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Punishment for Israel's Infidelity threatened 1 palaces; and Judah hath multi: unto the 8 shameful thing, and beplied fortified cities; but I will send came abominable like that which a fire upon his cities, and it shall de- they loved. 11 As for Ephraim, vour the 2 castles thereof.

their glory shall fly away like a 9 Rejoice not, o Israel, for joy: bird: there, shall be no birth, and

like the peoples ; 4 for thou hast none with child, and no conception. played the harlot, departing from 12 Though they bring up their chilthy God; thou hast loved hire upon dren, yet will I bereave them, so every grain-floor. The threshing that not a man shall be left; yea, foor and the winepress shall not woe also to them when I depart feed them, and the new wine shall from them! 13 Ephraim, 'like as fail her. 3 They shall not dwell in I have seen Tyre, is planted in a Jehovah's land ; but Ephraim shall pleasant place: but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat bring out his children to the slayer. unclean food in Assyria. 4. They 14 Give them, O Jehovah -- what shall not pour out wine-offerings to wilt thou give? give them a misJehovah, 5 neither shall" they be carrying womb and dry, breasts. pleasing unto him: their sacrifices 15 All their wickedness is in Gilshall be unto them as the bread of gal; for there I hated them: bemourners; all that eat thereof shall cause of the wickedness of their be polluted; for their bread shall be doings I will drive them out of my for their appetite; it shall not come house; I will love them no more; into the house of Jehovah. 5 What all their princes are revolters. will ye do in the day of solemn 16 Ephraim is smitten, their root assembly, and in the day of the is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: feast of Jehovah? 6 For, lo, they yea, though they bring forth, yet are gone away from destruction ; will I slay the beloved fruit of their yet Egypt shall gather them up, womb. 17 My God will cast them Memphis shall bury them; their away, because they did not hearken pleasant things of silver, nettles unto him; and they shall be wanshall possess them; thorns shall be derers among the nations. in their tents. 7 The days of visita: 10 that putteth forth his fruit:

Israel is a luxuriant vine, tion are come, the days of recompense are come; Israel shall know according to the abundance of his it: the prophet is a fool, the man fruit he hath multiplied his altars ; that hath the spirit is mad, for the according to the 10 goodness of their abundance of thine iniquity, and land they have made goodly 11 pilbecause the enmity is great. 8lars. 2 12 Their heart is 13 divided; Ephraim was a watchman with now shall they be found guilty: my God: as for the prophet, a he will smite their altars, he will fowler's snare is in all his ways, and destroy their 11 pillars. 3 Surely enmity in the house of his God. now shall they say, We have no 9 They have deeply corrupted king; for we fear not Jehovah; and themselves, in the days of the king, what can he do for us? Gibeah: he will remember their 4 They speak vain words, 14 iniquity, he will visit their sins. ing falsely in making covenants:

10 I found Israel like grapes in therefore judgment 15 springeth up the wilderness; I saw your fathers as 16 hemlock in the furrows of the as the first-ripe in the fig-tree at its field. 5 The inhabitants of Samaria first season: but they came to Baalpeor, and 7 consecrated themselves 8 Heb. shame.

Or, as I have seen, is like Tyre, that is planted 1 Or, temples

2 Or, palaces $c. 10 Or, prosperity 3 Or, unto eruitation

12 Or, He hath divided their heart 5 Or, neither shall their sacrifices be pleasing 13 Or, smooth unto him : their bread shall be conto them &c. 14 Or, they swear falsely, they make covenants 6 Or, watcheth against

15 Or, shall spring ur. 7 Or, separated







4 Or, that

16 Heb. rosh. See Dt. 29. 18.

from thereoft becaushati indeparted 11 thehen osee him, and chile

on us.

