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Use of Wisdom, and Folly of Wickedness. Bulers must be obeyed God hath made the one side by side 28 which my soul still seeketh, but with the other, to the end that man I have not found: one man among should not find out anything that a thousand have I found; but a shall be after him.

woman among all those have I not 15 All this have I seen in my days found. 29 Behold, this only have I of vanity: there is a righteous man found: that God made man upright; that perisheth in his righteousness, but they have sought out many inand there is a wicked man that pro- ventions. Longeth his life in his evil-doing: 8 Who is as the wise man and neither make thyself overwise: of a thing? A man's wisdom makwhy shouldest thou destroy thy-eth his face to shine, and the 8 hardself? 17. Be not overmuch wicked, ness of his face is changed. 2 I neither be thou foolish: why should counsel thee, Keep the king's com est thou die before thy time? 18 It mand, and that in regard of the is good that thou shouldest take oath of God. 3 Be not hạsty to go hold of this, yea, also from that out of his presence; persist not in withdraw not thy, hand: for he an evil thing: for he doeth whatsothat feareth God shall come forth ever pleaseth him. 4 For the king's from them all.

word hath power; and who may say 19 Wisdom is a strength to the unto him, What doest thou? 5 wise man more than ten rulers that Whoso keepeth the commandment are in a city. 20 1 Surely there is not shall know no evil thing; and a wise a righteous man upon earth, that man's heart discerneth time and doeth good, and sinneth not. judgment: 6 for to every purpose 21 Also 2 take not heed unto all there is a time and judgment; bewords that are spoken, lest thou cause the 10 misery of man is great hear thy servant curse thee; 22 for upon him: 7 for he knoweth not oftentimes also thine own heart that which shall be ; 11 for who can knoweth that thou thyself likewise tell him how it shall be? 8 There hast cursed others.

is no man that hath power over the 23 All this have I 3 proved in 12 spirit to retain the 12 spirit; neither wisdom: I said, I will be wise; but hath he power over the day of death; it was far from me. 24 That which and there is no discharge 13 in war: 4 is, is far off and exceeding deep; neither shall wickedness deliver him who can find it out? 25 I turned that is given to it. about, and my heart was set to know 9 All

this have I seen, and applied and to search out, and to seek wis- my heart unto every work that is dom and the reason of things, and done under the sun : 14 there is a time to know 5 that wickedness is folly, wherein one man hath power over and that foolishness is madness. another 15 to his hurt. 10 So I saw 26 And I find more bitter than the wicked buried, 16 and they came death the woman 6 whose heart is to the grave; and they that had done snares and nets and whose hands right went away from the holy place, are bands: whoso pleaseth God and were forgotten in the city: this shall escape from her ; but the sin- also is vanity: 11 Because sentence ner shall be taken by her. 27 Be- against an evil work is not executed hold, this have I found, saith the speedily, therefore the heart of the Preacher, 7 laying one thing to sons of men is 17 fully set in them to another, to find out the account;

8'Heb. strength. 9 Or, matter

10 Or, evil 11 Or, foreven when it cometh to pass, who shall 2 Heb. give not thy heart. declare it unto him? 12 Or, wind 13 Or, in battle 3 Or, tried by 4 Or, hath been

14 Or, what time one man had &c. 5 Or, the wickedness' or folly, and foolishness 15 Or, to his own hurt

16. Or, who had come and gone away from the 6 Or, who is a snare, and her heart is as nets holy place; and they were forgotten in the city 7 Or, weighing one thing after another, to where

they had so done Or, and men came and Sud out the reason

went $.c.

17 Or, emholdened

1 Or, For

which is madness

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eous me

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The Inequalities of Life. Mystery of God's Doings. Uncertainties of Life do evil. 12 Though a sinner do evil the sun, that there is one event unto a hundred times, and prolong his all: yea also, the heart of the sons days, yet surely I know that it shall of men is full of evil, and madness be well with them that fear God, is in their heart while they live, and that fear before him : 13 but it shall after that they go to the dead. 4 not be well with the wicked, neither For to him that is joined with all shall he prolong his days, which are the living there is hope; for a living as a shadow ; because he feareth not. dog is better than a dead lion. 5 before God.

