Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

PREFACE.

The present volume, extending from the 51st to the 100th number, completes the “INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,” according to the original design of the publishers, and, as they trust, to the satisfaction of the class of readers for whom the work was more especially composed.

The unforeseen and unavoidable extension of the paper on Music to two numbers, has necessarily excluded a subject from notice, which the Editors were anxious to include-some account of English Literature and Doks—but this, they would hope, is a circumstance of comparatively little moment, as the present work is filowed by one in which English Literature is treated of. in that ample manner that it deserves.

of “ CHAMBERS's CYCLOPÆDIA OF English LITERATURE," the work here alluded to, the following notice may be given from the published prospectus :

4

* In the 'INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,' the Editors aimed at presenting a body of scientific and general knowledge suitable to the wants of the middle and labouring classes. While that work may serve to instruct, there is need for another which may tend to refine. In the Literature addressed at the present time to the People, there appears, generally, a lack of something to awaken the higher powers of thought -reflection, imagination, and taste—and to nourish at the same time the finer of the moral ngs. These objects MessRS CHAMBERS believe will be in some measure accomplished by the work now announced ; in wrich will be concentrated the most exquisite productions of English intellect, from Anglo-Saxon to the present times, in the various departments headed by Chaucer, Shakspeare, Milton-by More, Bacon, Locke —by Hooker, Taylor, Barrow-by Addison, Johnson, Goldsmith-by Hume, Robertson, Gibbon-set in a biographical and critical history of the Literature itself. For the self-cducating everywhere, such a work will be as a whole English Library fused down into one cheap book. For the more fortunate youth who are undergoing a regular education, it will be that and something besides—an Introduction to the Pantheon of English Writers, serving, but in a more systematic way and less exclusive taste, the purpose so long ferred by Dr Knox's 'Elegant Extracts.'

The 'CYCLOPÆDIA OF English LITERATURE' is under the care of Mr ROBERT CHAMBERS, assisted by several gentlemen of suitable qualifications, amongst whom may be mentioned Mr Robert CARRUTHERS of Inverness. It will be embellished with Wood Engravings of the heads of the principal authors, and objects connected with their history,

The work will appear in weekly numbers, consisting of a single sheet in royal 8vo., double columns, uniform with the • INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,' and costing three halfpence; and in monthly parts at secenpence. It will consist of not more than 100 numbers, forming two miassive and handsome volumes.”

CINBURGH, October 20, 1842.

CONTENTS.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

...

...

...

