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“ fince it was recommended by the divine Lycurgus. No, “ nurse, thou must certainly have eaten some meats of ill “ digestion the day before, and that was the real cause " of his disorder. Consider, woman, the different tem
peraments of different nations. What makes the Eng. “ lish phlegmatic and melancholy, but beef? what ren66 ders the Welsh so hot and choleric, but cheese and " leeks? the French derive their levity from the soups, os frogs, and mushrooms: I would not let my son dine " like an Italian, left, like an Italian, he should be jea. « Jous and revengeful : the warm and solid diet of Spain
may be more beneficial, as it might endue him with a « profound gravity, but at the same time he might fuck or in with their food their intolerable vice of pride. “ Therefore, nurse, in short, I hold it requisite to dený you at present, not only beef, but likewise whatsoever.
of those 'nations eat.” During this speech, the nurse remained pouting and marking her plate with the knife, nor would she touch a bit during the whole dinner. This the old gentleman observing, ordered that the child, to avoid the risk of imbibing ill humours, should be kept from her breast all that day, and be fed with butter mix. , ed with honey, according to a prescription he had met with somewhere in Eustathius upon Homer. This indeed gave the child a great looseness; but he was not concerned at it, in the opinion that whatever harm it might do his body, would be amply recompensed by the improvements of his understanding. But fiom thenceforth he infifted every day upon a particular diet to be observed by the nurse ; under which, having been long uneasy, the at last parted from the family, on his ordering her for din. ner the paps of a fow with rig ; taking it as the highest , indignity, and a direct insult upon her fex and calling.
Four years of young Martin's life passed away in fquab. , bles of this nature. Mrs Scriblerus considered it was now time to instruct him in the fundamentals of religion, and to that end took no small pains in teacling him his catechism. But Cornelius looked upon this as a tedious way of instruction ; and therefore employed his head to find out more pleasing methods, the better to induce him to be fond of learning. He would frequently carry bim to the puppet-fhow of the creation of the world, where the child,
with exceeding delight, gained a notion of the history of the bible. His first rudiments in profane history were acquired by seeing of raree-shows, where he was brought acquainted with all the princes of Europe. In short, ihe old gentleman so contrived it, to make every thing contribute to the improvement of his knowledge, even to his very dress. He invented for him a geographical suit of cloaths, which might give some hints of that science, and likewise some kuowledge of the commerce of different nations. He had a French hat with an African feather, Holland shirts, and Flanders lace, English cloth, lined with Indian filk; bis gloves were Italian, and his shoes were Spanish. He was inade to observe this, and daily catechised thereupon, which his father was wont to call “ travelling at home.”. He never gave him a fig or an orange but he obliged hiin to give an account froin what country it came. Is natural history he was much aslifted by bis curiosity in figa-pots, infomuch that he hath often confeffed, he owed to thein the knowlege of many creatures which he never found since in any author, such as white lions, golden dragoas, uc. He once thought the same of green men, but had since found them mentioned by Kerrberus, and verified in the history of William of Newbury *
His disposition to the mathematics, was discovered ve. Ty early, by his drawing parallel + lines on his bread and buller, and interesting them at equal angles, fo as to forin the whole superficies into squares. But, in the midst of all these improvements, a ftop was put to his learning the alphabet ; nor would he let him proceed to letter D, till he could truly and distinctly pronounce C in the antient manner, at which the child unhappily boggled for near three months. He was also obliged to delay his learning to write, having turned away the writing-master, because he knew nothing of Fabius's waren tables.
• Gul. Neubrig. Book i. ch. 27. Pope.
+ Pascal's Life-Lucke of Educat, &c.—There are fome extravagant lyes told of the excellent Pascal's amazing genius for mathematics in his early youth ; and some trifiing directions given for the introduction to the elements of science, in Mr. Loc!e's b.ok of Education. Pope and Warburton.
Cornelius having read and feriously weighed the methods by which the famous Montaigue was educated * and resolving, in fome degree, to exceed them, resolved he should speak and learn nothing but the learned lan,. guages, and especially the Greek; in which he conftant-. ly eat and drank, according to Homer. But what inolt conduced to his easy attaionient of this language, was his love of ginger- bread ; which his father observing, caused it to be stamped with the letters of the Greek alphabet ;. and the child, the very first day, eat as far as lota. By his particular application to this language above the rest, he attained fo great a proficiency tlierein, that Gronovi. us ingenuously confesses he durst not confer with this child: in Greek at eight years old t; and at fourteen he composed a tragedy in the same language, as elte younger Pliny I had done before him..