Israel's Sin reaps Retribution. Jehovah yearns over his Wayward People shall be in terror for the calves of her children. 15 13 So shall Beth-el Beth-aven; for the people thereof do unto you because of your great shall inourn over it, and ithe priests wickedness: at daybreak shall the thereof that rejoiced over it, for the king of Israel be utterly cut off. glory thereof, because it is departed

Israel was a child, ụnto Assyria for a present to king my son out of Egypt. 2 The more Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, the prophets called them, the more and Israel shall be ashamed of his they went from them: they sacriown counsel. 7 ? As for Samaria, ficed unto the Baalim, and burned her king is cut off, as 3 foam upon incense to graven images. 3. Yet I the water. 8 The high places also taught Ephraim to walk; 14 I took of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be them on my arms; but they knew destroyed : the thorn and the thistle not that I healed them. 4 I drew shall come up on their altars; and them with cords of a man, with they shall say to the mountains, bands of love ; and I was to them as Cover us; and to the bills, Fali they that lift up the yoke on their

jaws, and I laid food before them. 9 0 Israel, thou hast sinned 4 from 5 They shall not return into the the days of Gibeah: 5 there they land of Egypt; but the Assyrian stood; the battle against the chil- shall be their king, because they dren of iniquity doth not overtake refused to return to me. 6 And the them in Gibeah. 10 When it is my sword shall 15 fall upon their cities, desire, I will chastise them; and the and shall consunie their bars, and peoples shall be gathered against devour them, because of their own them, when they are 7 bound 8 to counsels. 7 And my people are bent their two transgressions. 11 And on backsliding from me: though Ephraim is a beifer that is taught, they call them to him that is on that loveth to tread out the grain; | high, none at all will 16 exalt him. but I have passed over upon her fair

8 How shall I give thee up, neck: I will set a rider on Ephraim; Ephraim ? how shall I cast thee off, Judah shall plow, Jacob shall break Israel ? how shall I make thee as his clods.

Admah? how shall I set thee as 12 Sow to yourselves in righteous- Zeboiim? my heart is turned within pess, reap according to kindness; me, my compassions are kindled break up your fallow ground; for it together. 9 I will not execute the is time to seek Jehovah, till he come fierceness of mine anger, I will not and orain righteousness upon you. return to destroy Ephraim: for I 13 Ye have plowed wickedness, ye am God, and not man; the Holy have reaped iniquity; ye have eaten One in the midst of thee; and I will the fruit of 10 lies; for thou didst not ?7 come in wrath. 10 They shall trust in thy way, in the multitude walk after Jehovah, who will roar of thy mighty men. 14 Therefore like a lion; for he will roar, and the shall a tumult arise 11 among thy children shall come trembling from

people, and all thy fortresses shall the west. 11 They shall come trembe destroyed, as Shalman destroyed bling as a bird out of Egypt, and as Beth-arbel in the day of battle: the a dove out of the land of Assyria; mother was dashed in pieces with and I will make them to dwell in

their houses, saith Jehovah. 1 Heb. Chemarim. See 2 K. 23.5. 2 Or, Samaria is cut off with her king

*12 Ephraim compasseth 3 Or, twigs

about with falsehood, and the 4 Or, more than in the days 5 Or, there have they continued Or, shall not the battle

13 Or, So shall it be done unto you at Beth-el 7 Or, yoked 8 Or, for

14 Heb. he took them on his arms. 8 Or, leach you righteousness

15 Or, rage against 10 Orfaithlessness

16 Or, lift himself up 11 Or, against 12 Heb. peoples.

17 Or, enter into the city


* Ch. 12. 1 in Heb.


Ephraim's Idolatry condemned. He is remonstrated with and threatened house of Israel with deceit; ' but was he 11 preserved. 14 Ephraim Judah yet ruleth with God, and hath provoked to anger most bitis faithful with the Holy One. terly: therefore shall his blood be 12

Ephraim feedeth on wind, left upon_him, and his reproach

and followeth after the east shall his Lord return unto him. wind: he continually multiplieth

