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"We observe, with pleasure, in the Journals of the Missionarios employed in these parts, that they hold friendly conferences with one another at Malta, in which, by an interchange of knowledge and experience, they endeavour to improve their respective plans for obviating the various difficulties of their work and attaining the great object at which they aim. This system is coming into operation. The different Societies, engaged in the dillusion of Christian Truth round the shores of this sea, are sending forth their travel. lers on journies of investigation-aistributing, by their means, far and wide, copies of the Scriptures and Religious Tracts and regulating their plans and measures on actual kaowledge of the scenes of labour.

“ On one of the means of diffusing Christian Truth round the Me diterranean for which the situation of Malta renders it enijuently advantageous--the preparation and circulation of Religious Tracts we quote some very pertinent remarks by the Comittee of the Religious Tract Society :

“ The very inte: esting'volume of Christian Researches in the Mediterranean, recently published by Mr. Jowett, presents an appalling enumeration of difficulties moral, political, ecclesiastical, and ivcidental, which must be overcome, in order to the successful promuiation of the Gospel of Christ in countries once blessed with its ballowed light, but now darkened with ignorance, infidelity, and error. This respected individu I, who occupies a station which gives access to a line of coast equal to nearly one half of the circuit of the globe, and is surrounded by every variety of character; linguage, national' distinctions, and religious prejudices, deeply fee's the value of Tracts and bas devoted much of his time to prea paring them for publication. In the countries bordering upon the Levant, espe. cially, 'racis will furnisk the best precursors to future Missionaries, by remor: ing preiudice aud exciting inquiry; and they form, possibly, the only means by which multitudes of the present generation, iow rapidly passing into eternitya can be made acquainted with the hope of the Gospel.

“ It is worthy of remark, connected with these observa'ions, that in these very regions, the Soriptures were originally published as Tracts. The Gospels of the Evangelists were dispersed as Tracts, the Epistles of St. Paul were sent as se• parate Tracts, the Addresses to the Seven Churches were ofthe nature of Trauts, and the Epistles of St Peter were Tracts, immediately directed to the Christian Strangers scattered through proconsular Asia, l’ontas, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Bithynia, And if ever the golden lamps of the Apocalyptic Churches are to be rekindled, and the contipent of Asia is to be revisited by the glory which has long since departed

-an expectation, which, guided by the light of prophecy, we con. fidently cherish-if the darkness which has-tor ages obscured the fairest portions of the earth is to be scattered, and the idolatries of Paganism are to be destroyed, and the delusions of Mahommedan Superstition are to be broken, and all AntiChristian Heresies, in every quarter of the globe, are to be abolished it must be

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Survey of Protestant Missions.


by a recurrence to the ancient principles and the wise expedients of former and better times-by the faithful exhibition of the trath and grace of onr e alted Redeemer, in the doctrines of zealous Missionaries, and in the useful lives of devoted Christians,

“ In the present state of Missionary Labours throughout the Vediterranean, we shall arrange the intelligence under the different Societies engaged, and not under the Stations ; as this course seems best adapted to the particular circunstances of the case.

"The Holy Land, and especially the Sacred City, are become great objects of attention. We quoted from Dr. Richardson's late Travels, at pp. 348–351 of our last Volume, some very impress sive remarks oy the Holy City and the Jewish people. Among these and other travels, which have recently thrown light on these sacred scrnes, those of Major Mackworth, whose visit to the Syrian Christians was printed in the Number for March, are worthy attention for the just train of feeling with which he describes them. We quote his remarks on leavin Jerusalem :

" I bave seen degraded Zion, and most of her dependencies; and though much therein has been calculated to excite grief and indignation in any Christian Traveller, never probably will the remembrance of her local associations be effaced from my mind. If I have, individually, gained nothing else, I have seen enough to be able to contradict, with suficient oertainty to mysell, many things iosinuated by Anti-Christian Writers, as impeaching the truth of Scripture and of the histories and narratives which it contains. To me all seemed strongly corroborative of its unvarying veracity. Superstition itself was nable always to conceal the trath, by loading it with fabalous trash ; and my outward senses bave become the rivals of my understanding in believing the Word of God. May His Holy Spirit cause it to sink so much the deeper io my beart!

"I quitted Jerusalem, to confess the truth, without feeling that degree of regret which might be expected Perhaps it is, that, having once actually seen the saered places, the wind is as well sat sfied, UNDER EXISTING CIRCUMSTANCES, as it would be in visiting them again and again. The sad and degrading superstitions, which now envelope them with a cloud of unballowed incense, infect and destroy the pure delight, which the traveller, and (if the term may yet be allowed) the PILGRIM, would else receive: but, though contaminated, they are still silently speaking evidences, that those par 8 of Scripture which relate to them must be true ; and, as such, they are entitled to our veneration and regard."

There are about sixteen Missionaries, &c. employed in this interesting field, by the American Board of Missions, the Church Missionary Society, the London Missionary Society, the London Jews' Society, and the Wesleyan Missionary Society

Black and Caspian Seas. “For those portions of the Russian, Turkislı, and Persian Em. pires which surround these inland seas, the Scriptures are now under preparation, or have been prepared and are in the course of circulation, by various Bible and Missionary Societies-particnlarly in Russ, Turkish, Tartar, Tartar-Turkish, Greek, Persian, Arabic, and Armenian.

