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N. B. The reader will observe that the first line page 107 is
CHAPTER I. ON Hell, As A PLACE OF FUTURE PUNISHMENT. THE MEANINGS OF SHEOL, HADES, AND GEHENNA,
CONSIDERED. As this work professes to contain a refutation of Modern and Ancient Universalism, it will be necessary briefly to state, that the Ancient Universalists were the advocates of a limited future punishment, embracing the doctrine of the final restoration to eternal happiness in heaven of all lapsed intelligencies; but the Modern Universalists, as contradistinguished from the former, believe in no fulure punishment whatever, asserting that all men are punished in this world for their sins, and, on death, are immediately received to everduring felicity. Both opinions, however, are entertained by numerous persons at the present day :-- the term “modern” is given to distinguish the luter modification of Universalism from the former, not with the intention of conveying the idea that all the Universalists of the present age are unanimous in their rejection of a future limited punishment.
For the sake of method we shall cominence with the opinions of the moderns.