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sion to the shores of the Caspian by the Basle Society, the Palestine Mission by the Paris Society, &c. Other Societies have in the mean time been strengthening their Missions, in some cases with much vigour.

Beside all this, the past year does not seem to have been destitute of new proofs that the moral and religious condition of the world in general, is silently but rapidly improving. In our present Number, our readers will find an interesting article extracted from a valuable work, lately come to this country. It affords a view of the progressive improvement and present state of the community in the city of Glasgow, which cannot fail to give delight to every lover of mankind, particularly as it is a fact, that nearly every native of Great Britain may take this description, and, by a little reflection, convince bimself that it will apply almost as well to his owo native city or town, as to Glasgow • We have not only bad proofs that religion is thus diffusing itself amongst the mass of human population; but also that it is now chosen as an estimable companion, where it was once despised and opposed. Commerce, literature, and science are fast seeking alliance with it, although the time has been, that nothing was farther at variance with it, than the worldly-mindedness of the first, and the pride and vanity which have too generally accompanied the two latter. We now have merchants who fear God, and display a zeal for his glory in connection with their own avocation, which is perfectly new. Hence arise the facilities so frequently afforded for the conveyance of Missionaries to distant countries, and of copies of the word of God to places which they could never otherwise reach, and for the re, ligicus instruction of the men who navigate their ships. The Bethel and other kindred institutions are amongst the most important now existing, and promise great benefit to the world at large.

There has been for a great length of tiine, what may be called, a religious literature ; but it has never been in favour with the world. From it the reputed literati have stood aloof. Now

Retrospect of the past year.

however, there is a decided alteration, since it has been seen how closely the diffusion of the Sacred Scriptures is connected with the study of languages, and the observations and experience of Missionaries, with the natural history of mankind. For proof of this change, we refer with pleasure to the correspondence between the Oriental Society of Paris and the British and Foreign Bible Society ; to the communications from the shores of the Mediterranean, and from Persia, to be found in the Reports of Bible and Missionary Societies; while our own private correspondence, particularly with the continent of Europe, furnishes us with evidence of the same kind.

Science, too, has at length discovered that some connection with religion would be profitable to her. Myers in his introduction to bis work on Geography, Douglass in his Hints on Missions, and Penn in his work on Geology, have shewn with great force, the propriety and advantages of a close connection between science and religion--and indeed it is becom. ing apparent to every one concerned in the matter. If science tends at all to make us acquainted with God, the Author and object of Religion, she must certainly be a fit handmaid to her; -and if she be faithful to her duty, she will not only be raised to honor by the service in which she is engaged, but her interests will also be essentially promoted by the mistress she

It is a matter or no slight gratification, that many of the scientific men of the present day, have so decidedly avow. ed themselves the servants of Jesus Christ, and have lent their aid in their own department to the cause of their heavenly Master. We rejoice to remember Capt. Franklin's name in connection with the New Mission in North West America, Captain Sabine's at Sierra Leone, and Captain Scoresby's at the Bethel in Liverpool.

Indeed this new connection between religion and science, is both legitimate and beautiful. And so powerfully have we felt it to be so, that we have determined to devote a sheet of our little work monthly, to a Scientific Department. We shall therefore feel much obliged to any of our friends who



will favour us with any remarkable facts connected with science which may come under their notice.

As to our selves it is our intention, as soon as all things are ready, and we can obtain sufficient leisure, to keep a regular Meteo. rological Journal in the Observatory of the College, of which we shall give a monthly Synopsis in the Friend of India. Ori. ginal articles, we shall give as often as we have any thing par. ticular to communicate as falling under our own observation; but our principal care will be to notice and record the progress of Scientific discovery in connection with religion, through. out the world ; and for this purpose we shall take care to fur, nish ourselves with the most approved scientific Journals of Europe.

