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1623. Rev. Mr Knewstubb founded two Scholarships at St John's allege, and directed that one of the scholars should be a native of Oakfield, and in default, a scholar educated at Sudbury School. (See 15.)

1616. John Hopper, Esq. gave a benefaction for two Subsizars St John's College, especially out of Boxford and Sudbury schools. See p. 314.)

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FOUNDED 1562, A.D.

THIS School was founded for 100 scholars by the inhabitants of * parish, for which purpose Queen Elizabeth granted a charter in fourth year of her reign, by which the governors of the school are astituted a body corporate. The charter appears to have been conmed by an act of parliament in the same year.

The statutes for the management of the school bear the date of 562, and among other things it is ordered, that "once a year, that is 3 say, in the month of September, or after Bartholomew-tide, the *ardens shall devise together, and assemble such men of learning and worship, as shall seem good to them, and on a day appointed for the same shall bring them into the school or church of St Mary Overey's, there to examine the scholars, and try how, and what sort they profit, it the which time, the name of every scholar, with his age and form in the school, shall be taken by the apposers. By this means, the master's diligence shall be known, and what dexterity he useth in teaching, and how the children go forward in their learning."

It seems, however, to have been some time before the governors proceeded further in the establishment of the school. For the patent of the first year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth granted a lease of the rectory for 60 years, in order that a school should be erected; but by the patent of the 33rd year of the same Queen, it appears that it had not been built until after the year 1585.

In the year 1614, a more enlarged code of statutes and ordinances

These statutes and ordinances among other things direct that :

"The schoolmaster shall be a Master of Arts, a man sound in Christian religion, according to the laws of the land, sound and whole in body and mind, in his

for the government of the school was made and subscribed bishop of Winchester.

The governors are required by the statutes and ordinances < God shall bless their store," to purchase some scholarships and f

conversation gentle, sober, honest, and virtuous, and discreet for learning skilled in the Latin tongue, and able to teach Grammar, Oratory and Poetry, a Greek; as also the principles of Hebrew. Especially he shall be well exper and much approved, at least for seven years, for a good facility and dexte teaching and profiting children,-if such may be gotten, otherwise one tha near to those qualifications as they can conveniently procure; if there be any he that is born in the parish of St Saviour, and hath been brought up in th school, being the legitimate son of some man of good report, shall be first pre before a stranger.

"He shall not have any benefice with cure, office, or service whatsoever, i other place, that in the judgment of the governors may be any let or hinde unto him, that he cannot attend and follow his charge in the best manner and best ability.

"He shall be a man of a wise, sociable, and loving disposition, not has furious, nor of any ill example; he shall be wise and of good experience, to di the nature of every several child, to work upon their disposition for the gre advantage, benefit, and comfort of the child, to learn with the love of his book such a one may be got.

"The master and usher shall wisely mix severity and lenity, by all m avoiding such correction as to the governors shall seem unreasonable, ever posing by precept and example, to clear up and put life and spirit into the c city, memory, love, patience, diligence, gentleness, and moderate desire of p in the scholars; and prevent all means that may make them dull, forgetful, he impatient, negligent, stubborn, and careless of good report, or have cause to s ill of the school, or forsake it."

The sixth chapter of the statutes states that,

"Whereas it has pleased God to put into the heart of John Bingham, Esq. of the governors of this school, out of his Christian charity, to found and to bes maintenance for two poor scholars in Cambridge and Oxford; the election, dur the life of the said Mr Bingham, is referred to the charitable disposition of hims the founder. After, upon the vacation of any of those places in Oxford or Ca bridge, the governors, with the advice and assistance of some learned man, sh proceed to the election.

"They shall choose none but poor, and those of a toward disposition, and forwa in such learning as may fit them to the University. In the choice, first, they sha choose the legitimate sons of some decayed governors of the school, or vestry-m of the parish of St Saviour's: next, such as have been born of some honest parer in the parish: thirdly, the sons of any parishioners that hath been born in th parish, although he hath lived out of the parish. When he is chosen, they sha admonish him to be thankful to God for this charitable provision, to call himsel and so required to be called, Bingham's Scholar, to apply his study that he may prove a good member in the Church and Commonwealth; and if by this means h rise to preferment, to remember to be helpful to such other as shall come in like sort, to be likewise sent out of the same school."

ips in either Oxford or Cambridge, for such scholars as have been shall be brought up in this school.

Mr Bingham's two Exhibitions have been augmented each to £50 annum, and they are tenable for four years if the exhibitioner cones resident. Before a student can be elected to an exhibition, he st have been at least four years in the school.

