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REASONS humbly offered by the com:
pany exercising the trade and mystery of UPHOLDERS, against part of the Bill, for the better viewing, fe'arching, and exakii 11ing drugs, nitedicines, &c. 1724 *.
EING called upon by several retailers and dispen
fers of drugs and medicines atout town, to use our endeavours agaiist the bill now depending for viewing, &c. In regard of our common intertit, and in gratitude to the faid rel ilers and dispensers of medicines, which we have always found to be very effectual, we presume to lay the following reasons before the public ag iost the fail bill.
That the company of upholders are far from being averse to the giving of drugs and medicines in general, provijed they may be of such qualities as we require, and adnisistered by such persons, in whom our company juftly repose the greatest confidence :. and provided i hey tend to the encouragement of trade, and the consumption of the woolien manufailure of this kingdom.
We beg leave to oblerve, that there hath been no com. plaint from any of the mobility, gentry, and citizens whom we have attended. Our practice, which cousifts chiefly in outward applications, having been always lo effectual, that none of our patients have been obliged to undergo a fecond operation, excepting one gentlewoman; who, after her first burial, having buriheued ber husb.ind with a new brood of posthumous children, her second funeral was by us p: rformed without any farther charges lo the said husband of the deceased. And we humbly hope, that one single instance of this kind, a mistortune owing merely to the avarice of a sextou in cutting off a
* In the year 1724 the physicians made application to parliameor to prevent apothecaries dispensing medicine without the pre. scription of a phylician : during which ihis tract was dispersed in the ourt of requests. Hawkes,
ring, will ont be imputed to any want of skill, or care in
our company. these We humbly conceive, that the power by this bilt lodg
ed in the cenfors of the college of physicians, to reftrain
any of his majesty's fubjects from difpenfing, and wellDe dilpoled perfons from taking wbut medicines they pleale.
is a manifest incroachment on the liberty and property of the subject.
As the company, exercising the trade and mystery of upholders, have an undisputed right in and upon the bodies of all and every the subjects of the kingdom; we conceive the palfing of this bill, though not absolutely depriving them of their faid right, might keep them out of pofleffion by unreafonable delays, to the great detriment of our company and their numerous families.
We hope it will be considered, that there are multja tudes of necellious heirs and penurious parents, persons in pinching circumstances with numerous families of chile dren, wives that have lived long, many robust aged women with great jointures, elder brothers with bad underftandings, single heirs of great estates, whereby the collateral line are for ever excluded, reversionary patents, and reverfionary promises of preferments, leales upon fingle lives, and play-debts upon joint lives, and that the persons so aggrieved have no hope of being speedily relieved any other way, than by the dispensing of drugs and medicines in the manner they now are ; burying alive being judgedi repugnant to the known laws of this kingdom.
That there are many of the deceased, who by certain mechanical motions and powers are carried about town, who would have been put into our hands long before this time, by any other well ordered government: by want of a due police in chis particular our company bave been
That frequent funerals contribute to preserve the genealogies of families, and the honours conferred by the crowii, which are no where so well illustrated as on this folemn occasion; to maintain necesitous clergy; to enable the clerks to appear in decent habits to officiate of Sun. days; to feed ihe great retinue of Gober and melancholy men, who appear at the said funerals, and who must starve without constant and regular employment, More
over, we desire it may be remembered, that by the pasó sing of this bill, the nobility and gentry will have their old coaches lye upon their hands, which are now employed by our company.
And we further hope, that frequent funerals will not be discouraged, as is by this bill proposed, it being the ooly method left of carrying some people to church.
We are afraid, that by the bardships of this bill our company will be reduced to leave their business here, and practise at York and Bristol, where the free use of bad medicines will be still allowed.
It is therefore hoped, that n10 specious pretence whatSoever will be thought sufficient to introduce an arbitrary and unlimited power for people to live (in defiance of art) as long as they can by the course of nature, to the preju. dice of our company, and the decay of trade.
