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63 the Power and coming with the clouds of the sky.So the high priest rent 64 his vestments, saying, “What further witnesses do we need ? You heard

the blasphemy; what is your opinion?” And they all condemned him to 65 the doom of death. And soine started to spit on him, also to blindfold

him and buffet him, and then say to him, "Prophesy !” Even the officers 66 received him with blows.

And while Peter was down below in 67 the courtyard, one of the maidservants of the high priest comes ; and on

seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and says, “Thou also 68 wast with the man of Nazaret, Jesus.” But he denied it, saying, “I

know not—I do not understand what thou meanest.” Then he went out 69 into the fore-court. And seeing him the maidservant began once more to 70 say to the bystanders, “This man is one of them." But he again per

sisted in denying it. Then after a little while the bystanders again said

to Peter, “ To be sure, thou art one of them. Why, thou art a Galilaean !” 71 But he began to curse and swear, “I know not this man whom you 72 mean." And immediately the cock crowed for the second time. Then

Peter recollected the word that Jesus had spoken to him, “Before the cock crows twice, three times thou shalt deny me.” And as he thought of it

he wept. 151 And in the morning the high priests along with the elders and scribes

and the whole Sanhedrin immediately held a consultation, bound Jesus, 2 carried him away, and delivered him up to Pilate. And Pilate ques

tioned him, “ Art thou the king of the Jews ?" And in reply to him he 3 says, “Certainly.” Then the high priests brought many accusations 4 against him. And again Pilate questioned him,2 « Hast thou no reply ? 5 Look at what grave accusations they bring against thee!” But to Pilate's 6 wonder, Jesus made no further reply. Now at festival time he used to 7 release for them one prisoner, whom they begged from him. And there

was a man called Bar-Abbas imprisoned along with the rioters, men who & had committed murder in the riot. So the multitude went up and began 9 to ask him for his customary boon. Pilate answered them, “ Do you 10 wish me to release for you the king of the Jews ?(for he saw it was 11 for envy that the high priests had delivered him up). But the high

priests stirred up the crowd to make him release Bar-Abbas for them 12 instead. And in reply Pilate again said to them, " Then 3 what am I to 13 do with him whom you call the king of the Jews'?And again they 14 shouted, “Crucify him." Said Pilate to them, “Why, what evil has he 15 done?But they shouted vehemently, “ Crucify him.” So, as Pilate

wanted to satisfy the crowd, he released for them Bar-Abbas; and after

scourging Jesus he delivered him up to be crucified. 16 Now the soldiers led him away inside the palace (that is, the 17 praetorium). Then calling the whole cohort together, they clothe him in 18 purple, and after plaiting a wreath of thorns they put it on him ; and 19 they began to salute him, “Hail, king of the Jews !" And they smote

his head with a reed, and they spat on him, and they did homage 20 to him on bended knee. Then after their mockery of him, they

stripped off the purple and put his own garments upon him. And 21 they lead him out to crucify him, and force a passer-by to carry his cross,

namely Simon a Cyrenian who was on his way from the country (the 22 father of Alexander and Rufus). So they bring him to the place 23 Golgotha (which when translated means, “The place of a skull"). Then 24 they offered him wine flavoured with myrrh, but he would not take it. And they crucify him, and distribute his garments amony them by casting

i Omitting nai ánézTap épárnger. 2 Omitting [faéyar]]. 3 Omitting [[dézets]].

25 lots over them for each man's share. (It was the third hour, when they 26 crucified him.) And the title of his crime was inscribed, THE KING 27 OF THE JEWS. Also they crucify along with him two robbers, one on 29 his right hand and one on his left. And the passers-by heaped abuse

on him, wagging their heads and saying, “Ha! thou who wouldst break 30 down the sanctuary and build it in three days, save thyself and come 31 down from the cross ! ” Similarly, the high priests also mocked him

among themselves with the scribes, saying, “ Others he saved, himself 32 he cannot save! Let the Christ,''the king of Israel,' come down now

from the cross, that we may see and believe !” Those also who were

crucified with him kept denouncing him. 33 And when the sixth hour came, a darkness covered the whole land till 34 the ninth hour. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice,

Elói, elối, lama sabachthanei ? " (which when translated means, " My God, 35 my God, why hast thou forsaken me?") And on hearing it some of the 36 bystanders said, “Look, he is calling Elijah !” Then one man ran,

filled a sponge full of vinegar, put it on a reed, and offered him it

to drink, saying, “Hold ! let us see if Elijah does come to take him 37, 38 down." But Jesus uttered a loud cry and expired. And the veil of the 39 sanctuary was torn in two, from top to bottom. Now when the centurion,

who had been standing by opposite him, saw that he thus expired, he said, 40 “This man was certainly a son of God.” Now there were also women

looking on from a distance. Among them were Mary of Magdala, Mary 41 the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and also Salomê (women

who used to follow him when he was in Galilee and minister to him),

as well as many other women who had come up with him to Jerusalem. 42 And now that it was evening, since it was the Preparation (that is, 43 the day before the sabbath), Joseph of Arimathaea—a councillor of good

position, who was also waiting himself for the reign of God—took courage 44 and went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Pilate was

astonished that he was dead already, and summoning the centurion 45 he inquired of him if he had been dead for any time. And on ascer46 taining it from the centurion, he granted the corpse to Joseph. And he

brought a linen cloth, took him down, wrapt him in the linen cloth,

and laid him in a tomb which had been hewn out of a rock. Then he 47 rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb. (Now Mary of Magdala

and Mary the mother of Joses were looking to see where he was laid.) 161 And when the sabbath had elapsed, Mary of Magdala and Mary the 2 mother of James and Salomê bought spices, to go and anoint him.