For the living know that they shall 14 There is a vanity which is done die: but the dead know not anyupon the earth, that there are right thing, neither have they any more a

unto whom it happeneth reward; for the memory of thens is according to the work of the wicked ; forgotten. 6 As well their love, as again, there are wicked men to whom their hatred and their envy, is perit happeneth according to the work ished long ago; neither have they of the righteous : I said that this any more a portion for ever in anyalso is vanity. 15 Then I com- thing that is done under the sun. mended mirth, because a man hath 7 Go thy way, eat thy bread with no better thing under the sun, than joy, and drink thy wine with a to eat, and to drink, and to be joy- merry heart; for God hath already ful: 1 for that shall abide with him accepted thy works. 8 Let thy garin his labor all the days of his life ments be always, white; and let not which God hath given him under the thy head lack oil. 9.5 Live joyfully

with the wife whom thou lovest ail 16 When I applied my heart to the days of thy life of vanity, which know wisdom, and to see the 2 busi. he hath given thee under the sun, ness that is done upon the earth all thy days of vanity: for that is ( for also there is that neither day thy portion in life, and in thy labor nor night seeth sleep with his eyes), wherein thou laborest under the 17 then I beheld all the work of sun. 10 Whatsoever thy hand findGod, that man cannot find out the eth to do, do it with thy might; for work that is done under the sun: there is no work, nor device, nor because however much a man labor knowledge, nor wisdom, in Sheol, to seek it out, yet he shall not find whither thou goest. it; Fea moreover, though a wise man 11 I returned, and saw under the think to know it, yet shall he not be sun, that the race is not to the swift, 9 1

laid to my heart, even to explore yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches all this : that the righteous, and the to men of understanding, nor yet wise, and their works, are in the favor to men of skill; but time hand of God; whether it be love or and

chance happeneth to them all. hatred, man knoweth it not; all is 12 For man also knoweth not his before them.

time: as the fishes that are taken in 2 All things come alike to all: an evil net, and as the birds that are there is one event to the righteous caught in the snare, even so are and to the wicked ; to the good and the sons of men snared in an evil to the clean and to the unclean ; to time, when it falleth suddenly upon him that sacrificeth and to him that them. sacrificeth not; as is the good, so is

13 I have also seen wisdom under the sinner; and he that sweareth, the sun on this wise, and it seemed as he that feareth an oath. 3 This great unto me: 14 There was a little is an evil in all that is done under city, and few men within it; and

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10r, and that this should accompany him

4 Another reading is, For who is exempted? 2 Or, travail

With all &c., or who can choose ? With alt &c. 3 Or, how that neither hy day nor by night do 5 Or, Enjoy (Heb. See) life men see sleep with their eyes

6 Or, attaineth to do by thy strength, that do

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Excellency of Wisdom. Charity and Industry to be exercised in Hope there came a great king against it, 12 The words of a wise man's and besieged it, and built great bul- mouth are gracious; but the lips of warks against it. 15 Now there a fool will swallow up himself. 13 was found in it a poor wise man, and The beginning of the words of his he by his wisdom delivered the city; mouth is foolishness; and the end yet no man remembered that same of 11 his talk is mischievous madness. poor man.

16 Then said I, Wisdom | 14 A fool also multiplieth words: is better than strength : neverthe-lyet man knoweth not what shall be; less the poor man's wisdom is de- and that which shall be after him, spised, and his words are not heard. who can tell him? 15 The labor of 17 The words of the wise heard in fools wearieth every one of them; quiet are better than the cry of him for he knoweth not how to go to the that ruleth among fools. 18 Wis-city. dom is better than weapons of war; 16 Woe to thee, O land, when thy but one sinner destroyeth much king is a 12 child, and thy princes good.

