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church now occupied by our Paymaster General. Here too beos gin to rise above the tops of the trees the spires of those buildings, which for want of a better name, we call Pagodas. They are chief. ly. of brick work chunamed, but several are richly gilt from the foundation to the summit, and surmounted by the umbrella-shaped pinnacle, which you see in all the books hitherto printed on this subject. The road now begins to ascend and for upwards of one mile and a half is skirted by smaller pagodas, and low arched temples of Gaudama, in which the figure of the idol appears generally in the attitude given in Syme's plate, but somewhat more artist-like in point of modelling and sculpture. Midway up the bill which forms our position, is a temple occupied by the Head Quarters of the 13th, It is a large square apartment, with a vaulted ceiling, curiously gilt and adorned with cleverly carved cornices and ornaments ; a vast image of the god has now received in its arms the colours of the corps; and the Regimental jest is, to introduce you to the new Ensign. From this elevated spot, which is,

like most of the temples, battlemented and terraced, you look westward and behold the river below; the town of Rangoon, and the hamlet of Mondra, on the opposite bank of the island Dalla, confounded in the middle distance, backed by a verduous and graceful forest, and a fleet of more than forty ships riding as it appears in the very streets. Eastward is an extensive view of the Pegue River; to the right, and farther to the left, a smaller stream spreading in spots into small lakes, and quickly lost amidst the vast surrounding jungle which makes up the rest of the prospect. Half a mile farther on, is the crowning splendor of this haughty hill of devilworship. The grand Pagoda (whose title Dagon reminds us of the rebuke of the uncircumcised) stands on avast square platform of raised earth faced with brick, of 200 yards in every direction. The Pagoda itself, gilt and burnished, rises to the height of 360 feet above the surface of the platform. It is to all appearance a solid mass of brick work, though said to contain in its huge entrails vast treasures of lead, gold, and precious stones. A beautifully carved temple of wood, profusely gilt, adorns one side of its base. There are hung within its precincts, several bells whose metal has already been proved by analysis, to contain an unusual quantity of silver. They are covered with Burmese characters very neatly exes cuted.".

THE FRIEND OF INDIA.

(MONTHLY SERIES.)

Vol. VII.

AUGUST, 1824.

No. LXXIII.

ness.

INFANT SCHOOLS. There are innumerable proofs, that the philanthropy of our age and country, has not yet begun to wane. It is still ad vancing with firmness and zeal; not exhibiting a restless spirit of change, nor yet contented satisfaction with what has been already accomplished, or the means which have been already put in operation. It seems to be guided quite as much by accurate reflection upon the real nature and sources of human wretchedness, as by simple benevolence. It blends christian philosophy with compassionate feeling. It appears as the discharge of duty, as much as the expression of tender-hearted

There cannot be a more decided evidence of this, than the attention paid to youth. So much had been done to save from contamination, and to educate in religion and useful knowledge the rising generation in England, and so much to reclaim those who had been early depraved, that we were scarcely prepared to hear of any new scheme for their benefit. And yet one has been published and adopted, which recommends itself at once to the understanding and the heart. It has been resolved to pursue the wide-spreading stream of Juvenile delinquency still nearer to its source ; to cut it off, if possible, in its very commencement. For this purpose Infant Schools have been instituted, and it seems likely that they will soon become numerous.

An interesting little volume has been published by Mr. Wilderspin, the master of the Spitalfields Iufant School, explains

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ing the nature of these schools, and powerfully urging their necessity, a copy of which we have had the pleasure of receiving from a friend in Liverpool. A few extracts from it may be interesting. On the admission of a child into the school, the parents are supplied with a copy of the following rules and exhortation, which are strictly in forced with excellent effect :

Isl. Parents are to send their children clean washed, with their hair cut short, combed, and their clothes well mended, by balf past eight o'clock in the morning, to remain till twelve.

“ 2nd. If any child be later in attendance than nine o'clock in the morning, that child must be sent back until the afternoon '; and in case of being later than two in the afternoon, it will be sent back for tbe day.

« 3rd. Parents may send their children's dippers with them in the morning, bat they must fetch them home at five o'clock.

-« 4th. If a child be absent without potice being sent to the master or mistress, assigning a satisfactory reason for the absence, such child will not be permitted to return again to the school.” “ Saturday afternoon is halfholiday.

*“ It is earnestly hoped, that parents will see their own interest, as well as that of their children, in strictly observing these rules; and they are exhorted to submit their children to be governed by the master and mistress-to give them good instruetion and advice-to accustom them to family prayer, but above all to call upon them to repeat the Lord's prayer when they rise in the morning, and when they retire to rest, and set before them a good example, for in so doing they may humbly hope that the blessing of Almighty God will rest upon them and their families; for we are assured in the holy Scriptares, that if we train up a child in the way be should go, when he is old he will not depart from it, Prov. xxii. 6. Therefore you may be instrumental in the promotion of their wela fare in this life, and of their eternal happiness in the world to come."