4 Bacon, how to cure,

71 Bagatelle table,

61 | Baits, fish,

13 Balloons,

194 Barclay's feats, Captain,

195 Barium,

128 Barley, culture of,

48 Barometer,

202

Baths and foot warmers,

65 BEES,

571 Bee-hunts,
321-336 Belgium, spade-husbandry in,
43, 70 | Bell-metal,

44 Birds, cage,
646 Births, statistics of,

84 Billiards,

208 Bismuth,

71 Blackbirds,

76 Blacking,

559 Bleaching,

462 Bleaching and calendering,

77 Bleaching powder,

218 Bloodhound, the,

219 | Blowpipe,

122 Boat accidents,

275 Bomb-shells,

513 528 | Bone dust,

577 | Books, early,

80 Boron,

1) Bottle glass,

373 Bowls,

314 Brain, the human,

87 Bramah, or bydraulic press,

87 Braun,

76 Braxy in sheep,
86 Bricks,

954 Bridges,

388 British constitution,

34

BRITISH COSTUMES,
615 Bromine,
382

Bude light,

039 Building,

40 Bulbous roots,

401.416 Buoyancy,
673-689 Burning, escapes from,

27 Burns and scalds,

217 | Butter,

257-272 Buttermilk,

658

76 Cadmium,

364 Cage birds,

519 Calendar, adjustment of the,

611 Calendar, gardener's,

566 Calcium,

Camera lucida,

159 Camera obscura,
128 Canarics,
87 Candlemaking,
43 Candleinas,
67 Canine madness,

616 Canon, in music,

2 Canova,

618 Cantharides,
127 Capillary attraction,
576 Capons,
72 Capstan,

Carbon,

550 Carbonate of iron,

220 Cards, games with,

Page

Pare

467 Carts, farm,

328

554 Carminativce,

86

517 Carrier-pigeons,

478

48 Carrying weights,

532

535 Cathartics,

85

76 CATTLE AND Dairy Husban:

333 DRY,

433-48

46, 113 Cattle,

433

647 Cause and effect,

210

481-496 Caustics,

495

Caxton,

627

349 Centre of buoyancy,

39

78 Centre of gravity,

9

479 Centrifugal force,

11

290 Cerium,

77
551 Chalybeate waters,
78 Chapel, printers',

634

480 Cheese,

441

654

Chess,

545

95
CHEMISTRY,

05-80

754 CHEMISTRY APPLIED TO THE

77

ARTS,

81-06

503 Chemical analysis,

88

82 Chemical attraction,

65
643 Cherry, the,

395
92 Chickens,

470
329 Chimney on fire,

644

627 | Chimneys, smoky,

651

74

Chinese costumes,

569

764 | Chlorine,

73

541 Choice of a house,

646

130

Christian era,

597

40

Christmas day,

623

467 Chromium,

76

459 CHRONOLOGY,

686

Chronometers,

607

68+ Cider,

301

174 Circumcision, festival of,

609

577-592 Citric acid,

73
73 Civil government,

103
669
Civil liberty,

175
685 CLASSICAL TERMS,

089
375 Cleaning articles,

648

39 | Clepsydræ,

611

644 Clocks,

601

645 Clothing fund,

3.0

410 Clouds,

115
440 Coach accidents,

643
Coal, supply of, for London,

751

74, 666
479 Coal mines,

747
594 Cobalt,

78
Cockatoos,

480)

77 Cold cream,

036

61 Colours by refraction,
61 Colours, dyeing,

94
479 Columbium,

76
93 | Combustibles,

610 Combustion,

507 Common motion,

25

797 Composing types,

620

255 Composition of motion,

14

87 Condensing air-pump,

45
2 Condiments,
474 Conjunction, the,

196
22 Conservatories, domestic,

30
73 Constitutions, civil,
77 Copper,

Cords and pulleys,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]

541

79
4,8
613
306
679
171

Gliders, die of,
* Glass manufacture,
1, Glucion,

67 | Guats,
5. Gil, game of,
3**, Gd,

Gud-fish,
153 Good Friday,
281 | Gooseberry, the,

Gorbic architecture,
5 Gorernment, furns of,
1 Grafting,
377

Grannar,
212 Grupe-vine, the,
25 i Gravity-gravitation,

(Ten Tops,
50 Green-house plants,

| Groening lisas,

Gruuse shrating,
115 i Gulgeon-fishing,
33 Guinea-fowl,
217 Guinea-pigs,

8 Gunpowder,
327'Gurney'o bude light,
347 Guttenberg,
53 GYMNASTIC EXERCISES,

103
33
3,9
335
379

[ocr errors]

613

511
521
476
470

00

626
529-541

Field Sports,

Tire escapes,

T.

