« AnteriorContinuar »
one of the established schools during a period of four years ; and who shall be particularly recommended by the Committee, for their moral and exemplary conduct during that period. Such purchases shall be exempt from all taxes and charges, ordinarily imposed upon the manumission of slavęs. Donations and legacies may be made, in aid of the Redemption Fund.
Every slave is to be daily supplied with proper food and clothing : and, in case of dissatisfaction, appeal may be made, by either party to the local authority.
“ Slaves employed in garden or field labour, are not to be compelled to work more than ten hours, in each twenty-four, to the 30th September; nor more than twelve hours in twentyfour hours, from the 1st October to the 31st March inclusive: except during the ploughing or barvest seasons, or on extraordinary occasions ; when a remuneration shall be made to them in money, or by an additional proportion of food, according to the discretion of the local magistrate.
• Proprietors, or persons employed by them, are not at liberty to inflict any punishment on a slave, beyond what may be considered a mild domestic correction. This correction is only to be given with rods, or other implements of domestic punishment : itis not to exceed twenty-five stripes ; and is, in no case, to be repeated within twenty-four hours, nor until the delinquent shall have recovered from the effects of any former correction.
“Should it be necessary for the security or safety of a family or individual, to put a slave in irons, the same shall be reported within twenty-four hours, to the local authority ; stating the cause and circumstances under which such measure could be justified.
“Maltreatment of a slave by the proprietor, not attended with death, may be punished by fine, imprisonment, banishment, or other sentence of the law, according to the nature of the case, and the degree of cruelty exercised ; and the slave may be publicly sold, for the account of the proprietor, but un
der special condition of never again coming into his power, or into that of his parents, children, brothers, or sisters : but, when the maltreatment of a slave has been attended with death, it must be recollected that the court, in giving judgment, will be guided by the law applicable to homicide.
Maltreatment of a slave, by the overseer or representative of the proprietor, or other individual, shall be punished as if the same had been inflicted on a free person, placed under the superintendence or direction of such overseer or other representative of the proprietor. Domestic punishment is forbidden to be inflicted on a slave, by any other hand than that of the proprietor, employer, or overseer, (not being a slave,) except in cases where the proprietors or employers, having no free person in their employ, are females, or infirm, or suffering under disease, or are upward of sixty years of age.”
Pecuniary penalties are attached to the breach of these respective provisions.
IRELAND. A circumstance scarcely credible has transpired before the Commissioners of Government respecting Ireland, which casts great light on the state of that unhappy country, and proves at least that education and literature are not among the causes of its maladies ;-it is, tbat in eleven counties there is not a single bookseller's shop! Those who argue that education tends to excite a spirit of discontent and insubordination among the poor, will find it somewhat difficult to apply their theory to the actual state of Ireland. The friends of education, on the contrary, will feel themselves encouraged to renewed zeal and exertion in diffusing this invaluable boon, from every new proof either of the evils which result from its absence, or of the blessings which, when rightly directed, it invariably coufers.-Christ. Obs.
The following view of the State of Egypt is given in Silli- : man's Journal of the Arts and Sciences, published in the United States :
Every traveller in Egypt attributes to the Viceroy all the qualities of a siatesman. The Christians, who live under his laws, are under many obligations to him; and enterprising travellers of all natious and religions may now traverse Egypt, with a security before unknown to the Ottoman Dominioas. The army of the Viceroy consists of not less than 45,000 men, comprehending infantry, cavalry, and artillery. His naval force is composed of twen y-two vessels; and the navigation of the Nile is protected by a great number of gun-boats, each of which carries forty men. The revenues of Mahomed Ali, as Viceroy, amount to 25 millions of Spanish piastres : they arise from custom house duties, taxes, tolls, fisheries, public domains, contributions from conquered countries, and from caravans, &c The Viceroy pays, in title of Vassal, 2,400,000 livres to the Sulian : he sends he same surn to the treasury of Mecca; 800,000 measures of rice, &c. to Constantinople; furnishes provisions to the caravans of Cairo; keeps a brilliant Court; and often sends presents to the Sultan, to the favourite Sultana, as well as to the Ministers of his Highness, and to persons in credit at the Seraglio. The actual population of Egypt does not exceed 3,000,000. It contains 2496 towns and vil. lages; of which 957 are in Upper Egypt, and 1539 in the Delta.-Miss. Reg.
WESLEYAN MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
Two important openings for Missionary Exertion, in coun. tries toward which the Committee have been, for sometime, directing their attention, have taken place. The Cape Colonial Government bas given a favourable answer to an applica
Conversion of a Village.
tion from Mr. W. Shaw, to commence a mission among the Caffres, and has liberally afforded e couragement to the undertaking. Still higher up the Eastern Coast of Africa, a large tract of land has been ceded to the British Government, near Delagoa Bay: one of the stipulations of the Natives w:s, ibat they should be furnished with Christian teachers; and Capt. Owen, the officer who conducted the negotiation, b.ing about to sail from the Cape to this New Settlement, took with hiin Mr. Threlfall, who is now employed there: Mr. Whitworth, late Missionary in the West Iudies, has been appointed to take charge of this station: should this new African Settlement prosper, a communication will probably be openevi be
tween it and a part of Madagascar pot yet visited by any Mis. 21
sionaries, and thus afford facilities for the introduction of 3 Christianity into the darkest parts of that important island also. 1 Two additional missionaries will likewise speedily suil for
South Africa, with reference to the opening in Caffraria, and another for the Western Coast.
Mr. Couk, who has been employed on a mission in France L is on the point of setting off for Palestine. On his arrival at
Jerusalem, he is to collect information on the facilities which may exist there, or in any other part of Palestine, for the establishment of a permanent mission, Miss. Reg.
CONVERSION OF A VILLAGE. A village called Mulhaosed, in the Grand Duchy of Baden, consisting of about sixty families of three hundred souls, was, at the commencement of the present year, entirely Catholics. At the present moment, forty-eight of these families, or fourfifths of the population, are Protestants, and the greater part of the remaining fith are expected to join their former coworshippers. The following is the manner in which this surprising change has been effected. The Cure of the village was a man of remarkable good sense, and great assiduity in his
pastoral duties, esteemed for his christian virtues, and admir. ed for his learning and moderation. In his sermons to his flock, he endeavoured more to impress on their minds the general truths of the christian system, than the particular dogmas of the Catholic church. Above all, he inculcated the uselessness of observing external rites and ceremonies to the exclu. sion or neglect of internal piety. Charity, justice, and all the moral and social duties, were more frequently on his lips, than the virtues of masses, the power of relics, or the pains of purgatory. This conduct did not suit the vicar-general of his di
The Curé was summoned into his presence, reproach. ed for his laxness and moderation, and desired henceforth to evince more Catholic zeal, or to leave his cure. The good man returned to his village undismayed by the menaces of his ecclesiastical superior. He called his flock together with the seigneur of the village at their head, and having recapitulated both the doctrines which he had preached, and those which the vicar-general required him to adopt, he assured them that his conscience would not allow him to change his system, but that be would continue to be their pastor as heretofore, if they followed him in the old course, and protested against the superstitious bigotry which was attempted to be enforced. The seigneur, and upwards of forty families, immediately joined him, and for ever separated themselves from the Catholic communion. A petition was sent to the government to appoint another Cure for those who continued Catholics, but it is now supposed that the expense may be spared, as they are rapidly uniting themselves to the congregation of their old pastor. If the inquisition had existed in Baden, this curate and his flock would have been condemned to an Auto-da-fe!-Bap. Mag.