The Master and Mistress are required,
“ Ist. Never to correct a child in anger.
“2nd. Never to deprive a child of any thing, withont returning it again.
“3rd. Never to break a promise.

“4th, Never to overlook a fault, but in all things study to set before the children an example wortby of imitation, that they inay see your good works, avd glorify your father which is in heaven.”

Great part of the book consists of details of ihe mode of conducting the school duty, which we cannot notice here. Two objects seem to be continually kept in view; to unite amusement with instruction, in such a manner as to make it a pleasure

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instead of a drudgery and carefully, both by practice and preeept, to instil moral and religious sentiments into the minds of the children. Considerable ingenuity and great zeal, are dis. played in this part of the work.

We shall content ourselves with briefly noticing the reasons urged for the necessity of such schools. The principal of them is, the unguarded situation in which the children of the poor are generally left, through the occupations and circumstances of their parents.

6 What is a poor woman to do, who is left a widow with four or five children, the eldest perhaps not more than ten years of age ? She is obliged to go out to washing, or other daily labour, the consequence is, her children are left to shift for themselves.” The children of widows are not the only sufferers;in many cases the labour of the husband alone, is not sufficient to obtain support for the family, and in many more dissolute husbands spend much of their gains in dissipation, and in all such the mother is obliged to labour, either at home or a. broad, to the neglect of her children. The natural consequences of this state of things, are the innumerable accidents daily occurring, such as children burnt, falling from windows, or down steep stairs, run over in the streets, drowned or lost in strolling in fields, by ditches, canals or rivers. And worse than all these, are the consequences to the morals of the children. They get. into the company of others more wicked than themselves, and are frequently initiated in vice by designing persons who make them the instruments of extensive thefts. “It is not long ago," says the Author, in his introduction, "since I read in the Police Reports of a woman who had entrapped eight or ten children from their parents, and had trained them up, and sent them out thieving, and it was not till one of the children was taken in the fact, that the whole affair was made kuown." The follow. ing extract is from another part of the work :

“ The younger the children are, the better they suit the purpose of these vile miscreants, because, is such children, are detected in any dishonest act, they know fall well, that few persons would do more than give the child or children a tap on the head, and send them about their business. Thus the tenth part of the crimes committed by juvenile offenders, never come under public view, because if any person being robbed by a child, should detect him, and make a stir in the busi. ness, he is silenced by the by-standers with this remark, “Oh! he is but a child, let him go this time, perhaps the poor thing does it from necessity, being hangry, and in want of bread.” Thus the child is almost sure to escape, and instead of being punished, is not unfrequently rewarded for the adventure, as will be proved, from the following fact. Having occasion to walk through Shoreditch, not long ago, I saw a number of people collected together, around a little boy, who it appears, had stolen a brass weight from the shop of a grocer. The account that the slopman gave of the matter, was as follows : he stated that three boys came into the shop, for half an ounce of candid horehound, and while he was getting down the glass, that contained it, one of the boys contrived to purloin the weight in question. Having some sospicion of the boys, from the circumstance of having lost a vast number of brass weights, he kept his eyes upon them, and saw one of them put his hand into a box that was on the counter, and take the largest weight that was in it, and then run out of the shop, followed by the other two boys. The boy that stole it, slipt the weight into the hand of one of the others, and the shopman having observed this manæuvre, followed the boy that had the weight, wbo, being youngest of the three, could not run very fast, and finding himself closely pursued, thiew away the weight in the road, and when he was taken, he declared that it was not him that took it. The man wished to take the child back to the shop, in order that his master might do with him as he thought proper, but the by-standers actually prevented him, and one man in particular seemed to interest himself much in the boy's behalf, stating that he knew the child very well, that he had neither father nor mother; and the child immediately answered that he had no father or mother, and that he had bad no victuals all day, the individual before-mentioned then gave the child one penny, his example was followed by many more, and I think that the boy obtained nearly a shilling. I put several questions to the child, but was checked by this fellow, who told me, that as I had given the child nothing, 1 had no right to ask so many questions, and after giving me a great deal of abuse, ended by telling me, that if I did not take myself off that he would give me something for myself. Feeling a great desire to sift still further into this mystery, I feigned to withdraw myself, but kept my eye upon the boy and followed him for nearly two hours, until I actually saw him join the other two, one of whicm I had not seen before, who had a bag with something very heavy in it, which I have every reason to believe contained weights, or something which they liad obtained in a similar manner. Wishing to ascertaiu the fact, I approached the boys, who no sooner perceived me, than the littlc fellow who had been principal actor in the affair, called out, “ Nose, Nose," when they all took to tbeir lieels and ran down sume' obscure alleys ; I followed, but was knocked dawu, as if by accident, by two ill-looking fellows, who kept apologizing to me, poil the boys got out of the way. I cannot help ibinking but tbat this was an organized syslem ar depredation, ard that the man who took sach an active part at the first was at the bottom of all the business. I should be sorry to judge harsbe

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