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Will on his march in majesty appear,
1. The MIXTURE OF FIGURES, which raises fo many images, as to give you yo image at all.
But its principil beauty is, when it gives an idea just opposite to what it seened meant to describe. Thus an ingenious artist, paiveing the spring, talks of a fnow of blooms, and thereby raifes an unexpected piture of wit. ter, Of this fort is the following:
The gaping.clouds pour lakes of fulphur dowu,
Whose livid flashes fick'ning fun-beams drown t. What a noble confusion ? clouds, lakes, brinstone, flames, fun-beams, gaping, pouring, fick’ning, drowning! all in two lines.
2. The JARGON. Thy head shall rise, though buried in the dust, And 'midji the clouds his glittering turrets thrup I.
Quere, What are the glittering turrets of a man's head?
Upon the fore; as frequent as the fand,
Quere, Where these Dimetians stood? and of what fize they were ? add also to the jargon luch as the fol. lowing:
Destruction's empire shall no longer last,
* Blackm. Ifa. chap. xl.
+ Pr. Arthur, p. 37. Job, p 107.
| Pr. Arthur, p. 157. Job, p. 89.
† T. Cook, poems..
But for variegation, nothing is more useful than,
3. Tbe PARAM ANASIA, or Pun, where a word, like the tongue of a jack daw, speaks twice as much by being fjilit: as this of Mr. Dennis,
Bullets that wound, like Parthians as they fly
or this excellent one of Mr. Welíted,
Behold the virgin lye
To see her beautics no man needs to ficope
4. The ANTITHESIS, or SEE-SAW, whereby contraries and oppositions are balanced in such a way, as to cause a reader to remain fuspended between then, to his exceeding delight and recreation. Such are these on a lady, who made herlelf appe=1 out of lize, by hiding a young princess under her cloaths,
While the kind nympb changing her faultlefs shape,
On the maids of honour in mourning.
His eyes so bright
The fairies and their queen,
† Welftet, poems, Acon. et Lavin.
Poems 1693, p. 13•
All nature felt a reverential shock,
C H A P. XI.
The figures continued: of the magnifying and diminish.
ing figures. A
GENUINE writer of the profund will take care
never to magnify any object without clouding it at the same time : his thought will appear in a true nist, and very unlike what is in nature. It must always be remeinbered, that darkness is an essential quality of the profund, or if there chance to be a glimmering, it must be, as Milton exprelles it,
No light, but rather darkness visible.
The cliicf figure of this sort is,
The HYPERBOLE, or impossible.
For instance, of a lion.
Of a lady at dinner.
Of the fame. The obscureness of her birth Cunnit eclipsė the lufire of her eyes, Which make her all one light f.
Of a bull-baiting.
+ Vet. Aut. # Theobald's Double Falihood. || Blackm.
** See p. 115.
Of a scene of misery.
To wipe his bundred eyes
Ye Gods! annihilate bui space and time,
3. The PERIPHRASIS, which the moderos call the circumbendibus, whereof we have given examples in the niuth chapter, and fall again in the twelth.
To the fame class of the magnifying may be referred t'e following, which are so excellently modern, that we have yet no name for them. In describing a country prospect,
I'd call them mountains, but can't call their so,
III. The last class remains ; of the diminishing, i. The ANTICLIMAX, and figures : where the second line drops quite short of the first, than which nothiing creates greater surprize.
On the extent of the British arms.
Under the Tropics is our Language spoke,
On a warrior.
And thou Dalhously, the great God of war,
On the valour of the English.
Nor fortify'd redoubt
At other times this figure operates in a larger extent; and when the gentle reader is in expectation of some great image, he either finds it surprisingly inperfect, or is pre. sented with something low, or quite ridiculous : a furprize resembling that of a curious person in a cabinet of antic Statues, who beholds on the pedettal the names of Ho. mer, or Cato ; but looking up finds Homer without a head, and nothing to be leen of Cato but his privy.member. Such are these lines of a Leviathan at lea,
His motion works, and beats the oozy mud,
2. The VULGAR. is also a species of the diminishing : by this a spear Aying into the air is compared to a boy whistling as he goes on an errand,
† Blackm. Job, p. 197.
* Denn, on Namur.
Prince Arthur, p. 1$7.