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having you a member of our society, and beg leave to af lure you that we are, 6c.
What return Martin made to this obliging letter we must defer to another occasion : let it suffice at present to tell, that Crambe was in great rage at them, tor stealing, as he thought, a biot from his Theory of Syllogifors, without doing bim the honour fo much as to mention him. He advicd his matter by no means to enter into their society, unless they would give him fufficient fecurity, to bear him harmless from any thing that might happen after this present life.
CHA P. XIII.
of the secession of Martinks, and some hint of his travels. IT *T was in the year 1699 that Martin set out on his
travels. Thou wilt certainly be very curious to know what they were. It is not yet time to inform thee. But what hints I am at liberty to give, I will.
Thou shalt know then, that, in his first voyage he was citried by a prosperous storin, to a discovery of the remains of the ancient Pygmaan empire,
That, in his second, he was as happily shipwrecked on the land of the giants, now the most humane people in the world.
That, in his third voyage, he discovered a whole kingdom of philosophers, who govern by the mathematics: with whose admirable schemes and projects he returned in benefit his own dear country; but had the misfortune to find them rejected by the envious ministers of Queen Amne, and himself fent treacherously away.
And hence it is, that, in his fourth voyage, he discovers a vein of melancholy, proceeding almost to a disgust of liis fpecies; but above all, a mortal detestation to the whole fagitious race of ministers, and a final resolution not to give in any memorial to the Secretary of late, in order to fubject the lands he discovered to the crown of Great. Britain.
Now if, by these hints, the reader can help himself to
a farther discovery of the nature and contents of thele travels, he is welcome to as niuch light as they afford him; I am obliged, by all the ties of honour, not to : Speak inore openly. But if any man fhall ever see such
very extraordinary voyages, into fuch very extraordinary.nations, which manifest the most distinguished marks of a philosopher, a po. litician, and a legislator; and can imagine them to belong to a surgeon of a ship, or a captain of a merchantman, let him remain in his ignorance..
And whoever be be that shall further observe, in every page of such a book, that cordial love of mankind, that in jolable regard to truth; that pasion for his dear coun, try, and that particular attachment to the excellent princess Quieen Aune ; surely that man delerves to be pitied, if by all those viâble signs and characters, he cannot di-. tinguish and acknowledge the great Scriblerus *:
CHA P. XIV.. of the discoveries and works of the great Seriblerus,. made and to be made,, written and to be writtein, known and unknown.
ERE therefore, at this great period, we end our
first book. And here, o reader, we intreat thee utterly to forget all thou hast hitherto read, and to cast thy eyes only forward, to that boundless field the next shall open unto thee; the fruits of which (if thine, or our sins do not prevent) are to spread and multiply over this our work, and over all the face of the earth.
In the mean time, know what thou owest, and what thou yet'mayst owe, to this excellent person, this prodi. py of our age ;
well be called, The philosopher of ultimate caufes, fiuice, by a fagacity peculiar to himfelf, le hath discovered effects in their very calises ; and without the trivial belps of experiments, or obfervations, hath been the inventor of most of the modern systems and hypotheses.
*Gulliver's Travels were first intended as a part of Scriblerus’s Menoirs. I'arburion.
He hath enriched mathematics with many precise and geometrical quadratures of the circle. He first discover. ed the cuuse of gravity, and the intestine motion of fruids,
To hiin we owe all the observations on the parallax of the pole. Star; and all the new theories of the deluge.
He it was that first taught the right use sometimes of the fuga vacui, and fometimes of the materia fubtilis, in resolving the grand phænoinena of nature.
He it was elsat firit fouud out the palpability of colours; and, by the delicacy of his touch, could distinguish the different vibrations of the heterogeneous rays of light.
His were the projects of perpetuum mobiles, flying en gines, and pacing faddles; ihe method of discovering the longitude by bomb.velsels, and of increasing the tradewind by vast plantations of reeds and fedges.
I hall mention only a few of his philofophical and ma.theinutical works.
1. A conplete digest of the laws of nature, with a review of thote that are obsolete or repealed, and of thole: that are reaily to be renewed and put in force.
2. A mechanical explication of the formation of the uoiverse, according to the Epicurean hypothef's.
3. An investigation of the quantity of real matter in the univerfi, with the proportion of the specific gravity of folid matter to that of fuid.
