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Deilephila lineata may be found on the caterpillars is the excreta which have ground near the purslane overlooked by fallen to the ground or have rested on the gardener in his weeding, and, unlike lower leaves, or have been caught by cobmost sphingid caterpillars, it lies fully webs. Many a caterpillar has been found exposed to the sun's heat at midday. by searching the leaves and twigs above It is green with black and orange spots, the freshest and largest excreta seen. or brown with reddish spots, and may Many have been found by tracing the line have other variations of coloring. It is of partly eaten leaves, from the younger very voracious, devouring even the pulpy to the older and tougher ones, until that stems of the purslane, and requiring large was reached on which the caterpillar was supplies daily.
feeding. Others have been found by folThe parsley and carrot beds will prob- lowing the slight sound made by their ably give more eggs and larvæ of Papilio rapid eating, and others by the moving asterias than are wanted, and this all head just visible over the edge of a lcaf. through the summer and autumn, unless Often the resting caterpillars may be the locality is a cold one. Saplings, low found on twigs, on the under side of leaves, trees, bushes, vines, and low-growing or on the trellis, fence, or building on plants will give more specimens of various which vines are trained. Oftener still kinds than high trees, though those may they are found on the ground when seekgive, occasionally, altogether too many ing suitable places for spinning cocoons specimens of one or two kinds—tent-cat- or burrowing into the earth. erpillars and tussock-moth larvæ, for The best hunting-grounds are wooded instance.
roadsides, with tangle of saplings and The presence of large caterpillars is underbrush; old pastures with blueberry, indicated by leaves with only the midrib andromeda, bayberry, scrub-oak, sweetleft, or with the edges eaten in irregular fern, and inkberry; swampy wood edges, curves, or with ragged bits left dangling and gardens. from the veins. Holes eaten through the Caterpillar-hunting includes also the leaf, not near the edge, may mean young search for eggs which will give the catercaterpillars, but more often are the work pillars later, the search for the moths or of beetles or their larvæ, while even butterlies which will lay the eggs, and the scallops cut out of the edges of leaves search for cocoons and chrysalids which are generally the work of the leaf-cutter will give the moths or butterflies in due bees.
season. Often the best “ finds" are the Another indication of the presence of moths which lay the eggs, for they enable the finder to learn all the life-history, about the best means of ridding their trees watch all the changes, and, if he is a col- of ravaging caterpillars, which they always lector, to obtain finer specimens than he call “ worms." could get in any other way. With every- The instruction may be judged by the thing he thus finds he will also get knowl- following sample: edge and satisfaction and a far larger I was going home one day with my tins circle of interests, for he will be forced to so full that I was obliged to carry my last know about the plants on which the “finds” on their twigs, like a bunch of crawlers feed, and about the birds, beasts, flowers, when I was stopped by a farmer, and insects which feed upon them. He who said : “Say, them worms won't do will find greater interest in the books any damage, will they ?" about all these creatures, and added “ Each one eats a great many leaves, pleasure in all his country walks and but there are not enough of these caterliving.
pillars to do any real harm to the trees.” Caterpillar-hunting, if we include the “ I notice that you call them critters search for moths and cocoons, has no caterpillars.' Now they ain't caterpil“off season,” for cocoons may be found lars. Caterpillars have hairs all over 'em. in late autumn, winter, and early spring, Them is worms." while moths, butterflies, eggs, and cater- I mildly suggested the fact that, whether pillars abound throughout the rest of the hairy or hairless, their structure was essenyear.
tially the same, and quite different from This hunting is full of surprises. I that of worms, of which the earthworm have found chrysalids of the not common was a good example ; but structure meant little butterfly, Feniseca tarquinius, on my nothing to him, and he replied: “Wall, pincushion, and at Christmas-time I took now, young woman, all that is pretty-soundfrom my holly a cocoon of a species new ing, but I guess you need to study your to me.
subject a leetle more. You just read the The most amusing surprises in store newspapers carefully, and you'll see they for the caterpillar-hunter come from his alway's call 'em worms. Now you take relations with his fellow-men, especially in the Podunk Weekly Intelligencer,' an' the country, where he soon finds himself you study that, an' you'll see! Stick to considered a “crank,” a “natural," or the newspapers, young woman! You "mighty queer." Every one feels at lib stick to the newspapers and some day erty to question him, to criticise, and to you'll know something about worms !" instruct, and it is only in much enlight- This is funnier than any one can realize ened districts that the Selectmen, with except an entomologist, for only an entotheir Saturday scrub and Sunday clothes, mologist can estimate newspaper entomolcome, by twọs or threes, to consult him ogy at its true value.
