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TABLE III.—100–190 A.D.

In the eyes of the Pagan historian, the period from the accession of Nerva, in 96 A.D., to the death of Marcus Aurelius, in 180 A.D., is memorable as a period of uniform good government, of rapidly advancing humanity, of great legislative reforms, and of a peace which was very rarely seriously broken. To the Christian historian it is still more remarkable, as one of the most critical periods in the history of his faith. The Church entered into it considerable indeed, as a sect, but not large enough to be reckoned an important power in the Empire. It emerged from it so increased in its numbers, and so extended in its ramifications, that it might fairly defy the most formidable assaults.Lecky.

After the silver age which ended nobly with Tacitus and the younger Pliny, Latin pagan literature almost ceases to exist; and the falling off in the form is not more striking than in the value and quality of the contents. All superstitions revived and flourished apace in the ever-waning light of knowledge. A shudder of religious awe ran through the Roman world, and grew more sombre and searching with the progressive gloom and calamities of the time. A spirit wholly different from the light-hearted scepticism of the Augustan age and later Republic stirred men's hearts, and the strongest minds did not escape it.-Cotter Morison.

Parallel mit dem langsamen Einströmen des griechisch - philosophischen Elements gingen auf der ganzen Linie Versuche, die man kurzweg als "akute Hellenisierung" bezeichnen kann. Sie bieten uns das grossartigste geschichtliche Schauspiel ; in jener Epoche selbst aber waren sie die furchtbarste Gefahr. Das zweite Jahrhundert ist das Jahrhundert der Religionsmischung, der Theokrasie, wie kein anderes vor ihm. In diese sollte das Christentum als ein Element neben anderen, wenn auch als das wichtigste, hineingezogen werden. Jener “Hellenismus,” der das versuchte, hatte bereits alle Mysterien, die orientalische Kultweisheit, das Sublimste und das Absurdste, an sich gezogen und es durch das wie versagende Mittel der philosophischen, d. h. der allegorischen Deutung in ein schimmerndes Gewebe versponnen. Nun stürzte er sich-man muss sich so ausdrücken-auf die christliche Verkündigung.Harnack.

TABLE III.

Roma.

Judaea and the East.

100

Agrippa II. dies, 100 Jehoshua ben ChanFirst war with Daci. Hadrian, quaestor. A.D.

anja. ans, 101-102.

Justin Martyr, born Flavia Nea

polis, 103 A.D. ?
Second war with Daci. Conquest of Nabataean | Pagan reaction at Ephesus.
ans, 105-106.
kingdom, 106.

Martyrdom of Symeon, 107. Pompeius Falco,
Elkesaites. gov. Judaea,

107f. Persecution of Christians Hemerobapt Schimeon ben Column of Trajan, 113.

in Bithynia, c. 112.

ists.

Azzaj.
Death of daughters of Philip.

Rabbi Jose.
Roman Empire at its

Ebionites.
largest extent.
War with Parthians,
£ 115.

Martyrdom of Ignatius, + 115.
Conquest of W. Par-

| thia, 116. Hadrian, 117- (10th July) 138.

Revolt of Jews in Egypt, Cyprus, Cyrene, etc. Travels of Hadrian, in Britain, 119.

Massacre of Greeks.
M. Aurelius born, 121. Rom. wall in Britain,

122.
Hadrian in Athens, 123-126; his rescript

to Minicius on the Christians, 124-125.

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130

Second tour of Hadrian, 129-134.

Hadrian re builds Jerusalem, 130 f.
Hadrian in Alexandria, 131.

Death of Rabbi Joshua,

c. 131. Arrian, governor of Cappa docia, 131-137.

Rabbi Akiba.

Apotheosis of Antin. Insurrection: Revolt and Defeat
ous, 133.

of Bar-Kokhba: 132-135. Sack of Bethar.
H.'s rescript to Servian on the Christians,
134.

Hyginus, bish. R. 136- | Aelia Capitolia founded
140.

on site of Jerusalem,
136.

Circumcision pro Severity of Romans.
hibited.

The martyrs of Lydda.
Jewish relief.

Schimeon ben Jochaj.
New Sanhedrin at Rim. Mishna, 70-170.
mon.

Rabbi Meir, at Usha.

Antoninus Pius, 138– (7th March) 161.

Lollius Urbicus' campaign in N. Britain,
139 f.

Development of civil

law.

Pius, bish. R. 140-155.
Wall of Antoninus-Forth to Clyde,

begun 142.
M. Aurelius converted to philosophy, 145.

M. Aurelius co-regent, 147-161.
Secular games, 147.
Anicetus, bish. R. 155- Martyrdom of Poly-
166.

karp, 23rd Feb. 155. Pestilence and famine

in Rome, 161-166.

Disturbances in Asia Aquila (?).

Minor : Persecution Tertullian born, c. 150.
of Christians.

Jehuda ben Ilaj.
Theodotion (7).
Clem. Alex. horn, c. 155

(in Athens ?).
Jose ben Dosithaj,

“Seder Olam " (?)
Montanus in Phrygia : Maximilla and Priscilla.

[Continued on p. 92.

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Protevangel. Ep. to Diognetus, Appeal to tradition. Apollodorus Polior. Suetonius, “Lives James (?). c. 117.

ketes.

of 12 Caesars," Didaché (pres.

Draco (gramm.). c. 120. form), c. 120.

Theon of Smyrna **Preaching of

Study of NT (arithm.). Peter," 100-130.

literature.

Phlegon (“Chro. Terent. Scaurus Gospel of Egypt

nica”).

(gramm.). ians, before 130.

Basileides (in Alex Antonius Polemon Jabolenus Priscus Ep. Judas, before andria, 120-125): (rhet.)?

(lawyer). 130. Sibyll. bk. Quadratus in Athens, inontinó.

Renaissance of v. (1-51) 125-126.

Greek literature.

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Aurel. in Asia, Egypt,

Tatian in Syria.
Greece, 175-176.
War in Pannonia, 176-

180.
Eleutherus, bish. R. 174–189.

Revolt of Cassius in
Persecution of Chris- / Syria, 175-176.

tians: Lyons and

Vienna, c. 177.
Irenaeus in Lyons. Death of Maximilla,

179.

Coptic version (?).

ha

Commodus, 180- (31st Dec.) 192.

Scillitan martyrs in N. Rabbi Jehudah
Africa, 17th July 180. Nasi.

End of Tannaim.
Martyrdom of Apollo-

nius, 180-185.
Conspiracy of Lucilla,
183.

Symmachus (?),

transl. OT, Successes in Britain, by

υπομνήματα. Ulpius Marcellus.

Origen born in Alexandria, c. 186. Birth of Caracalla, 188.

Victor, bish. R. 189-198.

Muratorian fragment on canon, + 190.

Theodotus (Monarchian)

Serapion, bish. Antioch,

in Rome.

190 f.

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