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te length of the fangs, the sharpness of the teeth, and the strength of the crural and masseter-muscles * in lions and rygers, are the cause of the great and habitual inmortality of those animals,

1!!, He obferved, that the soul and body mutually o perate upon cich other; and therefore if you deprive the injad of the outward instruments whereby she usually exe presleth that pallion, you will in tiine abate the passion itfeif, in like manner as eaflration abates lust.

2dly, That the foul in mankind expreffetli every pasdion by the motion of fine prticular muscles.

3d's, That all muscles grow stronger and thicker by being much 1928; therefore the babitual paflions may be difcerned in particular persons by the firength and big nefi of the muscles lifed in ihe expression of that passion.

4thly, That a mucle may be strengthened or weaken. ed by weakening or strengthening the force of its antago aistThele things premited, he took notice,

That complaisance, humility, ajent, approbation, and civility, were espressed by nodding the licad and bowing the body forward: on the contrary, diffent, dislike, fufal, pride, and arrogance, were marked by tolling the head, and bending the body backwards : which two pasfions of ciffent and diffent ile Latins rightly expressed by the words adnuere and abuere. Now, he observed that compliant and civil people had the flexors of the head very ft rong; but in the proud and infolent, there was a great overbulance of strength in the extensors of the neck and the muscles of the back, fro:n tvhence they perforing with great facility, the motion of tofing, but with great difficulty that of bowing, and therefore bave juftly acqui. red the title of fift-neck.d; in order to reduce such per: 40:s io a just balance, he judged that the pair of muicles called reti interni, the maitoid:l, with other flexors of the lead, neck, and body, must be strengthened; their antagonists, the Spienii complexi, and the extenfors of the {pine weakened: for which purpose nature lierfeIf leems to have directed mankind to corret iliis muscular immo. Bality by tying such fellous neck and heels. Contrary to this, is the pernicious custom of molers, Ma antigas murs,


the ear.

who abošlh the natural signature of modesty in their daughters, by teaching them tling and bridling, rather than the bashful posture of stooping, and hanging down: the head. Martinus charged all husbands to take notice of the posture of the head of such as they courted to ma. trimony, as that upon which their future liappinefs did much depend.

Flatterers, who have the flexor muscles so strong, that: they are always bowing aud eringing, he supposed might in lome measure, be. corrected by being tied down upon: a tree by the back, like the children of the Indians ; which doctrine was strongly confirmed by liis observing the strength of the levatores fcapulæ : this muscle is called the muscle of patience, because in that affection of mind, people shrug and raise up the shoulders to the tip of

This muscle also he observed to be exceeding. ly strong and large in hen-pecked husbands, in Italians, and in English ininislers,

lo pursuance of this theory, he fuppo ed the conftriflors of the eye-lids, must be strengthened in the supercilious, the abduétors in drunkards and contemplative men, who have the same steady, and grave motion of the eye.

That the buccinators or blowers up of the cheeks, and the di. lators of the nose, were too strong in choleric people ; and therefore nainre here again directed us to a remedy, which was to correct fuch excraordinary dilatation by putling by the nose.

The rolling amorous eye, in the passion of love, might be corrected by frequently looking through glasses. Impertinent fellows that jump upon tables, and cut ca. pers, might be cured by relaxing medicines applied to the calves of their legs, which in such people are too strong.

But there were two cases which he reckoned extremely difhcult. First, Affeciation, in which there were so many muscles of the bum, thighs, belly, neck, back, and the whicle body, all in a talle tone, that it required an im. practicable multi;licity of applications.

The ficond cale was inmoderate laughter : when any of that risible species were brought to the Doctor, and when he considered what an infinity of muscies these laughing rascals threw into a convulsive motion at the fame time ; whether we regard the spasms of the diaphragm


and all the muscles of respiration, the horrible riftus of the mouth, the distortion of the lower.jaw, the crisping of the nose, twinkling of the eyes, or spherical convexi. ty of the cheeks, with the tremulous succession of the whole hurgan body : when he considered, I lay, all this, he used to cry out, Cafus plane deplorabilis! and gave {ach patients over.

C H A P. XI.

The case of a young Nobleman at court, with the Doctor's

prescription for the same.


Neminent instance of Martinus's fagacity in disco.

vering the disteinpers of the mind, appeared in the case of a young Nobleinan at court, who was observed to grow extremely affected in his speech, and whimsical in all his behaviour. He began to all odd questions, talk in verle to himself, Shut himself up from his friends, and be acceslible to none but flitterers, poets, and pick-pockets; till his relations and old acquaintance judged him to be so far gone, as to be a fit pacient for the Doctor.

As soon as he had beard and examined all the symptoms, he pronounced his distemper to be love.

