« AnteriorContinuar »
Tke common reader of the Public Version never can suppose that '■ Areopagus" and "Mars'-Hill,'' Acts xvii, 19, 22, are the same place. r«po; is rendered in some places by wedding, and in others, by marriage, neither of which terms conveys the proper meaning of the word in almost every passage in which it occurs in the New Testament: convivium nuptiale, 'Marriage feast? is clearly the proper rendering.
The concluding section is on the regard due to the Common Version, in which Mr. Boothroyd records his approbation of the rules which Archbishop Newcome has proposed, and his intention of governing himself by them. 'The language, 'sense, and punctuation of our present version,' he remarks, 'should be retained; unless when a " sufficient" reason can be 'assigned for departing from them.' Uniformity in the orthography of proper names, is included in the improvements which the Author contemplates in his projected Version. In the New Testament, King James's translators have followed the Greek, and instead of Elijah, have written Eltas; Eliseus for Eiislm; Esaias for Isaiah; C hurra n for llaran; Osee for Hosea, &e.
'The public have a right to know what are the Theological opinions of the author of this attempt. He feels no hesitation in avowing them. Though he has learnt to call no man master, but freely to follow that sense of the Sacred Scriptureswhich heconceives the original most naturally suggests, yet he owns, that in his general views he most entirely agrees in the Theological sentiments of that great and good man Philip Doddridge.'
'The corrected text for the Old Testament which the author intends to adopt, will be that stated in his edition of the Hebrew Scriptures; and for the New he will generally follow the most accurate edition of Griesbach.'
These reflections, though but a small part of what might be written on the subject, are sufficient to prove the object for which they were written. That an improved version of the Scriptures is desirable, and would be highly advantageous, is an opinion in which many illustrious scholars of the present and of past times have cordially united. Into whose hands shall such a work be.committed? Into the hands, certainly, of any competent person who may be able and willing to prosecute it. Fidelity and ability are the only requisites. Mr. Boothroyd offers himself for this important enterprise; and as specimens of his qualifications and of the manner in which he proposes to conduct the undertaking, he has accompanied the 'Reflec'tions' with a translation of nearly the first two chapters of the book of Genesis, and of part of the third chapter of the book of Job, with notes. From these specimens we give the following extracts.
13 'And the evening had been, and the morning had been, a third day; 14 And God said, Let there be luminaries in the expanse of the heavens * to give light upon the earth, and to distinguish the day from the night: f and let them be for signs of stated times, and of weeks, and of years; and so it was. 16 For God made the two great luminaries, the greater luminary for the regulation of the day, and the less for the regulation of the night; he made also the stars. 17 And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth, 18 And to regulate the night, and to distinguish the light from the darkness; and God saw that this also was good.
'14 I adopt the reading of the Samaritan, Sept. and 1 ms. on this comment, and omit the next, as I am satisfied that it has originated from the words omitted being afterwards inserted, and the beginning of this verse again repeated. That office which the light created on the first day had hitherto discharged, is henceforward to be discharged by the sun, moon, and stars. These are to be signs of stated times. So J. T render nHPTO1?, and so the word is most usually rendered. I render CW, weeks, a sense which it has chap, xxiv. 55. See Note On the first day God created light, "TIN; but on this he created luminaries, nillNO; which implies, a luminous body, a body to which light is attached, as Mercer has justly observed.'
J.ob, Chapter III.
1 After this, Job opened his mouth, and execrated his own BIRTH-DAY; 2 And Job spake, and said: 3 Perish the day on which I was born, the night it was said, Lo! a man child!
4 Let that day become darkness;
Jet God from above never regard it;let the streaming light never shine on it;
5 Let darkness and death shade claim it;
6 That night, let utter darkness seize it;
let it not be joined with the days of the year; into the number of months let it not enter!
7 Lo! let that night be solitary;
let no joyful sound ever come thereon.
8 Let those execrate it, who curse the day
9 Obscure be the stars ot its twilight;
let it expect light, and may there be none;
* Sam. Sept. 1 ms.
f And let them be for luminaries in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.
These are highly respectable specimens, which cannot fail of procuring for Mr. Boothroyd the good opinion of the public. Should the proposed Version be executed throughout with equal care, its claims to general patronage will not be inconsiderable, as it will possess no common excellence. To the English reader, it will exhibit the variations of the ancient versions, and will include every material correction and improvement of the public version which have been suggested by the most eminent Biblical critics, and which are required that the English Bible may correspond with the present advanced state of Biblical learning.
The undertaking on which Mr. Boothroyd has adventured, is one of high importance and of great labour, requiring not only the attainments of learning, but the higher endowments of a mind unprejudiced and impartial. Of Mr. Boothroyd's qualifications for the office in which he is engaged, we entertain a very favourable opinion. Of his acquaintance with Hebrew literature, he has already furnished proof in his Edition of the Hebrew Bible. He is not deficient in critical acumen, and his judgement is generally exact. We are pleased with the modesty which invariably distinguishes him, and which forms a striking contrast with the offensive intrusions and dogmatic assertions of some other authors. His diligence and perseverance are unquestionable. We must, however, be permitted to caution him against haste in dismissing the sheets of his work from the press, and to submit them to a more rigorous examination than the Prospectus has received. There are several errors in these pages, one of which, in the ' specimen,' we must not omit to notice. Gen. i, 18, ' And to regulate the night,' should be, 'And to regulate the day and the night;' the three words,—' the 'day and'—are left out, either by accident or mistake, as they are indisputably a part of the text.