“ The Scottish Missionary Society occupies the greatest number of Stations in this sphere of labour. A dark cloud rests at present on exertions among the Mahommedans of these parts. The Tartars and Persians, in particular, to whom the Missionaries have had access, present many discouragements. The Mollahs and Effendis seem to have taken alarm for the stability of their faith. It is remarked, in the last Report of the Society, in reference to the Mahommedans of the Crimea

“ The present important movements in Turkey lead many of them to conclude, that the Day of Judgement is at hand; and they believe, that, before that day, Mahommedanism will be almost completely abolished. The chief Effendi wept, when be heard of the defeat of the Turks at the Straits of Thermopylæ ; and seemed to think that the Ottoman Empire was hastening to destruction, and carrying along with it the interests of the Mahoinmedan faith.

“ The discouragements, however, arising from the present state of the Tartars and Persians are not without relief. It will be seen, under the heads of Karass and Astrachan, that the first-fruits of both people, in the Scottish Mission, have, this year, been offered to God.

“ Missionaries have not an unrestrained course under the only Christian Government which has authority in these regions. It appears, that, by an old law of the Russian Empire, no Heathen can be baptized, througbout the whole territory, but by the Russian Greek Clergy. The Scottish and German Missionaries have had this privilege granted them; but the old law seems to have been revived against such Societies, as have not obtained express exemption from its operation. See on this subject pp. 297, 298, 488, & 489 of our last Volume. The Scotish Missionaries have met with no serious interruption in their labours, except in the case of Mr. Blyth, mentioned at p. 26 of the last Survey, who was prevented from labouring among the Inguish : some priests of the Designation of the Rev. A. Leslie.


Russian Church have been since sent among that people; and Mr. Blyth has been authorized by the Society to leave Russia, with the view of proceeding to another quarter of the world.

“ The Missionaries Betzner and Saltet, sent by the Edinburgla Jews' Society, to labour among the Jews near the Black Sea, whose proceedings were noticed in the last Survey, passed from Kiew to Riga, through Minks, Wilno, and Mittau-conferring with the Jews, and distributing New Testaments and Tracts. They found much attention in various places; and, in some, very hopeful converts."

This Division is occupied by twenty-two Missionaries, besides Native Assistants, who are under the patronage of the Scottish Missionary Society, the Moravian Brethren, the London Missionary Society, the German Missionary Society, and the Baptist Missionary Society. Respecting the Missionary of the last mentioned Society we shall give all the information in our possession at an early opportunity, (To be continued.)

DESIGNATION OF THE REV. A. LESLIE. “Mr. Andrew Leslie was designated at Coventry, on Tuesday, October 14. The service was introduced with reading the scriptures and prayer by Mr. Hardcastle of Dudley. Mr. Dyer, junior Secretary to the Society, explained to the numerous congregation the nature of the business on which they were assembled, and received from Mr. Leslie a most interesting narrative of his early life, together with the confession of his faith. The ordination prayer was offered by Mr. Franklin, minister of the place, (one of whose daughters is married to Mr. Leslie,) after which an affectionate charge was delivered by the venerable Dr. Ryland, founded on Acts xxvi. 16–18. Mr. Jerard, pastor of the Independent church in the city formerly under the care of the Rev. George Burder, closed the service in prayer. In the evening, a sermon was delivered by Mr. Morgan, of Birmingham, fronIsa. xlix. 21, 25. The various engagements of the day appeared to make a deep impression on the very large and respectable assembly, and it is hoped, may hereafter be found to have been accompanied with permanent spiritual benefit. The collection at the doors amounted to £24,"--Bap. Miss. Herald.


Scientific Department.

Combustion by Blow-pipe under Water. Mr. Skidmore, of New York, has remarked that the flame of the oxy-hydrogen blow-pipe may be made to burn under water. All that is required is to introduce it slowly, so that the flame shall not recede into the vessel. In this situation the flame is globular; wood put into it burns, and wires are ignited, and Mr. Skidmore thinks it may be very importantly applied as a submarine instrument of naval warfare, no difficulties being presented which may not easily be overcome.-- Brande's Jour.

Extraordinary formation of Hornstone. Professor Jameson in some speculations in regard to the formation of opal, woodstone, and diamond, gives the following statement:~" Like opal, hornstone seems sometimes to be a product of vegetable origin, for the specimen which I now exhibit to the Society is a variety of woodstone. This remarkable speeinen, 'which is eighteen inches long, five inches thick, and eight broad, was torn from the interior of a log of teak wood, (tectona grandis,) in one of the dock-yards at Calcutta. The carpenters on sawing the log of teakwood, were arrested in their progress by a hard body, which they found to be interlaced with the fibres of the wood; and, on cutting round, ex. tracted the specimen now on the table. This fact naturally led me to conjecture, that the mass of woodstone had been secreto, ed by the tree, and that, in this particular case, a greater quantity of silica than usual had been deposited ; in short, that this portion of the trunk of the tree had become silicified, thus offer. ing to our observation in vegetables, a case analogous to the ossifications that take place in the animal system. I was further led to suppose that the wood might contain silica in considerable quantity as one of its constituent parts, a conjecture which was confirmed by some experiments made by Dr. Wollaston. Other woods appear also to contain silica, and these, in all probabiliter will occasionally have portions of their

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