Epiphany
Try Wate,

Ephs and eras,
esper;D(PER,

Eations in algebra,
, Britin),

77 Equisaini raids,
u be, futen,

Eras,
tee-fart. 19,

45

Espaliers,
yan'acture,

704

Erlier,
te instants,

Es dology,
'n Gurces,

59 Ecid's elements.
Den

510 European costumes,
w 197 juig, bow tihany, iconsni-

Evaporation,
Cily,

348 Evaporation, artificial,
• vwu, munaganeni uf,

410 Evergreens,
ranks,

31 Esilence, nature of,

439, 449 Erviution,
of tartar,

Exptorants,
rese,

Lju-Vision,
ritet, zame of,
titre, statistics of,

32 Faculties, the mental,
Tinin, Et.,

Fahrenheit,
Inz in husbandry,

33) Falconry,
TI!ibles,

H Fallacies in lisic,
Tyllistin,

Falling bilies,
uber, the,

313 Fallowing,
urling on ice,

57 Farming, cottage,
urrunt, thie,

Farms and farming,
Dirtying leather,

703 Faustus, Dr,
746

February,

015 Feelings, the human,
trogen,

74 Terinentation,
ycles,

Fix, the,
airy manageracnt,

433 Filbert, the,
"cing,

Filtration,
UIX Cry upon ice,

643
avy's safety lurp,

Fire-grates,
1) and burs,

313 Fireworks,
eta, statistics of,

233 Fish, character of,
cimber,

623

Fish-ponds,
composition,

24 Fish-women, costume of,
mucenis,

87 Fishing tackle,
sity,

4 Tives, game of,
siccation,

83 Flies, artificial,
potismus,

172 Floating bodies,
2W,

113 | Flats and buoys,
CTIONARY OF Ciassica

Floricultural calendar,
TERMS,

C 704 FLOWER GARDEX,
'CTIONARY OF TEEN, I SCENO, Flowers, character of,

LITERATURE, AND ART, 70-74 | Flower drawing,
finition in legic,

214 Fluids and solids, friction of,
**ing,

333 Fluids, laws of,
Hasivery, Beiral,

211

Fluorine,
es of cattle,

Fluosilicic acid,
Wies, statistics of,

Fluxes,
heisen of horbes,

Fly fishing,
stillation,

68.3 T'ly-wheels,
ur tics,

Focus oi rays,
G, THE, .

Foot-ball.
ng days,

617 Foliage drawing,
mestie conservatorics,

3)

Forcing-pump,
aionge of mines,

741 FOREIGN COSTUMES,
aining,

3:0 Forests, planting,
aught of horse,

Fountains,
Malghts,

549 Fowls, keeping
1 A KING AND PERSPECTIVE,

241-236 Fox hunting,
ill husbandry,

3.3 Fractions in arithmetic,
One-bees,

463 I'ree-masons,
onning, eseu pes from,

641 Freezing,
sido flowers,

032 | French costumes,

85 French weights ani measures,
icks,

470 | Fresco painting,

635 Friction,
cing,

95 Friendly societies,

Trust -nois,
rthenware and china,

649 TRUIT GARDEN,
rthenware manufuture,

764 Fugue, in music,
rts,

71

Fulcrum,
ithy bares,

77 Fulminating powders,
ster,

C! Habit,

160
134

1.5
Hallowe'en,
517 Halos-parhelia,

127
Hums,

467
400 Hanging, remedies for,

645
83 Hare-hunting,

310
645 Hatching eggs,
6+7 llawking,
91 Hay-making,
Ilze--isi-fog.

117
l'earing-buurid,

61
02 HEATING-VENTILATION-Luht-
523 IXO,

67
544 Heat,
519 Heat-caloric,

Hegira, era of the,
6:3 llers, keeping,

471
33 Herding sheep,
304 Highland garb,

kyl
72 lives, bee,

481, 490
249 Ilmar-frost,

127
41 Hockey, game of,

543
34, 35, 36 Hogmanay,

634
73 Hollyhocks,

375
75 Honey from bees,
82 Hooks, fish,

016
624 IIORSE, THE,

417-432
31

Tiot springs,
49 Hot water apparatus,

630
544 Hours,

203
248 House on fire,

House-architecture,
561-576 Hlouse furnishing,

6-16
House keeping,
40 lluman figure drawing,
471

Hunting, fox,
5119 llunting, hare,
203 Hurling, game of,
679 11ybrid animals,

5 Hydraulics,
564 Hydraulic press,
22 Hydrogen,

73
254 Blvdrometers,

31 llydrophobia,
30 HYDROSTATICS -- II ydrauliis-
PNEUMATICS,

33 43
383-4. IIygrometer,

115
707
17 : Ice,

5
92 i Ignition,
615 ! Ignis Fatuus,
81 Impenetrability,

1
6:6 IMPROVEMENT OF WASTR

3 LANDS,
78 In-arching in gardening,

Inclined plane,
78 Indian club exercises,
105 INDOOR AACSEXNTS,
512 Induction,
64 Industrial education.
323 Inertii,
74 Infant 'schonis, .

