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were, “The Attributes of God,” “Science church to rally round its editor, to enand Revelation,” and “ The Constituents courage him, by contributing to his pages, of Religion.” The doctrines of the New and by endeavouring to increase the sale Church on these subjects were set forth of the Magazine. Let also the women of perspicuously and ably. The room was the church, the pious widows, the loving comfortably filled each night with an wives, and intelligent maidens, all lay à audience who seemed to be deeply in helping hand and willing heart to assist terested in the lectures. Tracts bearing in this matter, and doubtless, under on the subjects of the lectures were divine providence, it will be crowned distributed, and it is hoped that some, with success. The Magazine has long good has been done.

been chiefly addressed to the head, to

man; now let there be a part for the SUGGESTION FOR ENLARGING THE RE- heart, for woman. It is proposed, if POSITORY.--To the Editor.— Sir,—The necessary, to raise the price, at least following suggestion for enlarging the temporarily, to eightpence, and in the Intellectual Repository is most respect- meantime, to raise annual subscriptions fully submitted to you, to be laid before to meet the extra expense, till the inits readers :—The Repository is called creased sale would make it self-supportthe Intellectual, and as such has been ing. The writer begs to subscribe five chiefly devoted to the understanding or shillings per annum.-Yours truly, the intellectual faculty, and to the

ISOLATED. subjects belonging thereto, to scientifics, Bollington, Dec. 1st, 1864. doctrines, speculations, criticisms, and controversies, &c. With all this no fault [We insert this letter as expressing is found. So far so good. What is now the views and wants of an earnest suggested is to add a portion, consisting member of the church. Any alteration of several pages and forming a distinct in the title, size, or price of the Magapart by itself, immediately before the zine rests with the Conference; the General Intelligence, to be devoted more matter may be varied according to the especially to the heart or the will, to means and demands of the church.] man's emotional and affectional nature, and of consequence to treat largely on

Married. Regeneration, with all its temptation At the New Jerusalem Church, Brightcombats, its sorrows and agonies, its joys lingsea, on the 16th July, Mr. William and triumphs ; and kindred subjects, Henry Pells to Miss Anna Maria Death, as prayer, devotion, conjugial love, both of the above-named place. the love and nurture of children, the At the same place, on the 18th October, moral, sentimental, ideal, or beautiful. Mr. Joseph Angier to Miss Emma Parker, A sermon on some practical subject, or both of Brightlingsea. skeleton of a sermon, or exposition of a text, and selections from the American At Accrington, by the Rev. E. D. periodicals might form a part for each Rendell, on the 1st December, Mr. John month. These additional pages would Starkey Cunliff to Miss Elizabeth Barns, find employment for the pens of those daughter of Joseph Barns, Esq., of Lane men who are, pre-eminently, men of Side, Accrington. heart, that is, men of the type of Arbouin, Clowes, Thos. Goyder, and others; and On December 17th, 1864, at Argyleit would also be a very suitable medium square, London, by the Rev. Dr. Bayley, for the intelligence of the women of the Mr. Henry Barber, jun., to Miss Annie church, gifted as women are with high in Nicoll. tellectual perception, with grace, elegance, and refinement. It is suggested to add to

Obituary. the title Intellectual Repository, “and Mr. William Barnes, of Accrington Affectional Magazine of the New Jeru- House, Accrington, departed into the salem Church (or any other more eternal world on Friday evening, Oct. appropriate words which might embody 7th, aged 49 years. This well known the idea). Thus to enlarge the Magazine and highly-esteemed gentleman had an earnest appeal is hereby made to the been for many years a zealous proministers, leaders, and members of the moter of everything he deemed useful

