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4th March, 1852. *Sykes, James, Colonial buildings, 34, Dale street, and
Breck House, Poulton-le-fylde.
P. 23rd Nov., 1848, * Thom, Rev. David, D.D., Ph. D., 28, Erskine street,
13th Sept., 1854. *Thornely, Samuel, 22, Clarence street.
street, and Briarley, Aigburth.
14th Dec., 1848. Tobin, Sir Thomas, F.S.A., Ballincollig, Cork. 22nd Sept., 1854. Topham, Thomas, Castle street, Chester.
8th Jan., 1852. *Torr, John, 15, Exchange buildings, and Eastham. H.S, Lanc., 1857. Towneley Charles, Towneley ball, Burnley. P. 2nd April, 1857. *Towson, John THOMAS, 47, Upper Parliament street,
and Sailors' Home. 5th Dec., 1850. *Tucker, Robert, 11, North view, Edge Hill. P. 23rd Nov., 1818. *Tudor, Richard A., M.R.C.S., Church view, Bootle.
14th April, 1853. *Turner, Charles, 4, Lancelot's hey, and Dingle Head. 27th Sept., 1854. *Turner, John Hayward, 52, Rodney street.
6th Dec., 1849. Turner, Edward, High street, Newcastle, Staffordshire. 20th Dec., 1855. *Turner, William, Jun., Stourton, Cheshire.
8th Mar., 1854. *Underwood, Rev. Charles W., M.A., Vice-Principal
23rd Nov., 1848. *Varty, Thomas, Walpole villa, Fairfield, and Lime
street. 14th April, 1853. *Vose, James, M.D., 5, Gambier terrace, Hope street.
Myr.C. 1838-39, 48-49. Walker, Sir Edward Samuel, Berry Hill, Mansfield,
Notts. 11th Dec., 1856 Walmsley, Thomas, Preston. 6th Mar., 1851 Warburton, Rowland Eyles Egerton, Arley hall,
Cheshire. 17th May, 1855 *Warburton, Thomas, Exchange News Room. 21st May, 1857 Ward, John Angus, Hooton lodge, Cheshire. 6th June, 1850 *Waterhouse, Sebastian, 13, Percy street. 26th Sep., 1854 *Watling, J. W. H., Wavertree. 5th Feb., 1857 Watt, Richard, Speke hall. 2nd May, 1850 Way, Albert, M.A., F.S.A., Wonham Manor, Reigate,
Surrey. 1st Feb., 1849. *Webster, George, 6, York buildings, Sweeting street,
and 7, Northumberland terrace, Evertcn. 3rd Jan., 1856 Welton, Thok. A.,F.S.S., 147, Fenchurch street, London.
1st Feb., 1849 *Whitehead, James Wright, Orange court, Castle street,
and 15, Duke street, Edge Hill. 2nd June, 1853 *Whitley, George, 5, Clayton square, and Spital. 9th Oct, 1854 Whitley, Rev.John, M.A., Newton Rectory, Warrington. 6th June, 1850 Whitley, Rev. William, B.A., Catsclough, Winsford,
Cheshire. P. 30th Nov., 1854. Wilkinson, Thomas Turner, F.R.A.S., Corr. Mem. Lit.
and Phil. Soc., Manch., Burnley. 14th Sep., 1854 *Willink, Rev. Arthur, M.A., St. Paul's, Tranmere. 8th Jan., 1852 *Willoughby, Edward G., Marine Cottage, Tranmere. 6th Dec., 1855 Wilson, G. F., F.R.S., Belmont, Vauxhall, London. 23rd Nov , 1848 *Winstanley, Samuel T., Church street. 23rd Nov., 1848 Wood, Venerable Isaac, M.A., Archdeacon of Chester,
Newton, near Middlewich. 23rd Nov., 1848 Wood, Isaac Moreton, M.A., Newton, near Middlewich.
9th Feb., 1854 Wood, Samuel, F.S.A., The Abbey, Shrewsbury. 10th Feb., 1853 *Wood, Thomas, B.A., Blue Coat Hospital. 7th May, 1851 *Woodhouse, John George, 47, Henry street. 1st Jan., 1857 Woods, Rees, 3, Vivian terrace, Greenheys, Manchester. 3rd Oct., 1854 Woolnough, Rev. Edward, Northenden Rectory,
Stockport. 30th Dec., 1854. Worthy, George Smith, Bristol. 5th May, 1853. *Wylie, Alexander Henry, Union court, Castle street.
HONORARY MEMBERS. 6th Feb., 1851. Akerman, John Yonge, Sec. S.A.; Hon. M.R.S.L. ;
F.S.A., Newcastle; F.R.S. of Northern Antiquaries; Corr. Mem. SS. Antiq. Scot. France, Russia, Switzerland, Rome; Hon. Mem. Roy. Acad., Stockholm ;
Somerset House, London. 27th Sep., 1854. Babington, Charles Cardale, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S., Sec.
