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(pondæus ? and yet our modern musicians want art to "defend their windows from common nickers. It is well
known, that when the Lacedæmonian mob were up,
they commonly fent for a Lesbian musician to appea'e “ them, and they imrnediately grew calm as soon as they “ heard Terpander sing *: yet I do not believe, that the “ Pope's whole band of music, though the best of this " age, could keep liis Holinels's irrage from being burnt
on a fitth of November.” « Nor would Terpander
hin seif, (replied Aibertus) at Billiayfgate, cor Ti. “ motheus at Hockley in the Hole, have any manner of « effect, nor both of them together bring Horneck + " to common civility." That's a gross mistake, (faid " Cornelius very warmly); and to prove it so, I have " liere 'a: Imall lyra of my own, framed, strung, and 4. tuned after the antient manner.
I can play some "* fragments
of Lesbian tunes, and I wish I were to try " them upon the most passionate creatures alive.”. “ You never had a better opportunity (says Albertus), “ for yonder are two apple.women scolding, and just “ ready to uncoif one another.” With that Cornelius, undressed as he was, jumps out into bis balcony, bis lyra in band, in liis flippers, with his breeches hanging down to his ancles, a stocking upon his head, and waist-coat of murrey-coloured fattin upon his body; lie touched his lyra with a very unusual fort of an harpegiatura, nor were his bopes frustrated. The odd equipage, the un. couth instrument, the strangeness of the man and of the music, drew the ears and eyes of the whole mob that were got about the two female champions, and at last of the coinbatants themselves. They all approached the balcony, in as close attention as oi pheus's first audience of cattle, or that of an Italian opera, when fome favourite air is just awakened. This sudden effect of his music encouraged him mightily, and it was observed be never touched his lyre in such a truly chromatic and enharmonic manner, as upon that occasion. The mob laughed,
• Suidas in Timotheo. Pope.
+ Horneck, a scurrilous scribler, who wrote a weekly papers called. The High German Doftor. Pope.
sung, jumped, danced, and used many odd gestures, all w'ich he judged to be caused by the various strains and modulations. “ Mark (quoth he) in this, the power of “the lonian; in that, you lee the effect of the Æolian.", But in a little ine they began to grow riotous, and threw stones. Cornelius then withdrew, but with the greatest air of triumph in the world, “ Brother, laid be, do you bo'lerve, I have mixed unawares too much of the “ Ehrygian ; I might change it to the Lydian, and fof.
sen their riotous tempers. But it is enough. Learn “ from this famiple to speak with veneration of antient “ music. If this lyre, in iny unskilful hands, can per. " form such wonders, what must it not have done in " those of a Timotheus or a Terpander." Having said this, be reiired with the utmolt exultation in himlelt, and contempt of his brotlier ; and, it is said, behaved ibat night with ful unusual haughtiness to his family, that they all had realon to wish for some antient tibice to calm his temper.
Rhetoric, logic, and metapbyficso TORNELIUS having, as hath been faid, many ways
been dilippointed in his attempts of improving the. bodily forces of Lis son, thought it now high time to apo ply to the culture of his internal faculties. He judged it proper, in the first place, to instruct him in rhetoric. But herein we sh. Il not need to give the reader any ac. commt of his wonderful progrels, since it is already known to the learned world by his treatise on this subject: I mean the admirable discourse Tepi Budrs, which he wrote at this time, but concealed from his father, knowing his. extreme partiality for the antients. It lay by him con. cealed, and perhaps forgot among the great multiplicity of other writings, till about the year 1727, he fent it us to be printed, with many additional examples drawn from the excellent live poets of this present age. We proceed, therefore, to logic and nietaphysics. The wile Cornelius was convinced, that these being
Polemical arts, could no more be learued alone, than. fencing or cudgel-playing. He thought it therefore necessary to look out for some youth of pregnant parts, to be a sort of humble companion to his son in those studies, His good fortune directed him to one of the inost fingular. endowments, whose name was Conradus Crambe, who, by the father's lide, was related to the Grouches of Canbridge, and his mother was cousin to Mr. Swan, gamefter and punfter of the city of London. So that from both parents be drew a natural disposition to sport hini. felf with words; which, as they are said to be the coun-: ters of wile men, and ready money of fools, Crambe had great store of cash.of the latter fort. Happy Martin in. such a parent, and such a companion! What might not. be.atchieve in arts sciences !.
Here I must premise a general observation of great be: Defit.co mankind. That there are many people who have. the use only of one operation of the intellect, though, like short-lighted inen, they can hardly discover it them. selves : they can form single. apprehensions*, but have neither of the other two faculties, the judicium.or dife: Cursus. Now, as it is wisely ordered, that people de prived of one sense have the others in more perfection, luch people will form - single ideas with a great deal of vivacity; and happy were it indeed if they could confine: themselves to fuch, without forming judicia, much less argumentations.