.

337-

515-

G), 614

Fumigation of rooms,
bo,

63 Purnace, chemists,
I'CATIIN,

220-240 Furnishing houses,

301 l'usion,
mation, statistics of,

473 Fusible bases,
29, management of
LETRICITY-GALVANIS-

ILE
TRO-MAONXTION,

97-119 Galena,
ctrical conductors,

98, 103

Gilvanism,
Ytrie teraphy,

10 Game,.
trical michines,

Games with cards,
ctricity of the atin-phere,

Garden, the kitchen,

Gas, coal,
totyping,

I! G-lighting,
rero 31. jm.
11:ntal bu!1s,

Gas manufacture,

Geit,
linti cinture,

GEOMETRY,

Gran custume,
et!. CTA,

0:37

913
(63 Inf-rence,
GX Intlection,

197
470 Inks,
273 Interest on money,

3
62 Interjection, the,

210
209

05

Page
Page

Pago
Toline,
73 Mineral beds,
737 Ponds, fish,

327
Iridiumi,
79 Mineral waters,

87 Ponies,
Iri-h costumes,
8 MINING-METALS-COAL-SALT, 737-752 Popular Statistics,

289-3114
Iron,
77, 744 Mirrors, reflection from,

55 Porcelain,

706
Iron smelting,
744 MISCELLANEOUS Arts’And jiande

Pork,
Irrigation,
343

6
FACTURES,

753 768 Porosity,
Italian architecture,
677 Mist,
117 | Potashes,

6.34
Molybdenum,

70 Potassium,
January,
600 Monsoons,

1:0 Potato husbandry,

336, 31)
Julr,
617 | Months,

Pottery,
June,
617 Monumental column,
683 Poultry,

471)
Mortality tables,
994 Power,

17
Kennels, dog.
506 Mortar for building,
667 Power-looms,

757
KEY TO THE CALENDAR,
609-624 Moss, improvement of,

337 Practical machinery,
KITCHEN GARDEN,
353-368 Motion and forces,

7 Predicables,

213
Kyanising,
85 Votion in elastic bodies,

Prefixes, Latin and Greek,

2012
Mulberry, the,.

400 Preposition, the,
Laboratory of chemists,
81 Mules,
422 Preserving,

84
Lambres,
455 Murrain in cattle,
446 Preserving meat,

6.32
Lammas,

618 MISIC-ART OF SINGI

NGING, 769-640 Preservation against lightning,
Land-sirveying,
287 Mushrooms,
36 | Press, printing,