C.P.S., St John's College, Cambridge P. 13th Nov., 1851, Bell, William, Ph.D., 15, Woburn buildings, Euston
square, London. 6th Feb., 1851. Blaauw, William Henry, M.A., F.S.A., Beechland,
Uckfield, Sussex. 6th Feb., 1851. Boileau, Sir John P., Bart, F.R.S., F.S.A., Kettering
ham Hall, Wyndham, Norfolk, and 20, Upper
Brook street, Grosvenor square, London. 27th Sep., 1854. Brewster, Sir David, K.H., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.SS.L.
and E., Hon. M.R.I.A., St. Andrews, N.B., and
Allerby, Roxburghshire. 6th Feb., 1851. Charlton, Edward, M.D., F.S.A. Newc., 7, Eldon
square, Newcastle-on-Tyne. P. 1st Feb., 1855. Clarke, Joseph, F.S.A., Saffron Walden, Essex. 8th Jan., 1852. De Perthes, J. Boucher, de Crevecoeur, Chevalier des
ordres de Malte et de Legion d'honneur, membre
des diverses Sociétés Savantes, Abbeville. 6th Feb., 1851. Duncan, Philip B., D.C.L., Oxford. 27th Sept., 1854. Gray, John Edward, Ph.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., V.P.Z.S..
V P. Entom. Soc., &c., British Museum, London. P. 27th Sept, 1854. Latham, R Gordon, M.D., F.R.S., 22, Upper South
wick street, London, and Greenford, Middlesex.
6th Dec., 1849. Londesborough, The Lord, K.C.H., F.R.S., F.S.A.,
President of the Numismatic Society, Grimston,
Tadcaster, and 8, Carleton House terrace, London. 9th Dec., 1852. MacAdam, Robert, 18, College square, Belfast. 27th Sept., 1854. Murchison, Sir Roderick Impey, G.C.St.S., M.A.,
D.C.L., F.R.S., V.P.L.S., F.G.S., V.P.R. Geogr. S.,
Belgrave square, London. 27th Sept., 1854. Owen, Richard, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., F.L.S., F.G.S.,
British Museum, London. P. 7th May, 1851. Pidgeon, Henry Clarke, 3, Westbourne Villas, Harrow
road, London. 27th Sept., 1864. Phillips, Johu, M.A., F.R.8., F.G.S., Magdalen bridge,
Oxford. 27th Sept., 1854. Rosse, the Earl of, K.P., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A.,
F.R.A.S., F.G.S., Birr Castle, Parsonstown, Ireland. 27th Sept., 1854. Sabine, Major-General Edward, R.A., D.C.L., Treas.
and V.P.R.S., F.R.A.S., 13, Ashley place, Victoria
street, London, and Woolwich. 27th Sept., 1854. Sedgwick, Rev. Adam, M.A., F.R.S., F.G.S., F.R.A.S..
Hon. M.R.I.A., Woodwardian Professor, Trinity
College, Cambridge. 6th Feb., 1851. Smith, Charles Roach, F.S A., Member of the Roy.
Soc. North. Antiq. Copenhagen ; Hon. Mem. SS.
Strood, Kent. 6th Feb., 1851. Turnbull, William, B.D.D., F.S.A. Scot., 3, Stone
buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London. 6th Feb., 1851. Turner, Dawson, F.R.S., F.S.A., F.L.S, Hon. M.R.I.A.,
M.R.S.L., Acadd. Caes. Nat. Cur. et Reg. Sc. Holm.
næum Club, London. 27th Septı, 1854. Whewell, Rev. William, D.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., F.R.A.S.,
Hon. M.R.I.A., Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. 6th Feb., 1851. Williams, Rev. John, M.A., Llanymowddwy, Dinas
Mowddwy. 6th Feb., 1851. Willis, Rev. Robert, M.A., F.R.S., Jacksonian Pro
fessor, Cambridge, and 23, York terrace, Regent's
Park, London. P. 27th Sept., 1854. Wright, Thomas, M.A., F.S.A., Hon. M.R.S.L., Mem
ber of the Institute of France ; of the Roy. Soc. Northern Antiqs. Copenhagen ; Corresp. Mem. Soc. Antiq. Normandy; of Soc. Antiqs. Scotland ; and of Comms. appointed by French Gov. for publication of Histor. Mon., &c.; 14, Sydney street, Brompton, London.
ON THE LANGUAGE OF LANCASHIRE, UNDER THE
(Read 8TH JANUARY, 1857.)
In the present paper, advantage is taken of the local character of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, to make the name of the county serve as a special text for a general subject. What applies to Lancashire applies to any county in Roman England.
The doctrine is as follows—that in Lancashire particularly, and in England in general, the predominant language for the first five centuries of our era was not Latin but British.
The writer is so far from laying this down as a novelty, that he is by no means certain, that it may not be almost a truism. He is by no means certain, that there is a single one of those to whom he addresses himself, wbo may now hold, or even have held, the opposite opinion. He is fully aware that excellent authorities have maintained both sides of the question. He is only doubtful as to the extent to which one doctrine may preponderate over the other.
If the question were to be settled by an appeal to the history of the more influential opinions concerning it, we should find that, in a reference to the earliest and the latest of our recent investigators, Dr. Prichard would maintain one side of the question, Mr. Wright another. The paper of the latter, having been printed in the Transactions of the Society, is only alluded to. The opinion of Dr. Prichard is conveyed in the following extract—"The use of languages really cognate must be allowed to furnish a proof, or at least a strong presumption, of kindred race. Exceptions may indeed, under very peculiar circumstances, occur to the inference