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13 Marvel not, brothers, that the world hates you : 14 We know we have passed from death into life,

Because we love the brothers. He who loves not, remains in death : 15 Every one who hates his brother is a manslayer,

And you know that no manslayer has life eternal remaining in him. 16 Hereby we know love, because he laid down his life for us :

And we are bound to lay down our lives for the brothers. 17 But whoever has this world's resources, and observes his brother in need,

yet shuts up his compassion from him,

How is the love of God to remain in him ? 18 Little children, let us not love with word or with the tongue,

But in deed and truth. 19 Hereby 1 we shall know that we are of the truth,

And so reassure our hearts before him. 20 For, if our heart condemn us,

It is plain that God is greater than our heart, and knows all things. 21 Beloved, if our heart condemn us not,

We have confidence towards God, 22 And whatever we ask we receive from him,

Because we keep his commandments, and do what is pleasing in his

sight. 23 And his commandment is this :

That we should believe the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love

one another, even as he gave us a commandment. 24 And he who keeps his commandments remains in him, and he in him.

And hereby we know he remains in us, by the Spirit which he gave


4 1 Beloved, believe not every spirit,

But test whether the spirits are of God;

Because many false prophets have gone out into the world. 2 Know the spirit of God by this :Every spirit which confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh,

Is of God;
3 And every spirit which confesses not Jesus,

Is not of God.
Yea, this is the spirit of the antichrist which you heard was coming,

And at this moment it is already in the world.
4 You are of God, little children, and you have conquered them;

Because he who is in you is greater than he who is in the world. 5 They are of the world,

Therefore of the world they speak, and to them the world listens. 6 We are of God:

He who knows God listens to us,

He who is not of God listens not to us.
Hereby we know the spirit of truth

And the spirit of error.
7 Beloved, let us love one another :

For love is of God,

And every one who loves is born of God and knows God :

He who loves not knows not God,
For God is love.

10mitting [[x]].

9 Herein the love of God was manifested for us,

That God sent his only Son into the world, that we might live

through him. 10 Herein is love : not that we loved God but that he loved us,

And sent his Son as the propitiation for our sins. 11 Beloved, if God loved us so,

Then we are bound to love one another. 12 As for God, no one has ever beheld him. If we love one another,

God remains in us and in us his love is perfected : 13 Hereby we know that we remain in him and he in us,

Because he has given us of his Spirit. 14 And we have beheld and bear witness

That the Father sent the Son as the saviour of the world. 15 Whoever shall confess that “ Jesus is the Son of God,"

God remains in him and he in God.
16 And we know and have believed the love God has for us :

God is love,
And he who remains in love remains in God, and God remains

in him.
17 Herein love is perfected with us,

That we have confidence at the day of judgment;

For even as he is, so are we in this world. 18 In love there is no fear :

Nay, perfect love casts out fear; For fear goes with punishment,

And he who fears is not perfected in love.
19 We love, because he first loved us.
20 If anyone says, “I love God," and yet hates his brother,

He is a liar ;
For he who loves not his brother whom he has seen,

Cannot love God whom he has not seen. 21 And we have this commandment from him,

That he who loves God love his brother also.

5 1 Every one who believes that Jesus is the Christ,

Is born of God.
And every one who loves him who begat,

Loves him ? who is born of him.
2 Hereby we know that we love the children of God,

When we love God and obey his commandments; 3 For the love of God is this,

That we keep his commandments.
And his commandments are not heavy,
4. Because whatsoever is born of God conquers the world ;
Yea, this is the conquest that has conquered the world,

Even our faith.
5 Who is the conqueror of the world ?

Who but he that believes Jesus is the Son of God ? 6 This is he, Jesus Christ, who came through water and blood,

Not with the water only, but with the water and with the blood. And it is the Spirit that is witness, Because the Spirit is the truth.

i Omitting red.

7,8 For the witnesses are three, the Spirit and the water and the blood,

And the three are at one. 9 If we receive the evidence of men, the evidence of God is greater;

For the evidence of God is this, that he has borne evidence concern

ing his Son. 10 He who believes on the Son of God

Carries the evidence within himself :
He who believes not God

Has made him a liar,
Because he has not believed in the evidence which God has borne

concerning his Son. 11 And the evidence is this,

That God gave us life eternal, and this life is in his Son : 12 He who has the Son has the life,

He who has not the Son of God has not the life.

13 These things I have written to you who believe on the name of the Son of God,

That you may know you have life eternal. 14 And the confidence we have towards him is this,

That if we ask anything according to his will, he listens to us; 15 And if we know he listens to us, in whatever we ask,

We know that we have the requests we have asked from him. 16 If anyone sees his brother committing a sin which is not to death,

He shall ask and so give life to him—to those who sin not to

death. There is a sin to death ;

I do not say he is to pray about that. 17 All iniquity is sin;

Yet there is a sin not to death. 18 We know that anyone born of God sins not:

Nay, He who was born of God keeps him,

And the evil one touches him not." 19 We know that we are of God, .

And the whole world lies in the power of the evil one.
But we know that the Son of God has come,

And has given us understanding to know him who is real,

And we are in him who is real, in his Son Jesus Christ.

Here is the real God and life eternal. 21 Little children, keep yourselves clear of idols.

All points to a period which had to do, not merely with the beginnings of Gnosis, but with the doctrines of the great Gnostics. The Johannine tradition was now defending itself with all its energy against this phase of a speculation which had drawn its support from its own teaching. The second letter of John is neither more nor less than a short extract from the first; it has an external motive, and is addressed to a definite, though unknown, church. Trouble threatened the church from the Gnostic teaching which is now combated.-Weizsäcker.

1-3 Greeting

4:11 Counsel of love and warning against errorists.

12-13 Farewell.



The presbyter

to the choice Lady and her children, whom I sincerely love—and 2 not I alone, but also all who know the truth for the sake of the truth

which remains in us, and with us it shall be for ever: 3 With us shall be grace, mercy, peace, from God the Father and from

Jesus Christ the Son of the Father, in truth and love. 4 I was overjoyed to find some of thy children walking in truth, even 5 as we received commandment from the Father. And now I entreat thee,

Lady, not as though I wrote thee a new commandment--nay, it is the

commandment which we had from the beginning, that we love one an6 other. And love is this, that we walk after his commandments ; this is

the commandment, even as you have learned from the beginning, for you to 7 walk in. For many impostors have gone out into the world, men who do

not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh; there is “the impostor," 8 there “the antichrist.” Look to yourselves, that you lose not what you have worked for, but that you receive a full reward. Every one who is "advanced” and does not remain by the teaching

of the Christ,
Has not God :
He who remains by the teaching,

He has both the Father and the Son. 10 If anyone comes to you and brings not this teaching, receive him not 11 into the house nor give him any greeting ; for he who gives him greeting

has a share in his evil deeds. 12 I have many things to write to you, but I do not mean to use paper

and ink; I hope to be with you, and to speak face to face, so that our 1

joy may be complete. 13°The children of thy choice Sister salute thee.

1 Reading nuwr.

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