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Haggai, 2:1-9 considered. The second, and nct a third temple.

Messiah meant by the Desire of all nations. Mal. 3:1, considered.

Messiah meant by Jehovah and Messenger. Shall come to his

temple. Daniel, 9:24-27 considered. Dr. P. Smith's transla-

tion. The occasion of this prophecy.

LETTER III.-Subject continued,

194

Seventy weeks, or 490 years. Their com

commencement.

The

events

to take place. Messiah spoken of. Proved from the title given.
From the Rabbins. From the work ascribed to him. Messiah
to be cut off. Destruction of Jerusalem. Conclusion of the ar-
gument. Tradition respecting the Millenium. Quotation from

Mr. Faber.

LETTER IV.-Evasions confuted,

202

Story about the river Sambalion. Refutation of this story. The

sceptre was not to depart for ever. That Shiloh meant a City.
That Shevet meant a Rod. Note.-German neologists. Quo-
tation from David Levi. Messiah kept concealed. The pro-
mise not conditional. No condition mentioned. Not repent-
ance. If conditional, Messiah might not come at all. The pro-
mise made to the Gentiles as well as to the Jews. Contrary to
the sentiments of the Rabbins. Contrary to the design of the
work of the Messiah. Hymn, Father of faithful Abraham.

.

LETTER I.-Introduction,

212

Predictions fulfilled in Jesus. That there has been such a person

as Jesus. Why called Jesus of Nazareth. Charge against the

Evangelist Matthew refuted.

LETTER II.- Jesus came at the time predicted,

221

The true Shiloh. Born before the tribe of Judah ceased. The

gathering of the people. Inference. Prophecy of Haggai and
Malachi. Daniel's prediction. Jesus is the Anointed. The
Prince. Quotation from Dr. Scott. Inference. ‘Attempt to

build the temple.

LETTER III.-Nativity of the Messiah,

229

The subject mysterious. Union of the two natures necessary. Dr.

Priestly's assertion refuted. Believed under the Old Testa-
ment. In our Lord's time. Acknowledged by modern Rabbins.
Proved from Scripture. His descent. The nation. The tribe.
The family. Objection answered. Testimony from the Rab-
hins that Jesus was the Son of David. Kidder's observation.
Jewish circular letter to omit in their writings every thing about
Jesus. Remarkable preservation of the genealogy of Judah.
The individual parent. No earthly father. But of a virgin.

Isa. 7: 14 fulfilled in Jesus.

245

and Luke considered. Oxlee's letter on the subject. The ge-

nealogy of Mary. Objection against the miraculous concep-

tion. The reality proved. The mystery no reasonable objec-

tion.

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LETTER V.-Circumstances connected with the birth of Christ

foretold,

256

The place of his birth. 'Divine worship from angels

. Appear-

ance of a star. Children slain. Preservation of the Messiah.

LETTER VI.-Character of the Messiah,

262

Isa. 11:2-5. Zech. 9:9. Applied to the Messiah by the Rabbins.

Fulfilled in Jesus. Bishop Newcomb.

LETTER VII.-Messiah's credentials,

268

Various. Unction. Typified and predicted. To be anointed with

the Holy Ghost. Declarations from heaven. Testimony of
John the Baptist. Messiah was to have an harbinger. This is
evident from prophecies. Testimony of the Rabbins. From
questions put by the messengers to John. John is that harbin.
ger. From the testimony of angels. Zechariah. John him-
self. The Evangelists. Jesus Christ. Exact fulfillment of the
prediction. Similarity between John and Elijah. His office. Ca-

lamities which would follow. His mode and design of baptism.

LETTER VIII.—Messiah's miracles,

278

Messiah was to perform miracles. Proved from Scripture. From

our nation. Jesus Christ wrought miracles. Not by Beelze-

bub. Not by the Shem Hamphoresh. Design of his miracles to

prove his Divinity: To prove his mission. This justifies our

belief in him as the Messiah. Comparison between the mira-

cles of Moses and Christ. Greatness. Number. Variety.

Manner. Utility. Publicity. Giving power to others to work

miracles.

LETTER IX.-Jesus the Prophet,

290

Messiah was to be a Prophet.' Proved from Scripture. From the

expectation of the people. From the Rabbins. Messiah a Pro-
phet like unto Moses. Not applicable to Jeremiah. Jesus is
that Prophet. Proved from the testimony of the Apostles.
From the striking similarity From the fulfillment of the threat-
ening. Predictions respecting the prophetical office. Predic.
tions delivered by Christ. The manner in which he executed

the office. Different periods.

LETTER X.—The Priestly office,

303

Importance. Origin. Typified and predicted. Ps. 110 consi-

dered. Its matter. Penman. Relates to the Messiah. Opin

ion of S. M. refuted. Different parts of the Priestly office. An-

tiquity of sacrifices. Quotation from Dr. Owen. From Witrius.

LETTER XI.-Origin of sacrifices,

313

Authority for sacrifices. Not a human invention. Not the effect

of the light of nature. Not as gifts. Not federal rites. But a
religious act of worship. Confession of sin. Could therefore
not be a human invention. Not rational. Would be will-wor-
ship: Extract from Dr. Magee. The sacrifice of Cain and
Abel. Heb. 11:4 considered. The Pharisee and Publican.

Distinction of clean and unclean animals. Magee.

