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TO

MY FATHER And MY MOTHER

IN GRATITUDE AND LOVE AND REVERENCE
I DEDICATE

WHATEVER OP MY OWN WITHIN THESE PAGES MAY BE TRUE AND WISE
FOR IT IS THEIRS

Autrement ou l'accuse de ne rien dire de nouveau. Mais si les matières qu'il traite ne sont pas nouvelles, la disposition en est nouvelle. Quand on joue à la paume, c'est une même balle dont on joue l'un et l'autre ; mais l'un la place mieux.—Pascal.

CONTENTS

PAOB

Preface ......... xiii

Principal Abbreviations Employed ..... xxv

Prolegomena

The idea of the present edition ..... 3

The " historical " method: its double bearing ... 3

The NT literature to be re-arranged in the order of its growth . 4

Twofold need for this: in— . . . . .' 4 f.

(i.) general nature and requirements of historical study . 5

(ii.) special nature of NT canon ..... 5

I. Significance of interval between the dates of a narrative's subject

and of its composition ..... 6

The meaning of a "contemporary " document ... 7

Instances from OT . . . . . . 8 f.

Bearing of this upon the apostolic age and our knowledge of Jesus 9

Every narrative contains a standpoint as well as a subject—" the

contemporary equation" .... 9

Any period and its literature mutually illumiuating — reflex

influence....... 10

The question raised primarily in relation to the gospels . . 11

Origin and function of gospels—lapse of time between the life

of Jesus and their composition . . . .12

This interval inevitable — its significance for character of

gospels: advantages and drawbacks . . 13 f.

Gospels not chronicles—their selective, interpretative element 19

Coloured by contemporary tendencies .... 20

Witness indirectly to beliefs and feelings of apostolic age . 21

Their variations and idiosyncrasies . . . 22 f.

Their personal element and didactic aim . . 25 f.
Historical narratives are thus a double witness, to past and present,

e.g. the fourth gospel . . . . 31 f.

The gospels and the epistles: their rise and mutual relations • . 39

The fact of distance an axiom of research to be recognised, for— . 44

(a) sense of order and progress in age .... 45

(6) intelligibility of literature ..... 46
PAGE

Use and limitations of this method for and with the historical - -

imagination . ...... 49

The NT literature to be taken in its sequence ... 51

Resultant insight into early Christian modes of thought and life . 52

II. Canonical order of NT varying and unchronological . . 53

Its object usually practical and devotional ... 55

Apt to mislead and hinder historical research ... 56

Its inadequacy for strict investigation .... 56

Need of a fresh arrangement of the literature on a different

principle . . . . . . 56 f.

III. Explanation of present edition : its objects, limitations, possibility.

Does not imply— ...... 57

(a) organic relations necessarily between certain docu-

ments, e.g. gospels and Pauline epistles . . 57

literary dependence in relation to chronology of

documents ..... 57

the place of Paulinism in early Christian develop-
ment . . . . . 58 f.

(i) dogmatic purpose . . . .61

or orderly development— . 62

the deceptiveness and inadequacy of chronology . 62

(c) undue literary prominence of Pauline epistles— . 68

two considerations: (i.) early Christian letters . 63

and evangelic collections,

previous to 70 A. D. . 64 f.

(ii.) unrecorded life, contemporary

with Panl ... 66

Limitations of this edition ...... 66

The preliminary character of a chronological arrangement—what is

a "date"?. ...... 67

The possibility of such an attempt in the present state of NT

criticism . . . . . . 69 f.

The general legitimacy of NT criticism . . 71 f.

Historical Taules—

I. The NT in its historical and literary environment:— . 77 f.

Table I. 180 B.C.-30 A.d. . . . . 79 f.

„ II. 80 A.D.-100 A.D. . . . 83 f.

„ III. 100 A.U.-190 A.D. . . . 89 f.

,, III«. Outline of the Asinouean and llerodian dynasties 95 f.

,, III6. A historical map of early Christian literature . 98 f.

II. The NT in its order of growth and sources : — . . . 100 f.

Table IV. A genealogy of the NT literature . . 100 f.

,, V. A diagram and genealogy of early Christian

literature . . . . . 102 f.

„ VI. The sources of the NT literature . . 104 f.

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