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occasionally at different places of wor- treated “ to release him from the prison ship, and particularly at the chapel in of the flesh, and receive him into the the village of Upminster, to which he everlasting arins of his mercy." "I had retired. In the year 1836, he am thankful, also,” he said, “ that I sustained the loss of his inestimable usually enjoy much peace of mind; partner, who was gathered into the not, I trust, the calm of indifference or heavenly garner as a sheaf of corn fully delusion, but derived from the righteripe and in season ; and in the year ousness and sacrifice of the Son of 1838, he suffered a great shock in the God.” When one of his kindred ofsudden demise of his youngest son, fered him a congratulation on the sethe Rev. William Clayton, the inde- renity of his mind and firmness of his fatigable chaplain to the Protestant hopes, he lifted up his voice and added, Dissenters' Grammar School at Mill “ Yes; but I am no hero on a dying Hill. These events produced a very bed. Christ is all my hope ; I am perceptible impression upon his entire nothing without him ;” and then, with frame, and from the period of their oc- tears of mingled love and humiliation, currence he frequently complained of he quoted the lines of one of his fa“a general weakness, such as he had
vourite hymnsnever felt before.” He continued, how
“ Jesus! thy blood and righteousness ever, in the enjoyment of comparatively
My beauty are, my glorious dress," &c. good health till the winter of 1842, when some dropsical symptoms became His faculties remained unbroken during apparent, and which increased till the his protracted indisposition ; his derotime of his decease. On the sacra- tional spirit was uniform ; his affection mental sabbath in February he ap- constantly breathing itself forth topeared for the last time in the pulpit, wards his surrounding children and atand a supply having failed, he deli- tendants, while he poured out brief and vered a short and pathetic discourse importunate prayers for the maintenon that text, Behold the Lamb of ance of piety among his descendants ; God, which taketh away the sin of the
for the prosperity of the pastoral charges world,” affectionately urging his hearers of his successor and his sons ; for the to betake themselves to the atonement little flock in the village of his residof Jesus, as the only foundation of their ence, and for the advancement of the hopes for eternity. While his disease kingdom of the Redeemer throughout was making slow, but certain progress, the world. The last few days of his his spirit was obviously meetening for mortal existence he spent in the rethat heaven to which he aspired. He peated expression of kind wishes for familiarized himself with the admoni- those around him, and in holy aspiratory infirmities, which, he said, were tions to his Lord and Master, whose “ the inexorable messengers to warn
coming he ardently desired, until, fully him of the approach of death ;” and satisfied with the lovingkindness of the often expressed his gratitude that they Lord in the land of the living, and in “did not subject him to acute pain, the spirit of the ancient patriarch, who nor hinder him in the employment of said, “I have waited for thy salvation, those private means of grace, through O Lord,” on the 22nd of September, which he could still hold communion 1843, at five minutes past nine in the with his Saviour and Lord." He con- morning, his spirit was released from versed much with his relatives and the body, and received up into glory. friends on the goodness and mercy of Thus passed the holy life, and thus God, which had followed him all the took place the peaceful death of the days of his life. He expatiated largely subject of this memoir. He was the on his vast obligations to that Divine last of that valuable body of labourers Saviour in whom he reposed his con- in the church of Christ who were sent fidence, and whom he frequently en- into the ministry from the college at
Trevecca, by the instrumentality of the Flee to Him who is the exclusive, the eminently pious and devoted Countess all-sufficient, the benevolent Saviour. of Huntingdon. He flourished in times Call upon him with all the strength of an extraordinary character ; and if which yet remains, “Son of David, Jife and health be spared, his sons may have mercy on me !" and who can say perhaps furnish the public with a more but that the darkness of your prospects extended account of the part which he shall pass away, and that “at eventide took in the opinions and transactions it shall be light ?” of the day in which he lived and la- In the next place, let me urge those boured. There are some few yet on who have been made partakers of this this side the grave, who can attest the salvation, to remember their obligations accuracy of the foregoing narrative, to undeserved mercy and grace.
