« AnteriorContinuar »
plished in the fifth and sixth days, namely, the creation of the animal kingdom, closing full in man,' each individual in full maturity and perfection, by the immediate and instantaneous act of God; and to shew, in the concluding chapter of this part, how positively the philosophy of Bacon and Newton decides the first great question, the mode of first formations, in favour of the Mosaical geology. One important fact, however, we must remind the reader to keep in his recollection, viz. the structure of the bed of that' ocean, on whose ruptured slimy bottom' were now deposited, in abundance, marine matter of every kind, vegetable and animal, and which continued to in. crease, in a multiple ratio, during a period of more than sixteen centuries.
(To be continued.)
The following were the principal plants in flower, in the Bo. tanic Garden, Serampore, in January 1824.
Monandria Monogynia.--Canna indica, Can. polymorpha, Can. latifolia, Can. coccinea, Can, coccinea maculata, Can. nepalensis, Can. limbata ;* Lopezia mexicana.t
Diandria. Monogynia.- Jasminum Zambac, Jasm. pubescens ; Justitia Adhatoda, Jus. speciosa.
Triandria Monogynia._Gladiolus segetus; Antholyza æthiopica; Iris sibiria.
Tetrandria Monogynia.-Spermacoce tenuior, Sp. teres. Tetrandria Tetragynia.—Coldenia procumbens. Pentandria Monogynia.-Porana paniculata; Lettsomia splendens, Lett, strigosa; Convolvulus gangeticus, Con. purpureus, Con. bicolor; Ipomoea sepiarea, Ip. phenicia, Ip. pes
* Most of these plants are in flower the whole year. The Cannæ amount to twelve species, all of which, except two, have been introduced since the year 1818
+ This plant appears to have been introduced in 1809, but was immediately losty and has been again introduced, during the past year, from North America.
tigridis, lp Quamoclit; Campanula bononiensis ; Coffea ara- bica, Cof. bengalensis; Paederia foetida; Datura Stramonium, Dat. Metel; Nicotiana Tabacum, Nic. angustifolia, Nic. petiolata ; Physalis flexuosa; Solanum spirale, Sol. Melongena, Sol. hirsutum ; Cedrela Toona;* Mangifera indica, Man. oppositifolia ; Viola primulifolia, Vio. cucullata; Impatiens Balsamina ; Celosia argentea, Cel. cristata, Cel. comosa, Cel. cernua, Cel. nodiflora; Allamanda cathartica.
Hexandria Monogynia --Pittcairnia angustifolia ; Narcissus orientalis, Nar. Tazetta; Crinum erubescens; Hymenocallis caribbea, Hym. speciosa ; Lilium concolor; Asparagus racemosus; Scilla romana; Albuca vittata ; Hippeastrum Johnsoni, Hip rutilo-equestri-vittatum; Hypoxis stellata ; Lachenalia quadricolor.
Octandria Monogynia.- Tropaeolum majus.
Decandria Monogynia.Bauhinia variegata; Tribulus lanuginosus; Dianthus asper, Dian. discolor; Oxalis cernua, Ox. variabilis.
Icosandria Monogynia.--Cactus Toona.
Icosandria Polygynia.--Rosa chinensis, Ros centifolia, Ros. semperfiorens; Mesembrianthemum cordifolium; Potentilla argentea.
Polyandria Monogynia.—Papaver somniferum, Pap. dubium, Pap. Rhocas; Argemone mexicana.
Polyandria Trigynia. Delphinium Ajacis.
Didynamia Gymnospermia.-Lavandula multifida; Stachy. annua ; Leonotis leonurus.
Didynamia Angiospermia – Penstemon campanulata; Maurandia semperflorens; Celsia coromandeliana ; Thunbergia fragrans ; Lantana aculeata.
Monodelphia. Heptandria.—Pelargonium inquinans; Malva hispanica ; Malachra capitata, Mal, heptaphylla ; Hibiscus esculentus ; Achania pilosa.
* The first tree that produces its leares in the Spring; the buds frequently opena ing in December,
Diadelphia Decandria.-Erythrina indica, Ery. ovalifolia; Crotolaria verrucosa, Cro. retusa; Dolichos Lablab; Pha. seolus vulga is; Cicer arietinum.
Polyadelphia Polyandria.-Hypericum monogynum.
Syngenesi«Equalis.--Sonchus oleraceus ; Lactuca sativa; Carthamus tinctorius.
Syngenesia Superflua.- Chrysanthemum indicum; Zinnia multiflora ; Tagetis patula, Tag. erecta; Achillea magna.
Syngenesia Frustranea. Helianthus annuus; Rudbeckia triloba; Centaurea moschata.
Monoecia Pentandria.- Amaranthus paniculatus, Am. strice tus.
Monoecia Polyadelphid. Trichosanthes dioeca; Luffa pen. tandra; Cucurbita lågenaria, Cuc. Pepo; Cucumis sativus.
