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the foundation according to his pecuniary circumstances, left it at death with no other regulations than such as were contained in original charter.
There are six boys on the foundation of the school.
An Exhibition has lately been founded tenable for three year Oxford, Cambridge, or Durham, by a student who has been on foundation.
COUNTY OF ESSEX.
FOUNDED 1539, A.D. This school was partially endowed in the 31st year of Ki Henry VIII. and more amply endowed in the 26th year of Que Elizabeth. In this year her majesty re-granted by letters patent the corporation, the chantries in the Chapel of St Helen, and in t Church of St Mary, with all the revenues thereto belonging, upon t condition that they should apply a part of the said revenues in erectil and endowing a free-school.
The school is now governed by new statutes which were framed 1844, by the Bishop of London and the Dean of St Paul's, pursua to the letters patent of Queen Elizabeth.
1620. Rev. Robert Lewis founded a Scholarship at St John College of £7 per annum, for a student the son of a free burgess educated at Colchester school. (See p. 314.)
1642. The Rev. Ambrose Gilbert founded two Scholarships St John's College, each of the value of £18 per annum, for which second preference is reserved in favour of scholars from this school (Sce p. 318.)
This school was founded and endowed by King Edward VI. by letters patent, at the humble request of Sir William Petre, Knt. one of his principal secretaries of ate, Sir Walter Mildmay, Knt. one of the general supervisors of the Court of Augmentations, Sir Henry Tirrell, Knt. and Thomas Mildmay, Esq. and the inhabitants of
Moulsham and the adjacent parts, for the instruction of youth in grammar learning.
1704. For a scholar educated at this school there is a second preference to a Scholarship of £6 a year at Christ's College, Cambridge, founded by the Rev. Dr Plume. (See p. 300.)
FOUNDED 1557, A.D.
1704. There is a second preference at Christ's College, Cambridge for an Exhibition of £6 a year, founded by Dr Thomas Plume, in favour of a scholar from this school. (See p. 330.)
ENDOWED 1571, A.D. William LITTLEBURY, Esq. of Dedham, by his will, devised property for the endowment of this school, which had been built, as well as a house for the master, by Dame Joan Clarke.
By letters patent of Queen Elizabeth in the 17th year of her reign, it was granted that there should be for ever a free grammar-school to be called the Free Grammar-school of Queen Elizabeth in Dedham.
Mr Littlebury also bequeathed £200 to purchase land of the yearly rent of £10, and willed that that sum should be given to any scholar from Dedham school who should be sufficiently taught, and be preferred to the University, and to find him in Christ's College or St John's College, so long and till such time as the said scholar should come to other preferment. (See p. 310.)
1595. William Cardwell, Esq. of Egmanton, in the county of Nottingham, but a native of this town, devised lands for the maintenance of two poor scholars from Dedham school at St John's College, Cambridge. (See p. 312.)
A new scheme for the management of the school is now (Jan. 1855) under the consideration of the Court of Chancery.
FOUNDED 1608, A.D.
Mr Ralph BREDER, one of the aldermen of the corporation, queathed £300 to be laid out for the endowment of a grammar-sch the master of which was to be nominated by his feoffees while t lived, and afterwards by the corporation.
In consequence of the corporation of Maldon (in which the appoi ment of the master was vested) having been dissolved about 1778, master was appointed to the school until 1810, when the charter 1 restored.
1704. Thomas Plume, D.D. by his will gave £100 to Chris College, Cambridge, on condition that they allowed £6 a year towar the maintenance of a scholar educated at this school. (See p. 300.)
THE FREE GRAMMAR-SCHOOL.
FOUNDED 1588, A.D. This school was founded for fifty boys by Joyce Franklan widow, daughter of Robert Trappes, goldsmith of London, and Williar Saxie, her son, all of whom were benefactors to Gonville and Caiu College: and the Master of Gonville and Caius College was ap pointed governor of the school.
It is stated in Mrs Frankland's will that the school was founded that “youth might be well brought up and instructed in the fear of God, learning, and good manners, whereby they may become good members of the commonwealth.”