Let and who, it is believed, can confirm them exemplify the influence of it in the justice of the estimate which the their tempers, conversation, and lives. writer has formed of its revered subject. Let them avail themselves of the opThe filial hand, however, which pens portunities which they can embrace, to these lines might surely be excused, tell others what a Saviour they have even if it should have planted a flower found. Let them confide in Him whose of too bright a colour at the foot of grace can preserve them through faith the paternal tomb. Peace be to the unto salvation, and live in the realizing ashes of the departed man of God ! anticipation of that crisis, when they “ Blessed are the dead who die in the shall join with the collective company Lord, for they rest from their labours, of the just, in the inexpiring song of and their works do follow them !” gratitude, “Worthy is the Lamb that
To conclude, with a few reflections was slain, for he has redeemed us to drawn from the preceding remarks and God by his blood." narration.
There may be some in this congreI would, in the first place, inquire if gation, who have just commenced their there are any here, who, though their travels to Zion, and who are struggling lives have been protracted to old age, with temptations and difficulties, which still remain ignorant of God and of seem as though they would arrest their the great salvation ? My fellow-sinners, progress. Let them look at the course whatever be the circumstances in which and experience of the aged pilgrim, at you are placed, you are objects of the whose history we have just glanced. deepest commiseration. Tell me not He was upheld in the early, and in that you are in the enjoyment of health, every subsequent stage of his arduous and can boast of a fine constitution ; career, and could say, when he had tell me not that you have been spared arrived at more than fourscore years, till you have reached lofty attainments "O God, thou hast taught me from in science, and acquired extensive opu- my youth, and hitherto have I declared lence ; tell me not you have won many thy works. I am a wonder unto many, honours in the cabinet, the legislature, but thou art my strong refuge.” And the field of arms, or the departments when he reached the vale of death, of the useful arts. Are you still the grace of Jesus Christ made it “to strangers to penitence for sin, to faith blossom as the rose,” and gave to it in the Saviour, to a new heart, and a "the excellency of Carmel and Shaholy life?
Then you are of all men ron.” O ye who belong to “the house the most wretched ; and if you hasten of Israel, trust in the Lord; he is your not to take refuge in the mercy of God help and your shield.” He will never and the mediation of his Son, you will leave nor forsake those who confide in go down to your grave laden with an his covenant love, and the exceedingly insupportable weight of guilt, and sink great and precious promises of his word. the faster and deeper into the abyss of Hold fast, then, your confidence even perdition. Linger not, then, a moment, to the end, till you shall have crossed
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the stream in safety, and shall be wel- graces of the Spirit, and that he can comed by the Forerunner and your raise up successors to those who retire, sainted friends, to your eternal home. who shall feed the flock, and guide
Finally. “Our Fathers, where are their footsteps to the everlasting mounthey ? and the prophets, do they live tains of the better country. Let us all for ever?” No: the tall, the wise, the live in the cultivation of those sentireverend heads, must in succession lie ments, dispositions, and habits, which low in the dust. Though some may shall evince a growing preparation for be permitted to extend their services the glory hereafter to be revealed. through very many years, yet, at length, Time hastens-Life is on the wingthe Master comes, and says,
Death approaches. Some of us who account of thy stewardship, for thou are far advanced on our journey, alshalt be no longer steward.” Olet ready see the waters, and hear the those of us who are still allowed to sound, of that swelling flood which dilabour, become more devout and di- vides the wilderness from Canaan. Soon ligent in our sacred work, and strive, we shall join those of our companions according to the working which works who are “not lost, but gone before," in us mightily, to present our hearers in those regions of bliss, whither the perfect in Christ Jesus. Let the ransomed of the Lord shall return, churches be calm and joyful in the with songs and everlasting gladness on thought that, although their pastors and their heads, and sorrow and sighing teachers are removed, Jesus ever lives, shall flee away. the depository of all the gifts and
ECCLESIASTICAL CONTROVERSIES IN SCOTLAND.