He learned the oriental languages of Erpenius, who re. lided some time with his father for that purpose. He had So early a relish for the eastern way of writing, that even at this time he composed (in imitation of it) the thousand and one Arabian tales, and also the Perfian tales, which have been since translated into several languages, and lately into our own, with particular elegance, by Mr. Ambrose Philips. In this work of his childhood, he was not a little assisted by the historical traditions of his Durfe.
• Who was taught Latin in his nurse's arms and not suffered to hear a word of his mother-tongue, till he could fpeak the other perfectly. Warburton.
† So Montaigne fays of his Latin-George Buchanan et Mark Antoine Muret, mes precepteurs domestiques, m'ont dit souvent, que j'avois ce langage en mon enfance si prest et fi à main qu'ils craignoieat a m'accofter.—Somme, nous nous latinizames tant, qu'il en regorgea jufque à nos villages tout autour, ou il y a encores, et ont pris pied par l'utfage, plusieurs appellations Latines d'Artisans et d'outils. Warburton.
Plin. Epift. lib. 7. Dope.
C H A P.
A differtation upon play things.
his son Martin.
“ Play was invented by the Lydians as a remedy a.
gainst hunger. Sophocles says of Palamedes, that he 66 invented dice to serve sometimes instead of a din.
It is therefore wisely contrived by nature, that “ children, as they have the keenest appetites, are most « addicted to plays.' From the same cause, and from the “ unprejudiced and incorrupt fimplicity of their minds, " it proceeds, that the plays of the antient children are “ preserved more entire than any other of their customs * " In this matter I would recommend to all who have
any concern in my son's education, that they deviate not in the least froin the primitive and simple antiquity.
“ To speak first of the whiffle, as it is the first of all " play-things : I will have it exactly to correspond with " the ancient fistula, and accordingly to be composed “ feptem paribus disjunéta cicutis,
" I heartily with a diligent search may be made after or the true crepitaculum or rattle of the antients, for that “ (as Archytas Tarentinus was of opinion) kept the « children from breaking earthen ware, The China cups “ in these days are not at all the safer for the modern “ rattles ; which is an evident proof how far their crepi. " tacula exceeded ourse
- I would not have Martin as yet to scourge a top, " I am better informed whether the trochus, which was o recommended by Gato, be really our present top, or “ rather the hoop which the boys drive with a stick. Nei“ther cross and pile, nor ducks and drakes, are quite so
* Dr Arbuthnot used to say, that, notwithstanding all the boasts of the safe conveyance of tradition, it was no where preserved pure and uncorrupt but am gst children; whose games and plays are delivered down invariably from one generation to another Warburton.
“ ancient as handy-dandy, though Macrobius and St Au.
gustine take notice of the first, and Minutius Felix de. “ scribes the latter ; but handy-dandy is mentioned by “Aristotle, Plato, and Aristophanes.
“ The play which the Italians call cinque, and the « French mourre, is extremely antient; it was played at “ by Hymen and Cupid at the marriage of Psyche, and
by the Latins, digitis micare. “ Julius Pollux describes the omilla or chuck-farthing; “ though some will have our modern chuck.farthing to “ be nearer the aphetinda of the antients. He also men“ tions the basilinda, or king I am; and myinda, or “ hoopers-hide.
“ But the chytrindra described by the same author, is
certainly not our hot-cockle ; for that was by pinching, “ and not by striking ; though there are good authors “ who affirin the rathapygisinus to be yet nearer the “ inodern hot-cockles. My son Martin may use either of " them indifferently, they being equally antic.
“ Building of houses, and riding upon flicks, bave been “ used by children in all ages, Ædificare casas, equitare “ in arundine longa. Yet I much doubt whether the “ riding upon sticks did not come into use after the age 66 of the centaurs.
“ There is one play which shews the gravity of antient "s education, called the acinetinda, in which children “ contend who could longest stand still. This we have “ suffered to perish entirely; and, if I might be allowed
to guess, it was certainly first lost among the French. “ I will permit my son to play at apodidafcinda, which can be no other than our puss in a corner.
“ Julius Pollux, in bis ninth book, speaks of the me“ lolonthe, or the kite ; but I question whether the kite “ of antiquity was the same with ours: and though the « Ostugoro vit, or quail fighting, is what is most taken " notice of, they had doubtless cock.matches also, asis e“ vident from certain antient gems and relievos.
“ In a word, let my son Martin disport himself at any
game truly antic, except one, which was invented by a “ people among the Thiracians, who hung up one of “ their companions in a rope, and gave him a knife to “ cut himself down ; which if he failed in, he was suf