Some persons may probably be of opinion, that the work on which Mr. B. is employed, is much too arduous to be successfully accomplished by an individual. They will probably advert to the number of translators who were appointed by King James to revise the Bible, and ask whether one man be competent to execute a work which was assigned to fifty-four persons in a former reign. For our own part we confess that we see nothing very weighty in this objection. We should on several accounts prefer a version of the Scriptures by a single translator, principally for the sake of uniformity ; and though the work is laborious it is not impracticable.
The present is not the only instance of the Bible's being translated by an individual. Luther translated the Scriptures in circumstances far less propitious than Mr. B.'s. Michaelis, whose literary avocations were so numerous, and whose writings are so voluminous, found leisure to execute his German version of the Bible. Dr. A. Clarke has recorded (rather to our surprise we own) that he translated the New Testament in eleven months, and the Old in little more than fourteen months, collating the original text with all the ancient and with several of the modern versions. In foreign countries, individual missionaries have translated the Bible into languages with which they were not by any means so familiar as an English scholar must be with his native tongue, nor did they possess a thousandth part of the advantages which are at Mr. B.'s command. From the works of his predecessors he will derive essential and extensive aid. We wish him health and spirits to prosecute his undertaking to its close, and recommend it to the patronage of our readers and the public, whose early and effectual encouragement of the indefatigable and praiseworthy Author, will be as honourable to themselves as it may be grateful to him.
We submit to Mr. Boothroyd's consideration, whether it would not be a further improvement in the arrangement of the version, if the figures which mark the chapters and verses, were removed from their present place in the text, to the outer margin. This plan would answer every purpose of utility to which the present division of our Bibles is accommodated, and it would afford every facility for the more correct distribution of the paragraphs and other divisions of the respective books; after the manner adopted by Griesbach in his Greek Testament.
Mr. Boothroyd proposes to publish the work in parts, and to comprise it in two, or at most three volumes royal quarto, and to give at the close of it a General Introduction to the Holy Scriptures, containing the Evidences of their authenticity and inspiration—the Geography and Natural History of both Testaments—the Opinions, Customs, and Rites of the Jews and other Oriental Nations—the various Sects among the Jews— Tables of Weights, &c.
Art. XI. Oracular Communications, addressed to Students of the Medical Profession. By iEsculapius. Price 3s. 6d. London: Cox. 1816.
npHOSE of our readers who are about to commence a course of medical studies, to qualify them for general practice, will find in these Esculapian communications many useful hints and some beneficial advice. Some young men who enter upon a course of winter education at one of the London Hospitals, from a deficiency in those plans and arrangements which it is the chief purpose of these pages to suggest, do not reap the full advantage of their industry. Esculapius's plan of study for two years, is as follows:
First Year. Winter.—Anatomy and Dissections—Surgery and Hospital practice as Surgeon's Pupil—Phisiology—Chemistry—Theory aud practice of Medicine.
Summer.—Hospital Practice—Diligent Reading—Midwifery —Botany.
Second Year. Winter.—Anatomy and Dissection—Surgery, and Hospital Practice as Dresser for six months—Phisiology—Chemistry—Theory and Practice of Medicine.
Summer.—Hospital Practice—Ditto as Physician's Pupil for six months—Diligent Reading—Midwifery and Botany.
This pamphlet is particularly deserving of commendation, from the manner in which decorum and delicacy are urged upon young men, in cases where permission has been obtained to pursue the investigation of disease, subsequent to death.
'Surrounded (says the author) as you will be at these times, by persons whose objections are already weakened, a man of sense will find it easy to impress the minds of spectators with the propriety and necessity of what he is doing, and will convince them that the simple undivided object he is in quest of, is the good of others, and not the gratification of an idle curiosity. Move all things, most studiously avoid any foolish, flippant observations; which will only tend to lessen you in the eyes of others, who are conscious that no wise man will jest with the solemnities of death, or hazard a joke in the house of mourning.'
Art. XII. Unlimited Invitations, in the Gospel Ministry, consistent with Divine Decrees. A Sermon delivered at Greenwich Road Chapel, June 18, 1815. By W. Chapman. 8vo. Price 2s. 6d. Conder, 181S.
TS^E regret that partly through the constant pressure of other "matter, and partly perhaps through inadvertence, we have not taken earlier notice of this discourse. It is an able, serious, experimental, and practical discussion of subjects which present to the human mind the greatest difficulties within the range of nrbral science. The Author does not pretend to open any new sources of light, or to adduce arguments unheard before; but he does what is better: he brings forward, in a perspicuous order, those facts and principles founded on Scripture and sound reasoning, which are to the student of Christian divinity the same that the collecting and correct stating of phenomena are to the natural philosopher; and from such an induction and comparison, he brings out a body of satisfactory evidence that 'the ways of the Lord are Equal.'
'If,' says the Author, * We cannot completely explore the subject, and fully answer every enquiring mind, we may, from such consideration, satisfy ourselves that our faith in Divine decrees is not at