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The Outlook

Published Wecklp
Vol. 64
April 21, 1900

No. 16 Senator Clark Uoseated

The vote of the Sen- of convictions.” Continuing, Senator Bur

ate Committee on rows put sharply the issue: Privileges and Elections that the seat of No Governor has yet attempted to take the Senator Clark, of Montana, should be matter of selecting Senators out of the hands declared vacant was the most gratifying of the Legislature. He can now, in the plain political event of last week. Best of ali language of the Constitution, appoint only to the decision was unanimous. Since the of the Legislature.” The contention of Mr.' time of the Civil War at least it has been Quay's friends is that the Executive may fill customary for the votes of election con- any vacancy he finds existing when the Legistest committees to follow party lines. in Pennsylvania, only six months distant if

lature is in recess. In the approaching election In the present case it was expected that ex-Senator Quay should be a candidate for the fact that Mr. Clark was a Silver re-election, it will not be necessary for him to Democrat would influence some Democrat carry a majority of the Legislature, but only or Populist to vote in his favor, and it to secure a sufficient number of adherents to was feared that the fact that Mr. Clark was when Governor Stone can again disregard the

prevent an election and force an adjournment, a protectionist and an expansionist might mandates of his own Constitution, refuse to lead some Republican to wink at the call a session of the Legislature, and again methods by which the election was secured. issue his commission to Senator Quay to hold

a seat in this body by the favoritism of the But every member of the Committee voted Governor, and independent of the will of the that a Senator whose election was pro- Legislature of the State of Pennsylvania. moted by such unscrupulous use of money in every State, a Senatorial candidate who on the part of his accredited agents could has the favor of the Governor, or hopes not, without disgrace to the Senate and for the favor of the Governor, will only peril to the Commonwealth, be permitted need to control a handful of legislators to hold his seat. This decision is a great to prevent any election by the Legislature. victory for political morality, and goes far The disposal of United States Senatorships to establish the principle that the proof of by legislative majorities furnishes recurcorrupt practices by the agent of any po- ring deadlocks and scandal, but the plan litical candidate renders void his election. of putting Senators at the disposal of

legislative minorities would open the door

to a worse state of affairs. Nothing could Mr. Quay's Claims

The speech made last be better calculated to promote the dead

week by Senator Bur- locking of Legislatures and the manipularows, of Michigan, against the seating of tion of legislators by State executives. The Mr. Quay seems to us an unanswerable only defense urged by Senator Quay's argument. Only two years ago, Senator supporters is that the Constitution contemBurrows recalled, the Senate voted 50 plates that every State should have full to 19 against seating ex-Senator Corbett, representation. Fortunately, the Senate who had been appointed by the Gov- Committee on Privileges and Elections has ernor of Oregon. “The material facts in just reached the unanimous decision that this case are the saine as they were in it is better that a State should be unthat. The only change is in the name of represented than that it should be misthe party seeking admission to the Senate. represented—that is, represented by one Then it was ex-Senator Corbett; now it who has no right to represent it. The is ex-Senator Quay. A change of parties unanimous vote against Senator Clark, certainly ought not to produce a change as well as the vote of 50 to 19 against ex-Senator Corbett, both proclaim the showed that the tariff would fall chiefly on Senate's inconsistency if it votes to seat sugar and tobacco planters and specuex-Senator Quay.

lators, who were the wealthiest people in the island and desired free trade. The

speeches which awakened the greatest Direct Election

The House of Represent interest were those of the Republicans who of Scoators

atives, by a vote of 240 to voted against the bill. The point urged

15, has adopted a resolution most strongly in these speeches was that the to amend the Constitution so that United bill violated the spirit and the traditions States Senators shall be elected by the of America and of the Republican party. people of the several States instead of the Mr. Lorimer, of Illinois, declared that he Legislatures. This is the third time the would vots only for a civil government House has passed such a bill, but the bill which would give the Porto Ricans Senate has hitherto refused to act upon

“suci government as we would accept for it. The majority in the House this year ourselves;” Mr. McCall, of Massachuought to convince the Senate of the setts, declared that the tax on Porto Rican strength and permanence of the popular products had transformed the whole coundemand that this reform be carried out. try into a “ Boston tea party ;" and Mr. A few years ago the dignity of the Senate H. C. Smith, of Michigan, recalled in might have been thought to prompt its detail the revolutionary protests against neglect of the House resolution, for the principle that Great Britain could levy Senators were naturally loth to admit an arbitrary tax, however insignificant, public dissatisfaction with the manner of upon a territory unrepresented in its Partheir election. But now that the popular

liament. The final reply on behalf of the demand is so nearly universal, it is in the Republicans was made by Mr. Payne, of highest degree undignified for any Sena- New York, whose conclusion was as foltor to thwart this demand for no action

lows: could proclaim more loudly the truth of I am ready to answer to my constituents the charge that Senators do not represent

and give them an account of my stewardship; the people of their States. Most of the

and I want you gentlemen on the other side

of the question to be prepared to explain to Senators, we believe, could secure re-elec- the laborers of your district how you came to tion by the direct vote of the people, and vote for a constitutional proposition that will, their own self-respect as well as the

if carried into effect, give free sugar from Porto desire to prevent the deadlocking and

Rico, free sugar from the islands of the sea,

and at the same time establish the Constituthe corruption of Legislatures ought to tion there, making citizens of ten million Filiinduce the Senate to ratify the House pinos, giving them the right to come here as resolution.

contract laborers, destroying the high wages and thrift of your constituents and mine.

