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I wish you health and happiness, being with due refpect,
MA DA M,
What answer Mi's Bull returned to this letter, you fhall koow in the second part, only they were at a pretty good distance in their proposals; for as -Esquire South only offered to be at the charges of pen, ink, and paper, Mrs Bull refused any more than to lend ber barge * 10% carry his council to Weftminster-hall.
• This proportion-was however thought to be fo inconfider able; that the letter produced no other effect, than the convoja of the forces by the English flect co-Barcelondra
The HISTORY. of Jo H-N B UL L.
The PUBLIS-H & R'S PREF A CE:
THE world is much indebted to the famous Sir Humo
phry Polesworth for bis ingenious and impartiak account of John Bull's law-suit ; yet there is just cause of complaint against him, in that he relates it only by parcels, and will not give us the whole work: this forces me, who am only the publisher, to helpeak: the alliance of his friends and acquaintance to engage him to lay aside that ftingy humour, and gratify the curiosity of the public at
He pleads in excuse, that they are only private memoirs, wrote for his own use, ip a loose ftile, to serve as a help to his ordinary conversation *. I represented to him the good reception the first part had met with ; that though calculated only for the meridian.of Grub-itreet, it was yet taken notice of by the better fore; that the world was now fufficiently acquainted with John Bull, and interested itself in his concerns. He anlwered, with a smile, that he had indeed some tribing things to impart, that concerned John Bull's relations and domestic affairs ; if these would satisfy me, he gave me free.leave to make use of them, because they would serve to make the histo• ry of the law-suit more intelligible. When I had look: ed over the the manuscript, I found likewise some further account of the compolition, whicb perhaps may not be unacceptable to such as have read the former part.
* This excuse of Sir Humphry can only relate to the second part, or sequel. of the history. See che preface to the first part.
The character of John Bull's mother *.
OHN had a mother, whom he loved and honoured
extreinely, a discreet, grave, fober, good-conditioned, cleanly, old gentlewoman as ever lived; she was none of your cross-grained, termagant, scolding jides, that one had as good be hanged as live in the house with, such as are always censuring the conduct, and telling seandalous stories of their neighbours; extolling their own good qualities, and undervaluing those of others. On the contrary, she was of a meek spirit, and as she was strictly virtuous herself, so she always put the best constriction upon the words and actions of her neighbours, except where they were irreconcileable to the rules of lionesty and decency. She was neither one of your precise prudes, for one of your fantastical old belles, that dress them. selves like girls of fifteen': as the neither wore a ruff
, fore-head cloth, nor high-crowned bat, so she had laid afide feathers, flowers, and crimpe ribbons in her head. dress, furbelow fcarfs; and hooped petticoats. She scorn. ed to patch and paint, yet she loved to keep her hands and her face clean. Though she wore no Haunting laced ruffes, she would not keep herfelf in a constant sweat with gse afy lánnel : though her hair was not stuck with jewels, she was ashamed of a diamond cross; the was not like some ladies, hung about with toys and trinket', tweezer-cases, pocket-glasses, and essence bottles; the used only a gold watch and an almanack, to mark the bours and the holy-days.
Her furniture was neat and genteel, well fancied with a bon gonft. As the affected not the gravideur of sta:e with a canopy, she thought there was no offence in an elbow.chair ; she had laid aside your carving, gilding,
and japai).work, as being too api to gather dirt; but she never could be prevailed upon to part with plain wainscot and clean hangings. There are some ladies, that affect to
smell a flink in every thing; they are always highly per fumed, and continually burning frankincenfe in their rooins ; she was above fuch affectation, yet she never would lay aside the u'e of brooms and scrubbing-brushes, and scrupled not to lay her lined in fresh lavender.
She was no less genteel in her behaviour, well-bred, without affectation, in the due mean between one of your affceted curt'lying pieces of formality, and your Tomps that have no regard to the common rules of civili. ty. There are some ladies, that affect a mighty regard for their relations ; We must not eat to-day, for my
uncle Tom, or my cousin Betty, died this time ten years :, let s have a ball to night, it is my neighbour such a one's birth-day; she looked upon all this as grimace ; yet she constantly observed her husband's birth-day, her weddingday, and some few more,
Though she was a truly good woman, and had a sin. cére motherly love for her son John, yet there wanted pot thole who endeavoured to create a misunderstanding : between them, and they had so far prevailed with him once, that he turned her out of doors t, to his great
as he found atterwards, for his affairs went on at tixes and severs.'
She was no less judicious in the turn of her conversation and choice of her studies, in u hich the far exceeded all her sex : your rakes
, that hate the company of all fuber, grave gentlewomen, would bear bers; and the Would, by her handsome manner of proceeding, sooner Teclaim them than fome that were more fower and reserva td : she was a zealous preacher UP of chastity, and con. jugal fidelity in wives, and by no means a friend to the new-tangled doctrine of the indispensable duty of cuckola dem: though she advanced her opinions with a becomniug assurance, yet she never ushered them is, as some positive creatures will do, with dogmatical afertions, this is in. fallible; I cannot be mistaken ; none but a rogue can deny it. It has been oblérved, that such people are of. 161:er in the
than Though she had a thousand good qualities, she was not without her faults, amongst which one night perhaps
+ In the rebellion of 1641.
- reckon too great lenity to her servants, to whom fie always gave good council, but often too gentle correcti an. 'I thought I could not say less of John Bull's mother, because she bears a part in the following transadi: ons.
The character of John Bull's fifter
. Peg t, with the quarrels that happened between master and miss is their childhood.
SOHN had a sister, a poor girl that had been starved
at nurse.; any body would have guessed Mils to have been bred up under the influence of a cruel step-dame, and John to be the fondling of a tender mother. Joba looked ruddy and plump, with a pair of cheeks like a dezh trumpeter ; Miss looked pale and wane, as if she had the green lickoefs; and no wonder, for John was the darlingi he had all the good bits, was crammed with good pullet, chicken, pig, goole, and capon, while Miss had only afzaad little oatmeal and water, or a dry crust without butter. Lordi Jobo had bis golden pippins, peaches, and nectarines ter in poor Miss a.crab-apple, z.foe, or a blackberry. Make the lay in the best apartment, with his bed-chamber towarda vered the south fun. Mifs lodged in a garret, exposed to the lat north-wind, which Ihrivelled her countenance ; however, blow this usage, though it ftipted the girl in her growth, gare her a hardy.constitution ; she had life and spirit io abundance, and knew when he was ill used : now and then she would seize upon John's commons, snatch a leg of pullet, or a bit of good beef, for which they were fure kms to go to fity-cuffs. Master was indeed too strong for her ; but Miss would not yield in the least point, but es ven when Mafter had got her down, she would scratch and bite like a tyger; when be gave her a cuff on the ear, she would prick him with her knittingneedle. John brought a great chain one day to tye her to the bed-post; key for which affront, Mils aimed a pen.knife at his heart to me
† The nation and church of S -d.