Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

Diamond— Volcano in Iceland,

179

structure highly impregnated with silica, forming masses which will present the principal characters of petrified wood. Indeed, I think it probable that some of the petrified woods in cabinets are portions of trees that have been silicified by the living pow. ers of the vegetable, and not trunks, or branches, which have been petrified or silicified by a mere mineral process.” Edin. Jour, ix. 165.

Matrix of the Brazilian Diamond. In Mr. Hewland's splendid collection there is a Brazilian dia. mond, imbedded in brown iron ore ; another also in brown iron ore, is in the possession of M. Schuch, librarian to the Crown Princess of Portugal; and Eschwege has in his own cabinet a mass of brown iron ore, in which there is a diamond in a drusy cavity, of a green mineral, conjectured to be arseniate of iron. From these facts it is inferred that the matrix, or original repository of the diamond of Brazil, is brown iron ore, which occurs in beds of slaty quartzoze micaceous iron ore, or in beds composed of iron glance and magnetic iron ore named Itabirite, both of which are subordinate to what is cousidered as primis tive cluy slate.--Edin. Jour. ix. 202.

Volcanic Eruption in Iceland. On the 22d of June last, a great noise began in Mýrdals Jokel, on the south side of Iceland, and on the 26th there was a dreadful volcanic eruption from the Crater Kotlugian, which had been quiet since 1775.

Pumice and ashes were thrown to a great distance, and even covered ships that were ninety miles from the coast. The ice on the summit of the mountain was torn asun:ler, prodigious masses rolled into the sea, while torrents of water thrown from the crater covered the adjacent country with mud and slime. There were three distinct erup- tions, since which the mountain has been tranquil. This new

volcano lies from six to eight leagues to the east of Eyafalle Jokel, which broke out in December last, and about twelve leagues south-east of Hecta.

[ocr errors]

BOTANY. Plants in flower, in the Mission Garden, in the month of Junes

1824. Monandria Monogynia.—Canna indica, —-polymorpha--pes dunculata--pallida--coccinea--coccinea maculata-glaucanepalensis-limbata. Kempferia Galanga-marginata --argustifolia—pandurata. Phrynium dichotomum-spicatum-capitatum. Curcuma Zedoaria-Amada-longa---cordifolia. Al. pinia nutans-calcarata. Globba Careyana.

Diandria Monogynia.----Jasminum Zambac--elongatum lanceofolium-bracteatum--arborescens-angustifolium-cóarctatum-laurifolium-attenuatum -auriculatum--lanceolarium-chrysanthemum-grandiflorum. Justicia echioides-picta -paniculata. Veronica elatior--mollis --prealia-dentata. Gratiola grandiflora-integrifolia-lucida-veronicifolia- serrata. Lycopus exaltatus. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis-nưtabilis-prismatica. Salvia coccinea-parviflora-cana.

Triandria Monogynia.- Pardanthus chinensis. Iris cuprea 2-moreoides. Sisyrynchitim anceps.

The grasses are omitted.

Tetrandria Monogynia.-Spermacoce teres-lævis-hispida tenuior. Ixora coccinea- undulata --Pavetta-rosea. Callicarpa incana-villosa. Cissus vitiginea--pedata. Chloranthus inconspicuus. Rivina lævis.

Pentandria Monogynia.--Heliotropium indicum-tepuifolium. Cynoglossum canescens—racemosum. Lettsomia splendens-nervosabona nox. Convolvulus purpureus-tridentatus-bicolor-Turpethum-Nil-paniculatus. Ipomoea sepiarea. Campanula Bononiensis. Nauclea Cadamba. Randia racemosa-stricta. Psychotria undulata. Musaenda corymbosa-frondosa. Morinda tinctoria-citrifolia. Scævola Taccada. Lobelia radicans. Mirabilis Jalapa. Ardisia glandulosa-umbellata-solanacea-colorata. Hyoscyamus albus. Verbascum Thapsus. Datura stramonium-metel—fastuosa Plants in Flower in June, 1824.

181

Nicotiana Tabacum --glutinosa---angustifolia---undulata. plumbaginifolia---decurrens--petiolata—Leymania. Atropa physaloides. Physalis flexuosa. Solanum pubescens-auricu. latum--spirale.-Melongena–Jacquini-hirsutum-indicum -stramonitolium----pentapetaloides----macrocarpon--æthiopicum. Capsicum frutescens--purpureum. Serissa fætida. Cestrum fætidissimum. Impatiens balsamina. Musa ornata-sapientum. Achyranthes aspera-lappacea-alternifolia-ferruginea -lanata-incana--triandra. Celosia argentea. Ophioxylon; serpentinum. Allamanda cathartica. Vinca rosea. Nerium odorum-coccineum. Cerathamnus convolvulaceus. Alstonia venenata. Echites coryophyllata -paniculata--suberecta. Plus meria acuminata, alba. Tabernæmontana coronaria -- recurva.

Pentandria Digynia.—Calotropis gigantea. Hoya carnosa — parasitica. Stapelia revoluta. Semecarpus Anacardium. Tur. nera angustifolia-trioniflora.

Hexandria Monogynia.-- Pittcairnia integrifolia. Crinum eru.... bescens--amabile-declinatum-defixum--amænum.-longifolium-olorifolium ---verecundum--Toxicarium-brevifolium --pedunculatum--procerum--Broussoneti--scabrum ---zeylanicum-latifolium--moluccanum--Careyanum-capenselongiflorum---Govenium or zeylanico-capense---scabro-capense---erubescenti-capense – brevifolio-capense. Hippeastrum equestre-reginæ- Johnsoni-splendens. Spreukelia formosissima. Pancratium canariense-verecundum. Proin phis amboynensis. Hymenocallis speciosa—ovatam-expansa -caribbea-angusta- tenuiflora-littoralis-disticha. Pha, langium Liliago. Anthericum tuberosum. Ophiopogon japoni.

