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The doubting Soul more particularly assisted in its Enquiries as to the Sincerity of its Faith and Repentance.
Transient Impressions liable to be mistaken for Conversion which would be a fatal Error, Ś. 1. General Schemes for Self-Examination, Š. 2. Particular Enquiries 2 (1.) What Views there have been of Sin? §. 3. (2.) What Views there have been of Christ? §. 4. As to the Need the Soul has of Him; 5. 5. And its Willingness to receive Him, with a due Surrender of Heart to his Service, §. 6. Nothing short of this, sufficient, §. 7. The soul submitting to divine Examination, the Sincerity of its Faith and Repentance.
§. 1.IN consequence of all the serious things, which have been said in the former chapters, I hope it will be no false presumption to imagine, that some religious impressions may be made on hearts which had never felt them before ; or may be revived, where they have formerly grown cold and languid. Yet I am very sensible, and I desire that you may be so, how great danger there is in self flattery on this important head; and how necessary it is to caution men, against too hasty a conclusion that they are really converted, because they have felt some warm emotions on their minds, and have reformed the gross irregularities of their former conduct. A mistake here might be infinitely fatal : It may prove the occasion of that false peace, which shall lead a man to bless himself in his own heart, and to conclude himself secure, while all the threatenings and curses of God's law are sounding in his ears, and lie indeed directly against him”; while in the mean time he applies to himself a thousand promises in which he has no share; which may prove therefore like generous wine to a man in a high fever, or strong opiates to one in a lethargy. The stony ground received the word with joy, and a promising harvest seemed to be springing up ; yet it soon withered away+, and no reaper filled his arms with it. Now that this may not be the case with you, that all my labours and yours hitherto may not be lost, and that a vain dream of security and happiness may not plunge you deeper in misery and ruin, give me leave to lead you into a serious enquiry into your own heart ; that so you may be better able to judge of your case, and to distinguish between what is at most being only near the kingdom of heaven, and becoming indeed a member of it.
* Deut. xxix. 19. 20. + Matt. xiii. 5, 6.
§. 2. Now this depends upon the sincerity of your faith in Christ, when faith is taken in its largest extent, as explained above; that is, as comprehending repentance, and that steady purpose of new and universal obedience, of which, wherever it is real, faith will assuredly be the vital principle. Therefore to assist you in judging of your state, give me leave to ask you, or rather to intreat you to ask yourself, What views you have had, and now have, of sin, and of Christ And what your future purposes are, with regard to your conduct in the remainder of life that may lie before you? I shall not reason largely upon the several particulars I suggest under those heads, but rather refer you to your own reading and observation, to judge how agreeable they are to the word of God, the great rule by which our characters must quickly be tried, and our eternal state unalterably determined.
§. 3. Enquire seriously, in the first place, what views you have had of sin, and what sentiments you have felt in your soul with regard to it: there was a time, when it wore a flattering aspect, and made a fair inchanting appearance, so that all your heart was charmed with it, and it was the very business of your life to practise it. But you have since been undeceived. You have felt it bite like a serpent, and sting like an adder.” You have beheld it with an abhorrence, far greater than the delight which it ever gave you. So far it is well. It is thus with every true penitent, and with some, I fear, who are not of that number. Let me therefore enquire farther, whence arose this abhorrence Was it merely from a principle of self-love Was it merely because you had been wounded by it Was it merely because you had thereby brought condemnation and ruin upon your own soul ? Was there no sense of its deformity, of its baseness, of its malignity, as committed against the blessed God, considered as a glorious, a bountiful, and a merciful being Were you never pierced by the apprehension of its vile ingratitude 2 And as for those purposes which have arisen in your heart against it, let me beseech you to reflect, how they have been formed, and how they have hitherto been executed. Have they been universal Have they been resolute And yet amidst all that resolution, have they been humble When you declared war with sin, was it with every sin And is it an irreconcileable war, which you determine, by divine grace, to push on till you have entirely conquered it, or die in the attempt And are you accordingly active in your endeavours to subdue
* Prov. xxiii. 32.
and destroy it? If so, what are the fruits worthy of repentance which you bring forth ?* It does not, I hope, all flow away in floods of grief: have you ceased to do evil? Are you learning to do well.if Doth your reformation shew, that you repent of your sins; or do your renewed relapses into sin prove, that you repent even of what you call your repentance? Have vou an inward abhorrence of all sin, and an unfeigned zeal against it? And doth that produce a care to guard against the occasions of it, and temptations to it? Do you watch against the circumstances that have insnared you? And do you particularly double your guard against that sin which does most easily beset you ?% Is that laid aside, that the christian race may be run; laid aside with a firm determination, that you will return to it no more, that you will hold no more parley with it, that you will never take another step towards it?
§. Permit me also farther to enquire, what your views of Christ have been ? "What think you of him, and of your concern with him?" Have you been fnlly convinced, that there must be a correspondence settled between him and your soul? And do you see and feel, that you are not only to pay him a kind of distant homage, and transient compliment, as a very wise, benevolent, and excellent person, whose name and memory yon have a reverence for; but that, as he lives and reigns, as he is ever near you, and always observing you, so you must look to him, must approach him, must humbly transact business with him, and that business of the highest importance, on which your salvation depends?