The Friar: A Philippine Sketch'
By Phelps Whitmarsh T was a little nipa-thatched town that lent, is it not? Much better than your
nestled snugly among the palms at the puddings and pies, to my taste.
foot of the Zambanles mountains. Far “ Now take a cigar and let us go into away from the railway and the main roads, the front room, where it is cool and we unmarked on the maps, and inhabited by can be comfortable in rocking-chairs. We a tribe of poor, peaceful peasants, the must have a long, long chat; for, as you insurrectionists, save for levying tribute, say that you have recently been in Europe, had passed it by, the invaders had over- I shall have lots of questions to ask you; looked it, and the Spanish friar, contrary and you, too: perhaps, will want to cateto all precedent, had been suffered to re
Do you know, my one hope is main. Being still in ignorance of the to return to my own people, my own councountry customs, I spent my first night in try! Poor old country! Robbed of its an ordinary native hut. The next morn- greatness, low as it is sunk, still I love it. ing Fray Celestino called upon me. At least they respect religion there, and
Why, my dear man,” he began, in a allow their ministers to live. Surely one loud, harsh voice, “I did not know it. cannot ask less. When they told me that a stranger was
“ Welll what's the matter now? Some here, dark and with a bundle, I thought call? confession, isn't it? I thought so. you were one of these French or Italian My coadjutor or assistant is absent, marryJews who peddle all over the country, and ing two fools in a neighboring village, and are not even Christians. If I had known to-day all the work falls on my shoulders. otherwise ! ... You must have spent a To-morrow he will be back, and I will horrible night in this place! Well, no show you what a native looks like in a more talking: come with me to the convent. cassock. But I forgot you have seen our Here, you I carry the gentleman's luggage colored brethren before." and his camera. I hope your blanket Here my host hurried away, and at last is strapped tightly, for these people have I had time to breathe and think about the little respect for the eighth command- man. In appearance he was tall and ment.
stout, and but for a certain distinction given Enter, please. You him by his monk's garb and a commanding Bago (newcomer), as we say presence, he was evidently a Spaniard of here, otherwise you would have come the lower class. His thick lips and heavy straight here last night, as every one else face, however, were relieved by large, does. But I am afraid you Americans have beautiful eyes, white strong teeth, and an very strange ideas about we poor friars expressive countenance. First and most of the Philippines. Well, I can assure
apparent among his characteristics was you that I have given shelter to many a
power. One felt that he had learned to hundred strangers under this roof, and to rule, and with no light hand. His imper
You must ative attitude showed, too, that he knew make yourself at home; for a Filipino his power. Frank of face but shrewd at convent is the house of every stranger. heart, narrow yet hospitable, subtle by Let us go upstairs. Hold on well to the training but naturally kind-hearted—these railings. This staircase is Lord knows things, together with a decided earnesthow old. Muchachos ! [boys) is that choc
ness of purpose, were easily seen in the I ordered it an hour ago. priest's face, bearing, and language. At
one moment I thought of him as a patriIstenwith morisqueta (boiled rice). There arch of Biblical times; at another as a Never mind; take this spoon and help once repelled and attracted me. Nemo bread here, or anything like it. chief of some petty Asiatic State. He at yourself. Blow it if it is too hot. That's As a child he had been brought from a
How do you like it? "Copyright, 1900, by Phelps Whitmarsh.
ary college. When his clerical studies
“ Here we
a few I have given money.
were finished, he was sent to the Philip persons who wonder why we do not make pines and there ordained. He had learned more of these people. Bah! I tell you Malay in one of its dialects, the Tagalog they have neither consciences nor hearts; and Pampangan languages; and, after and considering these defects, I think we three years of such education under the have accomplished a good deal. Don't elders of his order, he was at last given you think so ?” the distant, solitary parish in which I "I quite agree with you, Father," I refound him. From the mere boy that he plied. “I think if I were a priest I should was when he left Spain, he had grown prefer a little country parish at home to a gray in solitude, without relations save life among such people as these. The those of his assistant and his flock. The salary in Spain may be small, the work unlimited power of the Church, and the hard, and of course one cannot have such respect and fear in which he was held by a free hand there as you have here, but his people, had made him masterful. still"
So far did my reflections reach when a “ Yes, yes !” he interrupted; "you are servant in a brand-new white shirt and a quite right. One certainly has society in pair of yellow slippers hesitatingly entered Spain-one lives. Rude and ignorant as the room.
are many of the men at home, at least “Señor ?” he said.
they are men. And they can be treated “ Well, who are you?” I asked. as men, with familiarity and affection. In
“ I am the padre's steward, Señor, and my melancholy moments I often think there is a woman below who says she how different is this life of mine to that would like the price of the chicken you of my dear old uncle, who was also a bought of her last night."
priest, and to whom I owe this cassock. " I paid her a dollar at the time. How I remember his long talks with the notary much more does she want?”
at the latter's house, his daily game of Who knows, Señor?”
cards with the doctor and Señor Lucas, “Well, give her these two pesetas.” a rich farmer, and most of all the summer “Señor?" again.
evenings in the courtyard when he and “ Well?"
two or three of his bosom friends argued “Could your excellency lend me four and talked about the great world. That
was life. Yes, for he had friends. But “ Here's a peseta. Now get out!” patience, patience God's will be done.