eat in the morning! 17 Happy art Dead flies cause the oil of thou, O land, when thy king is the 10

the perfumer 1 to send forth son of nobles, and thy princes eat in an evil odor; so doth a little folly due season, for strength, and not for 2 outweigh wisdom and honor. 2 A drunkenness! 18 By slothfulness wise man's heart is at his right the 14 roof sinketh in; and through hand; but a fool's heart at his left. idleness of the hands the house 3 Yea also, when the fool walketh leaketh. 19 A feast is made for by the way, his 3 understanding laughter, and wine maketh glad the faileth him, and he saith 4 to every life; and money answereth all one that he is a fool. 4 If the spirit things. 20 Revile not the king, no, of the ruler rise up against thee, not in thy thought; and revile not leave not thy place ; for 5 gentleness the rich in thy bed-chamber: for a allayeth great offences.

bird of the heavens shall carry the 5 There is an evil which I have voice, and that which hath wings seen under the sun, as it were an shall tell the matter. error which proceedeth from the 11

15 Cast thy bread 16

waters; for thou shalt find nity, and the rich sit in a low place. it after many days. 2 17 Give a por7 I have seen servants upon horses, tion to seven, yea, even unto eight; and princes walking like servants for thou knowest not what evil shall upon the earth.

be upon the earth. 3 If the clouds 8 He that diggeth a pit shall fall be full of rain, they empty theminto it; and whoso breaketh through selves upon the earth; and if a tree a wall, a serpent shall bite him. 9 fall 18 toward the south, or 18 toward Whoso 7 heweth out stones shall be the north, in the place where the hurt therewith ; and he that cleaveth tree falleth, there shall it be. 4 He wood is endangered thereby. 10 If that observeth the wind shall not the iron be blunt, and one do not sow; and he that regardeth the whet the edge, then must he put to clouds shall not reap. 5 As thou more strength : but wisdom is prof knowest not what is the way of the itable to direct. 11 8 If the serpent 19 wind, nor how the bones do grow bite ' before it is charmed, then is in the womb of her that is with there no advantage in 10 the charmer. child; even so thou knowest not the 1 Or, to stink and putrefy

work of God who doeth all. 6 In 2 Or, him that is valued for wisdom

the morning sow thy seed, and in

4 Or, of 5 Or, calmness leaveth great sins indone

11 Heb. his mouth.

12 Or, servant 6 Heb. heights.

13 Or, a free man 8 Or, Surely the serpent will bite where there 14 Or, rafters sink

15 Or, Send forth is no enchantment; and the slanderer is no better 16 Heb. upon the face of the waters. 9 Heb. without enchantment.

17 Or, Divide a portion into seven, yea, even 70 IIeb, the master of the tongue.

into eight
18 Or, in

19 Or, spirit

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3 Heb. heart.

7 Or, moveth stones

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Exhortation to remember God in Youth the evening withhold not thy hand; the way; and the almond-tree shall lipso

for thou knowest not which shall blossom, and the grasshopper shall prosper, whether this or that, or be a burden, and desire shall 'fail; whether they both shall be alike because man goeth to his everlasting good. 7 Truly the light is sweet, home, and the mourners go about and a pleasant thing it is for the the streets : 6 before the silver cord eyes to behold the sun. 8 1 Yea, if is 'loosed, or the golden bowl is a man live many years, let him re- broken, or the pitcher is broken at joice in them all ; 2 but let him re- the fountain, or the wheel broken member the days of darkness, for at the cistern, 7 and the dust rethey shall be many. All that com- turneth to the earth as it was, and eth is vanity.

the spirit returneth unto God who 9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy gave it. 8 Vanity, of vanities, saith youth, and let thy heart cheer thee the Preacher; all is vanity. in the days of thy youth, and walk 9 And further, because the in the ways of thy heart, and in the Preacher was wise, he still taught sight of thine eyes; but know thou, the people knowledge; yea, he that for all these things God wilí 10 pondered, and sought out, and set bring thee into judgment. 10 There- in order many proverbs. 10 The fore remove 'sorrow from thy heart, Preacher sought to find out 11 acand put away evil from thy flesh; | ceptable words, and that which was for youth and the dawn of life are written uprightly, even words of 12 yanity. 1. Remember also truth.