1627. John Marshall, by will, devised certain estates in trust, mong other things that his trustees should, after the death of two nuitants, bestow yearly the sum of £12 towards the maintenance of poor Scholar for seven years, if resident, in either of the Universities. e directed that the scholar should be one born in the borough of Southark or in the town of Stamford, and taught at the school in the parish St Saviour, or any other school, at their discretion. He also directed at if he should after seven years take up his degree of Master of Arts, hey should continue to him the further payment thereof for one year nore, to the end that he might at that time provide for himself some place for the employing his talent and ability abroad, for the glory of od and benefit of His Church.


FOUNDED 1570, A.D.

THIS free grammar-school was founded by letters patent, in the thirteenth year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, which recite: "That whereas her well-beloved subjects, the inhabitants of the parish of St Olave within the borough of Southwark, of their godly affection and good disposition for the bringing up, education, institution and instruction of children and younglings of that parish, at their no little cost, labour, and charge, in laudable order and form, had of late ordained and erected in the same borough and parish one Grammarschool, in the which children and younglings, as well of rich as the poor, being inhabitants within the same, are instructed and brought up liberally and prosperously in grammar, in accidence, and other lower books, to the common utility and profit of all the inhabitants of the parish:" Her Majesty, upon their humble supplication, considering "their good, godly, and laudable intent," ordained that the said school should from thenceforth be a grammar-school, "for the bringing up, institution and instruction of the children and younglings of the parishioners and inhabitants therein, as well in grammar, as in accidence and in other low books, and in writing," to be called "The Free

Grammar-school of Queen Elizabeth of the Parishioners of the Pa of Saint Olave, in the County of Surrey :" and that Her Majes intent might take the better effect, and that the lands and revenues the maintenance of the school might be better governed, she gra that there should be "sixteen men of discretion and most honest habitants" of the parish, who should be governors of the possessi of the same, and should be a body corporate and politic with ] petual succession.

The original endowment of the school consisted of a field, of ab sixteen acres, in Horsleydown, which now produces a considerable come from buildings and other improvements. The present revenue the school is stated to be nearly £3900 per annum.

The letters patent of Elizabeth were confirmed by a charter Charles II. in 1675, which increases the powers of the governors of school, and directs, "That the rents and revenues shall from time time be converted to the maintenance of the master, and such usher ushers, as to the governors shall seem fit, and for defraying the nece sary charges in the execution of their trust; and for the maintenan and education of two scholars in the University, if any such shall elected out of this school, until they have severally taken their degre of Bachelor of Arts, being first brought up in the school and inhabit ants of the parish, which scholars are to be elected by the governor and to be allowed such maintenance towards their education in the Un versity as to them shall seem fit."

At the present time the governors are empowered to grant fou Exhibitions at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge to scholars from this school, who may be recommended by the master and be reported by the examiners to be properly qualified for proceeding to the University

These Exhibitions are each of the value of £80 a year, at the dis cretion of the governors, who decide according to the merits of each and they may continue the allowance for three years and a half to the exhibitioners if they are resident.


From the circumstance of the scholars being limited to the neighbourhood, and fron the fact that some of the neighbours decline to make use of the exhibitions, as they are free, there are not always candidates for the exhibitions. It is stated on good authority, that before the appointment of the present head-master there had been only four exhibitioners since the foundation of the school in 1570, A.D.; but since his appointment there have been ten, two sent to Oxford, and eight to Cambridge.


FOUNDED 1509, A.D.

THE first foundations of the grammar-school in Guildford were Lid by Robert Beckingham, citizen and grocer of London, who in his life-time gave a messuage and garden adjoining to the Castle-ditch, and by his will bequeathed lands, for the maintenance of the school.

The revenue arising from this bequest was augmented by the corporation, who in 1520 purchased a piece of land in St Mary's parish, and erected thereupon a building for the purpose of a school-house.

King Edward VI. in the sixth year of his reign, augmented the revenues of the school, and granted letters patent to the mayor and approved men of Guildford, with power to make statutes, with the advice of the Bishop of Winchester, for all matters concerning the management and good government of the school, as well as for the preservation and disposal of its revenues, for ever.

A body of statutes was drawn up in the year 1608 for the direction and management of the school.

1671. Joseph Nettle, Esq., by will, left property in trust, that the rents and profits should be applied towards the maintenance of a Scholar for six years at Oxford or Cambridge, the son of a freeman of the town of Guildford, who should have been taught and fitted for the University in Guildford grammar-school.




THIS school was established with the design of providing such an education in classics, mathematics, the modern languages, and mercantile affairs, as may qualify the students for the Universities, the liberal professions, or commercial pursuits.

There is annually one Exhibition open to students from this school, which may be held for three years, at Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin, King's College, London, or Durham. It is given for classical or mathematical proficiency to scholars who have been at least three years at the school.

The value of these exhibitions is not less than £20, and not more than £30 a year, according to the state of the exhibition fund, which is maintained by a subscription of one guinea per annum from the friends of each scholar in the school.

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