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Of the Learned

Benjamin Whichcote, D. D.

Rector of St. Lawrence Jewry,
London.

VOLUME I.

ABERDEEN:'

Printed by J. Chalmers, for Alexander
Thomson Bookseller, and sold at his Shop in

the Breadgate.

MDCCLI,

Some Account of the

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Benjamin Whichcote.

DR. BENJAMIN WHICHCOTE was descended of an antient and good family, and was the sixth son of his father, being born in ShropjIAre, March the nth 1609. He was educated at Emanuel College, in the university, where he was chosen sellow, and was an excellent tutor and instructor of youth, and bred up many persons of quality, and others who asterwards proved useful and eminent; as many perhaps as any tutor of his time. About the age of four orfive and thirty, he was made provost of King's College, where he was a most vigilant and prudent governor, a great encourager of learning and good order; and by his careful and wise management of the estate of the college, brought it in to a very flourishing condition, and left it so. "It cannot, fays Dr. Tillotfin, be denied (nor "am I much concerned to dissemble it) that here "he possessed another man's place, who by the i"niquity of the times was wrongfully ejected; I "mean Dr. Collins-, the famous and learned divini*' ty-proseflbr ot that university; during whose lise *' (and he lived many years aster) by the sree con'* sent of the college there were two shares out of *' the common dividend allotted to the provost, one « whereof was constantly paid to Dr. Collins, as if «' he had been still provost. To this Dr. Wfnchcote

"did "did not only give his consent (without which the "thing could not have been done) but was very for"ward sot the doing of it, though hereby he did «' not only considerably lessen his own prosit, but "likewise incur no small censure and hazard aS the "times then were. And lest this had not been kind"ness enough to that worthy person, whose place "he possessed, in his last will, he left his son, Sir "'John Collins, a legacy of one hundred pounds. "And as he was not wanting either in respect or "real kindness to the rightful owner; so neither "did he stoop to do any thing unworthy, to obtain "that place, for he never took the covenant. And "not only so, but, by the particular friendship and "interest which he had in some of the chief visi"tors, he prevailed to have the greatest part of the "sellows of that college exempted from that im"position, and preserved them in their places by <e that means. And to the sellows that were ejec"ted by the visitors, he likewise freely consented, "that their full dividend for that year should be "paid them ; even aster they were ejected. Among "these was the reverend and ingenious Dr. Charles "Mason, upon whom,aster he was ejected, the col"lege did conser a good living which then sell in "their gift, with the consent of the provost, who "knowing htm to be a worthy man, was contented "to run the hazard-ofthe displeasure of those times. ." So that I hope none will be hard upon him, that "he was contented upon such terms to be in a ca"pacity to do good in bad times," Besides his care of the college, he had a very great -and good influence upon the university in general. Every Sunday in the asternoon, for almost twenty years together, -he preached in Trinity Church, where he had a great number, not only of the young scholars, but of those of greater standing and best repute for learning in

the the university, his constant and attentive auditors; and in those wild and unsettled times contributed more to the forming of the students of that university to a sober sense of religion, than any man in that age. In 1658 he wrote a copy of Latin verses upon the dEath of Oliver Cromwell. It is printed inmusarum Cantabrigienjium luctus £sf gratulatio : tile in funere Oliveri Anglia Scotia-& Hibernia protector! s ;, bac de Richardi succesjione felicijstmd ad eundem. Cambridge, 1658, in 410. Dr. fVhiebcote's verses areas follow.

Non male mutati mores & senior eetas;
Olim vexarunt animasformidinc pœnts
Mentes torserunt cmipones relligionis,
Hfyuoi Cbrtftus duch, Romanus apostata cogit-:
Flectit- amore Deus, fed papa timore coerces:
Ifstruit ille amvmm, y placido lenimine mensem,
Suaviter emollit, meroqut fasuore relaxat;
Bestruit hie corpits mtferttm, carnemqtte Jlagellis

figiti propriis quo posfit fubdere votis.
■s prohibent removes, raptusqme furore gehenna
gans ccelts, ad Tartara dira remittit»
Vis, dolus & fraudes simt instrttmenta maligni
Pastoris, fatanaque artts, quas pura rtptllit
Relligio, nee cæltstes fmit ejfe fcoelestos.
Magna sides penetrat cor, fpiritualibus armis
Aggreditur victrix, totum peragratque per orbem,
Plena fui fubnixa Deo, carnalia fpernens,
Sobrius ausculta veterum quid pagina narrat:
Fata trahunt bomines cruciat'tbus ingeniofos,
Decumbunt tremuli non feed morte tyranni,
Artefua pereant semper (justiffima lex est)
Artisices nequam, quos inclementia pulfat.
At pater hie patrice, non est tormenta minatus,
Annas usque expirat, et alta in pace quiefeit.
. Filius afeenditft'milts gratusque Britannist

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