At every visitation, the scholars may be examined in their learning, and three or four who are competent may be removed to Gonville and Caius College, or more of them, if the scholars and the parents corsent; and these may be admitted and preferred, “according to their anncyentrye,” unto the next scholarship that then or at any time shall fall void, being of the foundation of Mrs Frankland and her son, in the said college, before any other.
FOUNDED 1385, A.D.
By letters patent under the great seal of England, dated in the eighth year of the reign of King Richard II. his majesty granted his woyal licence to Katherine, Lady Berkely, widow of Lord Thomas de Berkely, to found and endow a free grammar-school at Woottonunder-Edge, to consist of a master and two poor scholars, and to eadow the same with certain real estates as therein mentioned. The original design of this collegiate institution is to afford any poor persus "come from whence they will” a liberal education gratis. The school was endowed, and in the time of Henry VIII. it escaped dissolution. In the reign of James I. doubts having been entertained whether the revenues of the school had not become vested in the crown, by the statute made in the first year of King Edward VI. entituled, " An Act for the Dissolution of Chantries,” a petition was presented to King James for the re-establishment of the school. In 1622 it was declared by the Court of Chancery that all titles to the said lands
any letters patent, as also all leases of those lands, were void. The possessors of the school, in consequence of this decree of the Court of Chancery, surrendered to the king; and his majesty granted certain
patent in 1625 under the great seal, whereby it was ordained, that there should be a grammar-school in the town of Wootton-underEdge, for the education and instruction of children and youths in grammar and other good learning, to be called “ The Free Grammarschool of the Lord Berkely in Wootton-under-Edge,” and that the same should consist of one master and five or more poor scholars, who should be a body corporate, have perpetual succession, and be capable of holding lands.
By a decree of the Court of Chancery, confirmed in 1725, it was ordered that three scholars might be added to those then belonging to the school: and that the overplus of the revenues should be applied for the maintenance of these three scholars, and for increasing the number, or for the assistance of any one or more of them at the University, as the master should judge convenient. This foundation now consists of the master, an usher, and 10 scholars. The scholars are admitted at the age of ten years, and may remain till they are eighteen ; they have their education free in classical and mathematical
learning, and each receives a stipend of £6 per annum for books, Those scholars, who are qualified and proceed to the University Oxford or Cambridge, are allowed exhibitions towards their mai nance while resident there, which are not to exceed £60 a year, to be continued beyond four years.
FOUNDED 1387, A.D. WILLIAM of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, was the sole : munificent founder of the college named “Seinte Marie College Wynchestre*,” as also of that called “Seinte Marie College of Wj: chestre in Oxenford,” which since the time of its foundation has be called “ New College.”
From circumstances of an early date, it seems that William of Wyl ham had formed some extensive plan for the advancement of learni correspondent to his ample means, and greatness of mind. In the co ception of his two colleges he formed one comprehensive design, whit was to lead the objects of his bounty “through a perfect course education ; from the first elements of letters through the whole cire of the sciences; from the lowest class of grammatical learning to t highest degrees in the several faculties.” A design so enlarged,
* “Wykeham, having resolved to bestow his wealth in charitable uses, w greatly embarrassed when he came to fix his choice upon some design that was lik to prove most beneficial and least liable to abuse. He tells us himself, that upot this occasion, he diligently examined and considered the various rules of th religious orders, and compared them with the lives of their several professors; bu was obliged with grief to declare that he could not anywhere find that the ordinance of their founders, according to their true design and intention, were observed by any of them. This reflection inclined him to take the resolution of distributing his riches to the poor, with his own hands, rather than employ them in establishing an institution which might become a source and an occasion of guilt to those for whore benefit it should be designed. After much deliberation and devout invocation of the divine assistance, considering how greatly the number of the clergy had been of late reduced by continual wars and frequent pestilences, he determined at last to endeavour to remedy, as far as he was able, this desolation of the Church, by relieving poor scholars in their clerical education; and to establish two colleges of students, for the honour of God, and increase of His worship, for the support of the Christian faith, and for the improvement of the liberal arts and sciences : hoping and trusting that men of letters and various knowledge, and bred up in the fear of God, would see more clearly and attend more strictly to the obligation lying upon will them, to observe the rules and directions which he should give them."—Bp. Lowth's Life of Wykeham,