When Ephraim

12 spake, lies and desolation; and they make there was trembling; he a covenant with Assyria, and oil exalted himself in Israel ; but when is carried into Egypt. 2 Jehovah he 13 offended in Baal, he died. 2 hath also a controversy with Judah, And now they sin more and more, and will ? punish Jacob according and have made them molten images to his ways; according to his doings of their silver, even idols according will he recompense him. 3 In the to their own understanding, all of womb he took his brother by the them the work of the craftsmen : heel; and in his · manhood he had they say of them, Let 14 the men power with God: 4 yea, he had that sacrifice kiss the calves, 3 power over the angel, and pre- Therefore they shall be as the vailed; he wept, and made suppli- morning cloud, and as the dew that cation unto him: he found him at passeth early away, as the chaff that Beth-el, and there he spake with us, is driven with the whirlwind out 5 5even Jehovah, the God of hosts; of the threshing-floor, and as the Jehovah is his memorial name. smoke out of the chimney. 6 Therefore turn thou to thy God: 4 Yet I am Jehovah thy God keep kindness and justice, and wait from the land of Egypt; and thou for thy God continually.

15 shalt know no god but me, and 7 6 He is 7a trafficker, the bal- besides me there is no saviour. 5 ances of deceit are in his hand: he I did know thee in the wilderness, loveth to 8 oppress. 8 And Eph- in the land of great drought. raim said, Surely I am become rich, According to their pasture, so were I have found me wealth : in all my they filled ; they were filled, and labors they shall find in me no their heart was exalted: therefore iniquity that were sin. 9 But I am have they forgotten me. 7 ThereJehovah_thy God from the land of fore am I unto them as a lion; as a Egypt; I will yet again make thee leopard will I watch by the way; to dwell in tents, as in the days of 8 I will meet them as a bear that is the solemn feast. 10 I have also bereaved of her whelps, and will spoken unto the prophets, and I rend the caul of their heart; and have multiplied visions; and 9 by there will I devour them like a the ministry of the prophets have lioness; the wild beast shall tear I used similitudes. 11 Is Gilead them. iniquity ? they are altogether false; 9 16 It is thy destruction, O Israel, in Gilgal they sacrifice bullocks; 17that thou art against me, against yea, their altars 10 are as heaps in thy help, 10 Where now is thy the furrows of the field. 12 And king, that he may save thee in all Jacob fled into the field of Aram, thy cities? and thy judges, of whom and Israel served for a wife, and thou saidst, Give me a king and for a wife he kept sheep. 13 And princes? 11 I have given thee & by a prophet Jehovah brought Israel king in mine anger, and have taken up out of Egypt, and by à prophet him away in my wrath. 12 The

Or, and Judah is yet unstedfast with God, iniquity of Ephraim is bound up; and with the Holy One who is faithful

11 Or, kept

12 Or, spake with trembling &c. 3 Or, strength

13 Or, became quilty 5 Or, for Jehovah is the God of hosts

14 Or, the sacrificers of men 6 Or, As for Canaan, the &.c.

16 Or, Thou art destroyed, O Israel; for thou 7 Or, a Canaanite Heb. Canaan.

&c. 8 Or, defraud 9 Heb. by the hand. 17 Or, for in me, in thy help-Or, but in me is 10 Or, shall be

thy help

2 Heb. visit upon.

4 Or, strove

15 Or, knowest

a te

son ;


Israel entreated to return to Jehovah. Concluding Admonition his sin is laid up in store. 13 The all iniquity, and accept that which sorrows of a travailing woman shall is good : so will we render as bulcome upon him: he is an unwise locks the offering of our lips. 3

i for it is time he should not Assyria shall not save us; we will tarry in the place of the breaking not ride upon horses; neither will forth of children. 14 I will ransom we say any more to the work of our them from the power of Sheol: I hands, Ye are our gods; for in thee will redeem them from death: O the fatherless findeth mercy. death, where are thy plagues ? 0 4 I will heal their backsliding, I Sheol, 3 where is thy destruction will love them freely; for mine repentance shall be hid from mine anger is turned away from him. eyes.