We beg our readers to pardon us for having detained them so long. In taking this short retrospective view we have been ourselves much encouraged, and we hope it will prove encouraging to them. Blessed be God ! his cause is not a sinking one; - it must prevail ! Even 80 ; come, Lord Jesus ; come quickly

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(Continued from

In order to preserve, if possible, the dispersed and afflicted
Church of Bohemia and Moravia, Amos Comenius, upon the de.
mise of Martinus Gertichius, a Polish Bishop, in union with
John Buettner, who had been his colleague, ordained two new
Bishops, Nicolaus Gertichius, Chaplain to the Duke of Liegnitz
for the churches of the Bohemian and Moravian Brethren in
Poland, and Petrus Figulus Jablonsky; who, as a child had
emigrated with him and was now his son-in-law, for the other
brethren who were either still in Bohemia and Moravia or who
were dispersed in other countries. As Peter Jablonsky died in
1670, his son Daniel Cruest Jablonsky was ordained Bishop
in his stead in 1699, from whom Ou the 20th of May, 1739, the
restorer of the Moravian Church, Count Nicholas Lewis of
Zinzendorf, received the episcopal orders.


Life of John Amos Comenius.

In order to strengthen the brethren who remained in Bohe. mia and Moravia, in the faith, Amos Comenius composed for their use a Catechism, which was published in Amsterdam in 1661 and dedicated, “ To all the godly sheep of Christ, dispersed here and there, especially to those of Fulrieck, Gersdorf, Glandorf, Klitte, Kunnewalde, Stachewalde, Scitendorf and Zauchtenthat.”* And it is remarkable that, when the Mora. vian brethren found an asylum on the estates of Count Zinzen, dorf, brethren came to Herrnhuth from every one of these pla. ces. Comenius published also a Manuale Biblicum, or Marrow of all the Holy Scripture, being an extract of the Bible, which he had composed in the Bohemian language in 1658, to supply the defect of Bibles which were taken away from the brethren.

In the 77th year of his life, three years before his death, Amos Comenius wrote a book entitled, De Uno necessario, “Of the one thing needful,” in which he takes a review of his past life and sums up the results of his experience. The conclu. sion of this book is written in a spirit of such sterling piety that no Christian, on reading it, can fail to be greatly edified thereby. We hope therefore to gratify all our readers by communicating herewith an English translation of it:

“I thank my God that he has during the whole course of my pilgrimage kept alive in me a desire after that which is good. Though I have been thereby led into many labyrinths, yet I have been already led again out of most of them, or he himself is now leading me by his hand out of them, and opens to me a prospect of that blissful rest which remaineth for the people of God. A desire after that, which is good, in whatever way it may arise in a human he art, is a rivulet which proceeds from the fountain of all goodness, God, invariably good in itself, and always of a good tendency, if we but know to use it well. It is our fault that we do not know either by following the shores of this rivulet to ascend to the fountain, or with its streams to flow

* These names were then expressed only by the initial letters, in order that these towns and villages, which were the principal hiding places of the brethren io Moravia, might not become known to their enemies.


into that sea where the fulness of all which is good and completo satisfaction is to be found. Thanks be to the divine goodness, which, though by various circuitous roads and secret threads, yet knows eventually to draw us again to the fountain and sea of all goodness. This has been also the case with me, and I rejoice to perceive at last, after trying numberless ways to satisfy my desires after that which is good, I am about to obtain the object of all my desires; for I find that my doing has been hitherto merely an unsteady running about of a busy Martha (though out of love to the Lord and his disciples) or an alternate running about and resting. But now I sit down at the feet of the Lord with the firm determination to exclaim always joyfully with David : “ This is my joy that I keep close unto God."*

I have said that my busy running about had been that of a Martha, the effect of love to Christ and his disciples; and I cannot say otherwise.

One of my principal endeavours has been to effect a reformation of the Schools; I wished fervently to deliver the schools and the youth from the useless and pernicious troubles to which they were subjected. This occupied me for several years. But there came some and said, that such a pursuit was unsuitable for a Divine, as if our Lord Jesus had not commanded bis beloved Peter at one and the same time to feed both his sheep and his lambs, (John xxi. 15, &c.) As for me. I thank my ever beloved Lord from the bottom of my heart, and shall thank him to all eternity that he has put into my heart such a love to his lambs, and has crowned my exertions on their behalf with that success which they have met with, (see the 4th part


my Opera Didactica,) I hope, nay I confidently expect it from my God, that my improved system of instruction will be fully adopted and acted upon, when the winter of the Church will be past, when the cold rain will be over and gone, and the flowers appear on the earth, (Solomon's Song ii.) when the vines

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The German Translation of Psalm lxxjii. 28.--Nole by the Translator.

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