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Of Faith.

1. The principal acts of saving Faith are, accepting, receiving, and resting upon Christ alone for justification, sanctification and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace. [Confession of Faith, chap. xiv. sect. 2.]. 2. Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it; nor as if the grace of Faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him, for his justification; but only as it is an instrument, by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousness. [Larger Catechism, question 73.]

Of Repentance.

1. Although Repentance be not to be rested in as any satisfaction for sin, or any cause of the pardon thereof, which is the act of God's free grace in




faith interiorly suitable to its nature and quality.

Of Faith.

1. The principal acts of saving Faith are, an acknowledg ment that the Lord Jesus Christ is God, a life of active virtue and usefulness, and keeping the commandments.

2. This Faith justifies and saves sinners, because such good works and active virtues (the essence of all true Faith) prepare the sinner for the reception of that Divine grace which floweth unto all men ;therefore these good and virtuous acts of the creature, are imputed to him, and are instruments by which he receiveth and applieth the Lord Jesus Christ, and salvation.

Of Repentance.

1. Repentance, (which is an acknowledgment of, and refraining from all evils because they are sins against God, and leading a new life according to

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By Law, is here meant, rule of action. When applied to moral conduct, it will carry the idea of truth, order, sincerity. When joined with material substances, with which our senses are conversant, it will intimate regularity, uniformity, orderly action.


The earth we tread upon, the air we breathe, the clothes which cover our bodies, the sun which shines over our heads, and which warms and enlightens the world, the food we eat, the heart which beats in our bosoms, the speech we use to communicate our thoughts to each other, could neither exist or subsist, without rule or law.

There is no kind of existence whatever, which could possibly come into that existence, except by means of law.

No nation can possibly cohere together without law; without law it must be a mischievous rabble.

No family can cohere without laws of order: a house filled with irregularity of conduct; with jarring differences, and with contentious passions; must, sooner or later, crumble into decay and final ruin.

That individual, whether male or female, who lives without any proper rule of conduct, will most assuredly live also without respect or esteem.

Every person amongst us, arrived to years of discretion, must, both from feeling and reflection, know, that within the human breast, there exist such turbulent passions, as if suffered to burst forth into open act, without restraint, would induce destruction upon the possessor.

On the other hand, when nations are guided by wise laws, they must be both great and happy.

When families are conducted by harmony, reciprocal affections, and tender offices, they must thrive and flourish.

When individuals regulate their conduct by sound principles of moral law, and physical propriety, they must needs be esteemed and respected.

And what is much more, they will enjoy an inward felicity and satisfaction in well doing, far superior to fortune or to honours; or to any thing else this world can bestow.

From this cursory view even of the subject, it may appear of how vast a consequence is law.

The best things amongst men, however, have been, and may again be perverted. Law has been perverted. Law, just, pure, and holy law, may again fall into unhallowed hands, which may pervert it. But woe to the perverter.


When the ALMIGHTY FIAT was expressed, and visible nature came obediently into manifest existence, law, as an inseparable concomitant, attended the creation from beginning to end.

If matter had been a chaos, previous to the impression and regulation of law, then it must needs have existed without or independent of the DEITY; for where God is, there is order, there is law; and to suppose a chaos existing without GOD, is to rob him of one of his attributes, his omnipresence; and if omnipresence be taken away, GOD himself is removed from the ideas of the soul.

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But matter, or visible nature, is a servant, and not an independent existence, and so long as it obeys the laws of order, has the care and superintendence of the GOD OF ORDER, its Master, over it.

The general laws of the visible world are not only in space and time; but they are space and time themselves.

All progressions of space are measured by time, and all periods of time are marked by the spaces or things which they passed


Heat and light are, both, of space and time: the states of light, from the dawn of morning to the darkness of night, are marked by the space passed over, together with the time they continue; -their increments, decreasings, &c.

The various instruments used in the sciences show this. The shadow on a sun-dial; the hands on a clock or watch; the rising or falling of quicksilver in a weather glass, or in a thermometer; all show the different changes of the things to which they are applied, by the spaces passed over in a certain period of time.

This visible creation is, therefore, bounded and limited by space and time; nor can possibly, by any means, exceed those limits.

The human body, as well as every other part of matter, has its commencement and increase; its bounds; its limits; and is distinctly a subject of both space and time.

Now space and time, in their very natures, exclude the idea of infinity and eternity.

If space were infinite, it could no longer be space, because infinity is unmeasurable; but space can be measured.

In like manner, time and eternity are dissimilar: for time has an end, but eternity not.

Infinity and eternity; space and time ;-are not mere names,. without implicating things. It would make human language foolishness, were this the case. But as there is time and space visible to the eye, so is there both an infinity and eternity existing beyond it.

Space and time cannot possibly create and change themselves. Their very limited and bounded existence prove demonstrably that this is the case. A self-creating power would not, could not bound itself. Limitations, when they exist, must be imposed by another. But a self-creating power is an absurdity.

This proves that some other besides space and time does exist; and it also proves that other to be more powerful, greatly supe rior to both. Limitation by law proves a law-giver.

Above time is eternity. Above space is infinity. Infinity and eternity are, therefore, the Lords and Masters of time in the hands of HIM who is both ETERNAL and INFINITE.

And forasmuch as whatever undergoes change must necessarily be a created existence; it follows that the CREATOR is without change himself; consequently that he is uncreated, and self existent; the FIRST CAUSE.

There is no denying such a first cause, so long as changing matter exists. A change is an effect; and an effect cannot be both cause and effect at the same time.


Whatever in this world has relation to infinity and eternity, is called morality.

Morality will not apply to inanimate matter. It is impossible to make a stone, a piece of wood, gold, silver, water, fire, or any other physical or material substance, moral; but they may be made subservient to moral operation.

Moral life is, therefore, the superior of material substances. The attributes of each are different. What applies to the one

will not apply to the other.

The proper subject of morality is the mind, or soul of man. The brute animals are not moral, nor can morality be predicated of them. Of consequence, virtue or vice cannot be said of them.

Virtue implies a good intention, a true mode of action, and sound action itself, all in regular sequence; arising from a freedom of will, and choice or election, by judgment.

A virtuous mind has the power to pervert, or invert his good dispositions, and his upright thoughts. He can act for God, or against him. He can benefit his neighbour or he can injure him. He can bless, or he can curse. No being but man can do so.

In this we find a definite distinction between mere animal life and human beings;-and also between matter and spirit.

A being of whom vice and virtue can be predicated, is a moral agent.

Moral life, and moral law (both are inseparable) cannot be measured by any physical rule or material body. Such rule cannot reach it..

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