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to the New Church, both in his Departed this life, at Nottingham, on own society and in the church at the 24th of September, 1864, Mrs. large. He was kind-hearted, genial, Susanna Winfield (widow of the late John and energetic. He had been associated Winfield, noticed in the March number), with the proceedings of the Accrington after a long and trying illness, in the Society, as secretary, superintendent of 71st year of her age. Resigned and Sunday school, and other important peaceful, she has passed from earth's dull offices, for very many years; and whatever scenes to awake in a brighter and better uses he could perform or aid with his world, for which change she seemed purse, were sure to meet with his ready well prepared. attention. The firm of which he was à Also Mr. John Edwards, in the 81st partner had risen from very modest year of his age. A gradual decay of beginnings to employ a great number of nature brought him quietly and calmly workpeople, and by these Mr. Barnes to the final change. They were both was respected and beloved in no common members of the Shakspeare-street Society, degree. All regarded their employer as five of whose oldest members have thus their friend, and the establishment itself passed to their eternal homes during the was truly regarded as a great benefaction past year. to the town. Mr. Barnes was one of an earnest band who sought the improve- Departed this life, on the 29th Nov., ment of his native place in all things. 1864, at his residence, Derby, in the He was an active and esteemed member 55th year of his age, Mr. Daniel Holme, of the Local Board of Health, and after an illness extending over nearly 12 laboured zealously to carry out its years. The Derby Society has lost, in excellent objects, the last of which the the removal of Mr. Holme into the other formation of a capacious and beautiful life, an earnest friend, and a faithful and cemetery-was marked by this peculiar diligent officer. Educated in the Sunday circumstance, that it was sufficiently school, and associated with the church near completion at the time of his death from his earliest manhood, none have to enable the board to make a request rendered more efficient, more cheerto the Secretary of State, which they did ful, or more unremitting assistance unanimously, that he who had been one to the cause of Divine Truth in this of its chief supporters should have his town. Gifted with considerable musical remains interred therein. The esteem ability, he most acceptably discharged, in which our beloved friend was held by during many years, the duty of choirhis fellow-townsmen was evinced on the master. He also filled the post of treaday of the interment by the circumstances surer to the society, which office he held named in the public papers—" That all at the time of his decease. He shared the shops en route to the cemetery were in all the vicissitudes of the society's closed, and more than 2,000 people history, and was ever desirous of renderassembled in the streets to testify their ing valuable help. When only a journeyregard for the departed. He joined the man mechanic, he regularly set aside a New Church as a Sunday scholar more definite portion of his weekly wages for than thirty years ago. As he became the uses of the society, and, as industry older and more intelligently convinced and stirling integrity increased his means, of the truth of the New Church verities, so he increased his punctual subscriphe became more and more active in their tions. As a tradesman in the town, he diffusion, and when there was a branch was highly respected and widely esteemed, missionary society formed in Accrington, and striving to be useful in the municipal he was often engaged in preaching, and and political affairs of the borough, he rendered important services to the infant was well known and obtained considerasocieties around, by all of whom he will ble influence. His heart and mind long be remembered and beloved ; and rested in the thoroughly practical aspect to the wide circle of his New Church of the New Church teachings, his confriends at Accrington, as well as to the stant desire being to perform Uses in writer of this brief article, there will ever every sphere opened to his talents. One remain an affectionate recollection of the of his most strongly-characteristic traits lamented William Barnes. J. B. was the punctuality and regularity of his

attendance at public worship, in which he

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never failed. With a confidence that as they are capable of inspiring at all never thought of swerving, and with an times the love-born confidence of “Thy unchanging love, through the often wea- will be done !"

H. risome seasons of long suffering, which was borne with remarkable patience, he A t Newcastle-upon-Tyne, on the 2nd clung to the doctrines of the church; of December last, John Coulson, Esq., and felt ever resigned to the will of the suddenly departed this life, to enter Divine Providence whether he was to upon that which is eternal. After living remain or depart. When struck down sixty-three years in this world, a great with the symptoms of his last great portion of which had been devoted to change, he felt only glad to go that he New Church uses, and a most ardent might meet the friends of his byegones, study of the literal sense of the Divine and await the dear ones whom he was only Word, there can be little to mourn over to precede for a short time. His widow in his departure, as to his future state ; sorrows not as those who have no hope, but the sorrowing wife of his bosom and knowing the sureness of Him in whom a family of five sons lament their unexshe trusts, and the certainty of those pected bereavement, under the convicsublime principles, which she now proves tion, however, that “the Lord doeth all to be as full of solace in the hour of trial things well.”

TO READERS AND CORRESPONDENTS. All communications to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. W. BRUCE, 43, Kensington Gardens Square, London, W. To ensure insertion in the forthcoming Number, communications must be received not later than the 15th of the month, except recent intelligence, which will be received till the 18th.

ary.

The article “Relative and Ultimate, Speculative and Certain Truths,” will be

resumed in the February Number. The Committee of the National Missionary Institution, and the Students and

Ministers' Aid Fund, will meet on Monday evening, the 23rd January, at
Bloomsbury-street, at 6-30, and continue to meet at that place on the fourth
Monday of each month until further notice.