LETTER XII.--Design of sacrifices,

322

Taught the nature of death. The death of the Messiah. To seal

the promise to Adam. Quotation from Dr. Owen. Dr. Ran-
dolph. Re-appointment of sacrifices. To make atonement

:

Proved from Scripture. From the laying on of hands. From
the opinion of our ancient Rabbins. Also from the modern.
Prayer before killing the cock. This ceremony, though a hu-
man invention, confirms the truth. Summary account of the
sentiments of the Rabbins. Sacrifices could not atone. Declared
in Scripture. Acknowledged by the Rabbins. Two-fold design.
Israel considered as sinners and sacrifices as types. Dr. Brown.
When considered in a political relation, then sacrifice did atone.
The Mosaic economy not in compliance with Heathenish cus-
toms. Sacrifices as ancient as Adam. Jews forbidden to imi-
tate the heathen. Jewish ceremonies in opposition to heathen

rites. Dr. Belsham. Woodwards. Allen.

LETTER XIII.–Vicarious sufferings and death of Messiah, 339

His sufferings vicarious. Ps. 22 considered. Isa. 52, 53 relate

to the Messiah. Proved. Recapitulation. Not applicable to

king Josiah. Nor Jeremiah. Nor to Messiah ben Joseph. Nor

to the sufferings of our nation. Dr. Montalto's tract on this
chapter confuted. His closing observation too true. This whole
prediction applied to the Messiah by the Rabbins. Hence it is

evident that his sufferings are vicarious.

LETTER XIV.--Jesus a Priest and Sacrifice,

349

Jesus answers all that was excellent in Aaron. His person. His

descent and qualifications. Taken from among men. Called

to the office. Superiority of his call. His garments. Conse-

cration. Office of the High Priest. His sacrifice had respect

to God. Its nature. He offered both body and soul. The altar

was his Divine nature.

LETTER XV.-The sacrifice of Jesus vicarious,

: 361

The design of his sacrifice. Not merely to confirm his doctrine.

But in our stead and room. If Christ' did not die in our stead,

then he is not the Messiah. The Scriptures plainly teach it.

The persons for whom Christ died. Quotation from Dr. Bogue.

LETTER XVI.-The effects of Christ's death,

369
The difficulties removed and all blessings procured. In regard to
Jehovah. To Christ. To his people. Exposition on Heb. 2:44, 15.
Sentiments of the Rabbins with respect to death. Appeal to Ben-

jamin on the subject. David Levi's criticism refuted in a note.
LETTER XVII.-Crucifixion of Christ,

382
Messiah was to suffer from the multitude. The soldiers. His

friends. Betrayed by Judas. To be forsaken by all his disci.
ples. From his own Father. Predictions relating to his death.
The peculiar death he was to die. Typified. Predicted. The

time of his death. The place.

LETTER XVIII.—Messiah's Buria!, .

392

Numbered with transgressors. Cast lot about his vesture. His

behavior under his sufferings. Intercession for transgresscrs.

Gall and vinegar. No bone broken. His side pierced. Buried

by a rich man, but his grave surrounded by wicked soldiers.

Conclusion of Vol. I. Contents of Vol. II.

PART I.

THE NECESSITY OF A MEDIATOR.

Letter I.

INTRODUCTION.

My dearly beloved Brother Benjamin,

$ 1. How greatly did my heart rejoice, when, after the lapse of so many years of separation and silence, I was favored with your affectionate letter. My feelings, on perusing it, cannot be expressed. Like my namesake, Joseph of old, I fell, in imagination, "upon my dear Benjamin's neck, and wept” tears of joy; Gen. 45:14. I thank my God, who hath preserved your life, removed your prejudices, and inclined your heart to inquire after the truth.

§ 2. You express a great desire to know "the reasons for my believing the Christian religion.” After mature deliberation, and much prayer to God, and relying on the aid of the Ruach Hakkodesh, Holy Spirit, I have resolved to comply with your request. But be assured that no other consideration but to gratify you, and the hope that it may please God to make it a blessing to your precious soul, would have led me to undertake this work. For, although I can adopt the language and sentiment of one of our brethren of the tribe of Benjamin, that " I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation, to every one that believeth, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek;" Rom. 1. 16; and though I am commanded by one of the inspired apostles of my blessed Savior, "to be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh for a reason of my hope;" and although I have studied these subjects for many years, and preached on them often yet, such is the

conviction of my imperfections in style, composition, &c. that diffidence would have led me to withhold them still from appearing in print, as I have done on former occasions, as you will perceive by the following extract from the fourth Report of the London Society for promoting Christianity amongst the Jews, page 3. • The lectures to the Jews, by Mr. Frey, which form so important and prominent a feature in the operations of the Society, have been continued at the Jews' Chapel, and of them it is not saying too much, to observe, that subjects have been so judiciously chosen, and so admirably treated by him, especially in the elucidation and application of the doctrines and discipline of the Jews, in exposing the fallacious reasoning of the Hebrew doctors, and in enforcing the grand truths of Christianity, that these discourses will long be remembered with delight and satisfaction by those who have heard them. Your Committee regret that Mr. Frey's diffidence has led him (perhaps somewhat too pertinaciously) to resist their repeated applications to prepare several of these lectures for the press.” Similar applications have been made by friends in this country, as well as in England.

§ 3. The subject on which you solicit information, is, of all others, the most interesting. It is that by which God has distinguished mankind from, and elevated them above, all other creatures in our world, endowing them with rational and moral faculties capable of religious notions and sentiments. Nor can it be supposed that God, who instructed our first parents in the useful knowledge they possessed, would neglect to communicate to them the knowledge of religion. Hence, notwithstanding the many changes and corruptions which have been introduced, with respect to the nature of religion, still, the necessity and importance of it are acknowledged by all nations.

We find no human society who have not their religious opinions and sentiments; and some of the most uncivilized and barbarous nations are often the most zealous and con

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