That as our company are like to suffer in some mca. sure by the power given to physicians to diffect the bodies of malefactors, we humbly hope, that the manufacture of cases for skeletons will be reserved solely to the coffin, makers,
We likewise humbly presume, that the interests of the several trades and profe(fions, which depend upon ours, may be regarded ; such as that of hearses, coaches, cofo fios, epitaphs, and bell-ropes, stone-cutters, feathermen, and bell-ringers ; and especially the manufacturersof crapes ; and the makers of snuf, who use great quana tities of old coffins, and who, contidered in the consumpa tion of their drugs, employ by far the greatest number of hands of any manufacture of the kingdom.
To the Righ: Honourable the Mayor and Aldermen of
the city of London.
The humble PETITION of the Colliers, Cooks, Cook.
maids, Blackfiniths, Jack.makers, Brasiers, and others,
HAT whereas certain virtuosi, diffaffected to the this kingdoms, taking upon tfiern the name and title of the CATOPTRICAL VICTUALLERS, have presumed by ga. thering, breaking, folding, and bundling up the June beams, by the help of certain glaffes, to make, produce, and kindle up several new focus's, or fires, within these his Majesty's dominions, and thereby to boil, bake, stew, fry, and dress all forts of victuals and provifions, to brew, dtil spirits, smelt oar, and in general to perform all the offices of culinary fires ; and are endeavouring to procure to themselves the monopoly of this their faid invention : We beg leave humbly to represent to your honours,
That such grant or patent will utterly ruin and reduce to beggary your petitioners, their wives, children, servants, and trades on them depending ; there being nothing left to them, after the fund invention, but warming of cellars, and dressing of suppers in the winter time. That the abolishing so considerable a branch of the coasting trade, as that of the colliers, will destroy the navagation of this kingdoin. That whereas the said catoptrical victuallers talk of making use of the moon by night, as of the sun by day, they will utterly ruin the numerous body of tale bow chandlers, and impair a very confiderable branch of the revenue, which arises from the tax upon tallow and candles,
That the said catoptrical victuallers do profave the emanations of that glorious luminary the fun, which is appointed to rule the day, and not to roast mutton. And we humbly conceive, it will be found contrary to the
known laws of this kingdom, to confine, forestall, and monopolize the beams of the lun. And whereas the said catoptrical victuallers have undertaken, by burning glasses made of ice,to roast an ox upon the Thames next winter: we conceive all such practices to be an incroachment up. on the rights and privileges of the company of watermen.
That the diversity of exposition of the several kitchens in this great city, whereby some receive the rays of the fun looner, and others later, will occasion great irregularity as to the time of dining of the several inhabitants, and consequently great uncertainty and coptulion in the dispatch of businels : and to those, who, by reason of their gorthern expolion, will be fill forced to be at the expences of culinary fres, it will reduce the price of their manufacture to such inequality, as is inconlistent with common justice : and the lame inconveniency will affest landlords in the value of their rent's
That the use of the said glasses will oblige cooks, and cook-inaids to study optics and astronomy, in order to know the Jue distances of the said focius's, or fires, and to adjust the poction of their glaises to the feveral alii. tudes of the fun, varying according to the hours of the day, and the seasons of the year; which studies, at thele years, will be highly troublesome to the rid cooks and cook-maids, not to say any thing of the utter incapacity of lome of them to go through with such dif. ficult arts; or (which is still a greater inconvenience) it will throw the whole art of cookery into the hands of a• fronomers and gla's grinders, persons utterly unskilled in other parts of that profeffon, to the great detriinent of the health of his Majesty's good fubjects.
That it is known by experience, that meat roasted; with fun-beams is extreinely wowholesome ; witness leve. ral that have died fuldenly after eating the provisions of the said catoptrical vittuallers; forafosuch as the funbeams taken inwardly render the humours too hot and as dust, occasion great fwearings, and dry up the rcétual moisture.
The sun-beams taken inwardly led a malignant in. Quence
upon the brain, by their natural tendency towards the noon ; and produce madness and distraction at the time of the full moon. That the constant use of lo