5 I will be as the dew unto Israel ; 15 Though he be fruitful among he shall blossom as the lily, and cast his brethren, an east wind shall forth his roots as Lebanon. 6 His come, the 4 breath of Jehovah com- branches shall spread, and his ing up from the wilderness; and his beauty shall be as the olive-tree, spring shall become dry, and his and his smell as Lebanon. 7. They fountain shall be dried up: 5 he that dwell under his shadow shall shall make spoil of the treasure of return; they shall revive as the all goodly vessels. * 16 Samaria grain, and blossom as the vine : shall 6 bear her guilt; for she hath the scent_thereof shall be as the rebelled against her God: they wine of Lebanon. 8

9 Ephraim shall fall by the sword; their in- shall say, What have I to do any fants shall be dashed in pieces, and more with idols? I have answered, their women with child shall be and will regard him: I am like a ripped up.

green fir-tree; from me is thy fruit 14 o Israel, return unto Jeho found,

9 Who is wise, that he may underfallen by thịne iniquity, 2 Take stand these things? prudent, that with you words, and return unto he may know them? for the ways of Jehovah: say unto him, Take away Jehovah are right, and the just

shall walk in them; but trans

gressors shall fall therein.
1 Or, when it is time, he standeth not in &c.
3 Or, I will be

7 Or, receire us graciously 8 Or, his memorial
5 Or, it
6 Or, become desolate

9 Or, o Ephraim, what &c.

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* Ch. 14. lin Heb.

Heb. hand.

4 Or, wind

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A Devastation of the Land by Locusts. Terribleness of the Visitation 1

The word of Jehovah that dressers, for the wheat and for the came to Joel the son of Pethuel. barley ; for the harvest of the field is 2 Hear this, ye old men, and give perished. 12 The vine is 4 withered, ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. and the fig-tree languisheth; the Hath this been in your days, or in pomegranate-tree, the palin-tree also, the days of your fathers? 3 Tell ye and the apple-tree, even all the trees your children of it, and let your chil- of the field are withered: for joy is dren tell their children, and their withered away from the sons of children another generation.

4 men. That which the palmer-worm hath 13 Gird yourselves with sackcloth, left hath 1 the locust eaten; and that and lament, ye priests; wail

, ye which the locust hath left hath 1 the ministers of the altar; come, lie all canker-worm eaten ; and that which night in sackcloth, ye ministers of the canker-worm hath left hath 1 the my God: for the meal-offering and caterpillar eaten.

the drink-offering are withholden 5 Awake, ye drunkards, and from the house of your God. 14 weep; and wail, all ye drinkers of Sanctify a fast, call a solemn assem. wine, because of the sweet wine; bly, gather the old men and all the for it is cut off from your mouth: inhabitants of the land unto the 6 For a nation is come up upon my house of Jehovah your God, and cry land, strong, and without number; unto Jehovah. his teeth are the teeth of a lion, and 15 Alas for the day! for the day he hath the jaw-teeth of a lioness. of Jehovah is at hand, and as de 7 He hath laid my vine waste, and struction from the Almighty shall 2 barked my fig-tree: he hath made it come. 16 Is not the food cut off it clean bare, and cast it away; the before our eyes, yeu, joy and gladbranches thereof are made white. ness from the house of our God? 17

8 Lament like a virgin girded with The seeds rot under their clods; the sackcloth for the husband of her garners are laid desolate, the barns youth. 9 The meal-offering and the are broken down; for the grain is drink-offering are cut off from the 4 withered. 18 How do the beasts house of Jehovah; the priests, Je-groan! the herds of cattle are perhovah's ministers, mourn. 10 The plexed, because they have no pasfield is laid waste, the land mourn ture; yea, the flocks of sheep oare eth; for the grain is destroyed, the made desolate. 19 O Jehovah, to new wine is dried up, the oil lan- thee do I cry; for the fire hath deguisheth. 11 5 Be confounded, O ye voured the 10 pastures of the wilder

: husbandmen, wail, O vine-ness, and the flame hath burned all 1 Probably, different kinds of locusts, or

the trees of the field. 20 Yea, the locusts in different stages of growth.

beasts of the field pant unto thee; 3 Or, down 4 Or, ashamed or The husbandmen are confounded, the 6 Or, elders 7 Heb. Shaddai.

Or, suffer punishment


2 (r, broken

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8 Or, shrrel 10 Or, folds

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