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SERAMPORE. Snan and Rut'k Jattra. As on former years, we avaited ourselves of the opportunities presented by these festivals, of making known the gospel. Occasionally a few of the brethren mingling with the crowd, entered into conversation with individuals, and distributed tracts. But in general they confined themselves to the small chapel in the Bazar. Several of the ser. vices there were peculiarly interesting, and none more' so than that on the evening before the Snan Jattra. It was a delightfully serene and mild moon-light evening. The little chapel was quite filled with the native Christians, and the Christian students of the College. The service was commenced by singing a hymn, which produced a pleasing effect, from the number present, and the music (purely native) being well conducted. Many of the people who were passing were attracted by it, and stood still in front of the chapel, but it was continued so long that they all passed on, before opportunity was taken to address them. The brethren then leaying the chapel, took up a station on the side of the road, sung another verse, and soon found themselves surrounded by a large company, to whom they addressed the word of God. The first speaker was a Bengalee christian converted about seventeen years ago. Oa his conversion he endured much persecution with Christian patience; and ever since, his life has been irreproachable, and his piety and intelligence eninent. His name is Pran Krishnoo. Around him were a number of his fellow-Christians and countrymen of various ages, and, peculiarly worthy of notice, nearly twenty youths connected with the College, on whom our hopes rest for future years. It was an interesting group: and we envy not the man who could have looked upon it without gratitude for the past, and hope for the future ; nor him who could perceive no heroism ip these poar men, who can both singly and colleetively, in the face of multitudes abjure the idolatrous and obscene rites of their country, and avow themselves the disciples of the Cross ; nor him who could scorn the circumstances and place in which they sought the lost and ruined sinner with the hope of bringing him to the Saviour-it was uga der the canopy of heaven, illumined by the glorious lamp of heaa
A more splendid cathedral, truly, than the hand of man has ever raised,
During the Rut'h Jattra, the little chapel was continually open. In the earlier part of each day, several brethren were in attendance, conversing with a continued succession of visitors, and bestowing such tracts as were thought most suitable to their respective characters. From 4 to 7 in the evening, public addresses were generally given: and again later in the evening, there was another meeting, more or less public according to circumstances. About six thousand tracts and gospels were distributed. There were many pleasing occurrences, and very few indeed of an opposite description.
As we paid considerable attention to the ceremonies of the festivals, we shall endeavour to give some account of them in our next number, adding some affecting particulars respeciing the ce. lebration of the same anniversary in Orissa, which have been communicated to us by our esteemed friend, Mr. Peggs.
Death of a Native Christian.-It is with unfeigned grief we record the death of our beloved young friend Komal, the senior Christian student in the College. He was a youth of superior abilities, of exemplary diligence in his studies, and, what was of infivitely greater importance, of fervent piety. We believe there was no individual in our church, who secured to himself more yeneral and * warm attachment. Long labouring under bodily affliction, he seemed ever to have in view his departure to another world. By the blessing of God, it made him heavenly-minded, not morose or melancholy. He died almost suddenly on the 17th July, and was buried the Dextevening. While the funeral procession moved slowly along, the corpse of our deceased brotlier being borne by his native fellowChristians, and accompanied by the bretk:ren of the Mission then at home, as well as by his fellow-students, many a weeping eye bore testimony to his worth, and at his grave more than two bundred natives stood with fixed attention, while brother M. pointed them to the source of his deceased Christian brother's excellence of character, and of his joyful hope in death, and contrasted it with the vain hope their delusions give. There were sorrowing hearts, and no listless indifference there. There was humble adoration of the gracious Disposer of all events, and not the horrible insult of living sacrifices. Even heathens could not fail to nrark the difference between the Christian and the heathen funeral, the one decent and solemn, full of joyful hope, and tender sympathy; the other withs
out hope and without sympathy, the most anfeeling indifference marking the countenances of the few individuals who witness the
It is intended to publish a memoir of this amiable youth.
.--Extract of a letter from Mr. Fernandez, dated June 22, 1824:"I am happy to inform you, that, through the di. vine blessings, five persons, viz. four men and a woman, were baptized here on Lord's-day, the 6th instant, on their profession of faith in Christ; and on the same day, thirty-three of us sat down to. gether to commemorate the dying love of our blessed Redeemer, some of the members not being able to attend through illness.
“« The members of the church here, now amount to Ninety-two persons, many of whom, I am glad to say, have given me great pleasure and satisfaction by their christian-like behaviour; this pleasure how. ever has not been unmixed with pain through the misconduct of a few. I have had the misfortune of losing three members by death, within these twelve months past. The Christian population now amounts to a hundred and sixty-six persons, of which, ninety reside here, and seventy-six at Sadamah’l. Wherever I may be, here or at Sadamah'l, I always spend every evening of the week days, in instructing them. Six persons are now under probation for baptism.