“What frauds and beggars they are!" I “And now let us dine. It is already thought. “I suppose it's a want of dig- twelve o'clock, and you must have a good nity and a want of moral sense. It is appetite. Muchachos! the soup!" true that at home people expect tips in As we entered the long, spacious diningexchange for good service, and ask alms room I saw that the table was already set when hunger presses, but here—" with an array of dishes which, consider
But at that moment I heard Fathering there were but two of us, was indeed Celestino's voice below.
bountiful. First served was a rice soup, “Oh, these natives! these natives !” he with small clams in it, known as “ Chinese shouted as he came up the stairs.
finger-nails." Next came the “puchero," “What has gone wrong, Father ?” I a substantial dish of ham, cabbage, carinquired.
banzos, and bananas boiled together. “ You cannot imagine, you will not Then, in turn, a “ kari,” or curry of kid's believe it,” he answered. “I went to meat; a fine “dalag,” a lagoon fish; and a confess an old man in his dying moments mountain fowl, something like a pheasant, at the other end of the town. I entered fried whole. Later, a salad called “ palathe hut and found him lying on the floor san,” and made of tender rattan-shoots with nothing but a dirty, torn mat under and the heart of a young palm, was handed him, and not a soul with him. “Call the round ; and last a dessert of fruits was set family l' I shouted to the neighbors; and before us, There was a green “nanca," where do you think they were ? In some resembling a huge pineapple; some lushuts further up the street innocently play- cious mangoes; choice "lacatanes," the ing cards!
finest kind of banana; chicos, guanabanas, And yet," he continued, " there are and papayas. All through the meal a
plate of the indispensable morisqueta was I wish to goodness you would learn to left beside us to take the place of bread, write decently. Now, you girls, where and our glasses were kept full of heavy are you going? To the baile (dance), eh? Spanish claret.
Umph! In future you had better wear “ To-day we have a dinner extraor- less embroidery and more clothes.” dinary," said my host, “ for my people And in this way he proceeded up the know that a stranger must be well treated. street.
street. In one place he gave advice, in Usually I content myself with the good, another he applied a remedy, and again he old-fashioned Spanish puchero, or some paused among a crowd sitting on their thing like it. We who have lived long in heels about their doors and soundly rated this country know that solid, nourishing them. All made way for him, all saluted food is necessary, and the best cure for him, and many came to kiss the padre's anæmia and dysentery. The worst of it hand. is that European articles here are outrage- We arrived at the convent just as the ously expensive. You see, we have been crowd of servants were laying the cloth cut off from the world now for more than for supper. Our evening meal, however, nine months. Thank Heavenl one of my was not suffered to end without interrupflock had a good supply of wine."
tion. While we were drinking our coffee, After coffee and cigars came the after there came a sudden and tremendous noon nap, the Spanish siesta—the siesta banging on the hollow log which constiwhich, in this land of eternal summer, is tuted the fire alarm. so necessary. My sleep on the hard, “ Fire !" cried Fray Celestino, jumping cane-bottomed bed, however, was very up excitedly. “Come, come, or the town light and short; and, hearing the padre will be burnt, and we with it i" muttering to himself in the next room, I “Is there a pump or anything to put it got up and joined him.
out with ?" I asked. “ Look! look at all these papers," "Only this,” he said, holding up a long he began impatiently. “These are the stick and smiling grimly. “Here, take muddled accounts of the district, which, this rattan and come and help. We have under the old laws, I am still obliged to no time to waste.” And down the stairs go over and certify correct. Just look at he went at breakneck speed. the state they are inl Lord I a priest Down the street at no great distance I here is everything—preacher, school- could see the glare and hear, the reports master, censor, collector, judge, doctor, of burning bamboo. A group of men, and director of public works. Sometimes perhaps a dozen in number, were standing I examine and report on the state of a on a' corner near the convent talking bridge; at another time I enforce the unconcernedly. At the sight of the padre, roads being repaired; in fact, I am the however, they set off toward the conflagraone functionary—the single link that con- tion at a run; Fray Celestino shouting all nects these wretched, heartless peasants sorts of orders after them. with the Governor-General. But enough “Now then, Captain, hurry up. Break grumbling for to-day. Let us take a that house down! Here, you José, bring walk on the outskirts of the town and get the water this way! Pull that other hut a little fresh air."
down, too, Pedro! Get to work, you lazyAt sunset we returned, entering the bones! Whack !" town by the main street, and then it was For once I saw Filipinos work with a fine to see the padre among his people. will. The commands of the padre were
Hola, señoral” he called to a woman obeyed as if they were issued by some who stood bowing at a window. “How fearful being; and at last the fire was is your stomach? Did the pills I gave isolated and a catastrophe prevented. But you do any good? And you, señora, did the miracle was not wrought through fear you show the Presidente my note? That for their own lives and property, or through land affair must be settled before the respect for Fray Celestino, but by the next crop of rice is planted. Ohl might of that thin, Aexible rod which conCabeza Agaton, how about those munici- stantly fell upon or threatened the backs pal accounts? Did you send them all of the workers. up to the convento, and are they correct? “Oh, these towns of such combustible