11 The words of the wise are as thy youth, before the evil days goads; and, as nails well fastened come, and the years draw nigh, are the words of the 12 masters of when thou shalt say, I have no assemblies, which are given from pleasure in them ; 2 before the sun, one shepherd. 12 13 And furtherand the light, and the moon, and more, my son, be admonished : of the stars, are darkened, and the making many books there is no clouds return after the rain; 3 in end; and much study is a weariness the day when the keepers of the of the flesh. house shall tremble, and the strong

13 14 This is the end of the matter men shall bow themselves, and the all hath been heard : Fear God, and

grinders cease because they are keep his commandments; for 15 this few, and those that look out of the is the whole duty of man. 14 For windows shall be darkened, 4 and God will bring every work into the doors shall be shut in the street; judgment, 16 with every hidden when the sound of the grinding is thing, whether it be good, low, and one shall rise up at the whether it be evil. voice of a bird, and all the daughters

6 Or, shall drag itself along of music shall be brought low; 5 7 Or, the caperberry

8 Or, burst yea, they shall be afraid 5 of that 9 Or, snapped asunder

11 Heb. words of delight. which is high, and terrors shall be in

13 Or, And as for more than these, my son, be 2 Or, and remember 3 Or, veration Or, provocation

14 Or, Let us hear the conclusion of the whole 4 Or, grinding women

15 Or, this is the duty of all men * Or, of danger froin on high

16 Or, concerning

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10 Or, gave ear

12 Or, collector's of sentences

1 Or, For





The Bride speaks with the Daughters of Jerusalem The Song of songs, which is 8 If thou know not, O thou fairest Solomon's.

among women,

Go thy way forth by the foot2 Let him kiss me with the kisses steps of the flock, of his mouth;

And feed thy kids beside the For thy love is better than wine. shepherds' tents. 3 Thine oils have a goodly fragrance ;

9 I have compared thee, O*my love, Thy name is as oil poured forth; 5 To a steed in Pharaoh's chariots. Therefore do the 1 virgins love 10 Thy cheeks are comely with plaits thee.

of hair, 4 Draw me; we will run after thee; Thy neck with strings of jewels. The king hath brought me into 11 We will make thee plaits of gold his chambers ;

With studs of silver. We will be glad and rejoice in thee;

12 While the king sat at his table, We will make mention of thy My spikenard sent forth its fralove more than of wine:

grance. 2 Rightly do they love thee. 13 My beloved is unto me as a 6 bun.

dle of myrrh, 5 I am black, but comely,

That lieth betwixt my breasts. O ye daughters of Jerusalem, 14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster As the tents of Kedar,

of 7 henna-flowers As the curtains of Solomon.

In the vineyards of En-gedi. 6 Look not upon me, because I am swarthy,

15 Behold, thou art fair, my love; Because the sun hath 3 scorched Behold, thou art fair;

8 Thine eyes are as doves. My mother's sons were incensed against me;

16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, They made me keeper of the yea, pleasant: vineyards;

Also our couch is green. But mine own vineyard have I | 17 The beams of our 9 house are not kept.

i0 cedars, 7 Tell me, I thou whom my soul And our rafters are loveth,

I am a

12 2

rose of 13 Sharon, Where thou feedest thy flock,

A lily of the valleys. Where thou makest it to rest at noon:

2 As a lily among thorns,
For why should I be as one that
is veiled

4 Or, my friend (and so throughout)
5 Or To the steeds Or, To my steed

6 Or, bag Beside the flocks of thy com 7 Heb.copher.

8'Or, Thou hast dores' eyes panions?

9 Or, houses 10 Or, of cedar ... of fir

11 Or, cypresses 1 Or, maidens

2 Or, in uprightness 12 Heb. habazzeleth, the autumn crocus. 3 Or, looked upon

13 Or, the plain


il firs.

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