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“Yesterday, July 4th, nine years, bad elapsed since Mr. and Mrs. Milne landed at Macao, and were received by me and Mrs. Morrison. Three of the four, all I believe under forty years of age, have been called hence, and have left me alone and disconsolate. But good is the will of the Lord! They all died in the faith and hope of the Gospel; and they all died at their post, attending to the business of their Christian Warfare in distant lands. They have left their bodies in the field of battle. They were faitbful to their Saviour's cause until death.”

INDIA BEYOND THE GANGES.-“On the suggestion of the late Dr. Milne, the Directors of the London Missionary Society, at a Meeting held Jan. 29, 1823, adopted the following Resolution

“The Directors of this Society, viewing with Christian compassion the vast population of the Kingdoms of Siam, Cochin-China, and Japan, oow sonk in the most debasing idolatry, and without the knowledge of a Saviour, do

• “Resolve, by the help of a gracious Providence, to attempt, as early as prace ticable, complete Versions of the Old and New Testament iuto each of the tbree languages oi the said Kingdoms.

• Preparations for the Siamese are in progress at Sincapore. (“In reference to one of the principal means of future probable usefulness within this sphere, and to its action on China itself, the Directors of the same society thus speak, in their last Report, of the Anglo-Chinese College

“In this Institution-by its local situation sufficiently removed from the in. terference of the Chinese Authorities, and yet admitting an easy and extensive communication with that portion of the Chinese Population which is scattered over the islands of the Indian Archipelago, and, occasionally, even with those of the Chinese Continent itself—is collected together every requisite and facility for enabling the Christian Missionary speedily to acquire a koowledge of the Janguage, literature, and philosophy of China, as well as of becoming familiarly acquainted with the Chinese Version of the Scriptures ; by which means he may, under the Divine blessing, be qualified to go forth and preach the Gospel to the numerous Chinese of the Archipelago; whence, we may be permitted to hope, that at some future, and, we trust, not distant period, Native Teachers will pass over to the Continent of China, to teach their idolatrous countrymen the knowledge of that religion by which they themselves shall bave been previously made wise un. to salvation; thus also shewiog both the wisdom and the benevolence of that pro, vidential insular arrangement, which, in the first place, admitted of such offsets from the continental population, and afterward Jacilitated so beneficial an ingraftmeot on the original stock."

The stations included in this division are; Malacca, Sincapore, George Town in Pulo Penang, and Rangoon. Ava might have been added. The number of Missionaries are ten, beside one Printer: they are attached to the London Missionary Society, and the American Baptist Missions.

Survey of Protestant Missions.

795

INDIA WITHIN THE GANGES.-"In our last volume, we were enabled to give much information, reported by eye-witnesses of the highest character, respecting the state of both the Christian and Heathen Natives of India, and of the Progress and Influence of Education and Christianity: see pp. 113, 114, 149–157, 265–268, & 396 -401. We shall rejoice to see an increase of such travellers and observers as Major Mackworth, the Rev. Henry Townley, and the Rev. Principal Mill.

“ Much interesting intelligencc also occurs in the last volume in reference to the See of Calcutta, and the measures in relation to Protestant Episcopal Missions in India. The character of Bishop Middleton and that of his successor, the views and feelings with which Bishop Heber has entered on his sacred function, the Parliamentary Recognition of Episcopal Ordination in India, and othér points connected with this subject, so pregnant, it may be reasonably hoped, with benefit to the cause of Christianity, will be found detailed at pp. 82, 225, 226, 249, 250, 289—292, & 396.

“ A sufficient number of competent Christian Instructors is the most urgent want of India. The gradnať creation, by the Divine blessing on the intelligence and piety of European Teachers, of a body of duly qualified Native Missionaries, is an object of supreme importance, and now happily kept in view by the different Societies which labour in India. Our Schools, our Seminaries, and our Colleges, are all means to this great end. We extract, on this subject, from the Twenty-third Report of the Church Missionary Society, a few sentences of an animated letter, addressed to the Society by the Rev. Marmaduke Thompson, on his return to his lai bours in India :

“We require holy men, who are at the same time Scholars and Divines-men, who, capable of adorning a University, but emulating rather the self-denial and toil of Apostles, and crucified as they to the world and the world to them, can, like them, gladly give themselves wholly to the service of the Heathen, for the love of Christ, at any personal cost and sacrifice. The country itself will not be wanting to us. From its proper Native population, and from the descendants of Europeans it has yielded, and still yields, to the Romish Missions, and will yield to us under equal care, sufficient supplies of fit and able men for every department of our labours. May the encouragement, which the assurance of this fact is calculated to afford, move, through the Divine mercy, the hearts of many in our Tevered Church, whom the Lord has abundantly qualified, by endowments of mind and spiritual gifts, for the Missionary work in India!"

