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We do, therefore, brethren, beseech you in the most earneft manner, to look beyond the immediate authors either of your sufferings or fears, and to acknowledge the holiness and justice of the Almighty in the present visitation. He is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all bis works.-Affliction springeth not out of the dust.He doth not aflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men ; and therefore, it becomes every perfon, family, city, and province, to humble themselves before his throne, to confess their fins, by which they have provoked his indignation, and intreat him to pour out upon all ranks a fpirit of repentance and of prayer. Fly alfo for forgivenefs to the atoning blood of the great Redeemer, the blood of sprink. ling which speaketb better things than that of Abel. Re. member and confess not only your fins in general, but those prevalent national offences which may be justly confidered as the procuring causes of public judgments; par. ticularly profaneness and contempt of God, his name, fabbaths and fanctuary ;- pride, luxury, uncleanness, and neglect of family religion and government, with the de. plorable ignorance and security which certainly ought to be imputed to this as their principal cause. All these are, among us, highly aggravated by the inestimable privileges, which we have hitherto enjoyed without interruption since the first settlement of this country. If in the present day of distress we expect that God will hear our supplications, and interpofe for our protection or deliverance, let us remember what he himself requires of us is, that our pray. ers should be attended with a lincere purpofe, and thorough endeavor after perfonal and family reformation : If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thy hand towards him; If iniquity be in thine hand, put it far away, and let no! wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles, Job xi. 13, 14.

The Synod cannot help thinking, that this is a proper time for presling all of every rank, seriously to consider the things that belong to their eternal peace. Hostilities, long feared, have now taken place --- he sword has been drawn in one province, and the whole continent, with bardly any exception, feem determined to defend their rights by force of arms. If, at the fame time, the British ministry shall continue to enforce their claims by violence, a lasting and bloody contest must be expected : Surely then it becomes thofe who have taken up arms, and profess a willingnefs to hazard their lives in the cause of liberty, to be prepared for death, which to many must be the certain, and to every one is a possible or probable event. . We have long feen with concern, the circumstances which, occafioned, and the gradual increase of this unhappy difference. As ministers of the gospel of peace, we have ardently wished that it could, and often hoped that it would have been more early accommodated. It is well known to you (otherwise it would be imprudent indeed thus publicly to profess) that we have not been instrumental in inflaming the minds of the people, or urging them to acts of violence and disorder :-Perhaps no instance can be given on so interesting a subject, in which political sentiments have been so long and fo fully kept from the pulpit, and even malice itself has not charged us with laboring from the press; but things are now come to such a state, that as we do not wish to conceal our opinions as men and citizens, so the relation we stand in to you feemed to make the present improvement of it to your spiritual benefit an indispensible duty. Suffer us then to lay hold of your present temper of mind, and to exhort, especially the young and vigorous, by assuring them, that there is no foldier fo undaunted as the pious man, no army fo formidable as those who are fuperior to the fear of death. There is nothing more awful to think of, than that those whose trade is war fhould be despisers of the name of the Lord of hosts, and that they should ex. pole themselves to the imminent danger, of being imme. diately sent from cursing and cruelty on earth, to the blafpheming rage and despairing horror of the infernal pit, Let therefore every one, who from generosity of spirit, or benevolence of heart, offers himself as a champion in his country's caufe, be perfuaded to reverence the name, and walk in the fear of the Prince of the kings of the earth, and then he may, with the most unfhaken firmness, ex: pect the issue either in victory or death,

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To the Congregations under their Care ; to be read from

the Pulpits on Thursday, June 29, 1775, being the Day of the general Fast.

VERY DEAR BRETHREN,

THE

HE Synod of New-York and Philadelphia, being

miet at a time when public affairs wear so threatning an aspect, and when (unless God in his fovereign Providence speedily prevent it) all the horrors of a civil war throughout this great continent are to be apprehend. ed, were of opinion, that they could not discharge their duty to the numerous congregations under their care, without addressing them at this important crisis. As the firm belief, and habitual recollection of the power and presence of the living God, ought at all times to possess the minds of real Christians, fo in seasons of public calamity, when the Lord is known by the judgment which he executeth, it would be an ignorance or indifference highly criminal not to look up to him with reverence, to implore his mercy by humble and fervent prayer, and, if possible, to prevent his vengeance by unfeigned repentance. Vol. III.

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We do, therefore, brethren, beseech you in the most earnest manner, to look beyond the immediate authors either of your sufferings or fears, and to acknowledge the holiness and justice of the Almighty in the present visitation. He is righteous in all his ways, and boly in all bis works.-Affliction springeth not out of the dust.--He doch not afflict willingly, nor grieve the children of men; and therefore, it becomes every person, family, city, and province, to humble themselves before his throne, to confess their fins, by which they have provoked his indignation, and intreat him to pour out upon all ranks a spirit of repentance and of prayer. Fly also for forgivenefs to the atoning blood of the great Redeemer, the blood of sprinkling which speaketh better things than that of Abel. Re. member and confess not only your fins in general, but those prevalent national offences which may be justly confidered as the procuring causes of public judgments; particularly profaneness and contempt of God, his name, fabbaths and sanctuary ;-pride, luxury, uncleanness, and neglect of family religion and government, with the de: plorable ignorance and security which certainly ought to be imputed to this as their principal cause. All these are, among us, highly aggravated by the inestimable privileges, which we have hitherto enjoyed without interruption since the first settlement of this country. If in the present day of distress we expect that God will hear our supplications, and interpofe for our protection or deliverance, let us remember what he himself requires of us is, that our pray, ers should be attended with a lincere purpofe, and thorough endeavor after perfonal and family reformation : If, thou prepare thine beart, and stretch out thy hand towards him; It iniquity be in thine band, put it far away, and let no! wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles, Job xi. 13, 14.

The Synod cannot help thinking, that this is a proper time for presling all of every rank, seriously to consider the things that belong to their eternal peace. Hoftilities, long feared, have now taken place, the sword has been drawn in one province, and the whole continent, with bardly any exception, feem determined to defend their rights by force of arnis. If, at the same time, the Britisha

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