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under der the must be lay,
But to say that the universal society of all, the wicked reigneth over the kings of the earth, is abfurd and ridiculous. Therefore to say that Babylon is the universal society of the wicked, is absurd and ridiculous. The distinction of the Jesuits here is also as frivolous as the expositions; for they say, if Babylon be Rome, then it must be underitood of Rome under the heathen em. perors: but not under the Popes. But the angel faith, The woman,' that is, the whore of Babylon, or antichrist, fitteth
upon seven mountains:' Ergo, she fitteth. at Rome, and Rome is the seat of antichrist, and consequently, Rome under the Popes is Babylon. Moreover, we may reafon thus against the Popish distinction; that which was Babylon under the heathen emperors, is the same which is here prophesied to be the chief city and feat of antichrist: but Rome was then Babylon: Ergo Rome is nuw Babylon; for Rome is that city which the angel faith should be the seat of antichrist: and this book doth Thew, that the great antichrist should reign in the same city where the heathen empe- . rors had reigned: and therefore it standeth firm, that Rome under the Popes is Babylon.
This being then granted, that Babylon here is Rome; it followeth, that Rome
thall fall: for the Holy Ghost faith, Ba• bylon is fallen;' speaking in the present tense, as the manner of the scripture is in prophesying of things to come. For what.' foever God hath deterinined to come to país, is, as it were already done, because of the certainty of it: and for this cause also the word is doubled: 'It is fallen, it is fallen.' We see then most clearly, that almost fifteen hundred years before Rome began to fall, the certain fall thereof was fore-told. This place itself is clear enough to prove my second point, which is, that Rome shall fall. But my purpose is to reduce and gather all the five chapters following to certain heads, to prove the main points which I have propounded: first then I realon thus to prove the second point, that Room shall fall; that city and kingdom which hath the seven vials of God's wrath emptied and poured down upon it, cannot fand, but must needs fall: but Rome is that city, which hath the seven vials of God's wrath poured down upon it: therefore Rome cannot fand long, but must needs fall. The preposition is manifest, and not to be denied. The affumption is proved throughout all the fixteenth chapter, and especially in the tenth and second verses; in the tenth verse thé vials of God's wrath are exprefly said to be poured down upon the throne of the beast:' and in the second verse of that chapter it is avouched, that the second vial was poured down
upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped
her image.' How then can the throne of the beast hold out? or how can they · which have received the beasts mark stand
up long? For there is a great emphasis or vehemency in the manner of speech. · For he doth not funply say, the wrath of God; but the fulness of God's wrath: he doth not say, should be a little sprinkled; but. poured down, as it were by pail-fulls upon the kingdom of the beast. How then can the kingdom of the beast stand, which hath so many great, ordinance, and so many double cannons discharged and shot off against it? Surely it must needs fall.
My second reason is this: ? The beast that was, and is not, and yet is; shall go sinto perdition:' Rev. xvii. 8. But Rome is the beast that was, and is not, and yet is: therefore Rome fhall go into perdition. The assumption is set down chap. xvii. ver. 8. For the Roman monarchy was great in the days of Julius Cæsar, Auguftus, Claudius, Tiberius; and therefore it is said, that it was. But in the reign of Nero, Oth, Galba, and Vitellius, it was greatly decayed, and therefore it is said, It is not;'
meaning, so great as it had been: and yet in forne fort it was; and therefore it is said, ! And yet is.' Now this s beast shall go
into perdition. Therefore the Roman monarchy shall be destroyed, and consequently, the papacy; for the Roman empire holdeth up the papacy, as it is written, that the woman or whore of Babylon fitteth upon the fcarlet coloured beast, which had seven heads and ten hornis,' that is, the Roman monarchy which beareth up the whore, and beareth up the papacy: but the Holy Ghost faith, this beast, that is, the Roman empire, 'shall gointo perdition.' Then it followeth, that the papacy shall follow after: for if the beast that she fitteth upon, and which beareth her, fall under her, then she must needs fall together with him. But we fee, God be thanked, that the Roman monarchy is in a manner quite fal-, len; therefore the papacy cannot stand long.
My third argument is this: The beast that was, and is not, being even the eight, and is one of the seven, shall go into de
struction,' verse 11. But Rome is the beast that was, and is not, being the eight, and one of the feven: therefore Rome shall go into destruction. The assumption is set down chap. xvii. ver. 11. For the papacy or dominion of the Popes is the seventh head of the beast in respect of their civil
power, and yet a beast by themselves, that is, an eight in respect of their ecclefiaftical power. Now the angel faith flatly; they
shall both go together into destruction, that is, both the empire and the papacy. For as the dominion of the Popes goeth down, so also their worship and religion goeth down with it: and for this cause it is exprefly set down in the nineteenth chapter, that the beast and the falfe pro
phet,' that is, the Roman empire and the papacy were both destroyed together." Since then the Holy Ghost hath spoken it twice for failing, that Rome shall go into perdition, and shall go into destruction; 'I take it to be a very found consequence, that Rome shall fall, and shall be destroyed. But how shall it fall, may fome man fay? Or wherein shall it fall? I answer, that it Thall fall in the credit and estimation of her doctrine, it shall fall in wealth and riches; it shall fall in power and authority. And in all these it fhall fall by degrees as it did rise up by degrees: it shall not fall at once, as it did not rise up at once.
This is set down in the sixteenth chapter, where the fall of Rome is compared to the drying up of the river Euphrates, which was dried up by degrees: thus it is, Euphrates was a great river which did run very near unto the old Babylon in Chaldea,