4. Microscopical observations of the figure and bulk of the constituent parts of all fuids. A calculation of the proportion in which the fluids of the earth decrease, and of the period in which they will be totally exhausted,
5. A comptation of tlie duration of the sun, and how long it will lait before it is burned outer
6. A me hod to apply the force arising from the iin. mense velocity of light to mechanical purposes.
7. An aulwer to the question of a curious gentleman ; how log a new lar was lighted up ance to the inhabitints of our eart? To which is subjoined, a calculation low mechi the inhabitants of the non eat for fupper, confidering that they pass a night e. qul to fiteen of our natural days. 8. A demonstration of the natural dominion of the in
before its appear.
habitants of the earth over those of the moon, if ever a1. intercourse should be opened between thein. With a proposal of a partition-treaty among the earthly poteptates, in case of such discovery.
9. Tide- tables, for a comet, that is to approximalé towwards the earth.
10. The number of the inhabitants of London determined by the reports of the gold-finders; and the tonnage of their carriages; with allowance for the extraordinary quantity of the ingesta and egesia of the people of Enge land; and a deduction of what is left under dead walls, and dry ditches.
It will from bence be evident, how much all his stu. dies were directed to the universal benefit of mankind. Numerous have been his projects to this end, of which two alone will be sufficient to Thew the amazing grand.ur of his genius. The first was a proposal, by a general contribution of all princes, to pierce the first cruit or nu. -cleus of this our earth, quite through, to tie next concen. trical sphere. The advantage he proposed from it was, to find the parallax of the fixtulars; but chiefly to refute Sir Issac Newton's Theory o: Gravity, and Mr. Halley's of the Variations. The second was, to build two poles to the meridiun, with inmense light-houses on the top of ilem ; to lupply the defi ct of nature, and to make the longitude as ealý to-be calculated as the látitude. Bob tliefe he coulj pot but think very practicable, by the power of all the potentates of the world,
May we preluine after thile to mention, how lie de. fiended from the sublime to the beneficial parts of know. lege, and particularly bi: extraordinary practice of phyfic. Froin the age, complexion, or weight of this perton give en, he contrived to prescribe at a distance, as well as at a patient's bed-lide. He taught the way to many modern physicians, to cure their patients bý intuition, and to others to cure without cooking on them at ail. He proje teu a irenftruum io duifolve the stone, made of Dr. Woodward's univerfaldeinge-w.ter. His allows the device to relieve confunptive or afthmatic persons, by bruiging fresh air out of the country to town, by pipes of the nature of the recipien's of ir-ptops : and iu introduce the native air of a mu's country into any otner in
which he should travel; wiih a seasonable intromission of such teams as were most familiar to bin; to the inex. pressible comfort. of many Scollinen, Laplanders, and white bears.
In physiognomy, his penetration is fuciie that, from the pilture only of any person, be can write his life ; end froin the features of' ibe parents, draw the portrait of any child that is to be born.
Nor hath he been lo enrapt in these studies, as to ne. glect the polite arts of painting, architecture, music, po. etry, &c. It was he that gave the first bint to our mo. dern painters, to improve the likeness of tlieir portraits, by the use of such colours as would faithfully and conItantly accompany the life, not only in its present state, but in all its alterations, decays, age, and death itself.
In architecture; he builds not with so much regard to: prelent lyminetry or conveniency, as with a thought well worthy a true lover of antiquity, to wit, the noble effect the building will bave to poiterity, when it shall fall and become a ruin.
As to music; I think Heidegger has not the face to de ny that he has been much behoiden to his fcores.
In poetry, he hath appeared under a hundred different wame', of which we may one day give a catalogue.
In politics, lis writings are of a peculiar cast, for the most part ironical, and the drift of them ofien to delicate and refined as to be mistaken by the vulgar. He once went so far as to write a persuasive to people to eat their own children, which was so little understood as to be taken in ill part *; He has often written against liberty in the name of Freeman and Aigernon Sydney, in vindication of: the measures of Spain under that of Raleigh, and in praile of corruption under those of Cato and Publicola..
It is true, that at his last departure from England, in the reign of O. Anne, apprehending left any of these might be perverted to the Icandal of the weak, or encouragement of the flagitious, he cast then all, without mer-cy, into a bog-boule near St. James's. Some bowever
* Swift's ironical tract on that subject, intitled, A wiodeft proposal for preventing the children of poor people in Ireland from being a burden to their parents, &c. vol. iö..