To the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine. DEAR SIR,-- In my last letter I bring all believers into closer contact promised an account of the views en- with that truth, or rather that system tertained by the ministers forming the of truths, that sanctifies as well as saves. "Evangelical Union," on the subject In using this influence, he is no reof the Holy Spirit's influence upon the specter of persons ;' and, although human mind. They are thus expressed : circumstances permit much more to “In order that all sinners may derive be done for one nation than for anpeace and purity from the knowledge other, and for one man than for anof this propitiation, the Holy Spirit" other, yet he equally desires the sal" has given a record of it, and of other vation and sanctification of all," "and truths reflecting light upon it, in the does for each, all that in the circumBible. Through means of this book, stances of the case he can. Were he and of institutions which he has ap- doing less than in the circumstances pointed in it-and through means of he could, he would not be infinitely the holy men who have been led to benevolent; and to suppose this, would throw their influence into the scale of be to contradict the great definition of the religion of Jesus—and, also, through Godhead, 'God is love.' ” means of innumerably diversified cir- This account of Divine influence is cumstances in creation and providence, objectionable, because, first, it resolves all tending to lead the sinner to the it into what used formerly to be called, knowledge of God propitiated - the somewhat quaintly, it may be, but corHoly Spirit is using all the influence rectly, “moral suasion." Divine influ. that our circumstances will admit of ence is persuasive influence,-the same to bring all sinners to believe, and to in kind with that which one man em
ploys with another when he places in- men, I fear, for instance, there are ducements before him to lead him to those who imagine that when the gosadopt a certain mode of conduct. The pel is understood and believed, it is same opinion has been held, and, in- destitute even then of power to recover deed, is still held, by otherwise ortho- the revolted heart of man to God and dox divines; but it is not the opinion holiness,—that even then some addiof evangelical men in general. I would tional power must be put into it. With not use this as an argument against it, this opinion I have no sympathy. I for I confess myself one of those who believe it to be false in philosophy, cannot be bound by authority ; but it and false in theology ; to be based in certainly does supply a reason for re- ignorance of the nature and necessary quiring very clear and satisfactory evi- operations of the mind, as well as to dence of the truth of this somewhat be contrary to experience and Scripnovel and unusual opinion, before we ture. It is by the influence of truth surrender our faith to it. It seems to that men are sanctified and made meet me both untrue and dangerous. I for heaven. I have no controversy need not, indeed, to have added the with the authors of “the Statement" latter : it is necessarily involved in the on this point ; nor, further, that this former. Every thing untrue in religion influence is moral influence. must be baneful. We may not, indeed, But the question,- the important be able to trace, in every case of error, question which these writers, in comits injurious influence upon the cha- mon with Sandeman, have thrown racter ; but the fact that it exerts such overboard, is, “How does a person influence is not to be doubted. Opinion come to understand and believe the or sentiment is the seal, and the seal gospel ?”
gospel ?" Is it merely by the peralways governs the impression.