§. 5. You have been brought to enquire, wherewith shall! coyne before the Lord, and bow myself before the most high God?§ And once perhaps you were thinking of sacrifices, which your own stores might have been sufficient to furnish out. Are you now convinced, they will not suffice; and that you must have recourse to the Lamb which God hath provided? Have you had a view of Jesus, as taking away the sin of the wot Id? \\ as made a sin offering for us, though he knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him ?^ Have you viewed him, as perfectly righteous in himself; and despairing of being justified by any righteousness of your own, have you submitted to the righteousness of God ?** Has your heart ever been brought to a deep conviction of this important truth, that if ever you are saved at all, it must be through Christ; that if ever God
* Luke iii. 8. flnai. i. 16, 17. + Heb. xii. 1. § Mic. ri. 6.
|| John i. 29. ^ 2 Cor. v. 21. ** Rom. x. 3.
extend mercy to you all, it must be for his sake; that if ever you are fixed in the temple of God above, you must stand there as an everlasting trophy of that victory which Christ has gained over the powers of hell, who would otherwise have triumphed over you ? §. 6. Our Lord says, look unto me, and be ye saved;” He says, If I be lifted up, I shall draw all men unto me.'t Have you looked to him, as the only Saviour Have you been drawn unto him, by that sacred magnet, the attracting influence of his dying love Do you know what it is to come to Christ, as a poor weary and heavy laden sinner, that you may find rest ?t Do you know what it is, in a spiritual sense, to eat the flesh and drink the blood of the Son of Man; $ that is, to look upon Christ crucified as the great support of your soul, and to feel a desire after him, earnest as the appetite of nature after its necessary food Have you known what it is cordially to surrender yourself to Christ, as a poor creature whom love has made his property Have you committed your immortal soul to him, that he may purify and save it; that he may govern it by the dictates of his word, and the influences of his spirit; that he may use it for his glory: that he may appoint it to what exercise and discipline he pleases, while it dwells here in flesh; and that he may receive it at death, and fix it among those spirits who with perpetual songs of praise surround his throne, and are his servants for ever ? Have you heartily consented to this And do you, on this account of the matter, renew your consent Do you renew it deliberately and determinately, and feel your whole soul, as it were, saying amen, while you read this 2 If this be the case, then I can with great pleasure give you (as it were) the right hand of fellowship, and salute and embrace you as a sincere disciple of the Lord Jesus Christ, as one who is delivered from the powers of darkness, and is translated into the kingdom of the Son of God. | I can then salute you in the Lord, as one to whom, as a minister of Jesus, I am commissioned and charged to speak comfortably, and to tell, you, not that I absolve you from your sins, for it is a small matter to be judged of man's judgment, but that the blessed God himself absolveth you; that you are one, to whom he hath said in his gospel, and is continually saying, your sins are forgiven you; "I therefore go in peace, and take the comfort of it.
* Isai. xlv. 22. + John xii. 32. 1 Mat. xi. 28. § John vi. 53. | Col. i. 13 *I Luke vii. 48.
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§. 7. But if you are a stranger to these experiences, and fo this temper which I have now described, the great work is yet undone ; you are an impenitent and unbelieving sinner, and the -wrath of God abideth on you*. However you may have been awakened and alarmed, whatever resolution you may have formed for amending your life, how right soever your notions may be, how pure soever your forms of worship, how ardent soever your zeal, how severe soever your mortification, how humane soever your temper, how inoffensive soever your life may be, I can speak no comfort to you. Vain are all your religious hopes, if there has not been a cordial humiliation before the presence of God for all your sins ; if there has not been this avowed war declared against every thing displeasing to God ; if there has not been this sense of your need of Christ, and of your ruin without him; if there has not been this earnest application to him; this surrender of your soul into his hands by faith; this renunciation of yourself, that you might fix on him the anchor of your hope; if there has not been this unreserved dedication of yourself to be at all times, and in all respects, the faithful servant of God through him ; and if you do not with all this acknowledge that you arc an unprofitable servant, who have no other expectations of acceptance or pardon, but only through his righteousness and blood, and through the riches of divine grace in him; I repeat it again that all your hopes aro vain, and you are building on the sand. f The house you have already raised must be thrown down to the ground, and the foundation be removed and laid anew, or you, and all your hopes, will shortly be swept away with it, and buried under it in everlasting ruin.
The Soul submitting to Divine Examination, the Sincerity of its Repentance and Faith.
"O LORD God, thou searchest all hearts, and triest the reins% of the children of men. Search me, O Lord, and know my heart; try me, and know my thoughts; and see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead in the way everlasting. § Doth not conscience, O Lord, testify in thy presence, that my repentance and faith are such as have been described, or at least that it is my earnest prayer, that they may be so ? Come therefore, O thou blessed Spirit, who art the author of all grace, and consolation, and work this temper more fully in my soul! Oh
• John iii. 36. t Mat . vii. 26. J Jer. irii. 10. § Pmi. exxxix. 23,24.