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Smith, Mr.(Demerara,) his imprisonment 163; his trial and its issue, 165,
326; his treatment in prison, 331 ; his death and interment, 304,
Africa, 169; African Islands, 172 ; Abyssinia, 172 ; Mediterranean,
Black and Caspian Seas, 176 ; Siberia, 193 ; China, 193 ; In-
89, 218, 252, 284
Vesuvius; Observations on, by M. M. Monticelli and Covelli,
the West Indies,
THE FRIEND OF INDIA.
RETROSPECT OF THE PAST YEAR,
Addressed to our Readers. WE cannot commence the labours of another
without indulging a few reflections on the past. To us its occurrences have been deeply interesting and melancholy. We have been exercised with heavy affliction, nearly from its commencement to its close ; and our affictions have been of such a kind as materially to affect all our labours and hopes. Death and sickness have made dreadful ravages. Many of our friends, too, in missionary labours, have cause for similar recollections. To the cause of Missions, in India particularly, both last year, and the year preceding, have been peculiarly distressing. Many of our friends have slept in Jesus, and a considerable number have been, or are now removed from their stations for a time; All this is against us- and there has been no such remarkable success attending the labours of missionaries as to make us think lightly of our losses. On the contrary the year has been unusually barren, as far as our own observations extend.
Still under all these discouragements there are not wanting sources of comfort. In some cases God has been better to us than all our fears : and if our strength and numbers have been diminished, those of others have been increased. We re, joice in the accessions received by several missions and stati. ons, particularly the Church, the Orissa, and the Burman Mis. sions. It appears too that the interests of real godliness are prospering amongst the Indian community: for we find the various religious Societies formerly instituted, still maintaining their ground, and new ones occasionally added to their num: bers. We cannot help regarding with peculiar interest the Cal
cutta Bible Association, the Church Missionary Association, and the Bethel Institution ; for their very existence, especially since there is energy in them, gives proof of the diffusion of religion amongst the people,
Another source of pleasure in reviewing the past year is, the great extension of Education in India. Our readers are aware of the liberal plans of Government in promoting this important work. They extend equally to the poor in sequestered vil. lages, and the more wealthy and civilized in towns and cities : and the instructions given are suited to every rank, and every order of intellect. No doubt very important benefit will be extensively derived from them, both to the persons taught, and through their instruction, to the Native community at large. It is pleasing also to remember, that the benevolent exertions of Government do not supercede what was formerly done by Societies and individuals, but afford a clear increase of good done in addition to all that was done before. Indeed we know of a considerable increase of individual exertion during the past year, and have heard of more in preparation. In some respects, the most pleasing part of Native Education, we mean that of Females, has the past year witnessed very gratifying progress. In the Presidency and its immediate neighbourhood the number of girls under instruction have been trebled: and in different parts of the provinces, exertions have commenced with every prospect
of success, and in others they have been continued. These are not things which will pass away and not leave a trace behind ; and although conversions have not been 60 numerous as we could have wished, yet they have not been so wanting as to afford any just cause for despondency: and that diffusion of the knowledge of the gospel, which we may fairly conclude is preparatory to its general reception, has been rapidly extending. When it is extensively known what are the blessings which “the glorious gospel of the blessed God” offers and secures, it may be that the people will almost instantaneously renounce the cruel bondage of their caste and superstition,
Retrospect of the past year.
We have been gratified in observing during the past year, e considerable increase in the spreading of Christian knowledge by private individuals not set apart specifically to this important work. In this we have satisfactory proof, that the labourş of Missionaries amongst Europeans and their descendants have not been fruwned upon by their God, nor have they been un, connected with their primary design in coming into this country. The cause of God is evidently advancing, and we cannot look back upon these twelve months, without feeling that India has made a full year's progress towards that glorious consummation, which we pray may be speedily accomplished. Yet would we lay it deeply to heart ourselves, and affectionately press it
upon the attention of our friends and brethren, that it is time to expect much richer displays of divine goodness and power than we have yet had to record. We must not be satisfied with mere preparation. Let us endeavour by united and fervent prayer, offered in singleness of heart, to draw down the abundant outpourings of the Holy Spirit. God will hear such prayer, though the sacrifice of fools is an abomination to him.
If we extend our review from what has transpired in India, to the occurrences in the world at large, of which we have re. ceived and communicated intelligence during the past year,we shall have still greater reason for gratitude and joy. In every respect it would appear, that Missionary, and all similar exer, tions have been increased. New Societies have been formed in Christian countries, both for domestic and foreign operati
Larger funds than ever have been devoted to the great and sacred Cause. And we have had both public and private assurances, that the spirit of genuine piety has been much more extensively and evidently exhibited, in connection with the la. bours of God's people. They seem to be losing sight of them- . selves, and resting their hopes more upon Him, with whom nothing is impossible ; but without whom they can do nothing, The field of Missionary labour, too, has been extended by the establishment of several new stations-such as the North West American Mission of the Church Missionary Society, the Mis.