Another eye-witness of what he describes draws the following picture of the preparation already made for future good:

“In the WORK OF PREPARATION -of which, in sommerous a population, much, according to the common course of Providence, must precede the esfensive prevalence of true piely—MOCH has, I think, been accomplished, and almost all by Missionaries. The introduction of the printed character into general use, by which onbounded stores of koowledge are communicated to the population generally, instead of being confined to the Brahmins—the preparation of almost all the entertainirg and instructive works published by the School. Book Society --the commencement and superintendence of almost all the Schools yet established for Natives, whether males or females --- the intelligible trauslation of the Sc. iptores into many languages--the preparation, printing, and extensive circalation of Religious Tracts, in Bengalee, Hindoostanee, Persian, Sanscrit, and Hirduwee-the commencement of Newspapers in the language of the Natives, of wlich FIVE are now printed in Calcutta and its neighbourhood and the establishment of Printing Presses among the Natives themselves-all this, with the exception of what has been done by a few honoured individuals, must be attributed to Missionaries. And we wait, under the confident bope, that, a few years hence, the mighty effects of these laboars will appear.”

Forty-two stations are enumerated under this division, though some of them seem scarcely to merit the appellation. The most important are Chittagong, Sahebgunj, Calcutta, Serampore, Chinsurab, Burdwan, Cutwa, Beerbhoom, Moorshedabad, Dinagepore, Monghyr, Digah, Benares, Chunar, Allahabad, Futtyghur, Meerut, Delhi, Agra; Surat. Bombay, Bancoot; Belgaum, Billary, Bangalore, Seringapatam, Tellicherry, Cotym, Cochin, Allepie, Quilon, Nagracoil, Palamcottah, Ne*gapatam, Tranquebar, Madras, Vizagapatam, and Cuttack. Besides the forty-two stations particularly reported, there are thirteen others mentioned, respecting which no information had been received. Amongst these are Dacca, Ajimere, Vepery, and o hers, we believe, of considerable importance, with which we are not particularly acquainted, and some that are not now the scenes of Missionary labor, such as Barripore, Malda, Guyah, and Lucknow.

Of the Missionaries employed in this extensive country it is not easy to give an exact account, but according to the Survey before us, and as far as we are able to discriminate, there are Seventy-six Euroj:eans or Americans, twenty.turo Indo-Britons or Portuguese, natives of India, and about fifty pure natives

We could easily have made corrections on account of those who have been removed by death or sickness,

of the country.

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and also on account of those who have recently arrived, but we have thought it better not, especially as the total numbers would scarcely have been at all affected. We observe that two European Missionaries in Calcutta, and one in Chinsurah are, through mistake, omitted.

The Societies under whose auspicies these Missionaries labour are the Baptist Missionary Society and the Serampore Mission, the London Missionary Society, the Church Missionary Society, the Wesleyan Missionary Society, the Society for propagating the Gospel, the Christian Knowledge Society, the General Baptist Missionary Society, the London Jews' Society, the American Board of Missions, the Danish Mission College, and, there should have been added, the Netherlands Missionary Society. The operations of these are greatly assisted by local Auxiliary Societies.

TARTARY.

In our last number we promised to give some account of the Missionary, connected with the Baptist Missionary Society, in Tartary. The following letter, from our friend Mr. W. H. Angas, contains all that is yet known respecting him. It is addressed to the Secretary in England, from Basle, and is dated Sept. 24, 1823.

“ In passing through the Prussian churches, I obtained tid. ings of a young man, a native of Switzerland, and by name Daniel Schlatter, whom I think the Committee will consider worthy of their attention. He served in the capacity of a merchant's clerk in the town of St. Gallen, for a number of years, with great credit to himself, comfort to his family, and advantage to his employer. Very early in life his mother's pious care for his soul, was blessed to bis conversion. As he rose in years he was accustomed to read missionary intelligence with great avidity. As he read, he felt a growing interest in the Lord's work among the heathen, until at length this

came to a burning desire, that one day He might open a door for him also into the wide fields of missionary labour. His prayers to this effect were, after some years, graciously answered, so that he found himself at liberty to apply to the missionary institution here for admittance as a student. But as he had embraced the sentiments of Adult Baptism, he could not, consonant with the rules of the institution, be taken upon its establishment. For the great regard, however, the directors had for his character, and respect for his natural capacity for the work, they liberally paid his travelling expences to Tartary, where it was in his heart to go, among the Nogaien tribe, as their missionary. Being shut out from pecuniary support from all missionary institutions on the continent, he hired himself out as a groom, and house servant to a Tartar chief, by name Abdullah.

By this means he thinks to be able to live until he acquires the language, while he has the best opportunity of becoming acquainted with the Tartar character in all its bearings, and recommending that gospel which he hopes soon to be able to preach to them, in a speaking life and con. versation. He has, it seems, enjoyed a liberal education, and has by nature a constitution of body, for hardihood and robustness, seldom perhaps or never equalled. Indeed in the possibility of his one day being called to this work, he had for years previous, prepared himself for enduring hardness and bodily privation in every possible way. For some years he has never slept in a bed, nor drank any thing stronger than water. The extraordinary decision and consistency of his character, his unassuming modesty, and deep piety, have already won many hearts to him, on his way through the Prussian states, particularly wherever he met with the friends of Jesus.

“In the city of Konigsberg, where he called, and where the excellent of the earth are not a few, he appears to bave been well received ; and I find by the last missionary accounts from that place, that the Konigsberg Branch Society, Auxiliary to

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