Cornelius quickly discovered, that these two last ope-rations of the intellect were very weak in Martin, and almost totally extinguilhed in Crambe; however, he used to say, that rules of logic are spectacles to a purblind understanding, and therefore he resolved to proceed with bis iwo pupils.
Martin's understanding was fo totally immersed in fen. fible.objects, that he demanded examples from material: things of the abstracted ideas of logic. As for Crambe,
When a learned friend once urged to our author the authority of a famous dictionary-maker against the Latinity of the expression,. amor publicus, which he had used in an inscription, he seplied, that he would allow a dictionary-maker to understand a fingle word, but: hot two words put togetheri Warburton.
he contented himself with the words, and when he could but form fome conceit upon them, was fully latisfied. Thus Crambe would tell his instructor, that all men were not fingnlar; that individuality could hardly be predicated of any man, for it was cominonly said, that a man is 1.0t the same he was; that madmen are besides themselves, and drunken men come to themselves; which shows, that few men have that most valuable logical endowment, individuality*.Cornelius told Martin, that a shoulder of mutton was an individual; which Crambe denied, for he had seen it cut into coinmous : that is true, quoth the tutor, but you never law it cut into shoulders of mutton : if it could, quoth Crambe, it would be the most lovely individual of the university: When he was told, a substance was that which was subject to accidents; then foldiers, quoth Crainbe, are the most fubftantial people in the world. Neither would he allow it to be a good definition of acci derit, that it could be present or absent without the de siruction of the subjeft ; since there are a great many accidents that destroy the subject, as burning does a house, and death a man, But as to that, Cornelius informed him, that there was a natural death, and a logical death; that though a man, after his natural death, was not capable of the least parish-office, yet be might ftill keep his Itall amongst the logical prædicaments.
Cornelius was forced to give Martin fenfible images. Thus calling up the coachman, he asked him what he had feen in the Bear.garden the man answered he saw two mea fight a prize ; one was a fair man, a serjeant in the guards ; the other black, a butcher ; the ferjeant had red breeches, the butcher blue; they fought upon a
*" But if it be possible for the same man to have distinct in- . “communicable consciousness at different times, it is without donbt " the fame man would, at different times, make different persons. " Which we see is the sense of mankind in not punishing the mad
man for the fober man's actions, nor the fober man for what the “ mad-man did, thereby making them two persons; which is fome" what explained by our way of speaking in English, when they say “ such an one is himself, or is beside himself.” Lock's Elay on Hum. Under. book ii. c. 27. Warburton,
Itage about four o'clock, and the ferjeant wounded the butcher in the leg. “ Mark (quoth Cornelius) how “ the fellow runs through the prædicaments. Men, “ fubftantia ; two, quantitas ; fair and black, qualitas ; “ ferjeant and butcher, relatio ;; wounded the other, " actio et pafio ; fighting, fitus; stage, ubi; two o'clock, " quando ; blue and red breeches, habitus.” At the fame time he warned Martin, that what he now learned as a logician, he must forget as a natural philofopher ; that though he now taught him that accidents inhered in the subject, they would find in time there was no such thing; and that colour, taste, smell, heat and cold, were not in the things, but only phantasms of our brains. He was forced to let them into this secret ; for Martin could not conceive,-how a habit of dancing inbered in the dancing-mastery, when he did not dance ; vay, he would demand the characteristics of relations. Crambe used to help him out, by telling him, a cuckold, a losing gamefter, a man that had not dined, a young heir that was kept short by his father, might be all known by their countenances ; that, in this last case, the paternity and filiati. on leave very sensible impressions in the relatum and correlatum. The greatest difficulty was when they came to the tenth prædicament. Crambe affirmed, that his ha. bitus was more a substance than he was; for his cloa the could better fublift without him, than be without his cloaths.
Martin fupposed an universal man to be like a knight of a fire, or burgess of a corporation, that represented great many individuals. His father asked him, if he could not frame the idea of an universal Lord Mayor ! Martin told hiin, that, never having seen but one Lord Mayor, the idea of that Lord Mayor always returned to his mind; that he had great difficulty to abstract a Lord Mayor from his fur-gown, and gold chain; nay, that the horse be saw the Lord Mayor ride upon not a little disturbed bis imagination. On the other hand, Crambe, to fhow him. self of a more penetrating genius, swore that he could frame a conception of a Lord Mayor not only without his horse, gown, and gold chain, but even without ftature, feature, colour, hands, head, feet, or any body; which