And very early on the first day of the week, they go to the tomb when 3 the sun was up. And they were saying to themselves, “Who will roll 4 away the stone for us from the entrance to the tomb ?” But on looking

up they observe that the stone had been rolled back (rolled, for it was 5 very large). And when they entered the tomb they saw a young man 6 sitting on the right, clothed in a white robe; and they were appalled.

But he says to them, “Be not appalled ! you are seeking Jesus the man of Nazaret, the crucified; he has risen, he is not here. Look! here is the 7 place where they laid him. But go your way, tell his disciples and

Peter, ‘He goes before you into Galilee ; you shall see him there, as he 8 told you."" Then they went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling

and amazement possessed them. And they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid. ...


The author is no Pharisaic Jewish Christian. His desire is to represent the advanced and universal form of Jewish Christianity, to guard it, to give it a firmer consciousness of its rights, and at the same time to oppose Judaism. With this point of view, his work maintains throughout a character that lies above all party-extremes. “Catholic”: that is the final impression which this writing over and again presents most unmistakably, whether we look at its teaching on the church, its idea of Peter's primacy, its Christology and Trinity (pointing already in the direction of later dogma), or lastly its ethics.

Many features that at first strike one as due to Jewish and OT thought, may quite well be explained by the requirements of the church, which was accustomed from the outset to seek its own early history in the OT. Our first gospel is properly a book upon the OT possessions and inheritance of the new religion. In fact, not merely does the whole life of Jesus appear to be determined by the prophecies of the OT—that is the general rule, more or less, throughout the synoptic representation-but, in addition to this, the materials common to the synoptists have been expanded in a variety of ways, after the style of the OT historical writings ; candidly, they have undergone alterations for the purpose of stirring OT reminiscences in still larger numbers. Whatever stands debited to the Messiah in the OT, must be discovered to his credit in the evangelic history, and OT vouchers must be adduced for all the deeds and fortunes of the Messiah that are fixed in the church's faith.-Holtzmann. 10-1358

1-411 The preparation of Jesus: his birth-homage and persecution,

baptism by John,

temptation. 412_934 The Galilean ministry: 412-25 introductory, call of first disciples, 5-7

a cycle of sayings—the “sermon on the mount.”

cat eyểwEro BTE #TAEợce KTM (728). 8-934

a cycle of incidents-chiefly (ten) miracles : in

Kapharnahum and neighbourhood. 935-38 introductory,

commission to the twelve apostles. kai yÉVETO

KTN (111).
Jesus and John-unbelief of age.

Sabbath :
conflict with Pharisees on expulsion of devils :

(demand for signs. a cycle of seven parables. kai éyéveto KT) (1353). 14-1835

murder of John-miracles of Jesus : visit and con

troversy of scribes and Pharisees. at Caesarea Philippi—the transfiguration-miracles.

a cycle of sayings. kai éyéveto KT) (191a). 191-2546 The Judaean ministry: a cycle of sayings — at Jericho: the

triumphal entry into Jerusalem. 2112_2246

purging of temple—controversy with priests, with

Herodians, Sadducees, Pharisees. 23-24

a cycle of seven Woes against scribes and Pharisees.

the apocalypse of Jesus.

the parables of the virgins and the talents—the last
judgment. kai éyéveto KT) (261a).
fat Bethany : in the upper room—the last

in the garden—the agony and the be-

trayal. 26–27 The passion of Jesus : { in the house of Kaiaphas—the trial,

Peter's denial. before Pilate—the suicide of Judas

Jesus and Bar-Abbas.

(the crucifixion, death and burial. 28 After death : appearance of angel, of Jesus, to women :

„ , Jesus to the eleven apostles : his final



1 1 THE birth-roll of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham :

2 Abraham begat Isaac, and Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob begat Judah 3 and his brothers, and Judah begat Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez 4 begat Hezron, and Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Aminadab, and 5 Aminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, and Salmon begat 6 Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz begat Obed by Ruth, and Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David the king.

And David begat Solomon by 7 Uriah's wife, and Solomon begat Rehoboam, and Rehoboam begat Abijah, 8 and Abijah begat Asa, and Asa begat Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat begat 9 Joram, and Joram begat Uzziah, and Uzziah begat Jotham, and Jotham 10 begat Ahaz, and Ahaz begat Hezekiah, and Hezekiah begat Manasseh, 11 and Manasseh begat Amon, and Amon begat Josiah, and Josiah begat

Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the transportation to Babylon. 12

And after the transportation to Babylon, Jechoniah begat 13 Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begat Zerubbabel, and Zerubbabel begat Abiud, 14 and Abiud begat Eliakim, and Eliakim begat Azor, and Āzor begat 15 Zadok, and Zadok begat Achim, and Achim begat Eliud, and Eliud 16 begat Eleazar, and Eleazar begat Matthan, and Matthan begat Jacob, and

Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary of whom Jesus, who is called

6 Christ," was born. 17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen genera

tions, and from David to the transportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the transportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations.

18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was in this way. When Mary his

mother had been betrothed to Joseph, she was found to be with child by 19 the holy Spirit before they came together. As Joseph her husband was

an upright man and yet unwilling to expose her publicly, he meant to 20 divorce her secretly. But after he had planned this, lo, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, fear not to take Mary thy wife,

For what is begotten in her is by the holy Spirit :
And she shall bear a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus,

For he shall save his people from their sins.” 22 The whole of this came to pass in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled; when he said,

Lo! the maiden shall be with child and bear a son,

And they shall call his name Immanuel 24 (which when translated means, “ God with us "). And on awakening

from sleep Joseph did as the angel of the Lord commanded him ; he 25 took his wife, and did not know her until she had borne a son, and he called his name Jesus.

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