Curculigo orchioides—sumatrana--recurva-Sanseviera zeylanica. Dianella nemorosa. Peliosanthes Teta. Polyanthes tuberosa. Hemerocalis fulva. Eustrephus latifolia. Achras Sapota. Triphasia aurantiola.

Octandria Monogynia.-Oenothera sinuata ---tetrapterarosea-grandiflorą.--nocturna. Blighia sapida. Daphne viridia Alora.

Octandria Trigynia.Polygonum lanatum--pilosum---tenel.

cus.

lum-rivulare-flaccidum-elegans. Cardiospermum Halicaca bum.

Decandria Monogynia --Sophora tomentosa. Bauhinia acu. minata. Cassia Sophora. Poinciana pulcherrima. Murraya exoti. ca. Tribulus lanuginosus.

Diandria Digynia. Dianthus chinensis--prolifer-asper sylvestris - diutinus.

Decandria Trigynia.--Cucubalis tataricus. Silene repensalpestris. Malpighia coccifera-lucida.

Decandria Pentagynia.-- Averrhoa Carambola. Oxalis cor. niculata-quadrifolia-purpurea-sensitiva. Lychnis chalce. donica.

Decandria Monogynia.-Triumfetta oblongifolia. Lythrum triflorum. Portulacca oleracea-meridiana --pilosa. Talinum reflexumi-cuneifolium.

Dodecandria Trigynia.-Reseda odorata. Euphorbia hirta --thymifolia-Chamaesyce-terracina- linifolia.

Icosandi ia Monogynia.-Cactus mamillaris-cylindricushexagonus--triangularis - Ficus indica—Toona-indicus. Psidium pyriferum-pomiferum-guinensis. Eugenia malaccensis--myrtifolia-bracteata. Myrtus communis. Punica granatum. Lagerstroemia indica--reginæ.

Icosandria Pentagynia.–Spiræa corymbosa.

Icosandria Polygynia. - Rosa indica -centifolia chinensis semperflorens-glandulifera-microphylla. Robus rosæfolius. Potentilla reptans-argentea-birsuta. Fragaria indi.

1

ca.

Polyandria Monogynia.-Mimosa arabica. Acacia amara impudica-glauca-- Catechu-Suma. Desmanthus virgatus. Argemone mexicana.

Pulyandria Polygynia.–Dillenia speciosa. Michelia Champaca.

Uvaria odorata. Clematis viticella Didynamia Gymnospermia - Ajuga Disticha-Hyoscyam. vs. Hyssopus officiralis. Lavandula multitida. Nepeta purpu.

Leonurus tataricus. Ocymum villosum-sanctum-po.. bystachion--caryophyllum-pilosum-gratissimum.

rea

[blocks in formation]

Didynamia Angiospermia - Antirrhinum majus. Penstemon campanulata. Maurandia semperflorens -- personata. Thunbergia fragrans-grandiflora--coccinea. A canthus madraspatensis. Barleria buxifolia. Ruellia latebrosą--ringens. Cros, sandra undulæfolia. Chlerodendrum jperme. Volkameria heterophylla ----Kempferi---serrata--urticifolia---glandulifera. Vitex trifoliata-Negundo. Lantana aculeata trifolia-lanata, Verbena nodiflora-bonariensis. Bignonia amena--grandis foram Chelonoides--Xylocarpa.

Tetradynamia Siliculosa.- Iberis umbellata.

Tetradynamia Siliquosa.--Sisymbrium aureum. Malcolmia maritima. Sinapis patens. Monadelphia Pentandria.-Passiflora laurifolia

incarnata -foda-edulis-minima suberosa---lutea.

M nadelphia Heptandria.- Pelargonium zonale.

Monadelphia Decandria -Helicteres Isora--spicata-angustifolia. Pentapetes phænicea.

Monadelphia Polyandria.—Sida angustifolia--microphylla -cuneifolia - nudiflora--periploeifolia---alba-shombifoliacordifolia --tomentosa-asiatica --hastata. Malachra heptaphylla--capitata.

Althæa rosea.

Gossypium arboreum religiosum - vitifolium. Hibiscus Rosa sinensis-phæniceus -syriacus. Achania pilosa.

Diadelphia Octandria.-Polygala arvensis.-buxifolia.

Diadelphia Decandria.-Pterocarpus dalbergioides. Erythripa suberosa. Crotalaria retusa. Dolichos gladiatus. Clitoria ternata -heterophylla-erecta--biflora. Robinia macrophylla. Sesbana grandiflora. Hedysarum gangeticum-. bracteatun--strobiliferum-vespertilionis--cphalotes --- pulchellum----pictum. Indigofera pulchella. Galega incana-diffusa-vulgaris.

Syngenesia Æqualis.—Sonchus orixensis. Hieraccum cymosum. Prenanthes linifolia. Bidens pilosa.

Syngenesia Superflua. Artimisia vulgaris-indica. Gnaphalium odoratissimum-fætidum. Erigeron asteroides. Senecio elegans. Ximenesia encelioides. Achillea millefolia--magnadistans. Eclipta prostrata, Zinnia elegans.

« AnteriorContinuar »