MINERALOGY. 6 By a late arrrival from Bomeo, a quantity of mineral has been brought to this Settlement, recognized to be an ore of
Antimony, and of the species called by Mineralogists "Grey • foliated Antimony.'-The appearance of the specimens would
seem to indicate the existence of rich beds of this metal.- These are ascertained to have come from a range of mountains lying to the north of the principality of Sambas, which is opposite to this Island little more than two day's sail distant, and accessable at every period of the year. By the native accounts, the same mineral is said to exist at Bulang opposite to this port, and at Kamamang in the territory of Tringano on the Peninsula :The existence of Antimony in this part of the world has never be fore, that we know of, been ascertained.—Specimens of the mineral we understand have been forwarded to the Right Honorable the Governor General in Council.”- Singapore Chronicle.
We trust we shall be able, in our next number, to lay before our readers the observations of a scientific Friend, upon the Comet which was first noticed in the end of December last, and the calcu. lations founded upon them. ·
SeramPORE.—Annual Examination of the College.On Monday, the 5th Jan. the Students of Serampore College were examnved in the great Hall, in the presence of his Excellency the Honourable Colonel Krefting, and the other Gentlemen of the Danish Govern, ment. A number of Ladies and Gentlemen from Barrack; ore and Calcutta, were also present, as well as Native Pundits and others.
The examination was conducted by Dr. Carey, the President, and commenced with the Sungskrita Grammar classes. Among these there were twenty students who had made degrees of progres$ very highly satisfactory. Of this number sixteen are the children of native Christians, and the remainder are respectable Brahmun youths resident in Serampore. The Geographical class was next examined, consisting of sixteen students. They repeated about thirty pages of the Bengalee Introduction to the Newtonian system of Astronomy, and occasionally explained the definitions and propositions. After this they were exercised upon the map of Asia, and manifested a ready acquaintance with its Countries, Rivers, and principal Cities, &c. Several of them also shewed their mapping books, which exhibited very considerable neatness and accuracy of drawing. The six students of Hindoo Astronomy were then examined on the same subjects as the others, having this year added the Newtonian system to their own.
Nine students of English were next examined in the New Testament and the English Grammar.' The eldest of the Christian Students, who has studied Sungskrita for several years, translated a passage of the Prophecies of Isaiah selected at the moment from the Sungskrita version, into both Bengalee and English, in a manner exceedingly gratifying. He also translated with great facility from English into Bengalee.
When bis Excellency had bestowed the various rewards upon the Students, Dr. Carey addressed them in Bengalee, and conclud. ed the interesting employment of the morning by an appropriate prayer in the same language.
Theological Lectures.-In December Dr. Carey commenced a course of Theological Lectures in the Bengalee language, for the
Missionary Excursion Religious Anniversaries,
benefit of the Christian Students in the College, and the Native Brethren residing in Sérampore. He has already discussed the evidences of Natural Religion for the existence and unity of God, and also the greater number of the Divine Attributes. They have been listened to with the deepest interest and attention, and, being delivered on the Saturday evening, form a most appropriate introduction to the enjoyments and labours of the Sabbath.
We are sorry to add that a severe cough has compelled the Doctor to suspend them for a short time.
Missionary Excursion. During the short vacation of the College, Mr. Williamson, the English Tutor, with two of the Native brethren, went up the river as far as Kishnagur preaching the gospel.
In our next number we shall give a few extracts from their Journal. In the mean time we may observe that Mr. W. was exceedingly pleased with the Christian deportment of his companions and their intelligent addresses to their countrymen.
CALCUTTA.—Religious Anniversaries.-Although it is impossible to remember the Christian festivals of Great Britain, without some wish to partake of their enjoyments, yet we have much reason to be thankful, that, even in this distant land, we are not wholly denied similar pleasures. It is true our assemblies are comparatively small, but there are a multitude of circumstances conspiring to magnify their interest: and we have no doubt that many in the crowded congregations of London last summer, would joyfully have exchanged their seats for a corner amongst us in Calcutta.
On Friday evening, Jan. 2, 1824, the Second Anniversary of the Calcutta Bible Association was held at the Town Hail. On the mo. tion of the Venerable Archdeacon Corrie, seconded by the Rev. Mr. Statham, J. P. Larkins, Esq. was called to the chair. 66 The Rev. J. Statham, one of the Secretaries, read the Report, from which it appeared that the Committee had collected during the past year, principally from the less opulent part of the Christian population of Calcutta, the sum of Sicca Rupees 5665, and that they had distributed no less than 5848 Bibles, Testaments, and single portions of the Holy Scriptures, in various languages." The various motions were made and seconded by the Venerable Archdeacon Corrie, the Rev. Dr. Marshman, the Rev. Jas. Brown, (of the church of Scotland,) the Rev. E. Carey, the Chairman, the Rev. J. Mack, the Rev. J. Hill, the Rev. M. Hill, the Rev. G. W. Crawfurd, the