in their hearts favour gallants, and the pretenders to married women ; for, if the true legal foundation of the married state be once fapped, and instead, thereof tyrannical maxims-introduced, what must follow but eloferents, instead of secret and peaceable cuckoldom?

From all that has been said, one may clearly perceive the absurdity of the doctrine of this feditious, discontent. ed, hot-beaded, ungifted, unedifying preacher, asserting, That the grand security of the matrimonial siate, and the pillar upon which it.siands, is founded upon the wife's belief of an absolute unconditional

fidelity to the husband's * The Queen of Charles II. of Spain, upon whose death without illuc the war broke out.

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bed: by which bold affertion he strikes at the root, digs the foundation, and removes the basis, upon which the happiness of a married state is built. As for his personal reflections, I would gladly know who are those wanton wives he speaks of; who are those ladies of high stations, that he fo boldiy traduces in his sermon ? It is

pretty plain, who these aspersions are aimed at, for which he : deserves the pillory or something worfe.

In confirmation of this doctrine of the indispensable duty of cuckoldom, I could bring the example of the wisest wives in all ages, who by these mtans have preserved their hulbinds families from ruin and oblivion by want of po. sterity: but what has been said, is a sufficient ground for. punishing this pragmatical parfon.


The two great parties of wives, the Devoto's and the

Hitts. *



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HE doctrine of unlimited chastity and fidelity in

wives was universally elpoused by all husbands; wlio went about the country, avd made the wives lign papers, signifying their utter detestation and abhorrence of Mrs Buil's wicked doctrine of the indispensable duty of cuckoidom. Some yielded, others refused to part with their native liberty ; which gave rise to two great parties amongst the wives, the Devoio's and the Hitts. Though itnuit be owned, the distinction was more nominal than real; for the Devolo's would abuse freedoms sometimes; and those who were distinguished by the name of Hitts, were often very honest. At the same time there came out an ingenious treatise with the title of good advice to húsbands; in which they are couoselled not to trust too much to their wives owning the doctrine of unlimited con. jugal fidelity, and so to neglect family.duty, and a due watcbtulness over the manners of their wives ; that the greatest security to husbands was a vigorous constitution, Those who were for and against the doctrine of ron resistance.



good usage of their wives, and keeping them from temptation; many husbands having been sufferers by their trusting too much to general protellions, as was exemplified in the case of a foolish and negligent husband, who trusting to the efficacy of this principle, was undone by his wife's elopement from him.


An accounts of the conference between. Mrs. Bull. and

Don Diego


HE lawyers, as their last effort to put off the com.

pofition, sent Don Diego to John *. Don Diego. was a very worthy gentleinan, a friend to John,. his ino, ther, and present wife ;, and therefore, supposed to have fome influence over her: he had been ill uled himself by John's lawyers, but, because of foine animosity to Sir. Roger t, was against the composition : the conference between hiin and Mrs Bull was word for word as follows..

Don Diego. Is it pollible, coulin Bull, that you can forget the honourable maxims of the family you are come of, and break your word with three of the honest beltmeaning persons in the world, Esquire South, Erog, and. Hocus, that have facrificed their interests to yours? It is bale to take advantage of their fimplicity and credulity, and leave them in the lurch at last,

Mrs Bull. latiey have left my family in a bad. condition; we bave bardly money to go to the market ; and no body will take our words for a fix pence. A very fine lpark this Esquire South ! My husband took him in, a

Amongst other obstacles to the creaty, was the opposition of the Earl of Noringham, a tory, nobleman, who had great influence in the house of commons.

† The cause of his aviniosity, from which this conduct is supposed to proceed, was Mr. Harley's being chosen to succeed hio as principal Secretary of late, when he was removed from that office in the year 1704,

# He expostulated against the peace with great warmth in the house, when the Queen was present incoge

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