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prepare for a long conflict; but, of its triumphant issue, there is Qo ground to fear.
The religious instruction of the whole Slave population, combined with those habits of industry which religion forms, and which would become fixed and unchangeable by permission gradually to purchase their own emancipation by their la. bour, would substitute, for the present degraded and therefore dangerous mass of Slaves, a race of contented and laborious freemen. This conviction is rapidly gaining ground; and will make its way wherever the subject is calmly considered in all its bearings. The great object itself, therefore-the present melioration and ultimate abolition of the state of Slavery-and the temperate and judicious manner in which it is proposed to attempt its accomplishment, both deserve the cordial support of every person who has any interests at stake in the West Ia. dies.
“We quoted, at pp. 268-270 of our last volume, the sentiments of Sir G. H. Rose and those of Mr. Stephen, on the
duty and benefits of giving Christian Instruction to the Slaves. : Sir George Rose, himself an hereditary possessor of West In: dia property, has since forcibly urged this obligation, in a pam
plilet on the Means and Importance of Converting the Slaves in the West Indies to Christianity;" and has recommended an Ecclesiastical Establisbment with express reference to this object. The powerful arguments of the Rev. Thomas Gisborne and the Rev. E. W. Grinfield on this subject were detailed at pp. 223-225 of our last volume. ' We are truly happy to add, that such an establishment is about to be formed. Bi. shops, appointed for Jamaica and Barbadoes, will bave un• der them a body of clergy specially devoted to the religious jnstruction of the Slaves. The Incorporated Society for the Conversion of the Slaves is also beginning to enlarge its means of usefulness, with the concurrence and support of the Culonial Body; the West India Merchants and Planters of Londou having volęd 10001. to its funds, and those of Liverpool and Glasgow respectively col.
* Mr. Stephen has just published, in an ample octavo volume, the first part of a work, entitled “ The Slavery of the British West India Colonies delineated, as it exists both in Law and Practice." This volume contains the delineation of the state in point of Law; and exhibits a mass of facts and conclusions, which no one but this able, enlightened, and unwearied Friend of the African Race could have brought together, and used to a purpose so effectual.
We recommend to the attention of our readers both the publications which we have mentioned ; and would earnestly urge on every religious and conscientious mind the duty of aiding to the utmost the attainment of the ultimate object in , view, the most beneficial of all others to our West India Colonies themselves— The raising of ignorant and degraded slaves, into industrious and religious freemen.
“ Much has indeed, been already done, by the benevolent exertions of different Societies, for the conversion and salvation of our Slaves. In some places, and against some of the labourers in this work, great hostility has been lately manifested, on occasion of the Insurrection which broke out, in the latter part of last year, in Demerara. Io reference to the out. rages which followed, we shall quote the forbearing and temperate words of one of the Societies concerned:
“ The Committee regard them as the ebullitions of the moment; and rejoice in knowing, that the great cause of enlightening the Slaves of the West Indies, by means of religious instruction, is daily gaining new friends, among those whose connexion with those Colonies is the most intimate and influencial.”
The details in this division are arranged under the names of the different Societies employed. The Baptist Missionary Sou ciety have eight (we rather think nine; Missionaries in Jamaica. The Church Missionary Society have eleven Schools in Antigua, and in Barbadoes, Dominica, and St. Vincent, one each. The Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society have one Missionary in Hayti. The London Missionary Society have three Missionaries in Demerara, one in Berbice, and two
in Trinidad. The Netherlands Missionary Society have one Missionary in Guiana. The Society for the Conversion of West India Slaves have two Missionaries in Antigua, one in Barbadoes, one in St. Christopher's, one in Jamaica and three more appointed, and two in Nevis. The Society for the Pro. pagation of the Gospel have one chaplain in Barbadoes. The United Brethren (Moravians) have five Missionaries in St. Thomas, eight in St. Croix, four in St. Jan, five at Parimaribo, in Guiana, four in Jamaica, eight in Antigua, two in Barbadoes, and three in St. Christopher's. For the particulars of the Wesleyan Missionary Society's operations in the West Indies we refer our readers to the last number of the Friend of India, page 263. They employ fifty regular Missionaries, beside catechists and other agents. In this division, then, there appear to be one hundred and sixteen Missionaries, besides Cae techists and Schoolmasters, &c.
NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS.--"In bringing before our readers, on the present occasion, a view of the exertions in behalf of the North-American Indians, we shall begin from the southward. Passing from the last division of the Survey to the present, we find no Protestant Missions to the Native Tribes yet established southward of the United States, though one has been, for some time, in contemplation, to the Mosquitos. Of the Indians connected with the United States, amounting, as noticed in the last Survey, to 471,417, no Missions have yet been attempted among the 170,000 inhabiting the country be twcen the Pacific and the Rocky Mountains-among the 180,000 between those mountains and the Mississippi, Missis ons are as yet chiefly confined to the Osages, and a migration of the Cherokees--among the 130,000, however, scattered through the States lying between the Mississippi and the Atlantic, Missions are in active operation. Within the last few years, they have been established among the Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasdus, and Cherokees of the southern States; while in Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and the North-West Ter,
North American Indians,
ritory, about 45,000 Indians open a wide field for benevolent exertion : among the Chippawas of the last two States, upwards of 15,000 in number, Missions have been recently formed. To the Indians of Ohio, of whom there are about 2400, attention has been paid by different bodies: a Mission has been lately established among the Wyandots of this State : and the Society of Friends is attempting the civilization of another Tribe. In the State of New York, upwards of 5000 Indians, consisting chiefily of Oneidas, Senecas, Onondagas, and Tuscaroras, the reinnant of the former Confederacy of the Six Nations, together with 2500 Indians of various tribes in the New England States, have been supplied, for many years, more or less, with religious and moral instruction. To the north of the United States, in the British territories, religious instruction is given to the Mohawks, Delawares, and Red-River Indians,
“ These labours were first directed to the Aborigines of New England, now reduced to a pitiful remuant. In reference to these Indians, Dr. Morse remarks :
“On these tribes, formerly, and on others now extinct, were bestowed the Misa' sionary labours, almost single-handed, of Elliot, the Mayhews, Edwards, the Sergeants, Kirkland, Wheelock, Badger, Occum, and others ; whose zeal, trials and faithful services are remembered and rewarded on earth, and, we doubt not, in beaven.”
The Mission to the Mosquito Indians is an undertaking of the English Baptist Missionary Society, who have one Missionary, at present, at Belize in Honduras. Amongst the Osages, the United Missionary Society (American) have two stations, which are occupied by five missionaries, two physicians, and eleven assistants. Amongst the Creeks, the American Methodists have two missionaries and one assistant: and the Baptist (American) Missions, have one missionary and one assistant. Amongst the Choctaws, the American Board of Missions have four stations, occupied by five missionaries and eleven assistants. To the Chickasaws, the Synod of South Carolina and Georgia have sent one missionary, Amongst the Cherokees, the Moravian Brethren have three missionaries; the American
Board of Missions eight missionaries, one physician, and nine assistants; the Baptist (American) Missions have one missionary and one assistant; and the American Methudists one inissionary. Amongst the Chippa cas. the United Missionary Society (American) have one missionary. To the Wyandots, the American Methodists have sen one missionary. Amongst the Six Nations are four missionaries and one assistant besides female teachers. To the Delawares ibe Moravian Brethren have given iwo missionaries. And lastly to the North-West Indiuns, the Church Missionary Society have sent two missionaries, and a schoolmaster and school mistress.
In this Division, therefore, there are thirty-seven Missionaries, and upwards of forty American or European assistants.
LABRADOR. In this Division are three stations, Nain, 0kkak and Hopedale, all of which are occupied by missionaries from the Moravian Brethren. They are seventeen in number.
GREENLAND. This Division is also cultivated solely by the Moravian Bre:hren, who have eleven missionaries, at the three statious New Hernlutt, Lichtenfels, and Lichtenau.
Conclusion. From the whole of this Survey it will appear that little short of four hundred Europeans or Americans are employed in Protestant Missions. If we have an opportunity of traversing the same ground next year, we shall endeavour to regard what has been accomplished, rather than numerical strength; and we doubt not we shall obtain a result equally satisfactory with the present.
66 ASK OF ME, AND I SHALL GIVE THEE THE HEATHEN FOR THINE INHERITANCE, AND THE UTTERMOST PARTS OF THE EARTH FOR THY POSSESSION.” Psalm ii. 8,