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previous to the decisive victory. The converfion of the Jews implies their restoration to the promised land; and their restoration implies the destruction of the possessors of that land. Hence the horrible confternation with which the beast and his followers are seized, upon their conver. fion; and hence the extraordinary preparation for war, by which earth and hell are moved for their defence, Rev. xvi. 13, 14.
III. The state of the world, (represented in the prophecies), at the period the beast takes up his residence in Judea, shews the high probabi. lity of such an event, though it had not been fo clearly revealed.
The Ottoman empire was dissolved immediately before the seventh trumpet founded, about eighteen years before the destruction of Rome. The unsettled state of affairs, which naturally follows the dissolution of a great empire, affords an opportunity to adventurous spirits, to seize upon the provinces. We have a striking example of this in the rapid division of power and territory among the successors of Alexander the Great, when the unity of his empire was dissolved.
There is at present, and in all probability ihere will be, at the period specified in the prophecy, a party of the Latin church resident in judca. They are of all the other sects that in
habit Jerusalem, the most powerful. It is probable, that when they hear of the destruction of Rome, they will elect one of their own number to be head of the Latin church, weil knowing how much the head of their church was indebted all along to the blind veneration which the inhabitants of the Roman empire had for the city of his residence; knowing likewise, that Jerusalem is the only place on earth which, in respect to the veneration due to it, may vie with Rome ; being acknowledged by Christians of all parties to be the mother-church. Now, if such a head is elected, and acknowledged by the Catholic party, the prophetic description is fully vindicated, though the Pope and the Col. lege of Cardinals were exterminated in the destruction of Rome.
IV. The circumstances which accompany the conversion of the Jews, and the argumentswhich prove the place of Armageddon to be Judea, put the residence of the beast at that time in Judea, beyond a doubt. But to prevent a repetition, I shall refer the illustration of this argu. ment to the detail of these circumstances, in their proper place and order.
When the Papal sovereignty is erected in Judea, its influence shall spread rapidly and extensively in the benighted regions of Asia. We
might expect that a power, artful and ambitious, would procure numerous followers among a people for ages involved in Mahometan delufion, Pagan idolatry, or grofs superstition, under the name of Christian; accustomed to submit to the galling Turkish yoke, ignorant of the sciences, strangers to civil and religious liberty. Upon the same principles that the Pope extended his influence in Europe, in the tenth century, we may infer that he will extend it in Afia in the twenty first century.
Accordingly the Prophet Daniel lays before us the subjects of his spiritual jurisdiction. “He 6 shall enter also into the glorious land, and “ many countries shall be overthrown; But(and) 6 these shall (not) escape out of his hand, even 6 Edomand Moab, and the chief of the children w of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also “ upon the countries ; and the land of Egypt 66 shall not escape. But he shall have power + over the treasures of gold and of silver, and “ over all the precious things of Egygt: And 6 the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at « his steps,” Dan. xi. 41, 42, 43. The word translated overthrown, should be rendered ftum. ble ; a fcripture expression, which denotes rejecting the truth, through delusion. So the Prophet Isaiah says of the Jews, in our Saviour's time, “ Many shall stumble,"Isa. viii. 15. The
expresfion intimates that the countries mentioned, should not be conquered by force of arms, but should submit to the blafphemous king, by rejecting the truth, through his delufion. I am of opinion that the particle not, has been dropt out of the text ; and that it should be, “ These shall not escape out of his hand, “ even Edom and Moab, and chief of the “ children of Ammon." For the turn of the expression is the same with that in the following clause : " And Egypt shall not escape.” The design of the prophet appears to be, to represent such as submitted to him, not such as rejected him. But above all, I find in other passages the inhabitants of these countries represented as his chief supporters. “He Thall have “ power over all the treasures of Egypt.” It is not said that he had power over the Egyp. tians, but over their treasures. Just as the Pope, in the dark ages, conveyed the wealth of Chrif. tendom to the fee of Rome, without claiming a temporal sovereignty over those people whom he gulled out of their money.
" The Libyans shall be at his steps.” Here again the expressions intimate a voluntary fubmiffion. They follow him as their guide, yielding a sub. mission very different from that which the despotic sovereigns of Afia and Africa require of their subjects. We have in this passage, therefore,
an account of the subjects of his spiritual juris. diction ; and these are the inhabitants of Pa. leftine, where he refides. Those of the neighbouring countries, once poffeised by the Edo. mites, Moabites, and Ammonites, together with the Egyptians, Cushites, (either the Ethiopians or Arabians), and Libyans. It is probable, likewise, that the whole Greek church shall submit to him as thsir fpiritual head. The Greek church is equally superftitious and idolatrous with the Latin church. When superstition and idolatry are on the decline, through the influence of the gospel, these two bodies may be led by a similarity of sentiment, to unite in their adversity, though they quarrelled in their profperity. Again, the real ground of the quarrel seems to have been pride. The Greek church had four patriarchal feats within her own territories, the considered each of them equally venerable with Rome ; at any rate, her pride would not permit her to renounce the respect due to them, so far as to acknowledge Rome the chief. The dispute concerning the addition of the word filioque to the creed, was rather the oftensible, than the real reason of their separa. tion. When, therefore, the real reason is removed, by the residence of the head of the church in Jerusalem, it is likely that they will submittohis authority. Farther, thedesign which