Imágenes de páginas

Will on his march in majesty appear,
And needs the aid of no confed'rate pow'r *.
Under the article of the confounding, we rank,

1. The MIXTURE OF FIGURES, which raises fo many images, as to give you yo image at all.

But its principil beauty is, when it gives an idea just opposite to what it seened meant to describe. Thus an ingenious artist, paiveing the spring, talks of a fnow of blooms, and thereby raifes an unexpected piture of wit. ter, Of this fort is the following:

The gaping.clouds pour lakes of fulphur dowu,

Whose livid flashes fick'ning fun-beams drown t. What a noble confusion ? clouds, lakes, brinstone, flames, fun-beams, gaping, pouring, fick’ning, drowning! all in two lines.

2. The JARGON. Thy head shall rise, though buried in the dust, And 'midji the clouds his glittering turrets thrup I.

Quere, What are the glittering turrets of a man's head?

Upon the fore; as frequent as the fand,
To meet the prince, the glad Dimetians fand l.

Quere, Where these Dimetians stood? and of what fize they were ? add also to the jargon luch as the fol. lowing:

Destruction's empire shall no longer last,
And defolation le for ever wafie **.
Here Niobe, sad mother, makes her nam,
And seems converted to a floxe in flone ft.

* Blackm. Ifa. chap. xl.

+ Pr. Arthur, p. 37. Job, p 107.

| Pr. Arthur, p. 157. Job, p. 89.

† T. Cook, poems..


But for variegation, nothing is more useful than,

3. Tbe PARAM ANASIA, or Pun, where a word, like the tongue of a jack daw, speaks twice as much by being fjilit: as this of Mr. Dennis,

Bullets that wound, like Parthians as they fly

or this excellent one of Mr. Welíted,

Behold the virgin lye
Naked, and only cover'd by the sky,
To which thou mayst add,

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To see her beautics no man needs to ficope
She has the whole horizon for her hoop.

4. The ANTITHESIS, or SEE-SAW, whereby contraries and oppositions are balanced in such a way, as to cause a reader to remain fuspended between then, to his exceeding delight and recreation. Such are these on a lady, who made herlelf appe=1 out of lize, by hiding a young princess under her cloaths,

While the kind nympb changing her faultlefs shape,
Becomes onhandtunne, handlomcly to fcape.

On the maids of honour in mourning.
Sadly they charm, and dismally they please

His eyes so bright
Let in the object and let out the light **.
The gods look pale 10 fes us look fo red tt:

The fairies and their queen,
In manties blue came tripping oʻer the green ff,

† Welftet, poems, Acon. et Lavin.
4 Waller. | Stecl, on Q Mary. Quarles.
At Lee's Alex,

l'hil. Pait.

Poems 1693, p. 13•

All nature felt a reverential shock,
The sea (tood till to see the mountains rock *.

C H A P. XI.

The figures continued: of the magnifying and diminish.

ing figures. A

GENUINE writer of the profund will take care

never to magnify any object without clouding it at the same time : his thought will appear in a true nist, and very unlike what is in nature. It must always be remeinbered, that darkness is an essential quality of the profund, or if there chance to be a glimmering, it must be, as Milton exprelles it,

No light, but rather darkness visible.

The cliicf figure of this sort is,

The HYPERBOLE, or impossible.

For instance, of a lion.
He roar'd so 10:1d, and look'd so wondrous grim,
His very shadow darf not follow him t.

Of a lady at dinner.
The silver whiteness that adorns thoy neck,
Sullies the plate, and makes the napkin black.

Of the fame. The obscureness of her birth Cunnit eclipsė the lufire of her eyes, Which make her all one light f.

Of a bull-baiting.
Up to the stars the sprauling masives fiy 1).
And add new monsters to the frighted sky
Blackm. Job, p. 176.

+ Vet. Aut. # Theobald's Double Falihood. || Blackm.

** See p. 115.


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Of a scene of misery.
Behold a scene of misery and woe!
Here Aigos foon might weep himself quite blind,
Ev'n tho he had Briarius's hundred hands

To wipe his bundred eyes
And that modest request of two absent lovers:

Ye Gods! annihilate bui space and time,
And made two lovers happy.

3. The PERIPHRASIS, which the moderos call the circumbendibus, whereof we have given examples in the niuth chapter, and fall again in the twelth.

To the fame class of the magnifying may be referred t'e following, which are so excellently modern, that we have yet no name for them. In describing a country prospect,

I'd call them mountains, but can't call their so,
For fear to wrong them with a name too low
While the fair vales beneath fo humbly lie,
That even humble frems a term too high

III. The last class remains ; of the diminishing, i. The ANTICLIMAX, and figures : where the second line drops quite short of the first, than which nothiing creates greater surprize.

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On the extent of the British arms.

Under the Tropics is our Language spoke,
And part of Flanders huth receiv'd our joke I

On a warrior.

And thou Dalhously, the great God of war,
Lieutenant colonel to the Earl of Muir ll.

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On the valour of the English.
Nor art nor nature has the force
To llop its seady course,
Nor Alps nor Pyrenæans keep it out,

Nor fortify'd redoubt

At other times this figure operates in a larger extent; and when the gentle reader is in expectation of some great image, he either finds it surprisingly inperfect, or is pre. sented with something low, or quite ridiculous : a furprize resembling that of a curious person in a cabinet of antic Statues, who beholds on the pedettal the names of Ho. mer, or Cato ; but looking up finds Homer without a head, and nothing to be leen of Cato but his privy.member. Such are these lines of a Leviathan at lea,

His motion works, and beats the oozy mud,
And with its lime incorporates the food;
'Till all th' incriinber'd, thick, fermenting fiream
Does like one pot of boiling ointment seem,
Where'er he swims, he leaves along the lake
Srech frothy furrows, such a foamy track,
That all the waters of the deep appear
Hoary-with age, or grey with sudden fear t.
But perhaps even these are excelled by the ensuing.
Now the resisted fames and fiery store,
By winds assaulted, in wide furges roar,
And raging feas fiow down of melted ore.
Sometimes they hear long iron-bars remov’d,
Arld to and fro huge heaps of cynders shov'd I.

2. The VULGAR. is also a species of the diminishing : by this a spear Aying into the air is compared to a boy whistling as he goes on an errand,

† Blackm. Job, p. 197.

* Denn, on Namur.

Prince Arthur, p. 1$7.


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