632
LANGUAGS,
177.192 Musical sounds,

63 | Pressure of mercury,
Lapland costunes,
501

Pressure of air,
Latent heat,
69 Narcotics,
86 Pressure of water,

47
Laws of motion,
11 NATURAL PHILOSOPHY,
1-10 Prevention of smoke,

672
laws of projectiles,
13 Newfoundland dog, the,

5112 PRINCIPLES OF CIVIL GOVERN-
Lixtises,

85
Nickel,
78 MENT,

161-174
Lead,
78, 746 Nitrogen,

12 PRINTING-ENGRAVING--LICHO:
Leaping,
531 Norman architecture,

GRAPHY,

623-710
Leather manufacture,
766 Notation,
257 Printing machines,

0.
Lenses,

52
50, 56 | November,

690 Prism,
Lent,

CIL
Novum organon,
220 Projectiles,

13
Lesels,
36, 37 Nuneration,

233 Pronoun, the,

7:44
Lesers,
17, 18, 19, 20 Nut of screw,

23 Pronunciation, errors in,
Life-assurance,
311

| Propensities, the bunan,

13-4
Life beats,
641 Oak, the,
402 Proposition in logic,

214
Lixbt,
49, 00 Oats, culture of,

333. Provident dispensaries,
Light and shade,
250 October,
619 Prussian government,

172
Lightning,
126 Onions, cultivation of,

301 Pulleys,

92, 23
Lightning, preserves from,
645 OPTICS-LIGHT-ACOL'STICS, 49.61 | Pumps,

47
Liming land,
342 Orchards,
301 Punctuation,

2017
Linen manufacture,
753 Orders of architecture,
675 Putrefaction,

84
Litharge,
78 Ores, dressing mineral,

743 Puzzolana,
Lithium,
70 Organised structures,
79 | Pyrotechny,

90
Lith igraphy,
610 Orreries,

601
Liquids, pressure of,
37 Osmium,
29 Quadrilles,

500
Laadstone.
110 Out-of-door recreations,
033 Qurtz,

71
Loan societies,
312 Oxides,

71 Queen bee, the,
Locomotive-engines,
73+ Oxygen,

72 Quoits,

544
Lotes, mineral,

739
Logarithms,
207 Painting,

254 Rabbits,
Logic,
200-224 Pts,

91

Race horses,
London dairies,
444 Palladium,

79 Rackets, gane of,
Loo, game of,
559 Palm Sunday,

612 Rags for paper,
Louping-ill in sheep,
460 Paper-making,

750

Rain,
Lucifer matches,
92 Par, the,

526 Ruinbow,
Luminous bedies,
49 Parrots,

490) Raspberry, tho,
Lutes, chemical,
82 Pursing,

195 Ratios of numbers,
Partridge-shooting,

511 Razors, management of,
Machinery,
27, 28 | Passion,

160
Reamur,

113
Magic-lantern,
61 Pavements,

6:38 Reping and harvesting,
Maggots for bait,
517 Pawnbroking,
316 Reasoning, .

21.
Magnesium,
77 | Peach-trees,
302 Reels, Scotch,

500)
Magnetism,
110 Pea-fowl,
476 Reflected motion,

17
Magnifying power of lenses,
57 | Pear-trees,

1990 Reflection of light,
Mainzer on teaching singing,
797 Peas, cultivation of,

334 Refraction of light,
84 Pedestrian feats,
534 Republican governments,

173
Manby, Captain,
642 Pendulum,
10 Resistance of air and water,

22
Manganese,
77 Pendulums,

603 RESOURCES OF IIUMANITY- USEFUL
Mange in dogs,
300 Perennials in gardening,

374 RECEIPTS-THE TOILET, 641030
328 Perry,
392 Rest, a state of,

7
634 Perspective, principles of,

243

Retorts,
612 Pestle and mortar,

83 Rhetoric,

232
Market gardens,
335 Petitio principii,

217 Rhodium,
Marriages, statistics of,
200 Pharmacopeia,

87 Riding,

431
687 Pheasant shooting,
512 River-banks, protecting,

314
Matter and its properties,
1 Phidius,

234
Rivers, action of,

41
Maunday Thursday,
613 Phosphorns,

75
Rock crystal,

74
May,
616 Photogenic drawing,

933
Rockets,

1
Mechanical combination and structure, 26 PHREYOLOGY,

129-100 Rot in sheep,

43
MECHANICS--MACHINERY, 17, 32 Pigeons,

477 Running,

41)
Medicinal preparations,
85 Pigs, Cioats, Poultry,
463-480 Russian government,

17
Memory,
159 Pike-fishing,
522 Rye, culture of,

333
Menstration,
266 Pine and fir, the,

402
Mercury or quicksilver,
78 | Planetariums,
601 Safety-cape,

013
Mercury, pressure of,
46 Plantations, ornamental,
405 Salalls,

32
470 Plants, propagation of,

37. Salt,
Metalliferous deposits,
739 Plate,
047 Saits,

71
Metallurgy,
741 Plate-glass,
762 Salt-mines,

731
71 Platinum,

79 Saltpetre,
METEOROLOGY-THE WEATHER, 113-128 Ploughs,

Malt,

Manures,
Maple sugar,
Much,

Mastic,

Wering sheep

Metals,

324 Salmon-fishing,

525
127 Plum, the,
303 Sand glasses,

041
Mezzotinto engraving,
639 Pneumatics,

42 Savings-banks,

Si
61 Poison, remedies for,

615 Saxon architecture,
439 | Polarity,

110 Scab in sheep,

deleons,

Mieti scope,

,
Silk,

« AnteriorContinuar »