When the vote was taken, three Demo On Wednesday of last week crats supported the bill and eight RepubThe Porto Rico Bill Adopted the House of Representa

licans opposed it. The vote stood 161 tives accepted the Porto

to 153. Rico Bill exactly as it passed the Senate. At the opening of the session at noon a

The President has

The Governor of Porto Rico rule was adopted providing that the bill

offered the office should be discussed until five o'clock, and of Civil Governor of Porto Rico to Mr. then voted upon “ without delay or other Charles Herbert Allen, and the acceptance motion.” By means of this rule a vote on of the appointment is expected. This will the amendments desired by the Democrats of course involve the resignation by Mr. providing for free trade with Porto Rico Allen of his position as Assistant Secretary and a legislature with both branches of the Navy, a position which he has adelected by the people of the island was mirably filled, and in which he has been avoided. During the debate the Democrats Secretary Long's right-hand man and has attempted to make a good deal of the worked indefatigably for the good of the charge that the trusts had caused the Re- service and the effective conduct of the publican party to impose a tariff on Porto department. The appointment of Mr. Rican products, but the Republicans Allen to Porto Rico may, therefore, bę

confidently regarded as one of the best One hundred and sixty-seven thousand kind-namely, one made because of faith- copies of my own speeches sent out. ful service. Mr. Allen is a Massachusetts

Forty-seven thousand letters to my constitu

ents. man, a graduate of Amherst College, and was for several years engaged in the With the possible exception of the postmanagement of one of the largest New office and army appointments secured England cotton-mills. As a Republican through Mr. Gibson's influence, every one he entered politics some twenty years ago, individuals--and especially one individ

of these public services aimed to benefit and has occupied seats in the Massachusetts State Senate and in two Congresses. ual—at the public expense. The last and In 1891 he accepted the Republican nomi- least of the items—ihe forty-seven thou nation for Governor, but was defeated sand franked letters sent to his constituunder exceptional circumstances by the ents.--cost the Post-Office Department as late William E. Russell. Mr. Allen im- much as Mr. Gibson's yearly salary, while mediately followed Mr. Roosevelt as Assist the pension and war claims put through ant Secretary of the Navy, when the former took out of the public treasury the equivaresigned in order to organize the Rough. lent of fifty dollars for every family in his Riders, in May, 1898. It need hardly be district

. Mr. Gibson was elected in 1896 said that the past two years have called by a majority of eighteen thousand over for unusual and arduous work in the Naval his Democratic opponent, and in 1898 by Department, and it is universally acknowl- a majority of six thousand. His waning edged that Mr. Allen has closely studied popularity he doubtless attributes to his the immense body of details connected failure to secure a big appropriation for with this administration, and has not only the rivers and harbors of the Tennessee carried on the work of the department in a

mountains. most satisfactory way, but has personally devoted a great deal of effort to insure har

The papers are full of mony in the department, and consequent

Governor Roosevelt

rumors of a proposed promptness and efficiency in its work. As endeavor to compel Governor Roosevelt to Governor of Porto Rico, he will have powers accept the nomination for Vice-President which are defined by the bill just passed; on the Republican ticket. We hope that his term of office will be four years; he whatever attempt may be made in that has a veto power over legislation ; he is direction he will frustrate. He is not commander-in-chief of the militia ; and he the man for Vice-President. His chief has, in addition to all the powers of the qualification for the office is the fact that Governors of the Territories of the United he would make an honest and capable States, special executive duties and func- President in case of the death of his tions of several kinds.

superior. But such a man ought not to

be condemned to preside for four years Claims to Re-election Congressman Henry over the deliberations of the United States

R. Gibson, of East Senate. We speak of it as being conTennessee, has issued a circular to his demned, because to a man of Mr. Rooseconstituents which, in its abridged form, velt's active temperament it would be wellbids fair to become a classic among cam- nigh unbearable. On the other hand, the paign documents. “My claims,” he says, Empire State greatly needs him in the with commendable frankness, are based Governor's office. This fact is probably upon the following record of service: the chief reason why in some influential

Eight hundred and twenty-three war claims quarters there will be an attempt to keep put through, amounting to $1,200,000.

him out of that office, under the pretense Sixty-five private pension bills. Forty-one men commissioned in the army Under his administration, if all that re

of nominating him for a higher one. by my infinence. Twenty nine postmasters appointed.

formers would like to see achieved has Seventy-four new post-offices established. not been achieved, there have been no Twelve thousand calls at the Pension Office, backward steps. There have been some Twenty-nine thousand packages of seed

reforms and no deforms in legislation. Twenty-seven thousand pamphlets and No doubt the rapid-transit measures and

the franchise tax bill, which he pressed


books sent put

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