“My School continues to go on pretty well. The scholars are i improving fast in their learning, as well as in the doctrine of the gospel; but they are irregular in their attendance, abont seventy is their nominal number; between forty and fifty, however, attend, and sometimes less; no more than ten Christian children are in. cluded in the above number. I am very desirous of re-establishing a school at Sadamah’l, as there are many Christian children there, as well as those of Hindoo and Musulman parents, big enough to receive instruction.
I have for several months, been ailing with a pain in my stomach, which at times has been very acute. I have however, through great mercy, been quite free from my usual gouty fits and rheumatism for these eighteen months past, for which I have great cause for thankfulness. I sincerely hope, my dear brother, that you both enjoy good health, and that the dear family at the Mission-house are also very well, to whom please to give my christian love."
We are certain that many will rejoice in the success that still at. tends the labours of our venerable friend, now within three years
of seventy; and that the infirmities of age give so little interrupa tion to his work. Long máy he be spared to feed his interesting flock!
MONGHYR.-We are happy to learn, that our friends Mr. and Mrs. Leslie arrived safely at Monghyr, on Saturday evening, the 17th July. They seem mnch pleased with the station,
DIGAH.--In aletter, dated July 7, 1824, Mrs. Rowe says, “There are seven distinct schools, of which one is entirely female, and two others mixed, boys and girls. Two additional schools are solicited by Zemindars. Grammar, spelling from the book, reading, writing, arithmetic, and catechism are taught where any of the old scholars attend. Seven of the Moinpoora girls came with the school-waster to worship, last sabbath : and the school-master at Rookhampore came the sabbath before last, and brought ten boys so neatly clad that they pleased me much.”
POOREE.-Suttee.We earnestly recommend the following tale of horrors to the admirers of Hindooism, and more earnestly still, to the friends of humanity. Will nothing rouse them to feeling in this cause? Are we waiting till the cry of the blood of these infatuated women reach to heaven, and judgment be required ?*
"Anuther of those horrid examples of self-murder called Suttees, took place here on the second instant; and, as I was present, I will send you some account of it. The infatuated woman whose death I witnessed was the widow of a brahmun who had died the same morning. Their residence was about four coss from this place, and they probably came hither to attend the Ruth Jattra. The man's age seems to bave been about 40, and the woman's 30, or 35. The brahmun is said to have a father still living, aged about 80, and the people intimated that he was too infirm to be present.
I was like. wise told that the deceased had three brothers, two of them younger than himself and one older, who were all expected to be there, I was further informed that the man had left two children, a son 15 or 16, and a daughter 18 years old; the daughter I understood was not expected to appear, but the son would come “to give his father and his mother fire.” The deceased was a man of little or no property, not more than a hundred rupees; but he provided for
* Since this article has been in type, it bas appeared in the public papers ; but we could not think that a sufficient reason to induce as to cancel it,
these horrid rites, by paying a sofficient sum to one of his friends, before he died. The place where this murder was committed is called Swurgo-dwaro, the gate of heaven, and when I reached it, I found the coolies employed in digging the hole.
“It is well known, that, on these occasions, the bodies are frequente ly burnt on a pile, but sometimes the fire is kindled in a hole dug for the purpose, and I think this is generally the case in this neighbour. hood. This hole or pit was circular, about six feet deep: its diame. ter at bottom perhaps a little less than its depth, and at top twioe as much. Soon after my arrival, about twelve coolies came, each of them bringing a load of wood on his or her head, for several of them were women, and they came twice. I charged all the labourers with being accessary to the crime about to be committed, and the general reply was, in substance, that they worked for money, and did this work as they did other work, because they were paid for it. Carelessness or levity characterized all the Hindoos on or near the spot. Ten or twelve were playing at some game but a little way off, and one nearer the pit proceeded to break some of the wood into small splinters, in order to facilitate the kindling of the fire, with as much apparent indifference, as if he had been about to boil his own rice. When he thought he had broken enough, he proceeded to light a small fire near the pit; but he took care previously to light his own cheroot, and he was at once employed in smoking it and kindling the fire. This being done, a small fire was kept up, for the purpose, as I supposed, of being ready to kindle the larger
“The pit being finished, a quantity of water was mixed with cow dung, and sprinkled on the margin, and about one-third of the way down, in sufficient quantity to turn the sand its own colour; two ropes were also well wetted with the same mixture, the use of which will appear hereafter. On inquiring the use of two bamboos which lay near, I was told that they were to stir the fire, and turn about the bodies. The bits of wood prepared for the occasion, were between 12 and 18 inches long, and I suppose on an aver. age 5 or 6 in circumference: a quantity of them were now thrown into the pit, and a man at the bottom proceeded to set them up.op their ends, two or three thick round the sides. Upon these he placed a second tier, and on the second a third; he now covered the bote tom, perhaps five or six inches thick, so that the pit was two-thirds