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TABLE II.-30–100 A.D.

The struggle between the Christian principle and Jewish tradition was bound to arise. The new seed sown in that ancient soil could not germinate without rising in it and in places breaking up the rich hard crust. In the books of the NT that have preserved to us the picture of that first and powerful germination, side by side with the principle to which the future belongs, we necessarily find old things that are on the way to death.Sabatier.

The world was then undergoing a moral improvement and an intellectual decline . . . Greece fortunately remained faithful to her genius. The prodigious splendour of Roman power had dazzled and stunned, but not annihilated it. But at this period Greece herself was passing through one of her intervals of lassitude. Genius was scarce, and original science inferior to what it had been in preceding ages, and to what it would be in the following. The space from the death of Augustus to the accession of Trajan must be classed as a period of temporary degradation for the human intellect. The ancient world had by no means uttered its last word, but the bitter trials through which it was passing took from it both voice and courage. When brighter days return, and genius shall be delivered from the terrible sway of the Caesars, she will take heart again.-Renan.

The history of the gospel contains two great transitions, both of which, however, fall within the first century: from Christ to the first generation of believers, including Paul, and from the first, Jewish Christian, generation of these believers to the Gentile Christians ; in other words, from Christ to the brotherhood of believers in Christ, and from this to the incipient catholic church. No later transitions in the church can be compared with these in importance.-Harnack.



Judaea and the East.




Aretas IV. rules Naba

taeans (9 B.C.-40 A.D.). Fall of Sejanus, 31.

Death of Stephen : Persecution of Christians in

Paul a Christian, 30 (31).
Financial crisis at

Caiaphas deposed, 36. Paul in Arabia, -34.
Rome, 33.
Caligula, 37-Jan. 24) Pilate recalled to Rome. Herod Agrippa I.,

king, 37-44.
Persecution of Jews in Alexandria, 38. Birth of Josephus, +37.
in Gaul and Bri- Apion in Rome, 39. Attempt to place Cali- Earthquakes in Ant-
tain, 39-40.

gula's statue in ioch, 37f.

Philo's embassy to Rome, 40.
Lucan in Rome, 40. Revival of Pharisaism. Paul in Syria and Asia

Minor, 34-48.
Claudius, 41-(Oct. 13)

Zealots in Judaea.
Seneca in exile, 41-49. Martyrdom of James

the son of Zebedee.
Romans in Britain, Lycia, Rom. prov. Revolt of Theudas. Judaism in Adiabenê,

C. 44.

Famine, 44 c.
London founded by Expulsion of Jews from Cumanus, procurator, Paul's first tour.
Aulus Plautius, 47. Rome, 48 (?).

Secular games (6th), 47. S. Britain, Rom. prov. | Revolts in Palestine. Council at Jerus., 49.

Agrippa II., 50-100.
Nero adopted, 50. Caractacus defeated,51.

Paul's second tour,


Felix, procurator, 52–(59). Simon Magus.
Trajan born, 52. Afranius Burrus, pref.

Praetor, 51-62.
Pallas, 52-55.
Increasing turbulence. Josephus among

Essenes, 53-56.
Nero, 54-June 9) 68.
Burrus and Seneca Parthian and Armenian

Sicarii. Paul's third tour, 52-56. in power, 65.

Birth of Tacitus, 55.

Popular tumults.
Death of Britannicus,

Paul's arrest, 56.
Corbulo in Armenia,

Suetonius in Britain,

Festus, procurator, 59.

Earthquake in Lycus 59-61.

Boadicea defeated.

Martyrdom of James Paul's voyage to Rome,
in Jerus., 62 (61).


Albinus, procurator, 61.
Tigellinus, Poppaea, in Martial reaches Rome,
power, 62 f.

c. 63.
Josephus in Rome,

Epiktetus born in 63-64.

Hierapolis (?).
Paul in Rome.

Burning of Rome, 19th July Lee | 65 | Persecution of Christians 64

Jerusalem Gessius Florus, procurator. 64-66. Temple in

completed, c. 64. Florus abandons Jeru

salem. Plague in Rome, 65. Josephus, governor of Massacres of Jews in Galilee.

Syria and Egypt.
Deaths of Lucan and Seneca) 65

Romans driven from John of Gischala.
Conspiracy of Piso.

Jerusalem, 66.
Revolt of Vindex in Nero in Greece, 66-67. Roman campaign : Vespasian in Galilee and

Judaea, 67.

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Death of Nero; Civil Famine and floods at Idumaeans massacre Zealots masters of Jeruwar, 68. Rome, 68–69.

priests in Jerusalem, salem.

69. Galba, Otho, Vitellius, 69; Vespasian, 69-79. Lull in war, June 68- Flight of Christians to

April 70.

Burning of Capitoline Apollonius of Tyana. Appearance of a false Birth of Polykarp, 69.
Temple, 69.

Nero in East, c. 69.
Stoics banished from Revolt of Civilis in Siege and sack of
Rome, 70.
Germany, c. 70.

Jerusalem by Titus, 70.
Triumph of Titus


Fall of Masada, 73. Extermination of ZeaTemple of Janus closed s

lots. Bernice at Rome, 75. Rhetoric-teachers en

End of Sanhedrin. dowed in Rome. Colosseum built, 70- Dacian revolts.

80. Epiktetus in Rome. Herculaneum and Pom- Rabbi Jochanan(d. 100). Bethar, a Jewish centre.

peii destroyed, 79. Titus, 79-(13 Sept.) 81.

Rabbinic school at

Jamnia. Agricola in Britain,

A false Nero on the 78-85.

Euphrates. Great fire in Rome, 80. Josephus resident in

Jewish settlements in Rome, 70-100.

Babylon, Parthia,

and Armenia. Domitian, 81-(18 Sept.)

Gamaliel II. (80-117). Philip and his daugh

ters in Hierapolis. Domitian's triumph in

Rising of Jews, 85-86. Gaul, 83.

Severe policy to Jews. Devotion to the “Law.” Nazarenes (Ebionites)?


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Jewish and Christian Literature.

Greek and Latin Literature.

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Cornutus (Stoic)?? Epaphroditus (gramm.).

Quintus Curtius (hist.). Heraklides (“allegoriae “Commentaries” of VesHomericae”)??


Antonius Julianus (hist.). Aretaeus (med.), c. 70. Silius Itali- “Punica,”

cus, f. + 90. Pliny, “Naturalis His

toria,” 77.

Fabius Rusticus (hist.). Demetrius (cyn.). C. Valerius Flaccus,

“Argonautica." Verginius Rufus.

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IV Esdras.

"de OratoriJoseph. “ Antiquities of Jews,” 93-94. Epiktetus, banished from Tacitus,

bus,” c. 80.

S, Ç“ Agricola, 97Rome to Nikopolis,89 A.D. 55.


“ Germania.” Pseudo-Philo,

Apocalypse of John. "de biblicis antiquitatibus." Hystaspes (Sibyll. orac.)?? Clem. Rom. 1. epist. c.97. Plutarch, 48–120.

Siculus Flaccus.

Terentius Maurus
Josephus, “Against Apion” (?).

Gospel of Hebrews (be. Isaeus (sophist).

Quintilian (born, 35 A.D.), fore 100).

Instit. Orat. 93 +.
Fourth gospel, 95-115.
Joseph. “Autobiography,” 100 (after).

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