F. PITMAN, Sec. The Governors of the New Church College will meet regularly at Devonshire

street, on the last Tuesday in each month, unless otherwise summoned by the Secretary

HENRY BATEMAN. Mr. Mackereth is thanked for his paper, which, with some accompanying remarks

on the same subject, will appear next month. A Regular Reader. We could hardly occupy space with extracts from a book for

the information of one who does not possess a copy; but if he will favour us

with his address a communication will be sent him. The writer of the letter in the present number on the various readings of the

Greek text of the New Testament, and our readers generally, are referred to a series of excellent articles on the subject, in reference to both Testamentsthe Old and the New-by the late Rev. S. Noble, in the Intellectual Repository

for 1824-5, being Vol. I., New Series. Rev. J. Hyde's present address : 9, Sacheverel-street, Derby.

CAVE AND SEVER, Printers by Steam Power, Hunt's Bank, Manchester.

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THEOLOGICAL ESSAYS.

No. IV.—THE REDEMPTION. Next to the Divine work of Creation, the Redemption is the grandest of all events. Indeed, the Redemption was tantamount to a re-creation ; for, as we learn from the doctrines of the New Church, if the Lord had not come into the world to effect the work of Redemption, all mankind would have perished, so that not a single inhabitant would have been left on this globe.

"I was informed from heaven,” says Swedenborg, “that unless the Lord had come into the world, the human race on this earth would have perished,—so that at this day there would not be existing a single individual.”—Treatise on the Last Judgment, n. 10.

The true nature of this great work, however, has under the first Christian Dispensation been greatly misunderstood. It is only now, in the bright light of the New Jerusalem, given by the opening of the internal sense of the divine Word, that the true nature and manner of the Redemption is discovered. The old doctrine was gross and monstrous ! It began with the grand falsity that Three Divine Persons existed from eternity. It then proceeded to affirm that one of these, namely, God the Father, being angry with Adam for violating the command not to eat of the forbidden fruit, condemned him and all his posterity to eternal destruction ; but that the second Person of the Trinity, God the Son, interposed, declaring Himself willing to take upon Himself the penalty due to man's transgression, which He did by descending from heaven, assuming humanity in the world, and under

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going the death of the cross. The sin being considered as thus atoned for, the Divine justice thus satisfied, God the Father is willing now to impute the Son's merit to all such as believe on Him, and so pardon them for His sake. This, in brief, is the doctrine which has been commonly held in the Christian Church ; this is the manner in which Jesus Christ is supposed to have effected the work of Redemption. But this doctrine, when scrutinized, will be found to resemble more nearly the fables of heathenism than the spiritual truths of Christianity.

In the first place, it starts with the heathen doctrine of a plurality of gods; for though the lips, in obedience to a creed, may declare that there is but one God, yet the mind holding such a belief as that above described, and contemplating the different Divine Persons, so feeling and so acting, cannot but make a distinction between them, like that between completely separate personalities and beings; which is, in fact, the idea of two Gods (or, if the Holy Ghost be included, three Gods, though the idea of this last is much more shadowy and indistinct than that of the two former). But what do the Scriptures declare on this point? The Scriptures, particularly of the Old Testament, are impressed everywhere with the idea of a single Divine Being, Jehovah God, who repeatedly declares Himself to be alone, alone, and none else with Him. Hear, for instance, the following :-“ Thus saith Jehovah the King of Israel and His Redeemer Jehovah of Hosts, I am the first, and I am the last, and beside Me there is no God.”* And again : “But now, thus saith Jehovah that created thee, O Jacob, and He that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not, for I have redeemed thee. Before Me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after Me. I, even I, am Jehovah, and beside Me there is no Savior.”+ Here it is affirmed, in the strongest language, that there is but one God, and moreover, that this one God, who was the Creator of man, was also his Redeemer, Savior. No allusion is made here to any God the Son ; in fact, it is declared that no such being had existed, or should exist : “ Before Me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after Me." Now, a son must be after the father, and consequently, if there were such a being as God the Son, he would be a “ God formed” after God the Father, which it is here affirmed was not and should not be. We hear nothing in the Scriptures of any Son of God, till we come to the age of the New Testament. The Gospels describe Jehovah's incarnation or assumption of the humanity, and therefore speak of the “Son of God,” because that humanity, so assumed, being derived from

* Isaiah xliv. 6. + Isaiah xliü. 1, 10, 11.

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