suasive influence of the gospel? Is It has always appeared to me that there no influence, (distinct from that the opinion objected against is founded which necessarily resides in the gospel) in the want of due discrimination ; in call it mysterious, direct, or what you neglecting to distinguish between the will,- no other influence which is exmanner in which a person comes to un- erted upon the mind when the mind derstand and believe the gospel, and the opens to a perception of the meaning, manner in which the gospel operates the evidence, and the glory of the gosupon him when thus understood and be- pel? is there no influence opening lieved. In the latter case, the opera- the mind to this perception ? Without tion is, beyond all doubt, moral in its denying that moral influence, (i.e., the nature. It is the power of truth in- influence of the truth,) may be said to fluencing the thoughts, the feelings, be the influence of the Holy Spirit, I and conduct. It is of the same kind ask, whether no influence emanates with the influence which a parent from the Spirit of God but this, or inexerts upon his son by affection, by en- fluence of this kind ? Sandeman says, treaties, by expostulations and threaten- “ No." The influence of the Spirit is ings. There is no mystery at all about the influence of the sense or meaning it. Only bring a man to see that sin of the truth or the gospel ; and some is hateful, and he at once hates it-to of the members of that sect have someperceive that the character of God is what profanely said, in perfect accordlovely, and he at once loves it—to ance, however, with the preceding stateunderstand and believe the gospel, and ment, that, “when they had the Bible the gospel at once exerts upon him all in their pockets, they had the Holy the influence which it is in its own Spirit in their pockets." nature adapted to exercise. It is pos- Now, if this be true ; if all Divine sible that, on this point, there may be influence be moral influence ; if the somewhat of vague and obscure con- influence of the meaning of the truth ceptions in the case of some excellent or gospel be that influence; if the Spirit acts as that meaning, or if the given us a record of the propitiation, meaning acts; if all this be the case, and he employs various moral means then is it not manifest that this mean- and agents to bring all men to salvaing cannot act until it is perceived ? tion. This is no doubt true, (i.e., of And then the question returns upon all men who have the gospel,) and it us, “ How does this meaning come to harmonizes fully with the general aspect be perceived ?" The operation of the and design of the atonement. “It was Spirit is, by hypothesis, subsequent to the intention of God, as the moral the perception, and, therefore, cannot Governor, in giving his Son as a sacrifice give the perception. And the apostle for sin, to provide a remedy commentells us that "the natural man receiveth surate with the disease."* As the renot the things of the Spirit, neither can sult of this intention, he sends the he know them, because they are spirit- gospel to men, and the church only is ually discerned.” All truth must be to blame that it has not been sent to believed before it can operate. This all men, and uses the means which is the case with the truth of the gospel. moral government supply to induce The question again occurs, then, “ How them to receive it. But it was the does the gospel come to be believ- purpose of God, as a sovereign, to save ed ?" Mr. Sandeman, finding himself the elect by it. Now, what is the perplexed with this question, repre- fruit of this special purpose ? On the sents the discovery of the meaning of views of the authors of “the Statethe gospel as being accidental, like the ment," there is no fruit at all. The discovery, in his memorable language, general purpose is followed by its ap" of the polarity of the needle, or the propriate results, but the special purvirtue of the Jesuit's bark.” I beg to pose not so. “ The public rectoral derefer, for additional illustration on this sign of God in the atonement,” to adopt subject, to “ Lectures on Sovereignty,” Dr. Wardlaw's well- chosen phrase. &c., second edition, pp. 360-5.
ology, is followed by the general proSecondly. The opinion is objection- clamation of mercy, and by all the able, because it is incompatible with apparatus and influence of moral gojust and scriptural views of the atone- vernment, to secure the general acceptment ; incompatible, indeed, with the ance of this mercy. But “the secret views of its nature which are enter- sovereign design of God, as a benetained by the authors of “the State- factor," is followed by no specific act ment" themselves. While they main- at all; for all the Divine influence tain that Christ made an atonement for which these writers admit, being moral, all men, they admit that he had a
is, of course, common, general influspecial intention to save the elect by ence. There is no special influence it. Now, it may be asked, “whether to accord with, and to accomplish, the it can be supposed that that special special purpose. All the influence intention remains for ever a quiescent which exists is put forth upon all men, intention, producing no results, yield- at least, to whom the gospel comes. ing no fruit?
Was there ever any This is, indeed, admitted and distinctly purpose of God that thus terminated, asserted. “God,” they say,—and the that is, in nothing? Is it not true connexion shows that they refer to the that God does what he decrees, and influence he exerts to bring sinners to decrees what he does ?' that his pur- believe the gospel,—" God is no reposes are his works in intention, and
specter of persons." “ The Holy Spirit his works his purposes in accomplish- is using all the influence that our cirment ?!" But what, according to the cumstances will admit of to bring all view of Divine influence we are now men to believe." Their views of Divine opposing, is the result of this special influence rest upon a forgetfulness, at purpose to save the elect by the atone- least they are such as would be proment? God, say its advocates, has * “ Lectures on Sovereignty," &c., p. 210.