His friends assured him, that they bad, with great care, observed all his motions, and were perfectly satisfied there was no wornan in the case. Scriblerus was as positive that he was desperately in love with some perfon or other. “ How can that be," (said his aunt, who came to ask the advice) “ when he converses almost with none but hiin. “ felf?” Say you fo? he replied, why then he is in love with himself, one of the most common cases in tle world. I ain astonished, people do not enough attend to this disease, which has the same causes and symptoms, and admits of the fame cure with the other : especially fince here the case of the patient is the more helpless and deplorable of the two, as this unfortunaie pallion is more blind than the other. There are people who discover, from their very youth, a moft amorous inclination to them. selves; which is unhappily nurled by fuch mothers, as, with their good. will, would never fuf-r their children to


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be crossed in love. Ease, luxury, and idleness, blow up this flame as well as the other : constant opportunities of conversation with the person beloved (the greateft of incentives), are here impollible to be prevented. Bawds and pimps in the other love, will be perpetually do. ing kind offices, fpeaking a good word for the party, and carry about billet-doux : Therefore I ask you, Madam, if this Geotleman has not been much frequented by fato terers, and a fort of people who bring him dedications and verses ! " O Lord ! Sir," (quoth the aunt), “ the

" house is haunted with them." There it is, replied - Scriblerus, these are the bawds and pimps that go be

tween a man and himself. Are there no civil ladies, that tell him he dresses well, bas a gentlemanly air, and the like? “Why truly, Sir, my nephew is not aukward.”. Look

you Madam, this is a misfortune to bim : in form. er days there fort of lovers were happy in one respect, that they never had any rivals, but of late they have all the Jadies fo. Be pleased to answer a few questions more. Whom does he generally talk of? bimlelt, quoth the aunt.-Whose wit and breeding does he most commend ? His own), quoth the aunt... ihom docs he write letters to? Hiinfelf. Whoin does he dream of? All the dreams I ever heard were of himself. Whom is he ogo Jing yonder? Himself in his looking clafs. - Why does he throw buck his head in that languishing pofture? One ly to be blest with a smile of bimtelf, as he passes by:Does he ever steal a kiss froin liit.felt, by biting his lips? Oh continually, till they are perfect vermilion.. Have you oblerved him to use familiarities with any body? " With none but himself: he often embraces himself “ with folded arms, he claps his band often upon his

hip, nay, soinetimes thrusts it iuto liis breaft.”

Madam, said the Doctor, all these are strong fympioms; but there remain a few more. Has this amorous gentle. inan presented himself with any; such as gold fnuff-boses, repeating watches, or tweezer.cales ? i hele are things that in time will foften the most obdurate leart. “ Not only 10," (laid the aunt)," but he bought the o“ ther day a very fine brilliant diamond-ring for his ow! " wearing."--Nay, if he has accepted of this ring, the intrigue is very forward indeed, and it is high time for friends


to interpose-Pray Madam, a word or two more : is he jealous that his acquaintance do pot behave themselves. with respect enough? will be bear jokes and innocent freedoms? “ By no means ; a fainiliar appellatiou makes “ bim angry, if you shake him a little roughly by the “ hand, he is in a rage ; but if you chuck him under the “ chin, he will return you a box on the ear.”—Then the case is plain: he has the true pathognomic figo of love, jealousy; for no-body will fuffer his mistress to be treated at that rate. Madam, upon the whole, this case is ex: tremely dangerous. There are foine people who are far gone iz ibis pallion of felf love ; but then they keep a very secret intrigue with themselves, and hide it from all the world befius. But this patient has not the least care of the reputation of his beloved, be is downright scandalous in bis behaviour with liiinself; he is enchanted, bca witched, and almost part cure. However, let the following methods be tried upon hiin.

First, Let him *** Hiatus. *** Sccondly, Let him weir a bob-wig. Thirdly, Shiun the company of fiintcr. ers, pay, of ceremonious people, and of all Frenchmen in general. It would not be amiss if le travelled over England'in a ftige.coacli, and made the Tour of Holland in a track: fcoute. Lerhin return the fvuil boxes, tweezer cales (and particularly the diamond-ring) which he has received from bi.pielf, Let fome knowing friend repre fent to hin the many vile qualities of iliis mistress of his : let biin be lewe.that her extravagance, pride, and prodigality, will infallibly bring him to'a morlet of bread: let it be proved, thai he has been falle to liimlelt, and if trecchery is not a suficient caule to discard a mistress, what is ? lo short, let biin be made to see, that no mortal, Besides himself, either loves or can fuffer this creature: Let all looking-glasses, polished toys, and even clean plates be removed from him, for{fear of bringing back the admired obje&t. Let him be taught to put off all those tender airs, affected smiles, languishing looks, wan. ton tosses of the head, coy motions of the body, that mincing gait, loft tone of voice, aud all that enchanting woman-like behaviour, that has made bim the charm of his own eyes, and the object of his own adoration. Let him furprize the beauty he adores at a disadvantage, fur.

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